|Publication number||US3867941 A|
|Publication date||Feb 25, 1975|
|Filing date||Sep 21, 1973|
|Priority date||Aug 29, 1973|
|Publication number||US 3867941 A, US 3867941A, US-A-3867941, US3867941 A, US3867941A|
|Inventors||Lindemann Hans Joachim|
|Original Assignee||Lindemann Hans Joachim|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (3), Referenced by (6), Classifications (23)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
United States Patent 91 Lindemann [451 Feb. 25, 1975  Inventor: Hans Joachim Lindemann, Kleiner Schaferkamp 43, 2000 Hamburg 6, Germany 22 Filed: Sept. 21,1973
21 Appl. No.2 399,380
 Foreign Application Priority Data Aug. 29, 1973 Germany 7331305  References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS Sheldon 128/303 R X Falenks 128/2 R 3,771,552 11/1973 Watanabe 128/2 A X OTHER PUBLICATlONS Fiber Optic Laparoscope-FOSSIO & 8530, 2-72 American Cystoscope Makers Inc.
Primary Examiner-Lucie H. Laudenslager Attorney, Agent, or Firm-Toren, McGeady and Stanger  ABSTRACT The insufflation apparatus serves for introducing limited quantities of carbon dioxide into the human body for operative purposes and consists of a C0 container disposed in a housing and comprising a manometer and a shut-off valve and of an optical and/or acoustic signal device which is connected to a flow meter via a control device comprising a measured value comparator and a time switch, and the shut-off valve of the flow meter is connected to a device which reopens the closed shut-off valve after passage of a variable regeneration time and is controllable via the time switch.
3 Claims, 3 Drawing Figures PATENTEDFEB25I9T5 7 3.86 7. 941 sum 3 a; 3
INSUFFLATION APPARATUS FOR INTRODUCING LIMITED QUANTITIES OF CARBON DIOXIDE INTO THE HUMAN BODY FOR OPERATIVE PURPOSES The invention relates to an insufflation apparatus for introducing limited quantities of carbon dioxide into the human body for operative purposes. To enlarge body cavities, in particular in laparoscopy and hysteroscopy, it is usual to insufflate carbon dioxide gas under low pressure into the human body, the cavum uteri being carefully expanded using a hysteroscope adapter. The amount of CO which may be introduced into the body within a certain time is limited because CO is absorbed by the blood and increases the natural carbonic acid present in venuous blood due to muscular work. If under normal conditions more than about 200 mg CO per minute is artificially introduced the dissolving power of the blood may be exceeded and gas bubbles may form in the main coronary vein, endangering the life of the patient.
The problem underlying the invention is to avoid the danger of a gas emboly when carrying out CO insufflation into the human body and to offset the unstable temperature conditions arising from the expansion of the CO The problem is solved according to the invention in that an insufflation apparatus for introducing a limited amount of carbon dioxide into the human body is proposed which is characterized in that a replaceable CO container provided with a manometer and a shutoff valve, and an adjustable pressure regulator, a safety valve, a flow regulating valve, a flow meter, an optical flow indicator, an adjustable pressure limiting valve and a safety relief valve are disposed in a housing. The flow device is connected to an optical or acoustic signal device and to a shutoff valve via a regulator containing a measured value comparator and a time switch. When the shutting off is finished, the shut-off valve can be opened only after passage of a variable regeneration time.
The flow meter comprises PTC conductor feelers as measured value pick up means.
Since when carrying out insufflation the CO passes into the body at definite temperatures, such as the room temperature of the operating theater, and the pressure and flowing gas volume are set, the amount of gas and number of gas molecules flowing to the body in unit time are also known.
An example of the invention is illustrated in the drawings, wherein FIG. 1 shows the gas insufflation apparatus in perspective FIG. 2 is a diagrammatic representation of the gas insufflation apparatus and FIG. 3 is a wiring diagram.
The gas insufflation housing is provided with a grip 101 and an adapter connection 21 for the hysteroscope (FIG. 2). Disposed on one side wall are the operating means for the shut-off valve 112, the setting device 121, the manual desired value setting device 142 and the adjusting means or control element 173 with the associated optical indicating means 111, 122, 154 and 172. Arranged to be clearly visible on the top of the apparatus housing 10 are the optical or acoustic warning indicating means 182, 192 and the visible portion 161 of the optical flow indicator 16 which may consist for example of a small gas-turbine. Disposed in the housing 10 is the replaceable CO container 11 followed in the flow direction by the shut-off valve 112, the adjustable initial pressure regulator 12, the safety valve 13, the shut-off valve 19, the flow control valve 14, the flow meter 15, the optical flow indicating device 16, the pressure limiter I7, the safety relief valve 18 and the adapter connection 21 inserted into the wall of the housing 10.
The pick up means of the flow meter is a high temperature conductor 151 consisting of a PTC resistor which is an electric resistor of n-conducting semiconductor material with positive temperature coefficients of electric conductivity, the material disposing of high conductivity when heating due to Joulean dissipation. A measuring bridge with two resistors R3 and R4 of the value R, and two PTC resistors R v 1 and R v 2 which should be alike are used. Current I1 flows through the two PTC-resistors which are thus set to the same temperature level. When the environment is static, the measuring bridge is in equilibrium U =0. The CO which is to be measured passes by the PTC- resistor R v 2, whereas PTC resistor R u l is in the static medium. The CO flow passing by the PTC resistor R v 2 heated with nearly constant power diminishes the heat conduction value of the PTC-resistor as against the environment, the temperature of the resistor falling inspite of constant energy supply. The resistance increases and the measuring bridge loses equilibrium U O. The PTC resistor R v 1 is to make the measurement dependent on temperature and on pressure. The error occurring with the usual signal evaluation is, however, too big for medical needs and demands. Since the CO expands, stable temperatures are never fOUIId.'III order to make for this disadvantage, the signal is taken off a following electronic network. With this network a quotient is formed of the two impulses. In the formation of the quotient, the variables, temperature and pressure, which exert a negative influence on the measuring result, are eliminated so that Q i l/i2 is received. This quotient is a function of the tempera ture Q=A (T) The PTC resistors 151 of the flow meter 15 are connected via a primary control element or pickup 152 to a controller 191 which contains a time switch and which comprises adjusting means or control element 153 for the desired value input and is connected by means of cable 193a to the warning indicator 192 and the positioning device of the shut-off valve 19. The pickup 171 of the pressure limiter 17 is connected by means of the cable 174 to the controller 141 which contains a manual desired value setting device 142 and by which the flow regulating valve 14 may be actuated via the adjusting means 143. Disposed at the relief safety valve 18 is a pickup 181 which is connected via the lines 183 to the warning indicating means 182. The flexible hose 22 of the hysteroscope 20 is connected by means of an adapter to the connection 21 of the housing 10. l
1. In insufflation apparatus for introducing limited quantities of carbon dioxide into the human body for surgical purposes, said apparatus including a housing, a carbon dioxide container (11) disposed in said housing, a manometer and a shut-off valve (19) for said container, pressure regulating means (17), flow measuring means (15), a warning signal device (192), outparator (152), a time switch mechanism 193 and a nominal value setting device (153) which, together with said shut-off valve, are connected with said warning signal device.
2. Apparatus according to claim 1 wherein said warning signal device comprises means for generating an optical signal.
3. Apparatus according to claim 1 wherein said warning signal device comprises means for generating an acoustical signal.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3358677 *||Oct 23, 1964||Dec 19, 1967||Sheldon Edward Emanuel||Supersonic therapeutic device with means for introducing fluid into a body cavity|
|US3674010 *||Jul 15, 1970||Jul 4, 1972||Diversified Medical Corp||Apparatus for automatic inflation of cavities of the body|
|US3771552 *||Aug 29, 1972||Nov 13, 1973||Machida Endoscope Co Ltd||Air supply apparatus for establishing constant pressure in a receiving enclosure|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US4874362 *||Mar 27, 1987||Oct 17, 1989||Wiest Peter P||Method and device for insufflating gas|
|US5399159 *||Mar 30, 1993||Mar 21, 1995||Origin Medsystems, Inc.||Apparatus and method for hand-held insufflation|
|US5599297 *||Mar 21, 1995||Feb 4, 1997||Origin Medsystems, Inc.||Apparatus and method for delivering insufflation gas and local anesthesia to a body cavity|
|US8157763||Jul 28, 2010||Apr 17, 2012||Bracco Diagnostics Inc.||Insufflating system, method, and computer program product for controlling the supply of a distending media to an endoscopic device|
|US9561335||Nov 22, 2011||Feb 7, 2017||Bracco Diagnostics Inc.||System, device, and method for providing and controlling the supply of a distending media for CT colonography|
|US20110034862 *||Jul 28, 2010||Feb 10, 2011||Bracco Diagnostics Inc.||Insufflating system, method, and computer program product for controlling the supply of a distending media to an endoscopic device|
|U.S. Classification||604/23, 606/191, 606/119|
|International Classification||A61M31/00, A61M13/00, A61B1/12, A61B5/03, A61B1/313, A61B1/303|
|Cooperative Classification||A61M31/00, A61B1/313, A61B1/303, A61M13/003, A61B1/00082, A61B1/12, A61B5/036|
|European Classification||A61B1/00E4H1, A61B1/12, A61B1/303, A61M13/00G, A61M31/00, A61B5/03H, A61B1/313|