US 3866625 A
A fluid pressure medium distributing manifold having a plurality of ports opening to the surface thereof and interconnected by a plurality of grooves or channels formed in the manifold with respective bores intersecting said grooves, said bores being adapted for receiving air tight plugs for interrupting communication through the respective channels so plugged, whereby communication among the several ports via the interconnecting channels may be selectively set up by placing plugs in the appropriate bores for closing off communication through those channels while leaving the other channels open.
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Unite States Patent 1191 Kemner et a1.
1111 3,866,625 1451 Feb. 18,1975
[ MANIFOLD FOR SELECTIVELY DISTRIBUTING A FLUID PRESSURE MEDIUM  Inventors: Axel Kemner, Altwarmbuchen; Rudi Conradt, Hemmingen-Westerfeld, both of Germany  Assignee: WABCO Westinghouse GmbH,
Hannover, Germany 22 Filed: on. 1, 1973 21 Appl. No.: 402,049
 Foreign Application Priority Data 12111.25, 1973 Germany 2303474  U.S. Cl...... 137/269, 137/561 A  Int. Cl. Fl6k 11/20  Field of Search 137/271, 269, 608, 833,
137/561 A; 235/201 ME; 251/367, 561
 References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS Brandenberg 137/271 3,658,088 4/1972 Jensen 137/561 A 3,661,166 5/1972 Dickason 3,747,628 7/1973 Holster et al. 4. 3,765,441 10/1973 Chang 137/271 Primary ExaminerMartin P. Schwadron Assistant Examiner-Robert J. Miller Attorney, Agent, or Firm-R. W. Mclntire, Jr.
 ABSTRACT A fluid pressure medium distributing manifold having a plurality of ports opening to the surface thereof and interconnected by a plurality of grooves or channels formed in the manifold with respective bores intersecting said grooves, said bores being adapted for re ceiving air tight plugs for interrupting communication through the respective channels so plugged, whereby communication among the several ports via the interconnecting channels may be selectively set up by placing plugs in the appropriate bores for closing off com munication through those channels while leaving the other channels open.
5 Claims, 3 Drawing Figures MANIFOLD FOR SELECTIVELY DISTRIBUTING A FLUID PRESSURE MEDIUM BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION Although fluid pressure medium distributing manifolds are known, such manifolds usually provide no flexibility with respect to varying the routes of pressure medium distribution within the manifold so as to be able to connect certain inlets to certain oulets compatible with the desired distribution. In other words, each distribution situation requires a different manifold, so that it becomes necessary to have as many different manifolds as there are different requirements or apparatus with which the manifolds are to be used.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The object of the invention is to provide a fluid pressure medium distributing manifold characterized by flexibility of varying the connections between inlets and outlets according to the particular requirements of a plurality of apparatus with which the manifold may be used. I The invention comprises a manifold block having a plurality of ports formed therein, any selected number of which may be used as fluid pressure, inlet ports or as fluid pressure outlet ports and a plurality of grooves or channels interconnecting said ports, each of said grooves or channels having an intersecting bore formed therein between the two ends of the channel opening to respective ports, said bores being adapted for receiving plugs, as desired, for interrupting communication through the channels so plugged.
In the drawing,
FIG. 1 is a horizontal view, in outline, of a manifold block with the sealing face thereof exposed,
FIG. 2 is an elevational sectional view taken along line lI--Il of FIG. 1 as viewed in the direction indicated by the arrows; and
FIG. 3 is also a sectional view, similar to FIG. 2, of the manifold block shown in FIG. I, but is assembled relation with a cover plate.
DESCRIPTION AND OPERATION As shown in FIG. 1, a manifold distributor block 1 is provided with a plurality of ports 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6 conveniently located and extending transversely therethrough. Connections to the several ports 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6, either inlet or delivery, are intended to be made on the bottom side, as viewed in FIGS. 2 and 3, of the block 1. The several ports 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6 are interconnected by grooves or channels 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 and 12 formed in the upper side of block 1, as viewed in FIGS. 2 and 3 but as best seen in FIG. 1. Port 2, for example, is connected to port 3 via channel 7, to port 4 via channel 8, to port 6 via channels 8 and 11, etc., so that all ports may be interconnected to each other via the several channels, except as will hereinafter be illustrated.
Each of the channels 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 and 12 is intersected by respective transverse bores 13, l4, 15, 16, 17 and 18 disposed intermediate the ends of said channels between the respective ports opening to the ends of said channels. Each of the transverse bores 13, 14, 15, l6, l7 and 18 is slightly larger in diameter than the width and slightly deeper than the respective channel in which it is formed, the former structure being best seen in FIG. 1, and the latter in FIG. 2.
Communicationamong the several ports 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6 by selectively inserting plugs in selected ones of the bores 13, 14, 15, l6, l7 and 18 that provides the desired communications, one such. plug 19 being shown inserted in bore 14 in channel 8 in FIG. 3. When plug 19, which for the intended purpose may be of a resilient material, is in place in bore 14, said plug makes sealing contact at four intersections20, 21, 22 and 23 of the bore with channel 8 to effectively cut off flow communication through said channel, as best seen in FIG. 1. Moreover, as was hereinbefore noted, the depth of bore 14 extends below the bottom of channel 8 to thereby permit plug 19 to rest at a level below the bottom of said channel for insuring complete sealing effect.
For purposes of illustrating the manner of operation of the invention, let it be assumed that port 4 only is selected as an inlet port to which fluid under pressure is connected and that it is desired to deliver said fluid under pressure to ports 2 and 3 selected as outlet ports to which respective fluid operable devices (not shown) are connected. Plugs similar to plug 19 are inserted in bores l3, l6 and 17, thus permitting flow offluid under pressure from port 4 to ports 2 and. 3 via channels 8 and 9, respectively, independently of each other, since the plug in bore 13 prevents direct communication between said ports 2 and 3. Ports 5 :and 6 are effectively isolated from port 2 by the plugs inserted in bores 16 and 17, it being noted that no plug is necessary in bore 18 since it is immaterial that channel 12 between ports 5 and 6 remains open.
When the desired number of plugs 19 have been inserted in selected ones of bores l3, 14, 15, 16, 17 and 18 to provide the desired fluid pressure medium distri bution, a cap 24 is secured to block 1 by suitable means such as bolts (not shown) for which threaded holes 2 are provided.
A shallow flat-bottomed depression 26 is formed on the upper side of block 1, as viewed in FIG. 2, in which a sealing gasket 27 conforming in outline with said depression and of such area as to extend over the openings comprising the several ports, bores and channels, is disposed, said sealing gasket being of such thickness as to effectively seal against leakage between said block and cap and among the several ports and channels. Sealing gasket 27 is provided with aperture spaced therein in conformance ,with the disposition pattern of bores 13, 14,15, 16, 17 and 18 to permit insertion of plugs 19, as desired.
In order to prevent shunting of pressurized fluid leakage anomg the several channels in the event of a broken gasket 27, relief bores or passageways 28, 29, 30 and 31 are provided in block 1 for connecting the under side of said gasket directly to atmosphere, as may best be seen in FIG. 3.
Having now described the invention what we claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is:
1. A fluid pressure medium distributing manifold comprising:
'a. a distributor block having formed therein:
i. a plurality of ports extending transversely through and open to opposite sides of said block, any number of said ports being available as inlet ports and any number being available as outlet ports, and
ii. a plurality of channels of uniform depth openly formed on one side of said opposite sides of said block for interconnecting the ends of said ports opening to said one side;
b. means removably insertable in any selected number of said channels for disrupting communication through the respective channels so selected and therefore between the ports interconnected by said selected channels, and for providing communication between the remaining inlet and outlet ports; and
c. a cap member removably and sealingly secured on said one side of said block for sealing the adjacent ends of said ports and channels against atmosphere.
2. A fluid pressure distributing manifold, as set forth in claim 1, wherein:
a. each of said channels has a transverse bore formed intermediate the ends thereof, and
b. said means comprises a plug member insertable in each of any selected number of said transverse bores.
3. A fluid pressure distributing manifold, as set forth in claim 2, wherein one end of said transverse bore opens to said one side of said distributor block and the other end bottoms at a level slightly below the bottom of the respective channel in which it is formed.
4. A fluid pressure distributing manifold, as set forth in claim 3, further characterized by a sealing gasket interposed between said cap member and said one side i of said distributor block, said sealing gasket having a pressure in the event of failure of the sealing gasket.