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Publication numberUS3867727 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateFeb 25, 1975
Filing dateDec 28, 1973
Priority dateDec 28, 1973
Publication numberUS 3867727 A, US 3867727A, US-A-3867727, US3867727 A, US3867727A
InventorsPovlacs Lawrence J
Original AssigneeAkwell Ind Inc
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Surgeon{3 s glove
US 3867727 A
Abstract
A thin gauge elastomeric glove is disclosed which is particularly suited for use by surgeons. The glove fits the hand snugly in the finger, thumb, palm, and knuckle portions, but there is provided an outwardly directed bulge in the back of the glove to cover the metacarpal bone portion of the hand. The bulge comprises a "reservoir" of extra material that provides for material flow to the palm and knuckle areas when the hand is closed. This minimizes tightness in the knuckle and palm areas, and permits the surgeon's hand to be relaxed and not stressed by the glove in the closed position.
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent 1191 Povlacs 1451 Feb. 25, 1975 [73] Assignee: Akwell Industries Incorporated, Dothan,. Ala.

[22] Filed: Dec. 28, 1973 [21] App]. No.: 429,178

[52] U.S. Cl. 2/167 3/1959 GreatBritain .,2/168 8/1957 France ..2/168 Primary ExaminerGeo. V. Larkin- Attorney, Agent, or Firm-McNenny, Farrington, Pearne & Gordon ABSTRACT A thin gauge elastomeric glove is disclosed which is particularly suited for use by surgeons. The glove fits the hand snugly in the finger, thumb, palm, and knuckle portions, but there is provided an outwardly directed bulge in the back of the glove to cover the metacarpal bone portion of the hand. The bulge comprises a reservoir" of extra material that provides for material flow to the palm and knuckle areas when the hand is closed. This minimizes tightness in the knuckle and palm areas, and permits the surgeons hand to be relaxed and not stressed by the glove in the closed position.

2 Claims, 3 Drawing Figures 1 SURGEONS GLOVE BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION This invention relates to elastomeric gloves and, more particularly, to surgeons gloves which are formed of latex or the like.

Surgeons gloves are customarily formed by dip or spray coating a form with a suitable rubber or plastic material. For manufacturing reasons, the form is in an open condition, with the fingers and thumb extended. During major portions of an operation, the surgeons hand is in a closed or. semi-closed position, thus increasing the bulk of the surgeons palm and knuckle areas. This causes'tightening of the glove on those areas and fatigue during relatively long surgical procedures. Furthermore, since the glove is formed in an open condition, it has a a natural tendency to urge the surgeons hand to an open position, which further promotes fatigue.

It has been proposed to provide a bulge in the portion of the glove extending over the knuckle area to facilitate bending of the hand. With the bulge extending over the knuckles, however, the glove tends to be baggy at the base of the fingers, and this condition is undesirable,'since the glove should be form-fitting and not loose in the palm, thumb, and finger areas.

It has been proposed in U.S. Pat. No. 3,283,338 to provide a glove having a multiplicityof corrugations on the back side of the glove. These corrugations are provided so that the wearer may open and close his hand without discomfort. However, such corrugations are SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION This invention overcomes the foregoing prior art problems by providing a glove which is smoothly fitted in the palm, thumb, and finger portions but which permits the surgeon tomaintain his hand in a relaxed condition when his hand is closed. According to this invention, there is provided an outwardly directed bulge in the back of the glove which covers the metacarpal bone portion of the hand. This bulge provides a reservoir of extra material that allows material flow to the palm and knuckle areas when the hand is closed. The bulge is in a portion of the glove which does not interfere with the surgeons manipulative techniques and does not interfere with his sense of feel.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWING FIG. 1 is a view showing the back side of a glove embodying the invention;

FIG. 2 is a side view of the glove illustrated in FIG. 1; and

FIG. 3 is a side view of a hand and a fragmentary cross sectional view of a portion of the glove according to the invention.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION In the drawing there is illustrated a glove l0 embodying the present invention. The glove includes four finger portions 11, a thumb portion 12, a wrist portion 13,

a palm portion 14 joining the finger, thumb, and wrist portions to form a front face area of the glove, and a back portion 15 joining the finger, thumb, and wrist portions to form a back face area of the glove. The back portion of the glove includes a knuckle area 16. As used herein, the term knuckle area is the area between the ends of the metacarpal bones and the finger webs. This area is generally designated in FIG. 1 as the area between a line 17 and a line 18, which are respectively drawn through the ends of the metacarpal bones and the finger webs.

The glove is snugly fitted in the finger portions, thumb portion, wrist portion, and knuckle area to provide the wearer with a good sense of feel in those portions and in that area. In a conventional glove, the back portion is defined by a substantially straight line generatrix which is in substantial alignment with the central axis of the glove. According to the present invention, however, there is provided an outwardly directed bulge '-in the back 'portion 15 which covers the metacarpal bone portion of the hands. The bulge 19 provides a reservoir of extra material which provides for material fiow to the palm portion and knuckle area when the hand is closed. This minimizes tightness in the palm portion and knuckle area and permits the surgeons hand to be relaxed and not stressed by the glove in the closed position. While performing this function, the bulge is provided in a location which does not hinder or interfere with the surgeons manipulative techniques.

The scope of the invention is not limited to the slavish imitation of all of the structural and operative details mentioned above. These have been given merely by way of an example of a presently preferred embodiment of the invention.

what is claimed is:

1. In a thin' gauge elastomeric glove comprising a wrist portion, four finger portions, a thumb portion, a palm portion joining said finger, thumb, and wrist portions to form a front face area of the glove, a back portion joining said finger, thumb, and wrist portions to form a back face area of the glove, said glove having a central axis, said back portion including a knuckle area extending from said finger portions toward said wrist portion, said back portion being defined by a substantially straight line generatrix in substantial alignment with the central axis of said glove, the improvement wherein an outwardly directed bulge is provided on said back portion between said wrist portion and said knuckle area, wherein the finger, thumb and knuckle areas snugly fit the wearers hand, and wherein all portions of the glove are of substantially uniform thickness.

2. A thin guage elastomeric glove, including four finger portions, a thumb portion, a palm portion, and a knuckle area, said foregoing portions and area being dimensioned to snugly embrace corresponding portions of the human hand, all portions of said glove being of substantially uniform thickness, said glove also including a portion for covering the metacarpal bone portion of the hand, said metacarpal covering portion having an outwardly directed bulge that loosely embraces the

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1097018 *Jun 13, 1912May 19, 1914Hadfield Rubber CompanyGlove.
US1241941 *Sep 8, 1916Oct 2, 1917James Edward DowdReversible glove.
US2075550 *Feb 10, 1936Mar 30, 1937Sterling Smith EmersonRubber glove
US2266716 *Mar 1, 1939Dec 16, 1941Robertson Isaac WRubber glove
US2335871 *Jan 23, 1942Dec 7, 1943Pioneer Rubber CompanySurgical glove
US2882531 *Nov 5, 1957Apr 21, 1959Gualano Emil VMechanics test mitt for internal combustion engines
US3283338 *Sep 9, 1965Nov 8, 1966Landau LucianGlove construction for providing comfort to the wearer
US3633216 *Dec 11, 1970Jan 11, 1972Schonholtz George JSurgical glove
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4441213 *Jun 7, 1982Apr 10, 1984Northern Telecom LimitedFlexible tear resistant protective glove for use on high voltage systems
US4654896 *Feb 27, 1985Apr 7, 1987Rinehart Glove, Ltd.Finger portion for a glove
US5016286 *Feb 2, 1990May 21, 1991Henriksen Henning RProtective glove
US6415443Nov 13, 2001Jul 9, 2002Morning Pride Manufacturing, L.L.C.Protective glove
US6962739Jul 6, 2000Nov 8, 2005Higher Dimension Medical, Inc.Supple penetration resistant fabric and method of making
US7018692Dec 31, 2001Mar 28, 2006Higher Dimension Medical, Inc.Penetration resistant fabric with multiple layer guard plate assemblies and method of making the same
US7448091 *Jun 2, 2003Nov 11, 2008Applicont, LlcWatertight protective elastomeric gloves
US7480945Sep 22, 2005Jan 27, 2009Playtex Products, Inc.Glove having a cuffed portion
US7487555 *Jul 3, 2002Feb 10, 2009Takeda Leg Wear Co., Ltd.Socks
US7504145Feb 13, 2002Mar 17, 2009Higher Dimension Materials, Inc.Polymeric material with resistant structure and method of making the same
US8146174Dec 15, 2008Apr 3, 2012Playtex Products, Inc.Glove having a cuffed portion
US8856967 *Mar 15, 2013Oct 14, 2014Summit Glove Inc.Glove with improved finger areas
Classifications
U.S. Classification2/167
International ClassificationA61B19/00, A61B19/04, A41D19/00
Cooperative ClassificationA61B19/04, A41D19/0062
European ClassificationA61B19/04, A41D19/00P2B