Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS3867795 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateFeb 25, 1975
Filing dateOct 16, 1973
Priority dateOct 16, 1973
Also published asDE2449317A1, DE2449317C2, DE7434685U
Publication numberUS 3867795 A, US 3867795A, US-A-3867795, US3867795 A, US3867795A
InventorsWilliam C Howard
Original AssigneeNorton Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Composite resinoid bonded abrasive wheels
US 3867795 A
Abstract
Reinforced resin bonded abrasive depressed and straight center wheels for portable snagging grinders in which the thickness of each wheel comprises a primary abrading portion containing a superior, expensive, premium, fast cutting and durable cofused alumina-zirconia abrasive particles and an adjoining secondary abrading portion containing different, less costly, slower cutting abrasive particles which, it has been discovered, does not materially reduce the grinding performance of the wheel from one made entirely with alumina-zirconia abrasive throughout the thickness of the wheel.
Images(1)
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent [191 Howard [451 Feb. 25, 1975 COMPOSITE RESINOID BONDED ABRASIVE WHEELS [75] Inventor: William C. Howard, Worcester,

Mass.

[73] Assignee: Norton Company, Worcester, Mass.

[22] Filed: Oct. 16, 1973 21 Appl. No.: 406,918

[52] US. Cl 51/209 R, 51/206 NF, 51/207 [51] Int. Cl B24d 7/04 [58] Field of Search 51/206 R, 206 NF, 209 R,

[56] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,877,105 3/1959 Smith 51/206 R UX 2,997,820 8/1961 Skoog 51/209 R 3,136,100

6/1964 Robertson 51/209 5/1966 Caserta 51/209 R 4/1971 Shoemaker 51/209 R Primary ExaminerDonald G. Kelly Attorney, Agent, or Firm-Walter Fred [57] ABSTRACT Reinforced resin bonded abrasive depressed and I straight center wheels for portable snagging grinders in which the thickness of each wheel comprises a primary abrading portion containing a superior, expensive, premium, fast cutting and durable cofused alumina-zirconia abrasive particles and an adjoining secondary abrading portioncontaining different, less costly, slower cutting abrasive particles which, it has been discovered, does not materially reduce the grinding performance of the wheel from one made entirely with alumina-zirconia abrasive throughout the thickness of the wheel.

9 Claims, 3 Drawing Figures COMPOSITE RESINOID BONDED ABRASIVE WHEELS BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention The invention relates to resin bonded abrasive grinding wheels and particularly to relatively thin reinforced raised hub or depressed center and straight center snagging wheels for portable grinders.

' 2. Description of the Prior Art Heretofore grinding wheels have been made with inner and outer layers, sides and zones varying either in density, hardness, type of abrasive, bond, and in the grit size of the abrasive particles as disclosed in the following publications U.S. Pat. Nos. 1,403,416, 1,616,531, 2,479,078, 2,877,105 and German Gebrauchsmuster' No. 7,306,787 dated May 24, 1973. In use straight and depressed center or raised hub wheels of various shapes are usually attached and driven by hand operated portable grinders, and held at a slight angle to grind welding beads, flash, gates and risers off castings. During grinding the peripheral grinding face or edge of the wheel wears at an angle to the axis of rotation and the opposite sides of the wheel. As a result a sharp and relatively thin fragile peripheral edge is formed at the junction of the grinding face and the back or top sideof the wheel. The fragile edge has a tendency to break away and contributes very little to removing the unwanted material. Also known, are wheels having various types of backing materials for reinforcing the fragile edge and for supporting the primary cutting or abrading portion of the wheel.

For many years and up to the present time depressed center also known as raised hub grinding wheels have been made in the United States with a backing layer of bonded abrasive particles of relatively fine grit size bonded between a layer of coarser primary abrasive particles of substantially uniform grit size and a fiber glass backing. The finer abrasive being of the same type as the coarser and usually include what are known in the art as abrasive fines which vary in grit size. When mixed and bonded together the fines tend to occupy the spaces between the larger particles and thereby densify and strengthen the backing layer of finer abrasive particles.

The Applicants invention differs from the prior art in that abrasive particles of a tough, superior, more durable, faster cutting and more expensive aluminazirconia abrasive material such as disclosed in US. Pat. No. 3,181,939 and a commonly owned prior copending application Ser. No. 386,718 filed Aug. 8, 1973 and to which reference may be had for details not disclosed herein, is used in the primary abrading portion and differs from the abrasive used in the secondary abrading portion of the wheel. US. Pat. No. 3,181,939 discloses rapidly cooled co-fused alumina-zirconia containing 10 to 60% zirconia. The preferred abrasive for this invention is the 35 to 50% zirconia, very rapidly cooled material of Ser. No. 386,718.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is a sectional veiw through the center of a typical depressed center or raised hub wheel made according to the invention;

FIG. 2 is a sectional view through the center of a straight center wheel made according to the invention; and

FIG. 3 is a partial sectional view through a peripheral portion of a wheel showing the wheel inclined and the grinding edge thereof worn at an angle during grinding.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION Depressed and straight center reinforced resin bonded abrasive grinding wheels comprising a primary abrading portion or layer containing tough, durable, fast cutting and relatively expensive bonded aluminazirconia abrasive particles occupying a portion of the thickness of the wheel situated on the working or bottom side of the wheel. A secondary abrading portion or layer containing different, less expensive, less durable abrasive particles is bonded to the primary abrading portion and situated on the back or top sideof the wheel. If desired and preferably there is a backing consisting of at least one layer of reinforcing material molded in and bonded to the back or top side of the secondary abrading portion of the wheel.

' The reinforced wheel may have one or more additional layers or discs of fiber glass reinforcing material integrally molded and bonded therein. One layer of reinforcement is preferably bonded to and situated in between the secondary and primary abrading layers of the wheel. The central hub portion of the wheel is preferably further reinforced with a disc of fiber glass cloth molded in and bonded to the bottom side of the primary abrading layer or portion.

Therefore it is the primary object of the invention to provide reinforced resin bonded abrasive grinding wheels having a primary abrading portion comprising particles of co-fused alumina-zirconia abrasive material and a secondary abrading portion containing particles of different abrasive material.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIM'ENT(S) Referring to the drawings wherein there is shown a depressed center or raised hub grinding wheel 10 and a straight center-or .hub wheel 10'; The wheels are shownin only one of the many possible conventional shapes to which they may be made and known to those skilled in theart. For example, they may be molded to the shape of a shallow dish or saucer with curved or straight flaring sides and still have either a straight or depressed center portion about the mounting hole. As used herein the term straight center is meant to include wheels other than depressed center or raised hub and those having top and bottom surfaces which continue without any deviation or sharp bends to thecenter mounting hole. The construction of each of the wheels 10 and 10 being substantially the same except for the configuration of the central hub mounting portion around the center mounting hole which may be adapted to receive any suitable mounting, such as shown in FIG. 3, for attaching the wheel to the drive spindle or shaft of a portable grinder. In US. Pat. Nos. 3,081,584; 3,136,100; 3,500,592; and 3,596,415 there are disclosed wheel mountings which may be attached to the wheels disclosed herein and to which reference may be had for details not disclosed herein. Obviously, there are many other types of suitable mountings known to those skilled in the art which may be attached in various ways to the wheels. The mounting forms no The wheels may be molded by first placing the paper side of the paper stick fiber glass disc 28-of composite backing material with a center hole around the arbor and in contact with the bottom of the mold. Then, spreading a uniform layer of a prepared abrasive mixture containing a suitable resin bond and the secondary abrasive particles on top of the fiber glass backing disc 28. Thereafter, placing the disc 24 of fiber glass reinforcing material with a center hole about the arbor and onto the layer of secondary abrasive mix followed by spreading a uniform layer of a prepared mixture comprising a suitable and compatible resin bond and the primary abrasive containing particles of aluminazirconia abrasive material thereon. Lastly, laying the hub reinforcing disc 22 with accnter hole therein around the arbor and onto the layer of primary abrasive and placing a top mold plate of the desired shape to either produce the depressed center or the straight center hub portion of the wheels, on top of the layers. The mold assembly is then placed between the platens of either a conventional cold or hot press. Then the press is actuated to force the mold plate downwardly and compress the discs and abrasive mixtures together, at a pressure of 1 to 4 tons per square inch, into a self supporting structure of predetermined thickness, diameter and density. After molding the wheel is stripped from the mold and placed in an oven heated to a temperature of approximately 175C for approximately 6 hours to fully cure the resin bond. 1

The resin bond may comprise any one of a number of the conventional and well known thermosetting or infusible resins, such as, phenol-aldehyde, epoxy, polyester, polyimides, and polybenzimadazole in either liquid for powder form. Preferably the resin bond com prises a phenolic (phenol-aldehyde) resin in powder form which is premixed with other fillers and coloring materials and then mixed with predetermined amounts of the secondary and primary abrasive particles.

A suitable primary abrasive mixture of primary abrasive particles andresin bond for a snagging operation may comprise the following percentage of ingredients by weight:

The secondary abrasive mixture of secondary abrasive and resin bond may comprise the following percentage of ingredients by weight:

7: by Ingredients Weight Abrasive-24 grit aluminum oxide abrasive 75.62

particles -Continued "/1 by Ingredients Weight Resin Bond /z by Weight 24.38 100.00 VARCUM Chemical Co. No. 294145 40.9 powdered phenolic resin Wallastonite (Grade C-6 53.0 Interface Corp.) Calcium Oxide (CaO) 5.1 Carbon Black 1.0

ln addition there was added to each of the primary and secondary abrasive mixtures of abrasive and resin bond 45 cc of furfural plasticizer and 25 cc of CAR- BOSOTA (creosote oil) for each pound of powdered phenolic resin. The CARBOSOTA being mixed separately with the resin bond and the furfural being mixed with and wetting the abrasive particles prior to mixing the wetted abrasive particle with the resin bond. Thereafter, to the entire mixture of wetted abrasive and resin bond there is added and mixed therewith 4 cc of a mixture of by weight of furfural and 40% by weight of castor oil and lastly, 0.0005 of a pound (lb.) or 0.23 grams of dry colloidal silica (CAB-O-Sll.) for each pound (1b.) of the entire abrasive mixture.

Referring to FIG. 3 there is shown a sectional view through a portion of a grinding wheel of the invention mounted on a shaft and positioned at an angle to the surface of the workpiece W being worked upon to show how in normal use the initial grinding face or edge 16 is worn at an angle to the back or top side 14 and bottom or working side 12. It can be seen that when the wheel is used at an angle that the length of the grinding face 16 is increased and that the thinnest. weakest and most fragile part of the wheel is at and adjacent the outer tip or edge 16a located at the junction of the grinding face 16 and the back side 14. When grinding pressure is applied, the edge 16a and the adjacent tapered portions of the secondary abrading portion have a tendency to break away because they are only supported by the fiber glass backing layer 28. As a result, the secondary abrading portion 26 does much less grinding or cutting of unwanted material. In contrast, the primary abrading portion 20 does not have as fragile an edge or corner as the edge 16a and is more rigidly supported and backed up by the secondary abrading portion of the wheel. Therefore, the primary abrading portion 20 with the more durable faster cutting and more efficient alumina-zirconia abrasive therein does most of the grinding or cutting away of material without the tendency to break away.

Wheels 7 inches in diameter, one-quarter of an inch thick each with a seven-eighths inch diameter center hole were made according to the invention with the 24 grit size alumina-zirconia abrasive resin mixtures, and 24 grit aluminum oxide abrasive resin mixtures disclosed above. The wheels were tested and compared with a variety of other wheels all of comparable size and shape, 24 grit size particles and resin bond disclosed above but with variations in the type, amount by volume and location of abrasive particles in the wheel. Some of the wheels were made with aluminum oxide or the alumina-zirconia throughout, with the aluminazirconia abrasive in the secondary portion and alumina in the primary portion, and with a mixture containing by volume 50% of alumina-zirconia and 50% alumina in both portions of the wheel. Another wheel had a mixture containing by volume 75% of alumina-zirconia and 25% garnet in the primary portion and alumina in the secondary portion. The alumina-zirconia abrasive used in all the wheels tested contained about 43% zirconia by weight.

The grinding tests were performed by mounting each wheel on an automated apparatus adapted to transverse and manipulate a Chicago Pneumatic 360 cycle right angle portable grinder rotatable at 5,200 RPM and inclined so the bottom side of the wheel was at an angle of 25 from a horizontal plane to simulate the position, applied force and movements ofa hand operated portable grinder.

Each wheel tested was run four times during each of which the grinding wheels ground into the annular edge of a 12 inch O.D. X inch 1.D. ring of cast steel, mounted on a reversible rotary table rotated at 15 RPM in reversed directions every one-half minute. Each run lasted for a period of 15 minutes while a constant downward force of pounds was applied to the wheel reciprocated 1% inches across the annular edge. After each run the ring of cast steel was weighed and the wheel measured to determine the number of pounds of metal removed per hour and the number of cubic inches of wheel wear per hour. The grinding ratio" of the wheel isth e ratio of n etal rem oved to wheel wear.

In the following Tables I and I1, RGR refers to the Relative Grinding Ratio" in percent which is determined by dividing the grinding ratio X 100 of the wheel being tested by the grinding ratio of a conventional standard wheel with 24 grit aluminum oxide abrasive perior to the standard wheel with aluminum oxide in both the primary and secondary portions. The wheel having a mixture of one-half alumina-zirconia and one-half(50 aluminum oxide by volume in both the primary and secondary portions gave as expected a 159% RGR and 108% RRC which is an improvement over the standard wheel with aluminum oxide throughout but not equal to the wheel with alumina-zirconia in both portions of the wheel. However, the wheel of the invention with all of alumina-zirconia in the primary abrading portion of the wheel and aluminum oxide in the secondary portion gave a result of 247% RGR and 97% RRC which is very nearly equal to the wheel with alumina-zirconia throughout the wheel. In contrast, the wheel with the aluminum oxide in the primary portion and alumina-zirconia in the secondary portion gave a result of 102% RGR and 106% RRC which shows a performance equal to that of the standard wheel with aluminum oxide throughout the wheel. The data shows that the wheels made according to the invention with approximately one-half as much of the more costly alumina-zirconia located in the primary portion of the wheel and a less costly abrasive in the secondary portion performs very nearly as well as the wheel with alumina-zirconia throughout the wheel. Hence, only one-half as much of the premium abrasive is required with no apparent loss in performance.

In another embodiment of the invention the primary abrading portion may contain a primary abrasive mixture consisting of the superior co-fused primary alumina-zirconia abrasive particles and up to one-fourth or 25% by volume of the primary abrasive particles therein of a different, less costly, less efficient and less durable diluent or filler abrasive particles of material such as, garnet, flint, silica, emery, silicon, carbide, alumina and quartz and mixtures thereof which it hasbeen discovered does not materially reduce the performance of the wheel below one without the 25% of diluent abrasive therein. As shown in Table 1 wheels were made and tested in which the primary and secondary TABLE 1 TYPE AND LOCATION OF 24 GRIT SIZE ABRASIVE PARTICLES WHEEL METAL TYPE OF PRIMARY SECONDARY WEAR REMOVED RGR RRC WHEEL PORTION PORTION lN."'/HR. LBS/HR. IN. 7: IN. 7:

STANDARD aluminum aluminum 3.43 2.91 100 100 PRIOR ART oxide oxide WHEEL VARIATION aluminaalumina- 1.46 3.00 243 103 OF zirconia zirconia WHEELS 50% alumina- 50% alumina- 2.32 3.13 159 108 zirconia zirconia BY VOLUME mixed with mixed with 50% aluminum 50% aluminum oxide oxide aluminum alumina- 3.58 3.08 102 I06 oxide zirconia WHEELS aluminaaluminum 1.34 2.82 2.47 97 OF zirconia oxide INVENTION aluminaaluminum 1.78 2.91 193 7r BY VOLUME zirconia oxide 25% garnet As can be seen from the test data, the wheel with alumina-zirconia in both the primary and secondary portions with a 243% RGR and 103% RRC was far suabrading portions were comprised of abrasive and resin bond mixtures consisting of the following percentage of ingredients by weights.

Primary Abrading Portion 7( by Ingredients Weight Primary Abrasive Mixture by Volume 78.54

24 grit size particles of 75 alumina-zirconia 12 thm 28 grit size particles 25 of garnet 100 Resin Bond '71 by Weight 21.46 100.00 VARCUM Chemical Co. No. 29345 409 powdered phenolic resin Wallastonite (Grade C-6 53.0 Interface Corp.) Calcium Oxide (010) 51 Carbon Black 1.0

Secondary Abrading Portion 7: by Ingredients Weight Abrasive-24 grit aluminum oxide abrasive 75.62

particles Resin Bond 7( by Weight 2438 100.00 VARCUM Chemical Co. No. 29-345 409 powdered phenolic resin Wallastonite (Grade C-6 53.0 Interface Corp.) Calcium Oxide (CaO) 5.1 Carbon Black 1.0

Screen Size Percent thru 12 on 16 /2 3 thru 16 on 18 8-30 thru 18 on 24 50 65 thru 24 on 28 12 25 In addition there was added to each of the primary and secondary abrasive mixtures of abrasive and resin bond 45 cc of furfural plasticizer and 25 cc of CAR- BOSOTA (creosote oil) for each pound of powdered phenolic resin. The CARBOSOTA being mixed separately with the resin bond and the furfural being mixed with and wetting the abrasive particles prior to mixing I the wetted abrasive particle with the resin bond. Thereafter, to the entire mixture of wetted abrasive and resin bond there is added and mixed therewith 4 cc of a mixture of 60% by weight of furfural and 40% by weight of castor oil and lastly, 0.0005 of a pound (lb.) or 0.23 grams of dry colloidal silica (CAB-O-SIL) for each pound (1b.) of the entire abrasive mixture.

The data in Table I discloses that the wheel with alumina-zirconia abrasive blended with 25% garnet abrasive particles in the primary abrading portion and 24 grit size aluminum oxide in the secondary portion gave a RGR of 193% and RRC of 100% and a performance nearly equal to the wheels with alumina-zirconia in only the primary portion and throughout the wheel.

In another embodiment a wheel of comparable size and shape was made according to the invention with finer 46 grit size alumina particles in the secondary portion and with a mixture of alumina-zirconia and 25% garnet in the primary portion. The wheel consisted of the following percentages by weight of ingredients.

Primary Abrading Portion by Ingredients Weight Primary Abrasive Mixture 72 by Volume 79.6

20 thru 30 grit size alumina- 75 zirconia 12 thru 28 grit size garnet 25 Resin Bond 71 by Weight 20.4 100.0 Union Carbide BRP5417 phenolic 42 resin powder VARCUM 29-390 liquid resin 14 (plasticizer) Wallastonite (Grade C-(: 42.9 Interface Corp.) Carbon Black 1.1

100.0 Secondary Abrading Portion "/1 by Ingredients Weight Abrasive-46 grit size aluminum oxide 77.8 Resin Bond by Weight 22 I 100.0 Union Carbide BRP5417 phenolic 42 powdered resin VARCUM 29-390 liquid resin 14 (plasticizer). Wallastonite (Grade C-6 42.9 Interface Corp.) Carbon Black 1 .1

Of the total volume of the 20 thru 30 grit aluminazirconia abrasive particles, one-third (33 /370) .were 20 grit, A; were 24 grit and /swere 30 grit size particles. The garnet of 12 thru 28 grit size was of the same sizes disclosed before in the table above.

Inaddition there was added to each of the primary and secondary resin bonds 25 cc of CARBOSOTA (creosote oil) for each pound, of dry powdered phenolic resin. The CARBOSOTA being mixed separately with the resin bond prior to mixing the abrasive particles therewith. Then, to each of the primary and secondary abrasive mixtures of abrasive and resin bond is added 4 cc of a mixture containing by weight 60% of furfural and 40% castor oil and lastly. 0.0005 pounds or 0.23 grams of colloidal silica (CAB-O-SIL) for each pound of the entire abrasive mixture.

The grinding'wheel was tested and compared with a comparable standard wheel. The grinding test was performed on the annular edge of a rotating ring of cast steel of the same type, in the same manner and with the same apparatus disclosed above except that the wheel was reciprocated and traversed 3 /sinches across the edge instead of 1 /6 inches disclosed above. Results of the test are shown for comparison in Table 11 below.

TABLE II TYPE AND LOCATION ABRASIVE PARTICLES WHEEL METAL TYPE OF PRIMARY SECONDARY WEAR REMOVED RGR RRC WHEEL PORTION PORTION IN./HR. LBS/HR. IN. 71 IN.

STANDARD aluminum aluminum 9.75 4.70 100 100 PRIOR ART oxide oxide TYPE SIND LOCATION W WHEEL METAL TYPE OF PRIMARY SECONDARY WEAR REMOVED RGR RRC WHEEL PORTION PORTION INF/HR. LBSJHR. IN. 7: IN.

WHEEL 24 grit 46 grit WHEEL OF 75% aluminaaluminum 5.l2 5.28 214 N3 INVENTION zirconia oxide 20 thru 30 46 grit Ht 7: BY VOLUME 57' garnet 12 thru 28 grit As can be seen the standard comparable wheel in Table II has a higher wheel wear and metal removal rate than the standard wheel shown in Table I above. This is due to the fact that the wheel forced downwardly by the 20 pounds of force had a longer transverse across the annular edge than those recited in Table I. As a result it cut more severely into the ring of cast steel. However, comparing the relative grinding ratio (RGR) and the relative rate of cut (RRC) discloses that the wheel with three-fourths (75%) alumina-zirconia, one-fourth (25%) garnet, and 46 grit aluminum oxide gave an RGR twice as good and an RRC slightly better than the 100 given the standard wheel and substantially equal to the 2.47 RGR and 97 RRC for the other wheel of the invention with all aluminazirconia in the primary portion and 24 grit aluminum oxide in the secondary portion.

All of the wheels tested, including those of the invention, had substantially a volume percent composition of about 46% abrasive, 34% resin bond and 20% pores and a density of about 2.7.

It will thus be seen that there has been provided by the invention raised hub or depressed center and straight center portable grinding wheels in which the object hereinabove set forth together with the many thoroughly practical advantages are successfully achieved. As many possible embodiments may be made of the invention and as many changes might be made in the embodiments set forth above, it is to be understood that all matter hereinbefore set forth is to be interpreted as illustrative only and includes all embodiments and modifications coming within the scope of I heapre sis a lne-w What is claimed is:

l. A reinforced resin bonded abrasivegrinding wheel of predetermined thickness having a relatively. narrow peripheral grinding face usually presented and worn at an angle during grinding, extending between a top and a bottom side, reinforcing material bonded thereto and means for mounting the wheel for rotstion about its axis, wherein the improvement comprises:

a primary abrading portion extending along the bottom side to the peripheral grinding face and occupying a portion of the predetermined thickness of the wheel, and having resin bonded primary abrasive particles of co-fused alumina-zirconia abrasive material containing from to 60% by weight of zirconia; and a secondary abrading portion bonded to and extending from the primary abrading portion to the top side and peripheral grinding face of the wheel and h n resin bonded secondary abrasive particles of a secondary abrasive material which differs from and of less durability than the alumina-zirconia abrasive material.

2. A reinforced resin bonded abrasive grinding wheel according to claim 1 wherein the primary abrading portion further comprises:

resin bonded diluent abrasive particles of an abrasive material selected from a group consisting of garnet, aluminum oxide, silicon carbide, emery, flint, silica, quartz and mixtures thereof mixed in with the alumina-zirconia particles and comprising up to 25% by volume of the abrasive particles in the primary abrading portion.

3. A reinforced resin bonded abrasive grinding wheel according to claim 2 wherein the diluent abrasive particles are made of garnet.

4. A reinforced resin bonded abrasive grinding wheel according to claim 1 wherein the secondary abrasive particles are made of an abrasive material selected from a group consisting of aluminum oxide. silicon carbide, garnet, silica, quartz, emery, flint and mixtures thereof and wherein the primary abrading portion occupies at least about one-half the thickness. of the wheel.

5. A reinforced resin bonded abrasive grinding wheel according to claim 1 wherein the secondary abrasive particles are no larger than 16 grit size and wherein the alumina-zirconia particles are from 16 to 60 grit size.

6. A reinforced resin bonded abrasive grinding wheel according to claim 1 wherein the alumina-zirconia particles are of larger and coarser grit size than the secondary abrasive particles.

7. A reinforced resin bonded abrasive grinding wheel according-to claim 4wherein the secondary abrasive material is aluminum oxide.

8. A reinforced resin bonded abrasive grinding wheel according to claim 1 wherein the reinforcing material comprises:

55 a first disc of open mesh fiber glass cloth situated substantially between. and bonded to the primary and secondary abrading portions of the wheel.

9. A reinforced resin bonded abrasive grinding wheel according to claim 8 wherein the reinforcing material further comprises:

a second disc of fiber glass cloth bonded to the bottom side and primary abrading portion of the wheel; and

a third backing disc of fiber glass cloth bonded to the top side and secondary abrading portion of the wheel.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2877105 *Jun 27, 1957Mar 10, 1959Norton CoVitrified bonded grinding wheel with fine hard sides
US2997820 *Dec 14, 1959Aug 29, 1961American Emery Wheel WorksOrganic bond abrasive wheel
US3136100 *Jul 11, 1962Jun 9, 1964Norton CoGrinding wheel
US3250045 *Sep 26, 1963May 10, 1966Caserta Richard TGrinding wheel
US3576090 *Sep 28, 1967Apr 27, 1971Bendix CorpAbrasive disc and method of making it
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3982358 *Apr 23, 1975Sep 28, 1976Heijiro FukudaLaminated resinoid wheels, method for continuously producing same and apparatus for use in the method
US4021209 *Jul 23, 1975May 3, 1977Federal-Mogul CorporationAramid fiber reinforced abrasive wheel
US4164098 *Sep 13, 1977Aug 14, 1979Hiroshi AkitaGrinding wheel
US4350497 *Sep 8, 1980Sep 21, 1982Abraham OgmanReinforced grinding device
US4734104 *Apr 14, 1986Mar 29, 1988Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing CompanyCoated abrasive product incorporating selective mineral substitution
US4737163 *Oct 20, 1986Apr 12, 1988Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing CompanyCoated abrasive product incorporating selective mineral substitution
US4910924 *Jun 23, 1988Mar 27, 1990Norton CompanyComposite grinding wheel
US4988370 *Jul 27, 1989Jan 29, 1991Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing CompanyAlumina bonded abrasive for cast iron
US5139536 *Jul 2, 1990Aug 18, 1992Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing CompanyAlumina bonded abrasive for cast iron
US5139539 *Oct 22, 1991Aug 18, 1992Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing CompanyAlumina bonded abrasive for cast iron
US5431596 *Apr 28, 1994Jul 11, 1995Akita; HiroshiGrinding wheel and a method for manufacturing the same
US5573453 *Aug 21, 1995Nov 12, 1996B.O.T.S.G., Inc.Fiber reinforced abrasive mold and die finishing tools
US5584755 *Feb 14, 1994Dec 17, 1996August RuggebergAbrasive wheel for hand-guided grinding machines, in particular abrasive cutting-off wheel
US5876470 *Aug 1, 1997Mar 2, 1999Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing CompanyAbrasive articles comprising a blend of abrasive particles
US5928394 *Oct 30, 1997Jul 27, 1999Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing CompanyDurable abrasive articles with thick abrasive coatings
US6071185 *Sep 30, 1998Jun 6, 2000August Ruggeberg Gmbh & Co.Abrasive wheel
US6685539 *Aug 16, 2000Feb 3, 2004Ricoh Company, Ltd.Processing tool, method of producing tool, processing method and processing apparatus
US6929669 *Aug 25, 2003Aug 16, 2005Sakura Color Products CorporationAbrasive solid
US7115029 *Jan 23, 2003Oct 3, 2006Tyrolit Schleifmittelwerke Swarovski Kg.Abrasive cutting disk with lateral steel sheets
US7195550 *Nov 16, 2004Mar 27, 2007Saint-Gobain Abrasifs Technologie Et ServicesMethod and installation for making abrasive grinders and grinder obtained by said method
US8047898 *Dec 28, 2005Nov 1, 2011Lg Display Co., Ltd.Grinder wheel for liquid crystal display device and method of fabricating liquid crystal display device using the same
US8636563 *Sep 26, 2006Jan 28, 2014Norbert AsenBase for a rotating grinding or cutting tool, and grinding or cutting tool produced therefrom
US8808413 *Aug 3, 2010Aug 19, 2014Saint-Gobain Abrasives, Inc.Abrasive tool having controlled porosity distribution
US8821217 *Jan 24, 2011Sep 2, 2014Giovanni FicaiAbrasive annular grinding wheel
US8834618Nov 29, 2010Sep 16, 20143M Innovative Properties CompanyMethod of inhibiting water adsorption of powder by addition of hydrophobic nanoparticles
US8894466Nov 17, 2010Nov 25, 20143M Innovative Properties CompanyMethod of electrostatic deposition of particles, abrasive grain and articles
US20100022169 *Sep 26, 2006Jan 28, 2010Norbert AsenBase for a Rotating Grinding or Cutting Tool, and Grinding or Cutting Tool Produced Therefrom
US20110027564 *Aug 3, 2010Feb 3, 2011Saint-Gobain Abrasives, Inc.Abrasive tool having controlled porosity distribution
US20110041413 *Aug 3, 2010Feb 24, 2011Saint-Gobain Abrasives, Inc.Abrasive tool having a particular porosity variation
US20110212674 *Jan 24, 2011Sep 1, 2011Giovanni FicaiAbrasive annular grinding wheel
CN101691028BSep 22, 2009Feb 9, 2011武汉法山磨料磨具有限公司Manufacturing method for resin grinding wheel cutting piece with function of cutting soft and hard materials
CN102581778A *Mar 14, 2012Jul 18, 2012青岛四砂泰益研磨有限公司Medical needle pin grinding wheel and manufacturing method thereof
CN102581778BMar 14, 2012Oct 8, 2014青岛四砂泰益研磨有限公司一种医用磨针尖砂轮及其制造方法
EP0161869A2 *May 1, 1985Nov 21, 1985Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing CompanyCoated abrasive product incorporating selective mineral substitution
WO2011068678A1Nov 17, 2010Jun 9, 20113M Innovative Properties CompanyMethod of electrostatic deposition of particles, abrasive grain and articles
Classifications
U.S. Classification451/548, 451/544, 451/546
International ClassificationB24D7/04, C09K3/14
Cooperative ClassificationB24D7/04, C09K3/1409
European ClassificationB24D7/04, C09K3/14B