|Publication number||US3868992 A|
|Publication date||Mar 4, 1975|
|Filing date||Feb 20, 1973|
|Priority date||Feb 20, 1973|
|Also published as||CA992412A, CA992412A1, DE2407433A1|
|Publication number||US 3868992 A, US 3868992A, US-A-3868992, US3868992 A, US3868992A|
|Inventors||Erwin J H Bentz, Marvin G Getz|
|Original Assignee||Caterpillar Tractor Co|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (4), Referenced by (19), Classifications (19), Legal Events (1)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
United States Patent 3,868,992
Getz et a]. 1 Mar. 4, 1975  GROSS FLOW COOLING SYSTEM 2,662,748 12/1953 Huber 165/125 Inventors: Mar in G Getz, or on; Erwin J 3,155,318 11/1964 Kirkham 165/51 H.B t,W h't,bthf11l. as mg on o Primary Examiner-Charles Sukalo  Asstgnee: Caterpillar Tractor Co., Peoria, 111. An Agent, or Firm-Phillips, Moore,
Feb. 20, Weissenberger, Lempio & Strabala 21 A l. N 333,684 1 1 PP O 57] ABSTRACT US. Cl IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII U 165mb W122 A cooling system, mounted on the rearward end of a  Int. Cl. F24h 3/06 tractor comprises a pair of fans attached to a 5 Field of Search l ll l H 165/122 125 51 men drive shaft disposed on the longitudinal axis of the tractor and a pair of vertically disposed and later-  References Cited ally spaced radiators. A vertically disposed baffle is connected between the radiators to define separate UNITED STATES PATENTS chambers for receiving air from the fans. 2,184,837 12/1939 Hemming /122 2,360,386 10/1944 Young 1. 165/125 11 Claims, 3 Drawing Figures PATENTEUMAR 419. 5
SHEET 1 [IF 2 1 GROSS FLOW COOLING SYSTEM BACKGROUND or THE INVENTION A conventional cooling system for an earthworking SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION An object of this invention is to provide an economical, non-complex and efficient cooling system which exhibits a low noise level and a high degree of safety when placed in operation. The cooling system comprises a pair of axially spaced fans, defining a chamber means therebetween, adapted to be rotated by drive means operatively connected thereto. At least one fluid cooling means, such as an air-cooled radiator, extends transversely between the two fan means to define one side of the chamber means whereby compressed air pumped into the chamber means will exit through the radiator.
In a preferred embodiment of this invention, a baffle plate is positioned between the two fan means to induce substantially uniform and non-turbulent air flow therethrough. In addition, the cooling system is preferably mounted on the rearward end of a vehicle, such as a track-type loader, to aid in impelling dust laterally away from the vehicle during operation thereof.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS Other objects of this invention will become apparent from the following description and accompanying drawings wherein:
FIG. 1 is a side elevational view ofa track-type loader having the cooling system of this invention mounted on a rearward end thereof;
FIG. 2 is an enlarged, sectional view of the cooling system, taken in the direction of arrows 11- in FIG. 1; and
FIG. 3 is an enlarged section of a fan blade depicting the chordal angle thereof.
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION FIG. 1 illustrates a track-type loader comprising a standard bucket arrangement 11 movably mounted on a forward end thereof. The loader further comprises an operators station 12 and is mounted for movement on a pair of laterally spaced endless track assemblies 13 (one shown), driven by an engine 14. In particular, the engine is adapted to selectively rotate a pair of drive sprockets 15 (one shown) via an intermediate drive train, including a transmission 16.
A cooling system 17 of this invention is mounted on a rearward end of the loader, preferably above transmission 16. As shown in FIG. 2, the cooling system comprises a pair of axially spaced first and second fan means 18 and 19 secured to opposite ends of a common drive shaft 20 of a drive means, further including a pair of drive belts 21 driven by a power take-off from engine 14. The drive shaft is preferably disposed on the longitudinal axis of the loader and is rotatably mounted on bracing means, such as cross-braces 22 and 23 secured to the loaders main frame, by bearing means 24 and 25, respectively.
First and second laterally spaced and vertically disposed cooling means 26 and 27, such as conventional air-cooled radiators suitably integrated into the engines cooling system, extend transversely between the first and second fan means in at least general parallel relationship with drive shaft 20. A third fluid cooling means 28, such as an oil cooler for the transmission, is mounted on a rearward end of the vehicle to extend transversely between cooling means 26 and 27 and adjacent to fan means 18. A first corner bracket 29 is secured to adjacent ends of cross-brace 22, radiator 26 and oil cooler 28.
The opposite end of cross-brace 22 is likewise secured to adjacent ends of radiator 27 and oil cooler 28 by a second corner bracket 30. The forward ends of radiators 26 and 27 are secured to opposite ends of crossbrace 23 by third and fourth brackets 31 and 32, respectively. Each of the four brackets is attached to the frame of the vehicle by releasable fastening means, such as bolts 33.
A baffle means or plate 34, detachably mounted between radiators 26 and 27, is preferably positioned intermediate first and second fan means 18 and 19 and in at least general parallel relationship therewith. It should be noted that an air-receiving chamber means, defined on three sides by cooling means 26, 27 and 28, is thus separated into first and second chambers 35 and 36 by the baffle plate which has a suitably sized aperture 37 formed therethrough to accommodate drive shaft 20. The cooling system preferably further comprises a protective enclosure, including mesh screens or grills 38, 39 and 40, suitably integrated therein to facilitate unimpeded air flow therethrough.
During loader operation, fan means 18 and 19 function to pump air into chambers 35 and 36, respectively. The area forward of fan 19 is open to ambient to insure a sufficient air supply thereto. The air is compressed in the chambers and flows substantially uniformly through the cores of radiators 26 and 27 at a substantially increased pressure and density. The noise level of the cooling system is held to an acceptable low level in that baffle plate 34 functions to deter undue air turbulence by inducing uniform air flow through the chambers.
The air pressure in chambers 35 and 36 may be uniformly balanced by providing different chordal angles for two or more blades 41 employed on fan means 18 and 19. For example, referring to FIG. 3, a first chordal angle a for the blades of fan means 18 may approximate 27 whereas a second and lesser chordal angle for the blades of forwardly disposed fan means 19 may approximate 24. During testing, the two such fan means were found to circulate air at approximately I 1,800 cfm through the system, when rotated at 600 rpm, to provide the required cooling desiderata.
The impellment of air through screens 38 and 39 aids in carrying dust, normally raised by track assemblies 13 at drive sprockets 15, laterally outwardly from the vehicle. Such a dust-carryin g function aids in permitting the fan means to pump relatively dust-free air therethrough and further aids in increasing the operators visibility, comfort and safety. It should be noted that the major portion of the cooling system can be expeditiously removed as a module by merely removing bolts 33, fan belts 21, and a detachable engine hood 42 (FIG. 1).
The present cooling module affords an additional advantage in that service can be accomplished without disturbing sound suppressing material now used to protectively line most operators stations. Such material must be carefully placed to seal all openings or avenues for possible transfer of noise toward the operator. It is for this reason forwardly disposed, relatively remote screens or grills 43 are provided for introducing cooling air at the forward end of the module.
What is claimed is:
l. A cooling system, mounted on a frame, compris a pair of axially spaced and rotatable first and second fan means for pumping air into chamber means defined therebetween,
drive means operatively connected to each of said first and second fan means for selectively rotating the same, baffle means comprised of a single plate disposed within said chamber,
said drive means comprising a drive shaft extending through said baffle means and connected at opposite ends thereof to said first and second fan means,
first fluid cooling means extending traversely between said first and second fan means to define a first side of said chamber means whereby air pumped into said chamber means will exit through said first fluid cooling means,
a second fluid cooling means extending traversely between said first and second fan means in at least generally parallel and laterally spaced relationship relative to said first fluid cooling means to define a second side of said chamber means,
further comprising a third fluid cooling means extending traversely between said first and second fluid cooling means and adjacent to said first fan means to define a third side of said chamber means, and each of said first and second fan means comprising a plurality of fan blades, a first chordal angle of the fan blades of said first fan means being greater than a second chordal angle of the fan blades of said second fan means.
2. The cooling system of claim 1 wherein each of said first and second fluid cooling means constitutes a radiator. Y
3. The cooling system of claim 1 wherein said third cooling means constitutes an oil cooler.
4. The cooling system of claim 1 further comprising a pair of axially spaced first and second bracing means detachably connected to a support and extending traversely between and connected to said first and second fluid cooling means. 7
5. The cooling system of claim 4 further comprising a bracket secured to each end of each of said first and second fluid cooling means and further secured to each of said first and second bracing means, each of said brackets removably attached to said support by releasable fastening means.
6. The cooling system of claim 4 wherein said baffle means extends transversely between and connects to said first and second fluid cooling means to separate said chamber means into first and second chambers.
7. The cooling system of claim 4 wherein said 'a drive shaft is rotatablymounted on each of said first and second bracing means by bearing means and connected at opposite ends thereof to said first and second fan means.
8. The cooling system of claim 1 wherein said frame is disposed on a rearward end of a vehicle adapted for movement along a longitudinal axis thereof and further comprising an operators station mounted on said vehicle, forwardly of said cooling system.
9. The cooling system of claim 8 wherein said vehicle comprises a pair of endless track assemblies, a drive sprocket operatively connected to each of said endless track assemblies and means for rotating said drive sprockets.
10. The cooling system of claim 9 wherein said drive sprockets are positioned vertically below and adjacent to said cooling system and wherein said fluid cooling means is disposed at least generally parallel to the longitudinal axis of said vehicle whereby air exiting from said fluid cooling means will impel dust raised by said track assemblies laterally away from said vehicle.
11. The cooling system of claim 1 wherein said first chordal angle approximates 27 and said second chordal angle approximates 24.
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|U.S. Classification||165/51, 165/122|
|International Classification||E02F9/00, F04D17/10, B60K11/04, F02M37/20, E02F9/08, B60K11/08, F01P5/02|
|Cooperative Classification||B60K11/08, F01P5/02, F04D17/105, E02F9/0866, B60K11/04|
|European Classification||E02F9/08N2, F01P5/02, B60K11/04, F04D17/10B, B60K11/08|
|Jun 12, 1986||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: CATERPILLAR INC., 100 N.E. ADAMS STREET, PEORIA, I
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNOR:CATERPILLAR TRACTOR CO., A CORP. OF CALIF.;REEL/FRAME:004669/0905
Effective date: 19860515
Owner name: CATERPILLAR INC., A CORP. OF DE.,ILLINOIS
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:CATERPILLAR TRACTOR CO., A CORP. OF CALIF.;REEL/FRAME:004669/0905