|Publication number||US3867900 A|
|Publication date||Feb 25, 1975|
|Filing date||Jul 17, 1973|
|Priority date||Jun 13, 1969|
|Publication number||US 3867900 A, US 3867900A, US-A-3867900, US3867900 A, US3867900A|
|Inventors||Klomp Cornelis Johannes, Lemmen Vhendrikus Johannes, Van Osterhout Gerard Willem|
|Original Assignee||Philips Corp|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (8), Referenced by (4), Classifications (16)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
United States Patent Van Osterhout et a1.
DEVICE FOR COATING A SYNTHETIC RESIN BASE WITH A LAYER OF LACQUER Inventors: Gerard Willem Van Osterhout; Vhendrikus Johannes Lemmen; Cornelis Johannes Klomp, all of Emmasingel, Eindhoven, Netherlands U.S. Philips Corporation, New York, N.Y.
Filed: July 17, 1973 Appl. No.: 380,088
Related U.S. Application Data Continuation of Ser. No. 171,395, Aug. 12, 1971, abandoned, which is a division of Ser. No. 24,674, April 1, 1970, Pat. No. 3,679,476.
Foreign Application Priority Data June 13, 1969 Netherlands 6909118 U.S. Cl 118/33, 118/62, 118/410 Int. Cl. 11011 10/00, B050 5/02 Field of Search 118/410, 411, 407, 413,
References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 5/1921 Wood 118/410 x Primary Examiner.lohn P. McIntosh Attorney, Agent, or Firm-Frank R. Trifari  ABSTRACT A device for coating a support of a synthetic material with a layer of a lacquer for particular use in manufacturing magnetic tape. The device includes a pouring slit through which the lacquer is forced into a pressure chamber formed on its upper side by the support base. The lacquer is temporarily stored in the pressure chamber. Means are provided for tensioning the support and causing it to be guided along the stored lacquer. A smoothing side is arranged downstream from the chamber and the support with the adhering layer of lacquer is guided along the smoothing side in such manner that the parts of the support in front of and behind the smoothing side form an angle. The pressure in the pressure chamber can be controlled by controlling the angle, the tensile stress and the quantity of lacquer supplied per unit of time so that the thickness of the layer is also controlled.
1 Claim, 3 Drawing Figures PATENTED FEB25 I975 sum 1 9g 2 Fig.1
PATENIED FEB25I975 sum 2 pg 2 DEVICE FOR COATING A SYNTHETIC RESIN BASE WITH A LAYER OF LACQUER CROSS REFERENCE This is a continuation of applicants application Ser. No. 171,395, filed Aug. 12, 1971, now abandoned which is a division of application Ser. No. 24,674 filed Apr. 1, 1970, now issued US. Pat. No. 3,679,476.
The invention relates to a method of providing a layer of lacquer on a support of a synthetic resin, particularly for use in manufacturing magnetic tape. The lacquer contains a binder, a solvent and magnetic particles A controllable amount of lacquer is provided on a support which is moved at a controllable speed. The deposition of the lacquer on the support is accomplished by means of a pouring slit which is transverse to,the direction of movement of the support and the lengthof which slit is equal to the width of the layer of lacquer to be provided. The thickness of said layer depends upon the quantity of lacquer supplied and upon the speed of the support.
The object of such methods is to provide a layer of lacquer with a thickness of a few am on a support. It is required that the thickness of the layer of lacquer be as uniform as possible. This is of particular importance in manufacturing magnetic tape since the recording properties also depend upon the homogeneity of the layer of lacquer. The lacquer is provided on a support of a synthetic resin, for example, polyester, in a layer of given thickness, after which the support with the adhering layer of lacquer is conducted through a drying device. ln addition to a binder and magnetic particles the lacquer contains a solvent which evaporates during the drying process. The thickness of the ultimate dry layer of lacquer is equal to ll of the thickness of the original moist layer of lacquer. When, for example, a dry layer with a thickness of 2am is desired, a wet layer with a thickness of -20 ,um must be provided;
With the conventional methods in which, for example, the lacquer is provided on the support by means of a smooth or engraved roller either with or without a rake, only a limited thickness of lacquer is available. High precision requirements are imposed upon the devices. Damage, if any, to the roller or the rake necessitate the remachining or replacement of these parts. The provision of a layer of lacquer with a reproducible thickness is possible only when lacquers are used having the same rheological properties; this requirement is usually no longer met when lacquers are used having different compositions.
In a known method of providing a layer of lacquer containing magnetic particles on a sound film, a thin strip of lacquer is spread on the moving film and then smoothed to a wider strip by means of an adjustable smoothing element. Since the adjustment of the smoothing element occurs mechanically, the thickness of the layer of lacquer cannot be accurately determined. 1n the device for carrying out said method there is the danger that air may be dragged along with the A support and can be caught between the support and the layer of lacquer.
In order to make the smoothing of the lacquer supering a thickness of approximately 50 am of the wet layer can be provided with this device which in the optimum case corresponds to a minimum thickness of 5 pm of the dry layer. Fluctuations in the speed of the support or in the supply of lacquer result. in deviations of the thickness of the layer of lacquer which cannot be compensated for.
It is the object of the present invention to provide a method which overcomes the above mentioned drawbacks and in which a layer of lacquer is provided on a support, whichlayer is thinner and more uniform than the layers of lacquer obtained by means of the previously known methods and devices.
In order to achieve this, in the method according to the invention the lacquer, after leaving the pouring slit, is temporarily stored in a pressure chamber and the support is guided under a tensile stress along the stored lacquer, with the surface to be covered, and is contacted with the lacquer. The lacquer being kept under pressure, the support with the adhering layer of lacquer is then guided along a smoothing side in such manner that parts of the support in front of and behind the smoothing side enclose an angle. Since the lacquer in the pressure chamber is kept under a pressure, a lacquer cushion is formed and the lacquer is uniformlydistributed over the full width of the pressure chamber. The pressure in the pressure chamber furthermore prevents air from being sucked to the pressure chamber. As a result of the tensile stress of the support and the angle which is enclosed by the parts of the support in front of and behind the smoothing side, a force is exerted on the support with a normal component as a result of which the support is urged in the direction of the smoothing side and the resistance necessary for building up the pressure is obtained. It has proved possible to provide homogeneous and uniform layers of lacquer in a thickness less than 10 um prior to drying and a thickness of less than 1 ,urn after drying. Experiments have demonstrated the surprising effect that the smoothing side does not wipe off the layer of lacquer but only exerts a smoothing effect and that the smoothing side is even necessary in particular for obtaining uniform and extremely thin layers of lacquer.
With a constant quantity of supplied lacquer, the pressure prevailing in the pressure chamber also depends upon the tensile stress of the support and on the angle which is enclosed by the parts of the support in front of and behind the smoothing side. In a favorable embodiment of the method according to the invention the pressure of the lacquer in the pressure chamber is controlled by controlling the angle which is enclosed by the parts of the support in front of and behind the smoothing side. As a result of this it is possible to influence the effect of the smoothing side, for example, in providing layers oflacquer with different thicknesses or in processing lacquers with different rheological properties.
other variable factors, in particular the speed of the support, are kept constant, a variation of the thickness of the provided layer of lacquer takes place simultaneously experiments have demonstrated that in spite of an increase ofthe supplied quantity of lacquer, said lacquer is not pressed out of the pressure chamber.
In order to prevent a non-uniform pressure distribution in the pressure chamber and in the pouring slit, the lacquer, in a preferred embodiment of the method according to the invention, is guided through a buffer space before passing the pouring slit. As a result of this the pressure of the lacquer on the entrance side of the pouring slit and over the length thereof is equal.
In a device which is particularly suitable for carrying out the method according to the invention, a nozzle is provided with two parallel boundary walls transverse to the direction of movement of the support, which walls form a pouring slit. The boundary wall situated on the supply side of the support comprises an elongated lug which forms a guiding surface for the lacquer. According to the invention this device is characterized by a supporting block and a smoothing block which are each provided with one of the boundary walls for the pouring slit, the smoothing block comprising a flat smoothing table directed at right angles relative to the pouring slit, the end of said table remote from the pouring slit forming a smoothing side. The smoothing table, together with the elongated lug of the supporting block, bounds the pressure chamber. Supporting block furthermore comprising a supporting surface for the support directed at right angles relative to the pouring slit. The nozzle comprises no moving components so that substantially no detrition occurs. Since the support which is moved under a tensile stress contacts the supporting surface of the supporting block on the supply and is urged in the direction of the smoothing side on the outlet side, the formation of undesired ripples in the longitudinal direction of the support is prevented. In cooperation with the support, the supporting surface forms a seal which prevents air from being dragged to the pressure chamber by the support.
In a favorable embodiment of the device according to the invention one of the two boundary walls is formed by a groove which is provided in one of the two blocks and the rectangular cross-section of which corresponds to the cross-section of the pouring slit, the boundary wall of the other block being flat. By providing a groove in one of the two blocks, a pouring slit of high precision is obtained in a simple manner. If a pouring slit having other dimensions should be necessary or desirable, it is only necessary that the block comprising the groove is exchanged for a block having a different groove.
A further advantageous embodiment of the device according to the invention is characterized by a guide tube for the support place, behind the smoothing side, which tube, on its part facing the support, comprises outflow apertures for air under pressure and is adjustable in height. By the air under pressure flowing out of the outflow apertures an air cushion is formed between the guide tube and the support so that same is not in contact with the tubular body. By displacing the guide tube in its height it is possible to control the angle which the parts of the support enclose in front of and behind the smoothing side in a simple manner, the air cushion preventing the tensile stress from being influenced in an uncontrolled manner, for example, by friction.
In order that the invention may be readily carried into effect, one embodiment thereof will now be described in greater detail, by way of example, with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which:
FlG. l is a longitudinal cross-sectional view of a device according to the invention.
FIG. 2 is a plan view of the device, and
FIG. 3 shows the device with a transporting and drying apparatus.
The device according to the invention serves for providing a layer of lacquer on a moving support 2 and comprises a nozzle 4 consisting of a supply block 6, a smoothing block 8 and a supporting block It). The smoothing block 8 is placed on the outlet side and the supporting block is placed on the supply side of the support 2. The supply block 6 and the smoothing block 8 bear on a frame portion 12. The supporting block 10 is placed on the supply block 6 and comprises an inclined wall 14 which, together with the adjacent flat walls ofthe supply block 6 and the smoothing block 8, bounds a buffer space 16. The central parts of the parallel walls 18 and 20 of the smoothing block 8 and the supporting block 10 facing one another form boundary walls 22 and 24 for a pouring slit 26 having a length a, a width b and a height e. The pouring slit 26 is formed in a simple manner by a groove 28 which is provided in one of the parallel walls, in the present example in the wall 20 of the supporting block 10. The wall parts 20 of the supporting block 10 which laterally bound the pouring slit are placed against the wall 18 of the smoothing block 8, the groove 28 being closed by the flat boundary wall 22 of the smoothing block 8. The smoothing block 8 comprises a flat upper surface which forms a smoothing table 30 which is directed at right angles relative to the pouring slit 26 and the end of which remote from the pouring slit 26 forms a smoothing side 32. The supporting block 10 comprises a lug 34 having a guide wall 36 in the elongation of the boundary wall 24 of the pouring slit 26. The smoothing table 30 and the guide wall 36 enclose a pressure chamber 38 having a triangular cross-section which is closed on its upper side by the moving support 2 and is not closed on the two longitudinal end sides. The width of the pressure chamber 38 is equal to the length a of the pouring slit 26 and to the width of the lacquer layer to be provided; the maximum height is equal to the height d of the lug 34; the length of the pressure chamber is equal to the distance from the boundary wall 24 to the smoothing side 32. The supporting block 10 furthermore comprises a supporting surface 40 which is directed at right angles relative to the guide wall 36 and which the support 2 contacts. Behind the smoothing side 32, at a given distance therefrom, a guide tube 42 for the support 2 is placed. The ends 44 of the shaft of the guide tube 42 are journalled in two supporting members 46 which are secured to the frame portion 12. In order to be able to adjust the guide tube 42 in its height, it is movable relative to the supporting members 46, for example, by means of slots 48, which are provided in the supporting members 46. The lowermost part of the guide tube 42 facing the support 2 is provided with outflow apertures 50 for air under pressure which is supplied to the hollow ends 44 of the shaft. The outflowing air under pressure forms an air cushion so that the support cannot contact the tubular body as a result of which undesirable frictional resistances are avoided.
The lacquer which contains a binder, a solvent and magnetic particles is pumped by a pumping device not shown through a duct 52 into the supply block 6 to the buffer space l6 where pressure fluctuations are damped. The lacquer is then forced through the pouring slit 26 to the pressure chamber 38 and temporarily stored therein under pressure. The support 2 which consists of a synthetic resin, for example, polyester, has a thickness of, for example, um and a widthfwhich is a few millimetres larger than the length a of the pouring slit 26. The support 2 is unwound from an unwinding reel 60 by a transport roller 54 which is driven by a motor 56 through a control gear 58 provided via guide rollers 62 to the nozzle 4, drawn under a tensile stress along the lacquer stored in the pressure chamber 38 and then guided along the guide tube 42. The support 2 slides on the supporting surface of the supporting block 10 in which the supporting surface of the supporting block 10 in which the supporting surface performs the action of a rake and prevents the support 2 from dragging along air to the pressure chamber 38. The support 2 then contacts the lacquer in the pressure chamber 38, a layer of lacquer of a given thickness adhering to the support 2. In the method according to the invention the quantity of lacquer which is provided on the support 2 is equal to the quantity of supplied lacquer; this volume of lacquer is equal to the product of speed of the support, width and thickness of the layer of lacquer to be provided. With a given length a of the pouring slit the thickness of the layer of lacquer is dependent upon the quantity of lacquer supplied and on the speed of the support.
When the support 2 leaves the pressure chamber 38 it is guided along the smoothing side 32 in such manner that the parts of the support in front of and behind the smoothing side enclose an angle. As a result of the formation' of an angle on the smoothing side 32 and the tensile stress with which the support 2 is moved, a force is exerted on the support 2 with a normal component which urges the support 2 in the direction of the smoothing side 32 so that this exerts a stowing effect. The surface of the layer of lacquer is equalized by the smoothing side 32 so that an extremely uniform layer of lacquer is obtained. A lacquer cushion is formed between the support 2 and the smoothing side 32 by the pressure prevailing in the pressure chamber 38 which cushion prevents a mutual touching of the support 2 and the smoothing side 32.
The pressure in the pressure chamber 38 can be influenced by controlling the tensile stress on the support 2 and controlling the angle which is formed by the support 2 on the smoothing side 32. The tensile stress can be controlled by means of a motor 64 which is coupled to the unwinding reel 60 and which comprises a controllable eddy current coupling for producing a torque which is opposite to the direction of unwinding of the unwinding reel 60. Formation of ripples in the longitudinal direction of the support 2 during the passage of the pressure chamber and under the influence of the tensile stress is prevented by the supporting surface 40 on which the support 2 bears on the supply side and by the smoothing side 32, in the direction of which the support 2 is urged on the outlet side.
The angle which the support parts enclose in front of and behind the smoothing side 32 can simply be controlled by adjusting the guide tube 42 in its height.
When the supplied quantity of lacquer is varied, a variation of the pressure in the pressure chamber also occurs; when the speed of the support remains constant, the thickness of the layer of lacquer to be provided is simultaneously varied. By adapting the speed of the support to the varied quantity of lacquer which is supplied in such manner that the support, when the supply of lacquer is increased, has a higher speed and, when the quantity of lacquer is decreased, has a lower speed, the thickness of the layer of lacquer to be provided can be kept constant.
After passing the nozzle 4, the support 2 with the adhering layer of lacquer is guided, through a series of guide rollers 66, through a drying device 68 and ultimately wound on a winding reel 70 which is driven by a motor 72. During the passage through the drying device 68 the evaporation of the solvent takes place, the thickness of the layer being reduced to l0-l5% of the thickness of the originally provided wet layer.
With the method according to the invention it is possible in particular to provide thin layers of lacquer with a thickness of, for example, 5 um prior to drying and a thickness of approximately 0.5 ,u.m after drying, dependent upon the composition of the lacquer.
What is claimed is:
1. A device for use in coating a support base of synthetic resin material with a layer of lacquer containing a binder, a solvent and magnetic particles to thereby form a magnetic tape comprising a nozzle for depositing the layer of lacquer on the support base, means for causing said support base to be passed over said nozzle so that said layer of lacquer is deposited thereon, means for drying the lacquer after deposition thereof on said support base, means for causing said support base to be continuously moved over the nozzle, and means for controlling the tensile stresses in said support base, said nozzle comprising means forming a pressure chamber for storing said lacquer in contact with said moving support base including a frame, a smoothing block and a supply block mounted on said frame, and a supporting block mounted on said supply block, said supporting and smoothing blocks having parallel boundary walls forming a pouring slit therebetween, said walls and said slit being arranged transverse to the direction of movement of the support base travelling over the nozzle, a lug attached to said supporting block which is located on the supply side of said pouring slit for guiding the support base over said slit, said smoothing block having a flat smoothing table arranged at right angles to said pouring slit and a smoothipg side lo cated at the end of said smoothing table remote from said slit, means for determining the angle formed by the parts of the support base approaching and leaving the smoothing side for equalizing the layer of lacquer deposits on the support base, said support base being guided from said lug past said pressure chamber at an angle to said smoothing table, said pressure chamber having a triangular cross-section being bounded on one side by said lug, on another side by said smoothing table and on the third side by said moving support base, the ends of said chamber being open, and means for supplying and forcing lacquer through said pouring slit into said pressure chamber where it is temporarily stored under pressure in contact with said moving support base so as to be coated thereon.
l l k UNITED STATES PATENT AND TRADEMARK OFFICE @ETHTQAT D CQEUHQN PATENT NO. 3867900 DATED February 25, 1975 INVENTOR(S) I GERARD WILLEM VAN OOSTERHOUT et al It is certified that error appears in the ab0ve-identified patent and that said Letters Patent are hereby corrected as shown betow:
In the heading, under "Inventors "Van Osterhout" should be-Van Oosterhout- "Vhendrikus Johannes Lemmen should be -Hendrikus Johannes Lemmen-- Column 4, line 27, "height e" should be height c Signed and gealed this twenty-seventh Day Of April1976 [SEAL] A tiest:
RUTH (I. MASON C. MARSHALL DANN AIIK II' IK jfif ('nmmr'ssimu'r uflutcnrs and Trademarks
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|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US4544579 *||May 24, 1983||Oct 1, 1985||Allied Corporation||Process and apparatus for applying and confining finish|
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|US8613977 *||Sep 14, 2007||Dec 24, 2013||Hitachi Maxell, Ltd.||Magnetic recording medium and method for manufacturing the same|
|US20080070066 *||Sep 14, 2007||Mar 20, 2008||Hitachi Maxell, Ltd.||Magnetic recording medium and method for manufacturing the same|
|U.S. Classification||118/33, 118/62, 118/410, G9B/5.296|
|International Classification||B05D7/04, B05C5/02, G11B5/842, B05D3/04|
|Cooperative Classification||B05D3/0486, B05D7/04, B05C5/0254, G11B5/842|
|European Classification||B05C5/02F, G11B5/842, B05D3/04T, B05D7/04|