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Publication numberUS3867316 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateFeb 18, 1975
Filing dateMay 3, 1972
Priority dateFeb 17, 1968
Also published asDE1692009A1, DE1692009B2
Publication numberUS 3867316 A, US 3867316A, US-A-3867316, US3867316 A, US3867316A
InventorsFrank Rudolf, Reuner Horst, Ulm Klaus
Original AssigneeHoechst Ag
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Process for the manufacture of flowable pasty detergents capable of being pumped
US 3867316 A
Abstract
Flowable pasty raw materials for detergents capable of being pumped and having a content of washing active substance of more than 60% are obtained by neutralizing organic sulfuric acid semi-esters or sulfonic acids with alkalies. Before neutralization the sulfuric acid semi-esters or sulfonic acids are degassed and neutralization is carried out in a continuous flow mixer. The greater proportion of the mixture is conducted in a cycle whereas a smaller proportion is withdrawn as finished product. In the continuous flow mixer the usual buffer substances and preserving agents may be added to the products.
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United States Patent Frank et al.

PROCESS FOR THE MANUFACTURE OF FLOWABLE PASTY DETERGENTS CAPABLE OF BEING PUMPED Inventors: Rudolf Frank, Coventry, R.l.; Horst Reuner, Burghausen, Salzach; Klaus Ulm, Altotting, both of Germany Hoechst Aktiengesellschaft, Frankfurt am Main, Germany Filed: May 3, 1972 Appl. No.: 250,085

Related US. Application Data Continuation of Ser. No. 795,868, Feb. 3, 1969, abandoned.

Assignee:

Foreign Application Priority Data Feb. 17, 1968 Germany 1692009 References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 9/1962 Bozzetti 260/459 SULFONATION PRODUCT 1 Feb. 18, 1975 3,246,026 4/1966 Sowerby et al. 260/459 3,3l3,838 4/1967 Rozzi 260/458 3,337,601 8/1967 Whitman 260/459 3,350,428 10/1967 Brooks et al 260/400 FOREIGN PATENTS OR APPLICATIONS Great Britain Great Britain Primary Examiner-P. E. Willis, Jr. Attorney, Agent, or FirmConnolly & Hutz 57] ABSTRACT Flowable pasty raw materials for detergents capable of being pumped and having a content of washing active substance of more than 60% are obtained by neutralizing organic sulfuric acid semi-esters or sulfonic acids with alkalies. Before neutralization the sulfuric acid semi-esters or sulfonic acids are degassed and neutralization is carried out in a continuous flow mixer. The greater proportion of the mixture is conducted in a cycle whereas a smaller proportion is withdrawn as finished product. In the continuous flow mixer the usual buffer substances and preserving agents may be added to the products.

1 Claim, 1 Drawing Figure BASE ADDlTlVES DEGASSING 2 A 5 METERING DEVICE METERING DEVICE METERING DEVICE W I r l l commuous FLOW MIXER 8 6 H MEASUREMENT CIRCULATION PUMP HEAT EXCHANGER ll FINISHED PRODUCT PAIENTBJ res I8 ms SULFONATION PRODUCT METERING DEVICE METERING DEVICE ADDITIVESO METERING DEVICE I 3 1 CONTINUOUS FLOW MIXER I I I Y 8 l 6 H MEA SUREMENT CIRCULATION PUMP HEAT EXCHANGER FINISHED PRODUCT INVE NTORS RUDOLF FRANK HORST REUNER KLAUS ULM BY Q M mi ATTORNEYS PROCESS FOR THE MANUFACTURE OF FLOWABLE PASTY DETERGENTS CAPABLE OF BEING PUMPED This application is a continuation of application Ser. No. 795,868, filed Feb. 3, 1969 and now abandoned.

The present invention relates to a process for the manufacture of flowable pasty detergents capable of being pumped by neutralizing with alkalies sulfuric acid semi-esters or sulfonic acids, which pasty detergents have a high content of washing active substances, especially more than 60 of washing active substance.

By the term organic sulfuric acid semi-esters or sulfonic acids there are to be understood semi-esters of 5 like, are introduced through further metering devices fatty alcohols and of hydroxy-ethers of fatty alcohols and alkylarylsulfonic acids and olefin-sulfonic acids as well as the product mixtures obtained in the olefin sulfonation which are known as anionic constituents of raw materials for detergents. There are mentioned by way of example semi-esters of fatty alcohols having a chain length of 12 to 18 carbon atoms, oxyethylation products thereof containing 1 to 5 moles of ethylene oxide per mole of fatty alcohol, fatty acid and fatty acid amine oxyethylation products having the same chain length and the same content of ethylene oxide as well as mixtures thereof, aryl and alkylarylsulfonic acids having straightchain or branched alkyl radicals with up to 12 carbon atoms and olefin-sulfonates having a chain length of to 22 carbon atoms, or mixtures of the aforesaid classes of compounds. All these raw materials may be of natural or synthetic origin.

Commercial raw materials for detergents capable of being pumped contain a relatively low proportion of washing active substance. Concentrated detergents having a content of washing active substance of up to about 60 are rather stiff pastes which cannot be pumped with tolerable expense. It is, therefore, impossible to store them in tanks or to transport them in tank cars without considerable costs.

The stiff consistency of the pastes is a result of the high air and electrolyte content originating from the manufacturing conditions. The air content can be reduced by prolonged storage, however to a limited extent only. To prepare pastes having a low content of electrolyte it is necessary to neutralize the organic sulfuric acid semi-esters or sulfonic acids in small quantities with careful control. This procedure considerably increases the price of the products.

The present invention provides a process for the manufacture of pasty detergents containing a high pro portion of washing active substance and capable of being pumped by neutralization of organic sulfuric acid semi-esters or sulfonic acids with alkalies which comprises degassing the organic sulfuric acid semi-esters or sulfonic acids before they are neutralized, mixing them with the alkali and optionally other additives in a continuous flow mixer and thereby neutralizing them, after the mixture has left the continuous flow mixer withdrawing a smaller proportion thereof as finished product and recycling the larger proportion thereof as cycle product through a cooler and into the continuous flow mixer.

The ratio of withdrawn finished product to cycle product is in the range of from about 1 5 to about 1 30, advantageously about l 10 to about 1 z 20.

The process of the invention is now described in greater detail with reference to the accompanying drawing.

The organic sulfuric acid semi-ester or the organic sulfonic acid used as starting product is degassed in degassing device 1. The degassing device is suitably a vacuum degassing machine with rapidly rotating atomization means. The degassing is especially important with starting products which have been produced with the use of gas mixtures containing S0 or $0 The degassed starting product is passed over a metering device 2 into continuous flow mixer 3 into which the alkali and optionally other common additives, for example buffer substances or preserving agents and the 4 and 5 that can be regulated in dependence of the pH value of the product by means of pH measuring device (8). After the product has left the continuous flow mixer a smaller proportion thereof is withdrawn through conduit 9 as finished product, whereas the greater proportion thereof is recycled as cycle product into continuous flow mixer 3 through circulation pump 6 and heat exchanger 7.

As continuous flow mixer 3 a toothed disk mixer is suitably used. It is likewise possible, however, to use a mixer with pronounced conveying effect, such as a mixing pump. In the latter case, circulation pump 6 can be dispensed with. The finished product can also be withdrawn'through conduit 9a after the circulation pump, this being of special advantage when after withdrawal the finished product must be conveyed through a long conduit.

As heat exchanger 7 a plate cooler is preferably used in order to maintain low the pressure loss.

The process of the invention has a number of advantages over the known processes. When the detergent is neutralized in a continuous flow mixer instead of, for example, in a kneader, air is practically not introduced into the paste. The increase in temperature during the neutralization is kept within moderate limits by the high proportion of cycle product. Theremal damage of the paste which causes the formation of electrolyte is thus substantially avoided.

The following example serves to illustrate the invention but it is not intended to limit it thereto.

Example In a device as specified above, 0.66 kilogram of lauryldiglycol ether-sulfuric acid semi-ester was neutralized with 0.33 kilogram of sodium hydroxide solution of 25 strength with the addition of 0.04 kilogram of sodium citrate solution at a cycle temperature of 20C (behind the heat exchanger) and with a ratio of cycle product to finished product of 15 l. l kilogram of a paste was obtained having a content of washing active substance according to Epton of 70.1 a content of electrolyte of 1.0 and an iron content of less than 5 ppm. The paste had good flowing properties.

Commercial pasty detergents generally have a content of electrolyte of 4 to 5 and a content of specific detergent of 60 They constitute stiff pastes that are hardly flowable.

What is claimed is:

1. In a process for the manufacture of flowable pasty detergents capable of being pumped by neutralization of organic sulfuric acid semi-esters or organic sulfonic acids selected from the group consisting of sulfuric acid semi-esters of fatty alcohols having a chain length of 12 3 to 18 carbon atoms, oxyethylation products thereof containing 1 to 5 moles of ethylene oxide per mole of fatty alcohol, fatty acid and fatty acid amide oxyethylation products having a chain length of 12 to 18 carbons and containing 1 to 5 moles of ethylene oxide per mole of said fatty acid or fatty acid amide as well as mixtures thereof, aryl and alkylaryl-sulfonic acids having straight-chain or branched alkyl radicals with up to 12 carbon atoms, olefin sulfonic acids having a chain length of to 22 carbon atoms, and mixtures of the aforesaid classes of compounds, the improvement which comprises removing gases by application of vacactive substance content of 60 to percent.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3055929 *Oct 1, 1958Sep 25, 1962Giuseppe BozzettoContinuous sulphonation of organic substances
US3246026 *Jan 13, 1965Apr 12, 1966Marchon Products LtdManufacturing of sulphated and sulphonated prouducts
US3313838 *Jul 1, 1963Apr 11, 1967Gen Aniline & Film CorpReaction of chlorosulfonic acid with alkoxylated alkyl phenols
US3337601 *Mar 3, 1964Aug 22, 1967 Process for the production of alcohol sulfates
US3350428 *Oct 31, 1963Oct 31, 1967Chemithon CorpContinuous sulfonation process
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US5529722 *Mar 1, 1993Jun 25, 1996The Procter & Gamble CompanyHigh active detergent pastes
US5543072 *Oct 31, 1994Aug 6, 1996Mona Industries, Inc.Acyl esters of isethionic acid salts, monoalkyl sulfosuccinate, fatty acid, polyoxyalkylene hydrophilic agent
US5574005 *Mar 7, 1995Nov 12, 1996The Procter & Gamble CompanyProcess for producing detergent agglomerates from high active surfactant pastes having non-linear viscoelastic properties
US5665692 *Jul 25, 1996Sep 9, 1997The Procter & Gamble CompanyProcess for producing detergent agglomerates in which particle size is controlled
WO1993018123A1 *Mar 1, 1993Sep 16, 1993Procter & GambleHigh active detergent pastes
Classifications
U.S. Classification510/537
International ClassificationC11D11/04
Cooperative ClassificationC11D11/04
European ClassificationC11D11/04