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Publication numberUS3867948 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateFeb 25, 1975
Filing dateFeb 13, 1973
Priority dateMay 3, 1971
Publication numberUS 3867948 A, US 3867948A, US-A-3867948, US3867948 A, US3867948A
InventorsAdolf Kallenborn
Original AssigneeAdolf Kallenborn
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Infra red radiation means with fan means
US 3867948 A
Abstract
To impart energy to living organism an appartus is provided which emits infra-red radiation towards an area of skin and has fan means for directing a current of cool air towards the same area of the skin. The fan means are not interposed between the infra-red radiator and the area of skin to be heated so as to be able to blow cold air and not hot air. The fan means and radiator are mounted on a common support member which can be preferably oriented with respect to the area of skin. The skin of the living organism has a dermis, epidermis, and a blood-circulating system. The radiator heats the area of the dermis and epidermis while the fan means cools the epidermis establishing a temperature difference therebetween.
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent [191 Kallenborn I [63] Continuation-in-part of Ser. No. 139,987, May 3 INFRA RED RADIATION MEANS WITH FAN MEANS [76] Inventor: Adolf Kallenborn, Tholeyerstrasse 7, Lebach/Saar, Germany [22] Filed: Feb. 13, 1973 [21] Appl. No.: 332,095

Related U.S. Application Data 1971, abandoned, which is a continuation of Ser. No. 845,673, July 11, 1969, abandoned, which is a continuation of Ser No. 670,679, Sept. 26, 1967 [451 Feb. 25, 1975 2,523,787 9/1950 Spooner, Jr 219/377 3,331,941 7/1967 Edwards et a1. 219/354 Primary Examiner-A. B. Curtis Attorney, Agent, or Firm-Holman & Stern [57] ABSTRACT To impart energy to living organism an appartus is provided which emits infra-red radiation towards an area of skin and has fan means for directing a current of cool air towards the same area of the skin. The fan means are not interposed between the infra-red radiator and the area of skin to be heated so as to be able to blow cold air and not hot air. The fan means and radiator are mounted on a common support member which can be preferably oriented with respectto the area of skin. The skin of the living organism has a dermis, epidermis, and a blood-circulating system. The radiator heats the area of the dermis and epidermis while the fan means cools the epidermis establishing a temperature difference therebetween.

2 Claims, 1 Drawing Figure INFRA RED RADIATION MEANS WITH FAN MEANS The instant application is a continuation-in-part application of Ser. No. 139,987, filed May 3, 1971, now abandoned, which is a streamlined continuation application of Ser. No. 845,673, filed July 11, 1969, now abandoned, which, in turn is a streamlined continuation application of Ser. No. 670,679, filed Sept. 26, 1967, also abandoned.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION Attempts have been made to impart energy to living organism other than in the form of food which must be chemically converted. The inventor has found a way of imparting energy to living organisms by an extremely simple means and suggests the following theory as a possible explanation of the phenomena. The inventor has spent several years of research in the field of bioelectricity. It is speculated that the cutaneous surfaces of living organism are primarily thermo-electric structures in which the thermal energy produced by chemical breakdown of food is transformed into electrical energy which is then passed by the blood in its function of an electrolytic conductor to all the organs of the body.

It is known that a temperature gradient is necessary in order to produce an electric current in a thermocouple and by analogy, this condition is fulfilled, for example in the case of the human body, by the fact that the dermis is heated by the circulation of the blood while the epidermis is cooled by the evaporation of sweat.

- SUMMARY OF INVENTION The present invention accordingly consists in an apparatus for of imparting heat to a living organism comprising subjecting a cutaneous surface of the organismto thermal infra-red radiation and simultaneously to a current of cold air in such a manner that the infra-red radiation heats the dermis while the cold air cools the epidermis so that a temperature difference is established between the dermis and epidermis.

In accordance with one preferred feature of the invention' the heating and the cooling effect can be provided by elements extending horizontally or vertically according to whether the treatment is to be given to subjects, or groups of subjects, lying or standing. More particularly for the treatment of groups of subjects, the current of cold air associated with the infrared radiation can emerge from nozzles or jetsconnected with a central'blowing installation.

The treatment can be carried out by means of devices forming part of moving installations arranged on land vehicles, water-borne craft, or aircraft, and connected with the electrical supply system of these vehicles.

The control of the energy condition of living organisms to which the invention is applied a millivoltmeter can be used which is independent of the electric mains and connected with a micrometer having neutral probes of a l percent carbon steel.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWING The nature of the invention will be further seen with reference to the attached drawing showing the apparatus for carrying out the invention, in elevation.

DESCRIPTION OF PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS As is shown in the drawing, the apparatus comprises an infra-red radiator or radiating means 1 for heating the dermis, and fans for cooling the epidermis.

A stand 3 is mounted on rollers and is connected to radiator 1 by a clamp which may be loosened to allow the radiator to be positioned vertically. This apparatus simultaneously produces heat with the infra-red radiator l and a directed cooling stream with the fans 2. Such an apparatus is not to be confused with forced air convention heaters where fans blow hot air. In those devices, the fans are usually interposed between the heater and the thing/space to be heated, hence, hot air is blown. The instant apparatus has the fans physically removed from the path of the infra-red rays, so that cooler ambient air is blown.

Much empirical data has been collected by the inventor using the disclosed apparatus. Selected data is set forth below:

EXAMPLE I For a 20-day period of the activity, the inventor lived exclusively on full-grain bread and milk in a predetermined ratio. During 10 of those 20 days, he stabilized his weight of 90kg with a constant food intake of about 3,000 calories/day. During the last ten days, he treated himself with the inventive apparatus three times daily for /2-hour periods and reduced his daily food intake to 1,500 calories/day. His weight remained stabilized at 90kg during the last ten day-period in spite of only 1- half the caloric intake and with the same physical activity suggesting that the apparatus imparted energy to his system to replace the food.

EXAMPLE II The inventor placed himself in a room having a volume of 5" in which ambient temperature was 165C. The inventive apparatus was then actuated while directed at a wall for a period of /z hour. The temperature of the room containing the man was raised to 26C. The room was allowed to return to ambient then the apparatus was directed toward the man in the room and run for /2 hour. The temperature only increased from 165C to 20C, suggesting some of the energy was absorbed by the man.

Realizing that some of the infra-red heat would be absorbed by the man when the apparatus was pointed toward him, two further /2-hour tests were run, the first with the apparatus operating in the inventive way, namely, infra-red radiation plus cool air supplied by the fans; and the second only with infra-red radiation. In

the first test, the temperature rose only 7.5C while in the second test the temperature rose 12C.

The invention has also been shown useful in minimizing the occurrance of cancer as will'be seen' from the followingtwo examples.

EXAMPLE III were still alive yet only six of the untreated mice still lived. in other words, 55 percent of the treated mice survived as opposed to only 30 percent of the untreated mice.

EXAMPLE IV The Research Institute for Preventative Oncology of the University at Heidelberg conducted its own independent test on 88 mice each of which were injected with like doses of cancer virus. Again one half (44) mice were treated with the inventive apparatus and the other half did not receive the treatment. After about 8 V2 months, 16 of the treated mice were still alive while only eight of the untreated mice still lived. In other words, 36.4 percent of the treated mice have survived and only 18.2 percent of the untreated mice survived.

Although the invention has been described and illustrated in detail, it is to be understood that this does not delimit the invention. The spirit and scope of the invention is limited only by the language of the appended claims.

What is claimed is:

the path of the radiation emitted therefrom and directed so as to enable simultaneous action of said radiation and fan means on said area of skin of a living organism of the kind having a dermis, epidermis and a blood circulating system, to heat said area of the dermis and epidermis with the infra-red radiation from said radiation means while cooling the epidermis in said area with the current of cooler ambient air from said fan means to establish a temperature difference therebetween.

2. Apparatus as claimed in claim 1, including means for independent adjustment of at least one of said radiation or fan means.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1526523 *Aug 25, 1923Feb 17, 1925Allen Brown WilliamHeating, cooling, and lighting fixture
US2225207 *Feb 23, 1940Dec 17, 1940Walker Cluff ThomasApparatus for renewing the ice surface in rinks
US2523787 *Jul 26, 1949Sep 26, 1950Gen ElectricRadiant fan heater
US3331941 *Dec 26, 1963Jul 18, 1967Monsanto CoInfrared heater
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4263500 *May 7, 1979Apr 21, 1981Clairol IncorporatedInfrared heating hair dryer
US4266117 *Nov 6, 1978May 5, 1981Econoray, Inc.Self-ventilating infra-red ray heater
US4658823 *Apr 15, 1986Apr 21, 1987Beddoe Alexander FIncandescent lamp structure for applying therapeutic heat
US4914273 *May 26, 1987Apr 3, 1990Takara Belmont Co., Ltd.Hair processing apparatus utilizing a plurality of infrared units positionable about the head
US5337741 *Jun 21, 1991Aug 16, 1994Diamond Donald APhoto radiation treatment apparatus and method
US5413587 *Nov 22, 1993May 9, 1995Hochstein; Peter A.Infrared heating apparatus and methods
US5885274 *Jun 24, 1997Mar 23, 1999New Star Lasers, Inc.Filament lamp for dermatological treatment
US5902327 *Apr 12, 1996May 11, 1999Spectrum Products, Inc.Compressible tanning assembly
US5968034 *Jun 24, 1998Oct 19, 1999Laser Aesthetics, Inc.Pulsed filament lamp for dermatological treatment
US7041094Oct 16, 2003May 9, 2006Cutera, Inc.Tissue treatment device and method
US7198634 *Sep 28, 2004Apr 3, 2007Curelight Ltd.Phototherapeutic treatment of skin conditions
US7291140Mar 5, 2004Nov 6, 2007Cutera, Inc.System and method for low average power dermatologic light treatment device
US7326199Feb 27, 2004Feb 5, 2008Cutera, Inc.System and method for flexible architecture for dermatologic treatments utilizing multiple light sources
US7465307Nov 2, 2005Dec 16, 2008Cutera, Inc.Tissue treatment system
US7618414Feb 3, 2006Nov 17, 2009Cutera, Inc.Tissue treatment system
US7722600Nov 23, 2004May 25, 2010Cutera, Inc.System and method for heating skin using light to provide tissue treatment
US7780652Dec 10, 2007Aug 24, 2010Cutera, Inc.System and method for flexible architecture for dermatologic treatments utilizing multiple light sources
WO1998058592A1 *Jun 24, 1998Dec 30, 1998David J FullmerPulsed filament lamp for dermatological treatment
Classifications
U.S. Classification607/88, 392/419
International ClassificationA61N5/06, A61N5/00
Cooperative ClassificationA61N5/0616, A61N5/06, A61N2005/0642, A61N2005/0659, A61N2005/007
European ClassificationA61N5/06, A61N5/06C2