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Publication numberUS3866546 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateFeb 18, 1975
Filing dateDec 3, 1973
Priority dateDec 3, 1973
Publication numberUS 3866546 A, US 3866546A, US-A-3866546, US3866546 A, US3866546A
InventorsMalo Lowell L
Original AssigneeAcf Ind Inc
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Box car end structure
US 3866546 A
Abstract
A box car end is provided having an offset portion. A box car flat end liner is affixed to the end on the side opposite the offset portion. The assembled liner and end are placed in engagement with an end sill having a horizontal portion extending inwardly toward the car and a vertical extension at the end thereof. The offset portion is integrally affixed to the end sill vertical extension, preferably with mechanical fasteners. A floor support is integrally affixed to the horizontal portion of the end sill. The floor support has a horizontal portion supporting a portion of the car floor and an upper vertical portion providing an unobstructed end area on the inside of the car. The upper vertical portion of the floor support may be integrally affixed, preferably by welding to either the end and/or the flat end liner, preferably above the offset portion.
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Unite States Patent [191 Mala [ 1 BOX CAR END STRUCTURE {75] Inventor: Lowell L. Malo, St. Peters, Mo.

[73] Assignee: ACF Industries Incorporated, New

York, NY.

22 Filed: Dec. 3, 1973 21 Appl. No.: 421,462

[52] 11.8. C1. 105/410 [51] int. Cl B6ld 17/00 [58) Field of Search 105/409, 410, 422, 423;

[56] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,638,854 5/1953 Candlin,.lr. 105/410 3,347,175 10/1967 Butcher 105/409 Primary Examiner-M. Henson Wood, Jr. Assistant Examiner-Richard A. Bertsch Attorney, Agent, or FirmHenry W. Cummings \r i f 1 Feb. 18, 1975 [5 7] ABSTRACT A box car end is provided having an offset portion. A box car flat end liner is affixed to the end on the side opposite the offset portion. The assembled liner and end are placed in engagement with an end sill having a horizontal portion extending inwardly toward the car and a vertical extension at the end thereof. The offset portion is integrally affixed to the end sill vertical extension, preferably with mechanical fasteners. A floor support is integrally affixed to the horizontal portion of the end sill. The floor support has a horizontal portion supporting a portion of the car floor and an upper vertical portion providing an unobstructed end area on the inside of the car. The upper vertical portion of the floor support may be integrally affixed, preferably by welding to either the end and/or the flat end liner,

preferably above the offset portion.

16 Claims, 5 Drawing Figures 1 BOX CAR END STRUCTURE FIELD OF INVENTION This invention relates to box car end structures. In particular, it relates to an improved box car end structure and fabrication technique thereof which is easier to assemble and results in cost savings.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION In accordance with a common construction of the prior art, a box car end is provided with an offset portion 12 and a corrugated portion 14, usually of steel construction. The box car end 10 is welded to a flat metal end liner leaving a space 22 between liner 20 and offset portion 12. The assembly of liner 20 and end 10 is then suspended by means of appropriate overhead crane means (not shown) and is brought above the floor portion of the box car indicated generally at 30. Already in place and comprising the lower or floor portion of the car is an end sill 32 comprising a generally horizontal portion 34 and a generally vertically extending portion 36. Welded or otherwise appropriately affixed to end sill 32 is a floor panel support member 40. Panel support member 40 comprises a lower generally vertically extending portion 42 and a generally horizontally extending portion 44 which is welded to end liner 20 at 43 supports on its upper surface a floor panel member 48. Floor panel member 48 extends along horizontal portion 44 of floor panel support 40 but terminates at a point 50 wherein it is welded or otherwise affixed to horizontal portion 44 leaving a space or gap 52.

However, prior to welding the panel support to the end sill and the panel to the panel support, in order to obtain engagement of the end and end liner assembly with the end sill 32 it is necessary to lower the end and end liner assembly and in such a way as to have the vertical portion 36 of the end sill enter into the opening 22 defined by offset 12 and flat end liner 20. This is a difficult operation. It is often time consuming and occasionally dangerous.

In order to provide an unobstructed end area 51, countersunk fasteners, for example, huck bolts 58 are usually utilized to hold the liner and end in engagement with the vertical extension of the end sill. The countersinking of the end liner and extension 36 indicated respectively at 54 and 56 and the drilling of holes 57 in offset portion 12 is done prior to lowering the end and end liner over the end sill extension. However, it often occurs that there is misalignment between the countersunk holes 54 in the end sill as compared with holes 56 in the end liner and/or holes 57. As a result it is often necessary to recountersink in order to put the fasteners in place. This is a time consuming operation and when a whole assembly line may be held up with such operations, the expense is greatly multiplied.

In another construction shown in FIG. 3 a fastener 59 is utilized to hold the end 10 and liner 20 in engagment with the end sill 32 and vertical extension 36. The fastener is not countersunk and the head 59a extends into the car so that when the horizontal portion 44 of the floor panel support is welded to the liner 20 an inwardly inclined extension 44a is provided which provides an obstruction in the car which can damage lading and/or make it difficult to pack in the end area 5 of the car.

Another prior art construction utilizes a corrugated end liner in which mechanical fasteners are placed between or below the corrugations which hold the end sill vertical extension in engagement with the offset portion of the end. A panel support is welded to the horizontal portion of the end sill and to the lower portion of the corrugations and/or the vertical extension of the end sill. However, in this construction the end of the car is obstructed to the extent of the corrugations. Also, the corrugations may damage some ladings. Furthermore, a corrugated end is weaker than a flat steel end, particularly with regard to bending applied longitudinally to the end of the car.

Still another prior art construction is shown in FIG. 4 wherin the end 10 and the flat end liner 20 are integral throughout the lateral extent of the car. The end has no offset 12 and a weld, for example, as shown at 11 holds the members together. This construction does avoid the obstructions in the end area such as 44a in FIG. 3 and the countersunk construction in FIG. 2. However, many customers are opposed to an integral end and end sill because if the end of the car is damaged the entire car end structure must be disassembled, for example, by torch burning, resulting in considerable expense and downtime to repair the car. For this reason the integral end and end sill construction is not desired by many customers.

It therefore is an object of the present invention to provide a box car end construction which leavesthe end portion of the car unobstructed.

It is another object of the present invention to avoid the step of lowering the end liner and offset of the end into alignment with a vertical extension of the end sill.

It is another object of the present invention to avoid the problem of misaligned drilled and/or countersunk holes in the end structure of the car after the vertical extension has been placed within the opening defined by the liner and offset end portion.

Another object of the present invention is to avoid an integral end and end sill construction.

Another object of the present invention is to provide a fabrication technique which is less expensive than prior techniques.

Other objects will be apparent from the drawings and the following description.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION A box car end is provided having an offset portion. A flat end liner is affixed to the end on the side opposite the offset portion. The assembled liner and end are placed in engagement with an end sill having a horizontal portion extending inwardly toward the car and a vertical extension at the end thereof. The offset portion is integrally affixed to the end sill vertical extension, preferably with mechanical fasteners. A floor support is integrally affixed to the horizontal portion of the end sill. The floor support has a horizontal portion supporting a portion of the car floor and an upper vertical portion providing an unobstructed end area on the inside of the car. The upper vertical portion of the floor support may be integrally affixed, preferably by welding to either the end and/or the end liner, preferably above the offset portion.

THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is an exploded perspective view of a box car;

FIG. 2 is a view along the lines 2--2 in FIG. 1 illustrating a prior art construction and method of assemy;

FIG. 3 is a view of an alternative prior art construction also looking at the side of the box car near the end thereof;

FIG. 4 is a view of an alternative prior art construction also looking at the side of the car near the end thereof;

FIG. 5 is a view of the box car end construction of the present invention also looking at the side of the car near the end thereof.

DESCRIPTION OF PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS In accordance with the present invention, as shown in FIG. 5, an offset 12a is provided in end member 10. Further, a flat end liner is foreshortened as indicated at 21 and is affixed, preferably by welding to the end as indicated at 21a.

In order to engage the end assembly of liner 20 and end 10 it is merely necessary to provide longitudinal relative movement until the end assembly engages the vertical extension 36 of end sill 32. Then offset portion 12a is affixed to end sill extension 36. This is preferably done by fasteners 60 of any desired type may be utilized to hold the end assembly in engagement with the end sill extension along the end of the car. For example, these fasteners may comprise huck bolts, heavy duty screws, etc. Holes 61 and 62 respectively in extension 36 and offset portion 10 are preferably pre-drilled or they may be drilled after the offset and extension have been placed together. No recountersinking or rework is required.

The extent of offset 12a is sufficient to provide space for vertical extension 36 and the head of fasteners 60 without interference with the upper vertical portion of 45 of floor support 40 (described hereinafter).

The use of fasteners 60 enables the end structure to be readily disassembled, if desired. For example, in the event of damage to some part of the end.

However, if desired, the offset portion 120 may be welded to vertical extension 36 either on the inside of the end as shown at 63 and/or on the outside of the ent as shown at 64. Such welding may be done in addition to or instead of the use of fasteners 60. If welding is used it is a harder and more time consuming job to disassemble the end, for example, by burning off the welds with a torch. If welding only is used, the offset does not necessarily have to be large enough to allow for fastener heads 60a. It will be apparent that the construction of the present invention provides considerable flexibility in affixing the end to the end sill extension.

After the offset portion is in place, the floor panel support 40 is affixed to the end sill, for example, by welding at 41. In addition to a lower generally vertical portion 42, support 40 is provided with a second generally vertically extending portion 45 with a substantially 90 bend indicated at 45a. Vertical portion 45 is affixed with mechanical fasteners or welding to end 10 and/or liner 20 (shown dotted) as indicated at 46 and 46a respectively. If desired, any gap between the lower end of liner 20 and the upper termination point of upper vertical portion 45 may be filled with weld deposits 46c and ground to provide a smooth surface. The second vertical extension 45 of the floor panel support provides a smooth and unobstructed end area 51 to avoid damage to the lading and/or difficulties in stacking the same. If desired, nailable steel flooring 43 having a floor panel 48 may then be put in place and is welded (or affixed with fasteners) to the horizontal portion 44 of the floor panel support as indicated at 50.

It will thus be apparent that the present invention has the following advantages. First, the liner and end assembly may be moved longitudinally into engagement with the end sill vertical extension 36. It does not have to be lowered upon the extension, and thus this difficult and sometimes dangerous alignment operation is eliminated. Secondly, the problem of misalignment of drilled and/or countersunk holes and the rework necessary to correct the misalignment is avoided in accordance with the present invention. Conventional fasteners may be utilized and countersunk holes are not required. If desired, in addition to or as a substitute mechanical fastener, the offset may be welded to the end sill extension. Thirdly, there is no blocking or obstruction of the end area of the box car to cause damage to the lading and/or stacking problem. The use of conventional fasteners instead of huck bolt means result in a small cost saving. If only fasteners have been used to hold the end in engagement with the end sill, in the event of damage to the car, the end structure can be relatively easily separated from the end sill by removing only the fasteners 60. Thus, customers who want this option can have it in accordance with the design of the present invention. Finally, the construction of the present invention provides a significant saving in labor cost on a unit car basis.

What is claimed is: 1. A box car end structure comprising: an end sill having a generally horizontal portion extending inwardly toward the center of the car and a generally vertical extension at the end of the car;

a box car end having integrally affixed thereto a flat end liner; said box car end having an outwardly extending offset adapted to engage the vertical extension of said end sill; means integrally holding said offset portion in engagement with the vertical extension of said end sill; a floor support member integrally affixed to the horizontal portion of said end sill, said floor support member having a generally horizontal portion adapted to support a floor panel in the car, and an integral upper vertical portion extending upwardly into said car, providing a generally smooth, unobstructed essentially vertical end portion of the car.

2. A box car end structure according to claim 1 wherein the means integrally holding the offset in engagement with the vertical extension comprise mechanical fasteners.

3. A box car end structure according to claim 2 wherein the extent of the offset of said end is sufficient to allow the vertical extent of said end sill and the head of said mechanical fasteners without interference with the vertical extent of said floor panel support.

4. A box car end structure according to claim 3 wherein said mechanical fastener is a standard bolt.

5. A box car end structure according to claim 3 wherein said mechanical fastener is a huck bolt.

6. A box car end structure according to claim 1 wherein the means integrally holding the offset in engagement with the vertical extension comprise welding.

7. A box car end structure according to claim 1 wherein the upper vertical portion of said floor support terminates at a point above the offset portion of said box car end.

8. A box car end structure according to claim 7 wherein the upper vertical portion is integrally affixed to the end.

9. A box car end structure according to claim 7 wherein the upper vertical portion is integrally affixed to the liner.

10. A box car end structure according to claim 1 wherein said floor panel is an extension of nailable steel flooring.

11. A box car end structure according to claim 1 wherein the vertical extent of said floor support extends to an area adjacent the termination of said end liner.

12. A box car end structure according to claim 11 wherein any gap defined by said end liner and the vertical extent of said floor panel support is filled with weld deposit.

13. A box car end structure according to claim 12 wherein said weld deposit is ground smooth to provide a smooth vertical surface for the end of said car.

14. A box car end structure according to claim 1 wherein said floor support further comprises a lower vertical portion which is welded to the horizontal of said end sill.

15. A box car end structure comprising:

an end sill having a generally horizontal portion extending inwardly toward the center of the car and a generally vertical extension at the end of the car; a box car end having integrally affixed thereto a steel flat end liner; said box car end having an outwardly extending offset adapted to engage the vertical extension of said end sill; mechanical fasteners holding said offset portion in engagement with the vertical extension of said end sill; a floor support member integrally affixed to the horizontal portion of said end sill, said floor support member having a generally horizontal portion adapted to support a floor panel in the car, and an integral upper vertical portion extending upwardly into said car, engaging said box car end, providing a generally smooth, unobstructed, essentially vertical end portion of the car.

16. A box car end structure comprising:

an end sill having a generally horizontal portion extending inwardly toward the center of the car and a generally vertical extension at the end of the car;

a box car end having integrally affixed thereto a steel flat end liner; said box car end having an outwardly extending offset adapted to engage the vertical extension of said end sill; mechanical fasteners holding said offset portion in engagement with the vertical extension of said end sill; a floor support member integrally affixed to the horizontal portion of said end sill, said floor support member having a generally horizontal portion adapted to support a floor panel in the car, a lower generally vertical portion integrally affixed to said end sill, and an integral upper vertical portion extending upwardly into said car, engaging said box car end, providing a generally smooth, unobstructed, essentially vertical end portion of the car.

* l l =l= UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE CERTIFICATE OF CORRECTION PATENT NO. ,8665% DA ED Feb. 18, 1975 INVENTOR(S) :Lowell L. Malo It is certified that error appears in the above-identified patent and that said Letters Patent are hereby corrected as shown beiow: 6

Column 2, line 13, "wherin" should read wherein Column 5, line 23, (claim l i) "horizontal of" should read horizontal portion of e Bigncd and Sealed this Third Day Of August i976 [SEAL] Arrest:

RUTHC. M ANSON C. MARSHALL DANN Arms-ring Officer (ommissinncr ufPaIents and Trademarks

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2638854 *Aug 26, 1948May 19, 1953Pullman Standard Car Mfg CoWelded corner post assembly
US3347175 *Mar 9, 1965Oct 17, 1967Youngstown Steel Door CoRailroad car side sill construction
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4353314 *Aug 22, 1980Oct 12, 1982Pullman IncorporatedBox car corner post arrangement
US4359002 *Aug 22, 1980Nov 16, 1982Pullman IncorporatedRailway car corner post
US4569292 *Jan 19, 1984Feb 11, 1986Fruit Growers Express CompanyRailway car for transporting liquids
US6422156 *May 25, 2000Jul 23, 2002Iec - Holden Inc.Railway box car structure
Classifications
U.S. Classification105/410
International ClassificationB61D17/06, B61D17/04
Cooperative ClassificationB61D17/06
European ClassificationB61D17/06
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Jan 25, 1985ASAssignment
Owner name: ACF INDUSTRIES, INCORPORATED, 750 THIRD AVENUE, NE
Free format text: RECONVEYS ALL LETTERS PATENTS BACK TO BORROWER RECITED IN REEL 4307FRAMES 396 AND 397 RECORED OCT. 2, 1984 (LOAN HAS BEEN PAID IN FULL);ASSIGNOR:NATIONAL WESTMINSTER BANK USA, AS AGENT;REEL/FRAME:004365/0266
Effective date: 19841220
Oct 2, 1984ASAssignment
Owner name: NATIONAL WESTMINSTER BANK USA, A NATIONAL BANKING
Free format text: SECURITY INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:ACF INDUSTRIES, INCORPORATED;REEL/FRAME:004307/0396