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Publication numberUS3864589 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateFeb 4, 1975
Filing dateMar 4, 1974
Priority dateMar 16, 1973
Also published asCA1012633A, CA1012633A1, DE2411085A1
Publication numberUS 3864589 A, US 3864589A, US-A-3864589, US3864589 A, US3864589A
InventorsBolwijn Pieter Tammo, Ponjee Johannes Jacobus, Schoot Cornelis Johannes, Van Doorn Rudolf Alexander
Original AssigneePhilips Corp
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Matrix picture display device using liquid that is reversibly reducible and oxidisable by electric current
US 3864589 A
Abstract
A picture display device comprising a solution of a material which is reversibly reducible and oxidizable by means of an electric current. The electrodes constitute a cross-bar system. The device is divided into a number of non-communicating compartments which are filled with the solution. Each compartment comprises an electrode, which electrodes form a first set. Of a second set of electrodes, each electrode is in contact with the liquid in all the compartments.
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

KR 39864Q589' United States Schoot et al. 4 Feb. 4, 1975 1 1 MATRIX PICTURE DISPLAY DEVICE [56] R f r n Cited USING LIQUID THAT IS REVERSIBLY UNITED STATES PATENTS REDUCIBLE AND OXIDISABLE BY 3,500,392 3/1970 Maljuk et al 313/232 x ELECTRIC CURRENT 3,725,899 4/1973 Greubel 315/169 TV x [75] Inventors: Qornelis Johannes scl oot lohannes Jacobus Ponjee; Rudolf Alexander Van Doom; P'eter Tammo Bolwl-ln Primary ExaminerSiegfried H. Grimm all of Emmasingel, Eindhoven, Attorney, Agent, or FirmFrank R. Trifari; Norman Netherlands Spain [73] Assignee: U.S. Philips Corporation, New

York, NY.

22 Filed: Mar. 4, 1974 [57] ABSTRACT 211 App]. No.2 447,849

material which is reversibly reducible and oxidizable [30] Foreign Application Priority Data by means of an electric-current. The electrodes consti- Mar. I6, 1973 Netherlands 7303674 We a Cross-bar y The device is divided into a number of non-communicating compartments which [52 U.S. c1 313/232, 313/483, 313/188, are filled with the solutioh- Each compartment 13 307 340 1 R, 340 324 M, 350 1 R prises an electrode,-which electrodes form a first set. 51 Int. Cl 0021 1/28, HOlj l/58 Of a Second set of electrodes, each electrode is in [58 Field Of Search 313/483, 188, 232, 307; Contact with the liquidtih all the compartments- 315/169 R, 169 TV; 340/166 R, 324 M,

166 EL; 350/160 R, 160 LC 4 Claims, 3 Drawing Figures 2 III 9 10 11 12 13 14 IV I '0 '0' '0' 1 l I r I r 1 18 i-I-Gi-QHGI-Q Q 22 A 10. 0101 0 01 1 0 e 1 t 1 1 I 1 1 I 1' 1 Q. 1G1 101 {Q1 [Q1 1 1 I01 2o 3 I 1 I I 3864589 i calm-3 W A picture display device comprising a solution of a I MATRIX PICTURE DISPLAY DEVICE USING LIQUID THAT IS REVERSIBLY REDUCIBLE AND OXIDISABLE BY ELECTRIC CURRENT The invention relates to a picture display device comprising between two supporting plates of which at least one is transparent a solution of a material which is reversibly reducible and oxidisable by means of an electric current, which solution is in contact with at least two electrodes.

Such a picture display device is known from the published Dutch Pat. No. 700952] and is furthermore described in the not yet published Dutch Pat. No. 71 17713. A characteristic feature of such a picture display device is that the picture is formed by discolouring of the current-conveying surface of an energized electrode, in this case the cathode. This makes it impossible to manufacture such a display device with a matrix of picture elements which are energized by means of two sets of electrodes which cross each other and which form a so-called cross-bar system and which are all present in the same volume of the solution of the reversibly reducible and oxidisable material. The electrode in which the discolouring occurs would actually discolour throughout its length as a result of which it is impossible to activate one single picture point. It would be possible to construct a picture display device with a matrix of picture elements in such manner that each picture element comprises a separate cell which is filled with the solution and which is present between two electrodes of the cross-bar system crossing each other. However, this meets with great practical objections, inter alia when filling the display device with the solution.

lt is the object of the invention to mitigate these drawbacks and to provide a construction for a picture display device with cross-bar electrodes.

According to the invention, a picture display device of the type mentioned in the first paragraph is characterized in that the space between the two supporting plates comprises a number of elongate noncommunicating compartments which are filled with the said solution, that an elongate electrode extends in each of the said compartments and belongs to a first set of electrodes and is in contact with the liquid in the relevant compartment only, and that the device comprises a second set of elongate electrodes which are each in contact with the liquid in each of the said compartments.

In the case of current passage, the discolouring preferably occurs at the said second set of electrodes which are each in contact with the liquid in each of the said compartments.

As a result of this it is achieved that only that part of an electrode can discolour which is in contact with the liquid in a compartment in which an energized electrode of the first set is present.

A favourable construction which will be described with reference to the accompanying drawing is such that the electrode which discolours is viewed via apertures in the electrodes which do not discolour. In controdes will in general be cathodes. However, the invention may also be applied when other materials are used.

The invention will be described in greater detail with reference to the accompanying drawings of an embodiment of which FIG. 1 shows a picture display tube according to the invention and FIGS. 2 and 3 show two cross-sectional views mutually at right angles as denoted in FIG. 1.

The picture display device shown in the figures comprises a first set of electrodes 1 and a second set of electrodes 2 which together constitute a cross-bar system. The first set 1 comprises five electrodes 3, 4, 5, 6 and 7. The second set comprises seven electrodes 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13 and 14. The electrode sets I and 2 are embedded in a glass plate 15 which comprises five compartments l6, 17, I8, 19 and 20. Said compartments are filled with liquid and do not communicate with each other. Each of the compartments comprises an electrode of the first set 1, for example, compartment 18 comprises electrode 5. The picture display device is sealed by means of a glass plate 21. The cross-overs of the electrodes of the first set 1 and the second set 2 constitute 7 X 5 35 picture elements. The liquid in the compartment is a solution of ethylviologene borofluoride (O.l molar) and tetrachlorohydroquinone (0.1 molar) in acetonitrile which contains 1 /2 percent by weight of acetic acid. A direct voltage of approximately 3V applied between an electrode of the first set 1 as anode and an electrode of the second set 2 as cathode colours the current conveying surface of the cathode blue. For example, when electrode 13 is cathode and electrode Sis anode, the picture element 22 is coloured blue. The cross-overs of electrode 13 with the other electrodes 3, 4, 6 and 7 of the first set remain uncoloured because the quantities of liquid in the various compartments do not communicate with each other. Another liquid which may be used in the picture display device described is a solution of heptylviologene bromide (0.05 molar) and sodium bromide (3 molar) in water with which a blue violet colour at the cathode is obtained.

The material of the electrodes should be inert relative to the'solutions used. Noble metals such as gold and platinum, provided in a thin layer ofa conductor of, for example, copper, may be used. If transparent electrodes are desired, they may consist of a thin layer of tin oxide or indium oxide on a glass supporting plate. For example, the electrodes 8, 9, 10, ll, l2, l3 and 14 may be of tin oxide and be provided on a glass supporting plate. The picture display device can then be viewed from the side of the said lastmentioned sup porting plate. If the electrodes 3, 4, 5, 6 and 7 are also manufactured from tin oxide and provided on the supporting plate 21, the discolouring at said electrodes which occurs upon erasing the information and which would be visible via the transparent electrodes 8-14, can be masked, for example by dispersing in the solution a white, chemically inert, insoluble compound, such as titanium oxide, which also increases the contrast.

What is claimed is:

1. A picture display device comprising between two supporting plates of which at least one is transparent a solution of a material which is reversibly reducible and oxidisable by means of an electric current, which solu tion is in contact with at least two electrodes, characterized in that the space between the two supporting plates comprises a number of elongate non- 3 S communicating compartments which are filled with the said solution, that an elongate electrode extends in each of the said compartments and belongs to a first set of electrodes and is in contact with liquid in the relevant compartment only, and that the device comprises a second set of elongate electrodes which are each in contact with the liquid in each of the said compartments.

2. A picture display device as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that in the case of current passage a local discolouring occurs at the surface of the electrodes of said second set.

3. A picture display device as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that the electrodes of the said first set are present between a transparent supporting plate and the said second set of electrodes and comprise apertures through which the electrodes of the said second set are visible.

4. A picture display device as claimed in claim 3, characterized in that the electrodes of the said first set are anodes and that the electrodes of the said second set are cathodes.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3500392 *Jun 14, 1966Mar 10, 1970Zelinsky Alexandr ViktorovichIndicator-converter
US3725899 *Oct 21, 1970Apr 3, 1973Siemens AgData exhibiting screen device with a liquid-crystal layer, and method of manufacture
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4019809 *Jun 25, 1975Apr 26, 1977Kabushiki Kaisha Suwa SeikoshaElectrochromic display device
US4175836 *Apr 4, 1977Nov 27, 1979Xerox CorporationMethod and apparatus for forming visible images
US4451122 *Apr 22, 1981May 29, 1984Beckman Instruments, Inc.Multicompartment electro-optic display device
US4456337 *Dec 7, 1981Jun 26, 1984Rockwell International CorporationChemically coupled color-changing display
US4501472 *Dec 20, 1982Feb 26, 1985Rockwell International CorporationTunable electrochromic filter
US4547046 *Feb 8, 1983Oct 15, 1985Nippondenso Co., Ltd.Electrochromic display device
US5080470 *Jan 10, 1990Jan 14, 1992Alpine Polyvision, Inc.Process for manufacturing a light modulating device
US5082355 *Jan 10, 1990Jan 21, 1992Alpine Polyvision, Inc.Technique for manufacturing a light modulating device
US5179467 *Sep 17, 1990Jan 12, 1993International Business Machines CorporationCharge transfer salts and uses thereof
EP0081031A1 *Jul 26, 1982Jun 15, 1983Rockwell International CorporationChemically coupled color-changing display
Classifications
U.S. Classification313/232, 359/272, 313/483, 313/307, 345/64, 359/271, 313/584
International ClassificationG02F1/01, G02F1/15, G02F1/17, G09F9/30, G02F1/153
Cooperative ClassificationG02F1/1533, G02F1/0102
European ClassificationG02F1/153B, G02F1/01A