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Publication numberUS3864623 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateFeb 4, 1975
Filing dateOct 5, 1973
Priority dateOct 5, 1973
Publication numberUS 3864623 A, US 3864623A, US-A-3864623, US3864623 A, US3864623A
InventorsLuce David W
Original AssigneeComputer Transmission Corp
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Pseudo balanced constant current supply
US 3864623 A
Abstract
An electronic circuit designed particularly for data communications systems for providing equal and opposite current to a pair of line conductors. The circuit employs an operational amplifier with a sampling resistance connected in series with a current supply. The sampling resistance provides the input signal to the operational amplifier. Dual feedback is provided with one feedback path including a resistance matching the sampling resistance.
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent Luce 1 Feb. 4, 1975 [54] PSEUDO BALANCED CONSTANT CURRENT 3,617,859 11/1971 Dohkin et al. 323/4 SUPPLY 3,623,140 11/1971 Nercessian 323/40 X {75] Inventor: David W. Luce, Pacific Palasades,

Calif. Primary Examiner-A. D. Pellmen I Attorney, Agent, or Firm-John E. Wagner [73] Assignee: Computer Transmission.

' Corporation, El Segundo, Calif. 22 Filed: Oct. 5, 1973 [57} ABSTRACT [21] APPL 403 998 An electronic circuit designed particularly for data communications systems for providing equal and opposite current to a pair of line conductors. The circuit U.S. employs an perational amplifier with a ampling re. [5 Cl. sistance onnected in eries a current The Field of Search l6, sampling resistance provides the input signal to the 323/40 operational amplifier. Dual feedback is provided with one feedback path including a resistance matching the References clted sampling resistance UNITED STATES PATENTS 3,388,317 6/1968 Birman 323/40 ux 3 Clams 1 Drawmg PSEUDO BALANCED CONSTANT CURRENT SUPPLY BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION One form of data transmission systems employs voltage or more correctly, current reversals to indicate a I or a 0. In theory, such a system is simply represented by battery connected to a transmission line with a reversing switch to alternately apply plus and minus potential to the line conductors. At the opposite end of the transmission line the battery voltage less estimated line losses is detected.

In producing such data systems which provide the most reliable transmission through two conductor unloaded channels, optimum reliability is achieved when a constant current rather than constant voltage source is used.

Conventional constant current supply circuits often employ operational amplifiers as taught by Schilling and Belove in Electronic Circuits Descrete and Integrazed. McGraw Hill Book Co., N.Y.N.Y., copyright I963, pages 299-30], and by Morrison in DC. Amplifien in Instrumentation. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., N.Y.N.Y. copyright I970, pages 126-] 3 I. Also, Esaki or tunnel diode circuits are employed as constant current sources as described by Roddam in Transistor Inverlers and Converlers, D. Van Nostrand, Cox, lnc., Newark, N.J.. Copyright 1963.

None of these circuits however, are designed to supply current of equal magnitude and opposite direction to a pair of lines regardless of the impedence of either line.

BRIEF STATEMENT OF The INVENTION I have determined that the production of an effective constant current generator can be achieved by applying a constant voltage source to a line, sampling in a precision resistance the current and employing the voltage drop across the precision resistance as the input voltage to an operational amplifier. There are two feedback paths for the operational amplifier, one to each side of the input resistance. One feedback current is taken directly from the output of the operational amplifier and the second across a matching output of the operationsl amplifier and the second across a matching output resistance.

The net effect is that the output of the operational amplifier is a current equal and opposite to the current sensed.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWING This invention may be more clearly understood from the following detailed description and by reference to the drawing which is an electrical schematic diagram of the circuit of this invention.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION Now referring to the drawing. a constant current source designed to apply current of reversing direction to a pair of line conductors is shown. It employs a pair of opposite polarity voltage terminals l and II connected to a common junction 12. The positive terminal is connected through a current source 17 and a normally open switch 13 which may be a solid state switching device. The negative terminal II is connected through constant current diode 14. Junction 12 is connected via a precision resistance 15, conductor 16 and line resistance 20 to one line conductor L, of a pair of line conductors L, and L The resistance is is in actuality connected across the input terminals of an operational amplifier 2] via a pair of equal value resistances 22 and 23. So connected. the voltage input to the differential amplifier 21 is a function of the current i through resistance 15. The resistances 22 and 23 and the input impedence of the amplifier 21 are high so the current i substantially equals the line current i; on the conductor L The output of operational amplifier 21 includes a pair of feedback paths fbl and fb2, one directly from the output via resistance 24 to the negative input terminal of the amplifier 21. A second feedback path is present, taken from a point in the output following a resistance 25 which matches the input resistance 15. The second feedback path including a resistance 26 is applied to the positive (+1 input terminal of the operational amplifier 21.

A second line resistance 30 and a matched pair of resistances 31 and 32 with their center tap grounded complete the circuit. The current i. on line L is sub stantially equal to and of opposite to i regardless of the impedance of line L,L and therefore a substantially balanced current source is produced. This circuit is termed a pseudo balanced constant current source since it is not strictly balanced but senses current in one line of a two conductor system and generates an equal and opposite current for the other line while not being symmetrical in form.

Typical values for oomponents are:

Supply It) +l2 v DC do. I l 'l2 v DC Diode I4 I N 5309 Switch l3 EN 2907 Transistor Rcsistunces I5 & 25 I00 2% Rcsistances 2U. 22. 23 47K 2% 24, 26 3(] 3l. 3?. Amplifier Zl Type MI I claim:

1. Current supply circuit for a pair of line conductors comprising:

a voltage supply;

said voltage supply comprising a negative polarity constant current source and a positive polarity constant current source and switch means for selectively applying one or both of said constant current sources to a common output terminal of said voltage supply;

a pair of line conductors;

a first resistance connected in series between the said output terminal of said supply and the first of said pair of line conductors;

an amplifier having a gain of substantially minus one and a pair of input terminals;

means connecting the input terminals of said amplifier to the opposite ends of said first resistance whereby the input voltage to said amplifier is a voltage drop proportional to the current in the first of said pair of line conductors;

a first feedback path from the output of said amplifier to one of said pair of input terminals;

a second resistance equal in value to said first resistance and connected in series with the output of said amplifier and the second of said line conductors; and

3. The combination in accordance with claim I wherein a pair of equal resistances are connected in series between respective ends of said first resistance and the input terminals of said amplifier and said pair of equal resistances have values in the order of several times the resistance of said first resistance.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3388317 *Aug 18, 1965Jun 11, 1968Forbro Design CorpVoltage limiting circuit for regulated power supply
US3617859 *Mar 23, 1970Nov 2, 1971Nat Semiconductor CorpElectrical regulator apparatus including a zero temperature coefficient voltage reference circuit
US3623140 *Jan 30, 1970Nov 23, 1971Forbro Design CorpPlurality of programmable regulated power supplies share the load in a predetermined ratio with overall stability determined by the master supply
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4114446 *Dec 13, 1976Sep 19, 1978Leeds & Northrup CompanyTemperature measurement with three lead resistance thermometers
US4331912 *Oct 6, 1980May 25, 1982Rosemount Inc.Circuit for converting a non-live zero current signal to a live zero DC output signal
US5097198 *Mar 8, 1991Mar 17, 1992John Fluke Mfg. Co., Inc.Variable power supply with predetermined temperature coefficient
WO1982001267A1 *Sep 28, 1981Apr 15, 1982Rosemount IncCircuit for converting a non-live zero,current signal to a live zero dc output signal
Classifications
U.S. Classification323/280
International ClassificationH04L25/02, G05F1/10, G05F1/46
Cooperative ClassificationH04L25/02, G05F1/461
European ClassificationH04L25/02, G05F1/46A
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Oct 31, 1983AS02Assignment of assignor's interest
Owner name: AMDAHL CORPORATION 1250 E. ARQUES AVE., SUNNYVALE,
Effective date: 19830616
Owner name: TRAN TELECOMMUNICATIONS CORPORATION
Oct 31, 1983AS01Change of name
Owner name: COMPUTER TRANSMISSION CORPORATION
Effective date: 19830516
Owner name: TRAN TELECOMMUNICATIONS CORPORATION
Oct 31, 1983ASAssignment
Owner name: AMDAHL CORPORATION 1250 E. ARQUES AVE., SUNNYVALE,
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNOR:TRAN TELECOMMUNICATIONS CORPORATION;REEL/FRAME:004190/0436
Effective date: 19830616
Owner name: TRAN TELECOMMUNICATIONS CORPORATION
Free format text: CHANGE OF NAME;ASSIGNOR:COMPUTER TRANSMISSION CORPORATION;REEL/FRAME:004190/0424
Effective date: 19830516