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Publication numberUS3869064 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMar 4, 1975
Filing dateMar 13, 1973
Priority dateMar 13, 1973
Also published asCA982523A, CA982523A1
Publication numberUS 3869064 A, US 3869064A, US-A-3869064, US3869064 A, US3869064A
InventorsPayne Harry R
Original AssigneeCavalier Corp
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Mechanical sold out for rotary slant shelf
US 3869064 A
Abstract
A coin operated vending machine wherein the customer rotates one of a plurality of identical cradle supports to select a particular (soft-drink) can, to spill the can from the cradle, the can then passing to a chute for delivery to the customer. An empty cradle sensing mechanism, in the form of a latch, for preventing rotation of the cradle disengages the latch. When a cradle is empty, the latch carried by it is automatically engaged and prevents rotation of the cradle. When a can is in the cradle, however, the latch is disengaged and the cradle may be rotated by the customer.
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent 1191 Payne Mar. 4, 1975 [54] MECHANICAL SOLD OUT FOR ROTARY 2,529,600 11/1950 Dixon 221/19 SLANT SHELF 2,859,849 11/1958 Neidig.... 221/18 X 3,276,624 10/1966 Payne 221/299 X [75] Inventor: Harry R. Payne, Chattanooga,

Tenn Primary E.raminerStanley H. Tollberg [73] Assignee: Cavalier Corporation, Chattannoga, SSI'SM I xaminer-Charles A. Marmor T Attorney, Agent, or Firm-Cameron, Kerkam, Sutton,

11 221 Filed: Mar. 13, 1973 Smwe Stowe [21] Appl. No.: 340,672 [57] ABSTRACT A coin operated vending machine wherein the cus- U-S Cltomer rotates one of a plurality f identical radle up- [5 ports to elect a particular (soft drink) can to the I [58] Field of Search 221/18, 19, 20, 125, 277, can f the cradle, the can then passing to a chute 221/17, 14, 2 268 for delivery to the customer. An empty cradle sensing mechanism, in the form ofa latch, for preventing rota- [561 References Clted tion of the cradle disengages the latch. When a cradle UNITED STATES PATENTS is empty, the latch carried by it is automatically en- 690.068 12/1901 1 Mills j. 221/19 gaged and Prevents rotation of the cradlewhen a can 1,348,763 8/1920 Templeton is in the cradle, however, the latch is disengaged and 1,415,337 5/1922 Grover..... the cradle may be rotated by the customer. 2,099,344 7/1933 Mi1ls.... 2,282,269 5/1942 Tone 221/13 X 6 Claims, 2 Drawing Figures MECHANICAL SOLD OUT FOR ROTARY SLANT SHELF This invention relates to coin-operated vending machines of the type adapted to vend or dispense single items. Such a machine stores a plurality of similarly shaped items, such as several brands of soft-drink cans. After insertion of a coin, the customer makes a selection of one of the items, such as a particular brand of soft-drink, and the item is then delivered to the customer at the bottom of the machine.

Coin operated vending machines are of several con structions, and this invention relates to that type of vending machine construction wherein the customer rotates a cradle support to dislodge or spill from the cradle the desired single item, such as an individual soft drink can. This type of coin operated vending machine is known, as may be seen, by way of example, by U.S. Pat. Nos. 3,151,774 and 3,276,624 both issued to Payne. According to the construction shown by these patents, dispensing is accomplished by rotation of one of the vertically stacked cradle supports each cradle being supplied from a corresponding inclined ramp upon which are placed a plurality of articles to be dispensed. Devices of this general type have enjoyed wide acceptance. However, it sometimes happens that even with viewing means for inspecting the supply of available articles, an empty cradle is inadvertantly selected by the customer and rotated. Rotation of any one of the rotary cradles acts in such a manner, as fully described in the noted Payne patents, to prevent rotation of a second rotary cradle. Accordingly, should the customer mistakenly rotate an empty crade, he would receive no article from the machine without the insertion ofa second coin and rotation of another (full) cradle. The practice of this invention precludes this undesirable situation.

According to the practice of this invention, an empty supply sensing mechanism is added to a known rotary cradle type vending machine of the kind described in the above-mentioned Payne patents. A pivoted latch is supported on and carried by each of the rotary cradles. The latch is positioned at the lower part of each cradle in its normal, non-dispensing position and the presence of an object to be dispensed, such as a can, causes disengagement of the latch.

When, however, the cradle support is empty, the latch is spring urged into engagement with a stationary part of the vending machine to thereby preclude rotation of that particular rotary cradle. With this arrangement, it is impossible for the customer to rotate an empty cradle. The customer must then, by necessity, either select another rotary cradle or, alternatively, obtain the originally inserted coin by depression of a suitable coin return mechanism. The latter such mechanisms are well known, form no part of this invention, and accordingly will not be described.

The prior art is aware of supply exhaust detection mechanisms in vending machines. For example US. Pat. Nos. 2,308,532 to Mills and 2,282,269 to Tone include a sensing element responsive to an empty supply of articles, in a cradle type dispenser. Also, US. Pat. No. 1,415,337 to Grover discloses a privotal lever adapted to contact an article and rockable to a latching position upon the absence of supply. While apparantly satisfactory in their respective environments, these prior constructions are not satisfactory as applied to the noted Payne type apparatus. Thus, where there are a plurality of individual dispensing cardles, each manually operated by the customer and each fed from a separate supply rack, an individual supply exhause detector isrequired for each cradle.

In the drawings, FIG. 1 is a partial cross-section view of a rotary cradle support for a coin-operated vending machine of the type described in the above-noted Payne patents.

FIG. 2 is a partial exploded view of the mechanism illustrated in FIG. 1.

Referring now to the drawings, the numeral 10 denotes a portion of a part cylindrical cradle having an integral, flattened rear portion 12. An ear I4 is integral with the front edge of cradle 12 and is secured, as by welding or a rivot, to zone 16 of disc 18. Integral ears 20 and 22 also carried by cradle 10 are apertured as indicated and are aligned with apertures 24 and 26, respectively, in pivoted L-shaped bracket 28. The lowermost portion of bracket 28, as viewed in FIG. 2, is provided with a bend which defines an outer and elongated bearing rocking zone 29. Apertures 30 and 32 of plate 18 receive headed studs 36 and 38 respectively, with springs 40 and 42, respectively, engaging the heads of the studs for urging the heads to the left. The right end of stud 36 is engaged by lock washer 46, while the right end of stud 38 is engaged by lock washer 44. In the assembled state illustrated in FIG. 1, the bracket 28 is positioned to the right of ears 20 and 22, with studs 36 and 38 passing through plate 18, ears 20 and 22 and thence bracket 28. With this arrangement, the left face of bracket 28 resiliently bears against the inside surfaces of ears 20 and 22.

Numeral 50 denotes a portion of an upstanding sheet metal frame in the vending machine and includes swaged portion 52, the latter defining a cylindrical journal. Cylindrical portion 54 of knob 56 fits into journal 52. Knob 56 may be provided with handle 58. In the assembled arrangement illustrated in FIG. 1, threaded fastner elements 60 pass through the indicated apertures in plate 18 and into the right hand face of cylindrical portion 54 of knob 56. With assembly of elements, plate 18 is secured to knob 56 and, when the knob is rotated, cradle support member 10 is accordingly also rotated about its longitudinal axis by virtue of the connection between the cradle and plate 18. Elongated sheet metal runner 62 is positioned next to sheet metal plate 50 as indicated at FIG. 1 and is adapted to define a latch abutment engagable by hook portion 64 at the end of one leg of L-shaped bracket 28.

The operation of the elements above described is as follows.

With an object to be dispensed, such as a conventional soft drink can, resting in cradle 10 as indicated by the phantom lines of FIG. 1, leg portion 68 of bracket 28 is forced downwardly, against the bottom portion of cradle 10, and against the action of springs 40 and 42. This causes hook portion 64 of bracket 28 to assume the dashed position indicated at FIG. 1 of the drawings. Rotation of knob 56, in the counterclockwise direction as viewed in FIG. 2, and as indicated by the arrow, causes similar rotation or tilting of cradle 10. This motion continues until the portion 12 of the cradle tilts somewhat downwardly with the can or other object to be dispensed spilling off or rolling off the cradle 10. The dispensed object then falls into a chute or any other zone or area of the machine (not illustrated) for delivery to the customer.

The knob 56 is then released by the user, the cradle then rotates back (by a biasing spring not illustrated) to the position illustrated in the drawings. By a known arrangement, such as shown in the abovementioned Payne patents, another can slides into cradle 10 for a subsequent dispensing operation. When the supply of cans from the hopper which feeds a given cradle is exhausted, there will be no can available to depress leg portion 68 of bracket 28. The bracket will then assume the solid position indicated at FIG. 1, with hook portion 64 being directly aligned with an edge of runner 62. When the customer now attempts to rotate knob 56 in a counter clockwise direction for that particular cradle, it is found that rotation can be made for a very short angular extent. This is because hook portion 64 now abuts the edge of runner 62. The customer is then compelled to either make another selection from one of the other cradles, or else obtain a refund of the coin by means of a coin return apparatus, in a manner well known and not described.

I claim:

1. A vending machine of the type having a plurality of rotatable dispensing cradles, each adapted to support a single item to be dispensed, the improvement comprising, for each cradle,

a. a latch carried by the cradle, the latch in one position precluding rotation of the cradle, the latch in its other position being disengaged,

b. means carried by said latch responsive to the absence of an article in the cradle to prevent rotation of the cradle.

2. The vending machine of claim 1 wherein said latch is defined by a generally L-shaped bracket rockably mounted on the cradle, the bracket being resiliently normally biased to assume a latched position.

3. The vending machine of claim 2 wherein the said means (b) of claim 1 is defined by one leg of the L- shaped bracket, the said one leg being depressed downward by an article to be dispensed, against the resilient bias.

4. The vending machine of claim 3 including,

a. an abutment adjacent said L-shaped latch,

b. and wherein the other leg of said latch is normally positioned contiguous to said abutment, rotation of the cradle in the latched position being prevented by the said other leg striking said abutment.

5. The vending machine of claim 4 wherein the said other leg of said latch carries a tongue at its end, the tongue adapted to engage said abutment in the latching position of the L-shaped bracket.

6. The vending machine of claim 4 wherein said one leg of said bracket includes a strip through which fasteners pass, said strip making an acute angle with said one leg portion of said bracket, said leg portion adapted to be contacted and depressed by an article to be dispensed, said cradle having upright integral ear portions through which said fasteners pass, said strip being normally resiliently biased by said fasteners to lie flat against said ears, whereby the leg portion normally assumes an angle with respect to the cradle until depressed by an article to be dispensed.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US690068 *Jan 14, 1901Dec 31, 1901Herbert S MillsVending-machine.
US1348763 *Jun 1, 1917Aug 3, 1920Templeton William GVending-machine
US1415337 *Aug 20, 1917May 9, 1922Autosales CorpCoin-controlled vending machine
US2099344 *Jul 15, 1933Nov 16, 1937Mills Novelty CoSelective vending machine
US2282269 *Jul 15, 1940May 5, 1942Kalva Venders IncVending machine
US2529600 *Oct 21, 1947Nov 14, 1950Ex Cell O CorpArticle delivery mechanism
US2859849 *Nov 29, 1951Nov 11, 1958Superior Mfg CoCoin controlled vending apparatus
US3276624 *Jun 16, 1965Oct 4, 1966Seeburg CorpSlant shelf rotary receiver dispensing mechanism
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4354615 *Nov 6, 1980Oct 19, 1982Cavalier CorporationAlternator mechanism for dispensing machine
US7264138Mar 1, 2004Sep 4, 2007Dixie-Narco, Inc.Anti-pilfering device for a vending machine
US8109410 *Jul 26, 2007Feb 7, 2012Crane Merchandising Systems, Inc.Anti-pilfering device for a vending machine
US8983653 *Jun 19, 2012Mar 17, 2015Advantage Pharmacy Services LlcElectromechanical latch and ejector
US20050205596 *Feb 27, 2004Sep 22, 2005Maytag CorporationSelf-locking anti-pilfer gate for a vending machine
US20050205597 *Mar 1, 2004Sep 22, 2005Collins Bryan AAnti-pilfering device for a vending machine
US20080251527 *Jul 26, 2007Oct 16, 2008Bryan Alan CollinsAnti-pilfering device for a vending machine
US20120259458 *Jun 18, 2012Oct 11, 2012Advantage Pharmacy Services LlcAdministering of Medication
US20130018505 *Jun 19, 2012Jan 17, 2013Advantage Pharmacy Services LlcElectromechanical Latch and Ejector
EP0165617A2 *Jun 21, 1985Dec 27, 1985The Coca-Cola CompanyCounter-top of wall-mounted vending machine
EP0422633A1 *Oct 11, 1990Apr 17, 1991TECNOMET PESCARA S.p.A.Automatic drink dispensing machine
EP0422634A1 *Oct 11, 1990Apr 17, 1991TECNOMET PESCARA S.p.A.Automatic drink dispenser
WO2005104047A1 *Apr 22, 2004Nov 3, 2005Jiconsa Quality Engineering Machines S.L.Manual dispensing machine
Classifications
U.S. Classification221/19, 221/266
International ClassificationG07F11/16
Cooperative ClassificationG07F11/16
European ClassificationG07F11/16
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Oct 17, 1988AS06Security interest
Owner name: CAVALIER ACQUISTION CORPORATION
Owner name: CONNECTICUT BANK AND TRUST COMPANY, THE, N.A., 100
Effective date: 19880104
Oct 17, 1988ASAssignment
Owner name: CONNECTICUT BANK AND TRUST COMPANY, THE, N.A., 100
Free format text: SECURITY INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:CAVALIER ACQUISTION CORPORATION;REEL/FRAME:004985/0311
Effective date: 19880104
Owner name: CONNECTICUT BANK AND TRUST COMPANY, THE, N.A., A N
Mar 7, 1988ASAssignment
Owner name: CAVALIER ACQUISITION CORPORATION, A TENNESSEE CORP
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNOR:CAVALIER CORPORATION;REEL/FRAME:004835/0657
Effective date: 19880224
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:CAVALIER CORPORATION;REEL/FRAME:4835/657
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:CAVALIER CORPORATION;REEL/FRAME:004835/0657
Mar 7, 1988AS02Assignment of assignor's interest
Owner name: CAVALIER ACQUISITION CORPORATION, A TENNESSEE CORP
Effective date: 19880224
Owner name: CAVALIER CORPORATION