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Publication numberUS3864853 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateFeb 11, 1975
Filing dateApr 27, 1973
Priority dateApr 27, 1973
Publication numberUS 3864853 A, US 3864853A, US-A-3864853, US3864853 A, US3864853A
InventorsBedford Billy R, Casey Thomas P, Klett Gene R
Original AssigneeCaterpillar Tractor Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Quick disconnect cutting edge for earthworking implements
US 3864853 A
Abstract
An earthworking implement, such as a loader bucket, terminates at its forward edge at a support having a laterally extending receptacle formed on a forward edge thereof. A cutting edge is disposed in the receptacle and is releasably attached to the support by quick disconnect means comprising a pin extending transversely through the support and cutting edge and a spring lock washer frictionally mounted on the pin for preventing axial movement of the pin relative to the support.
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

O United States Patent [191 1111 3,864,853

K1811 8t 31. 1 Feb. 11, 1975 [54] QUICK DISCONNECT CUTTING EDGE FOR 3,736,664 6/1973 Black et a1... 37/141 R EARTHWORKING IMPLEMENTS 3,774,324 11/1973 Lafond 37/142 R [75] Inventors: Gene R. Klett, Joliet; Billy R. FOREIGN PATENTS OR APPLICATIONS Bedford. Peoria; Thomas Casey, 2,015,662 11/1970 Germany 37/142 A Joliet, all Of 111. 394,206 6/1933 Great Britain 37/142 X [73] Assignee: Caterpillar Tractor Co., Peoria, 111.

Primary Examiner-Edgar S. Burr [22] Flled: Apr. 27, 1973 Assistant Examiner-E. H. Eickholt 2 App], N 355,203 Attorney, Agent, or Firm--Phillips, Moore,

Weissenberger Lempio & Strabala [52] US. Cl. 37/141 T, 37/142 R, 172/753 51 1m. (:1 E021 3/76 1 1 ABSTRACT Field 01 Search 37/141 141 142 R, An earthworking implement, such as a loader bucket, 37/l /753 terminates at its forward edge at a support having a laterally extending receptacle formed on a forward References Cited edge thereof. A cutting edge is disposed in the recep- UNITED STATES PATENTS tacle and is releasably attached to the support by 2,840,934 7/1958 Hazzard 37/142 R x quick disconnect means Comprising a P extending 3,358,569 12/1967 Averette 37/142 x transversely through the pp and Cutting edge and 3,466,772 9/1969 Phi11ips.... 37/142 A a spring lock washer frictionally mounted on the pin 3,574,962 4/1971 Smith 37/142 R for preventing axial movement of the pin relative to 3,622,206 1 1/1971 Krekeler 37/142 A X the support 3,624,827 11/1971 Liess et a1... 37/142 R 3,665,623 5/1972 White 37/142 A 7 Claims, 2 Drawing Figures QUICK DISCONNECT CUTTING EDGE FOR EARTHWORKING IMPLEMENTS BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION Earthworking implements, such as loader buckets, scrapers and bulldozer blades, have a cutting edge attached thereon for effecting various earth cutting, scraping or loading operations. Such cutting edges are normally cast and attached to the implement by weldments or bolts. The utilization of bolts or the like is preferred in many applications wherein periodic replacement of a worn cutting edge is required. During such replacement a workman must normally position himself under the implement for bolt removing purposes. Such replacement procedure is time-consuming and creates an obvious safety hazard. In addition, some conventional cutting edges are necessarily cast to form a cavity therein which mounts on a protruding tab of a support member.

SUMMARY OF THIS INVENTION An object of this invention is to provide a economical and non-complex cutting edge for earthworking implements which is adapted to be replaced expeditiously without exposing the workmen to bodily harm. The earth-working implement comprises a support defining a receptacle on a forward edge thereof and a cutting edge, adapted to be roll-formed, having a mounting section disposed in the receptacle and cutting section extending forwardly of the support.

Quick disconnect means, detachably mounting the rear mounting section on the support, comprises a pin extending through axially aligned apertures formed through the support and the mounting section and annular locking means, such as a spring lock washer, mounted frictionally on the pin for preventing axial movement thereof. Quick removal of the pin is effected by merely driving the pin downwardly through the aligned apertures to disconnect the cutting edge from the support.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is a partially sectioned and exploded isometric view of a portion of an earthworking implement having a cutting edge detachably mounted on a forward edge thereof; and

FIG. 2 is a sectional view taken in the direction of arrows II-Il in FIG. 1.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION Referring to the drawing, a cutting edge assembly comprises a plurality of identical and transversely aligned cutting edge segments 11. A support 12 is welded or otherwise suitably secured to a floor assembly 13 of a scraper, bulldozer blade, loader bucket or any other suitable earthworking implement. The support comprises upper and lower support members 14 and 15, respectively, secured together by transversely spaced casting webs 16.

In addition to joining and separating the support members from each other, the casting webs also function to absorb a substantial portion of thrust loads imposed on the cutting edge during implement operation. In particular, a shoulder 17 is formed on each lateral side of each cutting edge segment to abut a respective casting web when they are assembled together. The support members are suitably spaced apart to define a laterally extending and hereinafter described receptacle on a forward edge of the support. Thecasting webs divide the receptacle into a plurality of pockets, each receiving a rear mounting section of a respective cutting edge segment therein.

Each cutting edge segment is securely held in place by quick disconnect means comprising a pair of pins 18 each having an annular locking means, such as the illustrated spring lock washer 19, mounted thereon. Axially aligned apertures 20, 21 and 22 are formed through the rear mounting section of each cutting edge segment 11 and members 14 and 15, respectively, to receive the pin therein. Lock washer 19 is mounted in a circular recess 23 formed on support member 15 to frictionally engage outer surface portions of the pin to prevent axial movement thereof. The internal diameter of the lock washer is slightly smaller than the outside diameter of the pin to provide such opposed frictional engagement, as schematically illustrated by arrows F, and F in FIG. 2.

The receptacle for mounting the mounting section of each cutting edge segment on the support is generally depicted at 24 and preferably tapers rearwardly, as defined by rearwardly converging surfaces 25 and 26 formed on support members 14 and 15, respectively. Upper and lower surfaces 27 and 28 of the mounting section are tapered in a like manner to form a wedgelike engagement with receptacle 24 to prevent vertical movement of the cutting edge segment. Such arrangement, along with the abutment of shoulder 17 with casting webs 16, functions to directly transfer thrust loads imposed on the forward cutting section of the cutting edge segment to support 12 and floor assembly 13 directly. Apertures 20 preferably have a diameter which is slightly larger than the outside diameter of pins 18 to prevent the imposition of shear loads on the pin.

Since the composite cutting edge comprises individual cutting edge segments 11, each segment can be replaced without disturbing the other segments. Such removal can be expeditiously achieved by placing a punch in abutment with the upper end of pin 18 (FIG. 2) and by applying a removal force thereto by a hammer of the like. such removal force will disengage the pin from frictionally engaged lock washer 19 to permit the pin to fall below support member 15. Upon removal of the pins, the worn cutting edge segment may be removed and new cutting edge segment substituted therefor. The removed pin can then be reinserted into aligned apertures 20-22 by driving it into frictional engagement with lock washer 19.

What is claimed is:

1. An earthworking implement disposed for movement along a longitudinal axis thereof comprising a support defining a receptacle extending laterally relative to said axis, said support comprising spaced upper and lower support members and a plurality of laterally spaced webs secured between said support members to define a plurality of separate pockets in said receptacle,

a cutting edge comprising a plurality of individual cutting edge segments each having a mounting section disposed in a respective one of said pockets and a cutting section extending forwardly of said support, and

quick disconnect means detachably mounting the mounting section of each segment on said support comprising a pin disposed in axially aligned apertures formed through said support and said mounting section and annular locking means mounted on said pin to frictionally engage outer surface portions thereof for preventing axial movement of said pin relative to said support.

2. The earthworking implement of claim 1 further comprising a shoulder formed on each lateral side of each cutting edge segment and abutting a forward end of a respective one of said webs.

3. The earthworking implement of claim 1 wherein inner, opposed surface portions of said upper and lower support members and outer surfaces of the mounting section of each of said cutting edge segments converge towards each other rearwardly to form a tapered wedge-like connection therebetween. V

4. The earthworking implement of claim 1 wherein the diameter of the aperture formed through the rear mounting section of each cutting edge section is larger than the outside diameter of said pin.

5. The earthworking implement of claim 1 wherein said annular locking means comprises a spring lock washer.

6. The earthworking implement of claim 5 wherein said spring lock washer is seated in a circular recess formed on said lower support member.

7. The earthworking implement of claim 6 wherein two of said quick disconnect means detachably mount each cutting edge segment on said support.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2840934 *Sep 7, 1954Jul 1, 1958Hazzard Elmer WTooth mounting on blade of earth moving implement
US3358569 *Jul 30, 1965Dec 19, 1967James R TweedySheep foot tamper
US3466772 *May 25, 1967Sep 16, 1969Corona Forge CoResilient retaining means
US3574962 *Dec 11, 1968Apr 13, 1971Caterpillar Tractor CoEarthworking tip mounted for limited pivotal movement
US3622206 *Jun 30, 1969Nov 23, 1971Cincinnati Mine Machinery CoCutter bits and means for mounting them
US3624827 *Dec 11, 1968Nov 30, 1971Caterpillar Tractor CoEarthworking tooth and supporting adapter
US3665623 *Feb 6, 1970May 30, 1972Western Rock Bit Co LtdTrencher tooth mounting
US3736664 *Oct 12, 1971Jun 5, 1973Caterpillar Tractor CoReplaceable pinned-on cutting edge
US3774324 *Jun 21, 1971Nov 27, 1973Abex CorpDigger teeth
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3995384 *Nov 25, 1974Dec 7, 1976John F. DuncanEdge bit structure for implement blade
US4050172 *Apr 7, 1975Sep 27, 1977Petersen Gerald AExcavator tooth, holder therefor and staple retainer
US4324057 *Jun 11, 1979Apr 13, 1982White Kenneth MPin type tooth retention system
US4457380 *Jun 3, 1981Jul 3, 1984Curry John NBlades for earth moving machines
US4501079 *Aug 24, 1983Feb 26, 1985Esco CorporationTwo piece cutting edge construction
US5077918 *Sep 10, 1990Jan 7, 1992Caterpillar Inc.Cutting edge assembly for an implement
US5088214 *Jan 17, 1991Feb 18, 1992Esco CorporationExcavator wear edge
US5210965 *Jan 23, 1990May 18, 1993Metal Parts, Inc.Fabricated bucket tooth
US5396963 *May 29, 1992Mar 14, 1995Curry; John N.Blades for earth moving machines
US5937551 *Nov 7, 1997Aug 17, 1999Columbia Steel Casting Co., Inc.Lock system for excavating tooth point and adapter
US5966849 *May 7, 1998Oct 19, 1999Columbia Steel Casting Co., Inc.Lock system for excavating tooth point and adapter and for rigging
US6751897 *Nov 13, 2001Jun 22, 2004Robert S. BierwithLip assembly
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US6986216Apr 30, 2003Jan 17, 2006Esco CorporationWear assembly for the digging edge of an excavator
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US7596895Apr 30, 2007Oct 6, 2009Esco CorporationWear assembly
US7793444Sep 28, 2006Sep 14, 2010Esco CorporationWear edge assembly
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US20040216334 *Apr 30, 2003Nov 4, 2004Esco CorporationWear assembly for the digging edge of an excavator
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US20050241194 *Jun 30, 2005Nov 3, 2005Bierwith Robert SLip assembly
US20050284006 *Aug 31, 2005Dec 29, 2005Esco CorporationWear assembly for excavating digging edge
US20060010726 *Sep 14, 2005Jan 19, 2006Esco CorporationWear assembly for an excavator
US20060026870 *Aug 6, 2004Feb 9, 2006Kevin KarhiPlow moldboard assembly having multiple ground engaging blades
US20060070264 *Sep 28, 2004Apr 6, 2006Ghislain LachanceInserted knife fortified snowplow blade
US20070022640 *Sep 28, 2006Feb 1, 2007Esco CorporationWear edge assembly
US20070204490 *Apr 30, 2007Sep 6, 2007Esco CorporationWear assembly
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DE2815165A1 *Apr 7, 1978Oct 12, 1978Kennametal IncWerkzeug fuer erdarbeiten
WO1992013145A1 *Jan 13, 1992Aug 6, 1992Esco CorporationExcavating wear edge with resilient lock
Classifications
U.S. Classification37/446, 172/753
International ClassificationE02F9/28
Cooperative ClassificationE02F9/2841
European ClassificationE02F9/28A2C2
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Jun 12, 1986ASAssignment
Owner name: CATERPILLAR INC., 100 N.E. ADAMS STREET, PEORIA, I
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNOR:CATERPILLAR TRACTOR CO., A CORP. OF CALIF.;REEL/FRAME:004669/0905
Effective date: 19860515
Owner name: CATERPILLAR INC., A CORP. OF DE.,ILLINOIS
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:CATERPILLAR TRACTOR CO., A CORP. OF CALIF.;REEL/FRAME:004669/0905