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Publication numberUS3865001 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateFeb 11, 1975
Filing dateMay 10, 1973
Priority dateAug 24, 1971
Publication numberUS 3865001 A, US 3865001A, US-A-3865001, US3865001 A, US3865001A
InventorsRobert L Hershey
Original AssigneeRobert L Hershey
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Tempo enhancement device
US 3865001 A
Abstract
An electromechanical apparatus accompanies rhythmic human movement with music of appropriate tempo. This is accomplished by monitoring the activity with a transducer attached to a supporting structure, which will move in response to shifts in human weight. These peaks are counted and the measured count is used to control the relative volumes of a multiplicity of differently paced musical tracks.
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Elmte States Paten 11 1 1111 3,865,001

Hershey Feb. 11, 1975 [54] TEMPO ENHANCEMENT DEVICE 3,539,701 11/1970 Mlldc 84/].28 3,634,596 1 1972 R 1 84 1.28 [761 lnvemorl RbmL-Herhey1255NeW 3,704,339 11/1972 ..s4/1.24 HamRShire NW. 3,705,948 12/1972 Tomisawa... 84/].24 Washmgton, DC 20036 3,749,810 7/1973 Dow 84/124 22 Filed: May 10, 1973 Appl. N0.: 358,956

Related U.S. Application Data Continuation-in-part of Ser. No. 174,464, Aug. 24, 1971, abandoned.

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 12/1969 Rupert 84/128 X Primary E.\'umir1er-Richard B. Wilkinson Assistant E.\'z1n11'nerStanley J. Witkowski [57] ABSTRACT 1 Claim, 4 Drawing Figures PULSE TRANSDUCER "'ZAPUHEF? SHAPER D|G|TALTO-ANALOG NETWORK TAPE AMPLIFIER SPEAKER SLOW SLOW (SLOW TRACK CHANNEL CHANNEL) DIFFERENTIAL H AMPLIFIER CIRCUIT TAPE AMPLIFIER SPEAKER FAST FAST (FAST TRAcR CHANNEL CHANNEL) Pmmmrwn a I 3.865.001

' sum 10F 4 PIC-11 PAIENTED FEB] 1 I975 SHEET l 0F 4 ok ztoa TEMPO ENHANCEMENT DEVICE This application is a continuation-in-part of application Ser. No. l74,464, filed Aug. 24, l97l, and now abaondoned.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION This invention relates to an apparatus for automatically sensing the tempo of some form of human activity and enchancing its rhythm by actuating appropriately paced musical accompaniment.

In various situations it often is desirable to enhance the tempo of some rhythmic activity such as dancing, gymnastics, trampoline acrobatics, or exercising. Accompanying sound adds another dimension to the activity, increasing the awareness of its rhythm for the participants and spectators. Such accompaniment could previously be obtained only through manual control of the music. With this invention the control is automatic. By eliminating the manual operator labor costs are saved, privacy is increased, and the activity is more directly linked to its accompaniment.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION Each type of rhythmic human activity generates some movement of the supporting structure which can be instrumented by an appropriate form of transducer, producing a time-varying voltage. The type of activity dictates the most efficient transducer for monitoring. Typical transducers that may be used in various embodiments of this invention include accelerometers, spring-loaded contacts, strain gauges, and conducting rubber rheostats. For instance in monitoring dancing or gymnastics a vibrational transducer in contact with the floor or mat such as an accelerometer could be used.

This invention comprises a unique electromechanical network which responds to the repetition rate of the motion. This is transformed into the repetition rate of a voltage through the use of a transducer. The repetition rate of the motion is counted, and this count is used to select the relative volume for each of a multiplicity of differently paced music tracks.

An embodiment of the invention will now be described with reference to the appended drawings.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is an external view of the apparatus, showing how it may be used in conjunction with a home stereo tape recorder system.

FIG. 2 is a schematic diagram showing the electromechanical network utilized in the embodiment.

FIG. 3 is a schematic diagram of the detail of the digital-to-analog network.

FIG. 4 is a circuit diagram showing the detail of the differential amplifier circuit.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT In FIG. I the transducer 1, in this case an accelerometer is shown monitoring an activity. The electrical signal from the transducer is processed by the circuitry to be described, which is a modification of a home stereo amplifier unit 2. The input to the stereo amplifier consists of a home stereo tape recorder 3 playing a special stereo tape 4, whose first channel consists of slow music and whose second channel consists of appropriately syncopated fast music. The stereo amplifier unit 2 sets the relative volume of the music from the two tape tracks. A slow tempo in the monitored activity causes the amplifier, 2 to make the slow track louder compared to the fast track. Similarly for a fast tempo activity the sound of the faster musical background predominates. The music from the two tracks, with their relative volumes thus regulated, issues forth from the two speakers 5 and 6, respectively.

Referring to FIG. 2, the schematic of the electromechanical network is shown. The signal produced by the transducer 1 is a time-varying voltage with its peaks corresponding to the peaks of the movement being monitored. These peaks occur when the shifting body weight causes the supporting structure to make excursions above and below its equilibrium position. The signal from the transducer is amplified by a standard electronic amplifier circuit 8. This amplified signal is input to the pulse shaper circuit 9, which forms a pulse from each peak of the signal. These pulses control a digitalto-analog network circuit 10 which generates an analog voltage proportional to the time between pulses. The output of the digital-to-analog network 10 forms the input to the differential amplifier circuit 11. The left and right channels of a home stereo amplifier constitute the slow and fast channels 12 and 13, respectively. The differential amplifier circuit 11 uses this voltage from the digital-to-analog network, proportional to the period of pulse repetition to control the slow (left) channel amplifier 12 and the fast (right) channel amplifier 13 of the home stereo amplifier. This is done by biasing a stage of amplification of each channel with volt age from differential amplifier, adjusting the balance of volume between these two channels. If the voltage from the digital-to-analog network 10 is equal to a preset level corresponding to an intermediate speed pulse rate reference, the sounds will be balanced in both channels. If the pulse rate is higher than the preset level, the volume will be concentrated in the fast channel; if less, it will be concentrated in the slow channel. The right and left channels of the tape recorder output 14 and 15, which were derived from the special stereo tape 4, are then amplified by the right and left channel amplifiers 12 and 13 of the home stereo amplifier. Since the balance of the volume between these amplifiers l2 and 13 has been adjusted on the basis of the period of pulse repetition, the amplification of the fast track channel will be greater if the pulse repetition rate is faster than the reference rate and the amplification of the slow track channel will be greater if the pulse repetition rate is slower than the reference rate. The audio signals from the amplified musical tracks then go the speakers 5 and 6. If the sensed motion is slow in tempo then the sound from the slow channel speaker 5 will be louder and predominate, and if the sensed motion is fast in tempo then the sound from the fast channel speaker 6 will be louder and predominate.

The detail of the digital-to-analog network is shown in FIG. 3. The purpose of this network is to determine the time period between successive pulses and put out an analog voltage proportional to this period, and thus inversely proportional to the pulse repetition rate. Incident pulses from the pulse shaper reset all the elements of the digital-to-analog network and direct the set of logic 19 to permit a train of pulses from the clock 18 to be counted in the binary counter 20. When the next incident pulse occurs, the contents of the binary counter are transferred to a storage register where they are converted to analog form by the digital-to-analog mined by the count accumulated by the counter during I the period. The process of counting can, therefore, continue for the next time interval, the value of the count for the previous interval being stored in the register. When the pulse occurs, the second counter number will be read into the register 21, erasing the existing contents and converting it to analog via the digital-toanalog converter 22. The output of the digital-toanalog converter 22 is a voltage proportional to the period. This voltage is then put through the low pass filter 23 before being fed to the differential amplifier circuit.

FIG. 4 shows the differential amplifier circuit consisting of a subtractor amplifier and an inverter. The subtractor amplifier portion consists of operational amplifier 24, associated resistors 25 and 26, dc bias voltage source 27, and potentiometer 28. The inverter portion consists of operational amplifier 29 and associated resistors 30 and 31. The filtered analog signal from the digital-to-analog network is compared to the preset reference voltage level of the potentiometer 28, which establishes the balance position for the period of repetition. This reference voltage corresponds to the voltage that would come from the analog-to-digital network for an intermediate speed pulse repetition rate. The subtractor amplifier produces a voltage proportional to the difference between the reference voltage and the analog input. This voltage determines the magnitude of voltage biasing a stage of amplification of the fast channel of the stereo amplifier and thus controls its gain. To obtain the algebraic negative of the output voltage from the subtractor amplifier it is fed to an inverter, consisting of operational amplifier 29 and resistors 30 and 31. This results in a voltage equal to the difference between the analog input and the reference voltage which goes to the slow channel of the stereo amplifier. If the analog input is larger in absolute value than the reference voltage, the voltage to the fast channel amplifier will be negative and the voltage to the slow channel amplifier will be positive. Both voltages will be proportional to the difference between the analog input and the reference. Conversely if the analog input is less than the reference voltage the voltage to the fast channel amplifier will be positive and the voltage to the slow channel amplifier will be negative.

To obtain more than two speeds of background music additional channels may be used with a device for selecting among the channels. If enough additional channels are used an almost continuous range of background music speeds can be obtained.

All that has been said with reference to a tape music reporduction system could also be accomplished with a disc or some other form of music reproduction system.

It is also possible to augment the sound with a light display of various colors corresponding to various pulse repetition rates. This can be accomplished by having bulbs of various colors light in response to various levels of voltage measured at the output of the low'pass filter 23. One means of switching the bulbs is with a control circuit such as described in U.S. Pat. No. 3,480,912 to S. D. Speeth and P. C. Norem. Further rhythm accompaniment can be obtained by triggering a rhythm instrument with the peak values of the electrical signal from the transducer. Other modifications will be obvi-. ous to those skilled in art.

The invention is not limited to the exemplary construction shown above, but may be made in various ways within the scope of the following claims.

What is claimed is:

1. In a device for changing the relative volumes of at least two sources of differently paced musical selections in response to the tempo of movement of a supporting structure caused by shifts of human body weight;

a. an electromechanical transducer for sensing said structural movement and producing a variable voltage in response thereto whose peaks correspond to the excursions of the structure in response to said shifts in human body weight;

b. an amplifier for amplifying said voltage;

c. a pulse shaper to form pulses from said amplified voltage;

d. a digital-to-analog network to produce from said pulses an analog voltage proportional to their period of repetition;

e. a differential amplifier circuit to produce plural output voltages from said analog voltage proportional to the period of repetition;

f. a multichannel amplifier, a stage of amplification in each of whose channels is biased by one of said output voltages, thus producing differing levels of amplification;

g. at least two musical tracks having differing rhythm speeds, prerecorded on different channels of a recording medium, which are amplified to differing degrees by said multichannel amplifier; and h. at least two speakers to produce sound from said prerecorded musical tracks.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3484530 *Apr 26, 1966Dec 16, 1969Rupert Robert EMusical instrument employing film sound track on cathode ray tube screen
US3539701 *Jul 7, 1967Nov 10, 1970Ursula A MildeElectrical musical instrument
US3634596 *Aug 27, 1969Jan 11, 1972Robert E RupertSystem for producing musical tones
US3704339 *Feb 17, 1971Nov 28, 1972Nippon Musical Instruments MfgMuscular voltage-controlled tone-modifying device
US3705948 *Mar 8, 1971Dec 12, 1972Nippon Musical Instruments MfgSystem for controlling tone-modifying circuits by muscular voltage in electronic musical instrument
US3749810 *Feb 23, 1972Jul 31, 1973A DowChoreographic musical and/or luminescent appliance
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4046048 *Jun 24, 1976Sep 6, 1977Hammond CorporationDigital touch responsive tempo generating device
US5081896 *Mar 7, 1990Jan 21, 1992Yamaha CorporationMusical tone generating apparatus
US5290964 *Sep 10, 1992Mar 1, 1994Yamaha CorporationMusical tone control apparatus using a detector
US5589654 *Mar 7, 1996Dec 31, 1996Konwiser; Kern T.Electronic dance floor system
US6746247Dec 21, 2001Jun 8, 2004Michael P. BartonChoreographed athletic movement to music
US6838610Oct 4, 2002Jan 4, 2005Agm - Academia De Ginastica Movel Ltda.Arrangement of a rhythmic apparatus with a vehicle sound apparatus, rhythmic accompaniment method and electronic transducer
US7317158Feb 3, 2005Jan 8, 2008Pioneer CorporationReproduction controller, reproduction control method, program for the same, and recording medium with the program recorded therein
US8199937Mar 23, 2005Jun 12, 2012Sony CorporationContents reproduction apparatus and method thereof
US8847057 *May 21, 2013Sep 30, 2014John KoahAuditory board
US9530325 *Sep 24, 2013Dec 27, 2016David HallExercise training system
US20050172788 *Feb 3, 2005Aug 11, 2005Pioneer CorporationReproduction controller, reproduction control method, program for the same, and recording medium with the program recorded therein
US20050219055 *Mar 23, 2005Oct 6, 2005Motoyuki TakaiContents reproduction apparatus and method thereof
US20090044687 *Aug 13, 2007Feb 19, 2009Kevin SorberSystem for integrating music with an exercise regimen
US20130305910 *May 21, 2013Nov 21, 2013John KoahAuditory Board
US20140087341 *Sep 24, 2013Mar 27, 2014David HallExercise training system
CN104471636A *May 21, 2013Mar 25, 2015约翰ˇ科亚Auditory board
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EP1562176A1 *Feb 3, 2005Aug 10, 2005Pioneer CorporationReproducing rhythm controller, reproduction rhythm control method, program for the same and recording medium with program recorded therein
EP1585134A1 *Apr 4, 2005Oct 12, 2005Sony CorporationContents reproduction apparatus and method thereof
EP1729290A1 *May 30, 2006Dec 6, 2006Sony CorporationMusic playback apparatus and processing control method
EP2852950A4 *May 21, 2013Feb 10, 2016John KoahAuditory board
WO2001078060A2 *Apr 6, 2001Oct 18, 2001Agm - Academia De Ginástica Móvel Ltda.Rhythmic apparatus, rhythmic accompaniment method and electronic transducer
WO2001078060A3 *Apr 6, 2001Apr 4, 2002Agm Academia De Ginastica MoveRhythmic apparatus, rhythmic accompaniment method and electronic transducer
Classifications
U.S. Classification84/723, 84/741, 84/DIG.270, 984/344, 84/602, 984/347, 84/DIG.100
International ClassificationG10H1/40, G10H1/32
Cooperative ClassificationY10S84/01, G10H1/32, G10H1/40, G10H2220/341, Y10S84/27
European ClassificationG10H1/32, G10H1/40