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Publication numberUS3869454 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMar 4, 1975
Filing dateJun 5, 1972
Priority dateJun 4, 1971
Also published asCA1021324A1, DE2227214A1
Publication numberUS 3869454 A, US 3869454A, US-A-3869454, US3869454 A, US3869454A
InventorsBugaut Andree, Lang Gerard
Original AssigneeOreal
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Novel diazamerocyanines and their use for dyeing keratinous fibers
US 3869454 A
Abstract
Novel diazamerocyanines and salts thereof useful for dyeing keratinous fibers, particularly human hair, are disclosed. Illustrative is 3-methyl 2,3-dihydro 2:4'-azino benzothiazole 3'-amino 6'-methyl 1'-oxo 1', 4'-dihydro benzene having the formula:
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent Lang et al.

[451 Mar. 4, 1975 NOVEL DIAZAMEROCYANINES AND THEIR USE FOR DYEING KERATINOUS FIBERS [75] Inventors: Gerard Lang, Epinay-sur-Seine;

Andre Bugaut, Boulogne-sur-Seine, both of France [73] Assignee: Societe Anonyme dite: LOreal, Paris, France [22] Filed: June 5, 1972 [21] App]. No.: 259,689

[30] I Foreign Application Priority Data June 4, 1971 France 71.63287 Jan. 6, 1972 France 72.64565 521 vs. CI 260/2441 8/10, 8/101,

Coles et a1. 200/305 Maier et al 260/244 R 3,749,716 7/l973 Kalopissis et al. 260/244 R Primary E.\umine/'R. J. Gallagher Attorney, Agent, or I-irmCushman, Darby 8.: Cushman 57 ABSTRACT Novel diazamerocyanines and salts thereof useful for dyeing keratinous fibers, particularly human hair, are

disclosed. Illustrative is 3-methyl 2,3-dihydro 2:4- azino benzothiazole 3'-amino 6-methyl 1-oxo l, 4-

'dihydro benzene having the formula:

s CH3 Hair setting lotions, hair dye compositions and hair lacquers containing the diazamerocyanines, preferably in alcoholic solutions, are also disclosed.

2 Claims, N0 Drawings NOVEL DIAZAMEROCYANINES AND THEIR USE FOR DYEING KERATINOUS FIBERS Currently, one of the most frequently used processes in capillary dyeing includes using oxidation dyes or bases" associated with dyeing modifiers or couplers which can be aromatic metadiamines or metaaminophenols, or pyrazolones or diketones. When using this process of capillary dyeing, an oxidizing agent as hydrogen peroxide is added to the mixture of bases and couplers selected which has been previously alkalized.

It is known to use heterocyclic hydrazones associated with couplers for'dyeing hair, as described for example in French Pat. No. 1,599,968.

However, this process has the disadvantage of requiring the use of hydrogen peroxide in an alkaline medium. which has been found to cause degradation of the hair, which rapidly becomes porous and brittle. Further, the shades obtained are capable of reproduction only with great difficulty because of secondary reactions that occur along with the reaction of coupling hydrazone and coupler. An additional disadvantage is that the hydrazones are relatively aggressive compounds in regard to the skin, which often causes probwherein A is a nitrogen heterocycle of the formula R7 Rs wherein R is selected from the group consisting of lower alkyl having l4 carbon atoms and phenyl; X is selected from the group consisting of oxygen, sulfur, -NR-, wherein R is lower alkyl having 1-4 carbon atoms, CH=CH,

wherein R" is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen and lower alkylhaving l4 carbon atoms, and C(R")(R"), wherein R each independently have the meaning given above, Z is a member selected from the group consisting of CH=CH and NR', wherein R is a lower alkyl having l4 carbon atoms; R; is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen,

'lower alkyl having 1-4 carbon atoms and phenyl; R is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen and lower alkyl having 1-4 carbon atoms, or R and R,,, taken together with the carbon atoms to which they are linked, form a benzene ring, a halogen-substituted benzene ring, a benzene ring substituted with lower alkyl having 14 carbon atoms, a benzene ring substituted with lower alkoxy having 14 carbon atoms or a nitrosubstituted benzene ring; B is selected from the group consisting of (i) a nitrogen-containing heterocycle different from the nitrogen containing heterocycle of A; (ii) a cycle of the formula wherein Y is a member selected from the group consisting of oxygen and wherein R and R each independently represent a member selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, lower alkyl having 1-4 carbon atoms and phenyl; and Z is an anion derived from a member selected from the group consisting of inorganic acids and organic acids, such as halide, fluoborate, perchlorate, sulfate, bisulfate and acetate; R represents a member selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, lower alkyl, lower alkoxy and phenyl carbamyl; R and R each independently represent a member selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, lower alkyl having 1-4 carbon atoms and lower alkoxy having [-4 carbon atoms, and R,-, represents a member selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, amino, alkylated amino having l4 carbon atoms, acylated amino having 25 carbon atoms; R and R being able, together with the carbon atoms to which they are attached, to form a condensed benzene ring; (iii) a cycle having the formula wherein R and R together with the nitrogen and carbon atoms to which they are attached, form a compound selected from the group consisting of a saturated heterocycle having 5 ring atoms, an unsaturated het- 3 erocycle having ring atoms, a saturated heterocycle having 6 ring atoms, an unsaturated heterocycle having 6 ring atoms, in which case R is hydrogen and R represents a member selected from the group consisting of hydrogen and lower alkyl having 1-4 carbon atoms; or wherein R and R when taken together with the nitrogen and carbon atoms to which they are attached, form a compound selected from the group consisting of a saturated heterocycle having 5 ring atoms, an unsaturated heterocycle having 5 ring atoms, a saturated heterocycle having 6 ring atoms and an unsaturated heterocycle having 6 ring atoms, in which case R is hydrogen and R, is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, lower alkyl having l4 carbon atoms and acyl having 2 to 5 carbon atoms; and a cycle having the formula where R and R are each independently hydrogen and lower alkyl having l4 carbon atoms.

The above-described hair dyeing compositions according to the present invention are aqueous solutions, to which most often have been added low molecular weight alcohols such as ethanol or isopropanol, or glycols such as propylene glycol or butylglycol, the alcohol or glycol facilitating the solution of the dye in the composition. These solutions are easily prepared by dissolving one or more compounds of Formula I in water or in a water-alcohol mixture. The proportion of alcohol used is generally between and 70% by weight, while the proportion of glycol is generally between 1 and 6% by weight.

The concentration of the dye or dyes of Formula I in the dyeing compositions according to the present invention can vary in broad limits, because of the great affinity of these compounds for keratinous fibers. This concentration is generally between about 0.001 and about 0.5% by weight and preferably between about 0.002 and about 2% by weight.

The pH of the compositions according to the present invention is generally between about 2,5 and l0 and preferably between about 3 and 8. Preferably, however, the pH is adjusted to the desired value by addition of an acid such as orthophosphoric acid, lactic acid or acetic acid or a base such as mono-, dior triethanolamine or ammonia.

The compositions according to the present invention can contain only one or more of the dyes of Formula I, in which case they make it possible to obtain on the hair shades rich in glints that go from yellow to blue, covering the light spectrum. The composition according to the invention can, however, contain other direct dyes, for example, azo or anthraquinone dyes, nitro dyes of the benzene series, indoanilines, indophenols or indamines.

The hair-dyeing compositions according to the present invention can also contain various adjuvants and ingredients customarily used in capillary cosmetics, for example, wetting agents, dispersing agents, swelling agents, penetrating agents, thickeners, softeners or perfumes. They can also be packaged under pressure in aerosol bombs or containers, together with a conventional aerosol propellant such as dichlorodifluoromethane, trichloromonofluoromethane and their mixtures. Of course, other conventional aerosol propellants can be used.

Dyeing of keratinous fibers, particularly human hair, with the dye compositions according to the invention, can be performed in the usual way, by application at ambient temperature of the composition to the fibers to be dyed, the composition being left in contact for a period varying from 3 to 30 minutes. Following this application, the fibers are rinsed and, if desired, washed. Thereafter the treated fibers are dryed.

In another embodiment of the present invention the compounds of Formula I can be employed in the production of capillary setting lotions. These lotions comprise an aqueous dilute alcohol solution, at least one cosmetic resin and at least a compound of Formula I or a salt thereof as defined above. The setting lotions according to the invention generally contain from 20 to by weight of the total hairsetting lotion composition, of a low molecular weight alkanol such as ethanol or isopropanol and from i to 3% by weight of cosmetic resin.

Representative cosmetic resins that can be employed in the hair-setting lotions of the present invention include, for instance, polyvinyl pyrrolidone having a molecular weight of 40,000-400,000, copolymer of crotonic acid and vinyl acetate, said copolymer having a molecular weight ranging from about 10,000 to 70,000, copolymer vinyl pyrrolidone and vinyl acetate, wherein the ratio of PVP to VA ranges between 50-70: 5030, said copolymer having a molecular weight ranging from about 30,000 to 200,000 and maleic anhydridebutylvinyl ether copolymers, a 1% solution of which is methylethyl ketone has a viscosity of 0.1-3.5 cps at 25C. These resins are used in a proportion of l to 3% by weight of the hair-setting lotion composition.

The pH of the hair setting lotions according to the invention is generally between 3 and 8. As stated above, it is possible to regulate the pH to the desired value by using mono or di or triethanolamine and an acidifying agents, acetic acid or lactic acid.

The setting lotions according to the invention can contain only the dyes of Formula I, in which case they constitute what is known as shading compositions. However, the hair-setting lotions of this invention can also contain other direct dyes such as anthraquinone dyes, nitro dyes of the benzene series and those mentioned above. The hair-setting lotions can also contain various ingredients usually'used in capillary cosmetics, for example, wetting agents, dispersing agents, swelling agents, penetrating agents, thickeners, softeners or perfumes, as mentioned above. The hair-setting lotions disclosed herein are used in the customary manner by applying at ambient temperature to wet hair that has been previously washed and rinsed, followed by rolling the hair up on curlers and drying of the hair.

In another embodiment of the present invention, the dyes of Formula I can also be used in the production of hair lacquers. These lacquers contain in alcohol solution at least one cosmetic resin and at least a compound of Formula I.

The alcohols suitable for the preparation of the hair lacquers according to the invention are low molecular weight alcohols, such as ethanol or isopropanol. As resin there may be used one or more of polyvinyl pyrrolidone, copolymer of crotonic acid and. vinyl acetate, copolymer of vinyl pyrrolidone and vinyl acetate, copolymer of maleic anhydride and butylvinyl ether, all as described above. The amount of dye of Formula I ranges from about 0.00l to about 0.5% by weight and the amount of cosmetic resin used is between about 1 and 3% by weight. Of course the hair lacquers of the present invention are conveniently packaged in pressurized containers or aerosol bombs of the type described above. The hair lacquers are conveniently applied directly to the hair, preferably in the form of a spray at ambient temperature.

Of the dyes of Formula I as described above, there are a certain number of novel compounds which are also part of and comprise another embodiment of the present invention.

Thus. the present invention in the composition of matter aspect thereof, includes novel diazamerocyanines and salts thereof of the formula A N N B (1') wherein A is a nitrogen heterocycle as defined above and B is a residue corresponding to one of the following formulae:

in the above formulae X" represents an anion derived from an inorganic or organic acid;

R, is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen or lower alkyl having 1-4 carbon atoms;

R is hydrogen, lower alkyl having 1-4 carbon atoms. lower alkyl having 14 carbon atoms substituted by an amine. lower alkyl having l-4 carbon atoms substituted by an amide, and

wherein W is selected from the group consisting of oxygen and sulfur. and R is selected from the group consisting of amino and lower alkyl of l-4 carbon atoms, R1, and R each independently represent a member selected from the group consisting of hydrogen and lower alkyl having 14 carbon atoms; Y represents a member selected from the group consisting of wherein R, and R each independently represent a member selected from the group consisting of hydrogen and lower alkyl having l-4 carbon atoms, and Z is an anion derived from an inorganic or organic acid. such as halide. perchlorate, fluoborate. acetate. bisullate and sulfate;

R represents a member selected from the group consisting of hydrogen and wherein W represents a member selected from the group consisting of oxygen and sulfur, and R represents a member selected from the group consisting of amino and lower alkyl having 1-4 carbon atoms, R and R each independently represent a member selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, lower alkyl having l-4 carbon atoms and methoxy, provided that R represents hydrogen when R',, R and R,-, represent hydrogen, R and R together with the carbon and nitrogen atoms to which they are attached, represent a member selected from the group consisting of a saturated heterocycle containing 5 ring atoms, an unsaturated heterocycle containing 5 ring atoms, a saturated heterocycle containing 6 ring atoms, an unsaturated heterocycle containing 6 ring atoms, in which case R represents hydrogen and R represents a member selected from the group consisting of hydrogen and lower alkyl having l-4 carbon atoms;

Or R and R together with the nitrogen atoms to which they are attached, represent a member selected from the group consisting of a saturated heterocycle containing 5 ring atoms, an unsaturated heterocycle containing 5 ring atoms, a saturated heterocycle containing 6 ring atoms, an unsaturated heterocycle containing 6 ring atoms, in which case R represents hydrogen and R represents a member selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, lower alkyl having l-4 carbon atoms and acyl having 2 to 5 carbon atoms.

These novel compounds according to the present invention are obtained by known'processes, including condensation of a hydrazone of the general formula wherein A has the signification indicated above, with a coupler corresponding to one of the following formulae:

where Y designates a residue -NHR or kaline medium or an acid medium, in case it is desired to obtain a compound with a quaternary ammonium group. The acid used can be that corresponding to the desired salt, or a different acid, in which case the condensation is followed by an addition to the reaction medium ofa salt of the acid corresponding to the desired diazamerocyanine salt that is more soluble in water than said diazamerocyanine salt, which is then isolated by filtering. This method of preparation has been generally described by S. Hunig in Angewandte Chemie, International Edition, Volume 7, pages 335-344 (1968), the disclosure of which is hereby incorporated by reference.

The following examples are intended to illustrate various aspects of the present invention. Unless otherwise indicated, all parts and percentages are by weight and all temperatures used herein are expressed in degrees centigrade.

EXAMPLE 1 I 3-methyl 2,3-dihydro 2:4-azino benzothiazole 3- amino 6'-methyl l'-oxo l,4-dihydro benzene having the formula as indicated below is prepared as follows:

EXAMPLE 2 3-methyl 2,3-dihydro 2:4'-azino benzothiazole 2',6- climethyl l'-oxo l,4-dihydr benzene having the formula below is prepared as follows:

In a manner similar to that of Example 1. but using 2,6-dimeth vl phenol for the 2-amino-6-methyl phenol, the above-indicated dye is obtained in form of a bright red solid with a melting point of236. Molecular weight was calculated in a similar manner as Example 1 and found by potentiometric determination to be 300 (theory: 297).

' EXAMPLE 3 Preparation of 3-methyl 2,3-dihydro 2:4-azino benzothiazole 3'-acetamino 6'-methyl l'-oxo l,4-dihydro benzene having the formula below is prepared as follows:

l on, Niicoom In a manner identical to that of Example 1, but using 3-acetamino-6-methyl phenol a reddish orange product is obtained with a melting point above 260. Similarly, molecular weight was calculated by potentiometric determination and found to be 350 (theory: 340).

EXAMPLE 4 Preparation of 3-methyl 2,3-dihydro 2:4-azino benzothiazole 3'-amino 2',6'-dimethyl l-oxo l,4- dihydro benzene having the formula below is prepared as follows:

In a manner identical to that of Example 1, but using 3-amino-2,6-dimethyl phenol a brown product is obtained with a melting point of 250.

Molecular weight was determined by potentiometric determination and found to be 321 (theory: 312).

EXAMPLE 5 3-phenyl 4-methyl 2,3-dihydro 2:4'-azino thiazole l,4-dihydro l'-oxo 2-naphthanilide having the formula below was prepared as described by S. Huenig in Liebigs Annalen der Chemie, Vol. 47, p. 77, the disclosure of which is hereby incorporated by reference.

A red product is obtained with a melting point of 238.

EXAMPLE 6 3,4-diphenyl 2,3-dihydro 2:4-azino thiazole l,4- dihydro l-oxo 2'-naphthanilide having the following formula:

S CONHCoHs is prepared as described in Example 5, but using 3,4-

diphenyl 2,3-dihydrothioazole.

A red product is obtained with a melting point of 240.

EXAMPLE 7 2[(l-dimethylamino-phenyl (4) azol-3 methyl benzothiazolium perchlorate having the following formula:

is prepared by the method described by S. Huenig in Liebigs Annalen der Chemie," Vol. 628, p. 88, the disclosure of which is hereby incorporated by reference.

A product with green glints is obtained with a melting point of 230.

EXAMPLE 8 l,3-dimethyl-2[( l-dimethylamino phenyl (4 azolimidazolium perchloate having the following formula:

is prepared by the method described by S. Huenig in Liebig s Annalen der Chemie, Vol. 628, p. 90, the disclosure of which is hereby incorporated by reference.

A product with green glints is obtained with a melting point of 242.

EXAMPLE 9 2[( l,3-diamino o-methyl-phenyl (4)) azo]-3 methyl benzothiazolium iodide having the below formula, is prepared as follows:

1.80 g of N-methyl benzothiazolone hydrazone are dissolved in 160 cc of normal hydrochloric acid containing 10 mg of ferrous sulfate. 1.22 g of metatoluylene diamine are added and thereafter 2.5 cc of hydrogen peroxide are added with stirring. The reaction mixture is stirred for a half hour at 30C, then 10 cc of formic acid are added. The reaction mixture is next heated to 70C, it is filtered and 2.2 g of potassium iodide are added to the filtrate. After cooling the precipitate is drained, washed with water and dried on phosphoric anhydride.

The dye is obtained in the form of a reddish violet solid with a melting point of 180 (decomposition).

EXAMPLE l0 2[l,3-diamino 2,6-dimethyl phenyl (4)) 21201-3 methyl benzothiazolium iodide having the below formula CII:

ANN-116 is prepared in a manner identical with that of Example 9, except that 1,3-diamino 2.6-dimethyl phenol is cmployed.

The dye is isolated in the form of a reddish violet solid with a melting point of 170 (decomposition).

EXAMPLE ll 3-methyl 2.3-dihydro 2:4-azino benzothiazole lphenyl 3-methyl 4-ylidene 5'-pyrazolone of the below formula is prepared asfollows:

1.80 g of N-methyl benzothiazolone hydrazone are dissolved in 200 cc of 50% methanol. A solution of 1.74 g of l-phenyl-3-methyl-S-pyrazolone in 50 cc of 50% methanol are added and then a solution of 14.5 g of potassium ferricyanide in a mixture of cc of 50% methanol and l0 cc of 25% ammonia are introduced with stirring. The reaction mixture is stirred for a half hour, then 300 cc of water are added. The precipitate that results is drained, washed with water and dried on phosphoric anhydride. The dye obtained is in the form of a reddish orange solid with a melting point of 262.

EXAMPLE l2 1,3-dimethyl 2,3-dihydro 2:4'-a2ino benzimidazole l-phenyl 3"-methyl 4-ylidene 5'-pyrazolone of the below formula:

(IJH

is prepared in a manner identical with that of Example 1 1, except that 1,3-dimethyl 2,3-dihydro benzimidazolone hydrazone is employed.

The dye is isolated in the form of a reddish orange product with a melting point of 268.

EXAMPLE l3 1,2-dimethyl 2,3-dihydro 2:4'-azino indazole l'- phenyl 3'-methyl 4-pyrazolone of the below formula ii N 01/ Jana is prepared in a manner similar to that of-Example 11. The dye is obtained in the form of a brownish orange product with a melting point of 264.

Molecular weight calculated by potentiometric determination was found to be 348 (theory: 346).

EXAMPLE l4 4-methyl 3-phenyl 2,3-dihydro 2:4-azino thiazole lphenyl 3-methyl 4'-ylidene 5-pyrazolone of the below formula is prepared in a manner as described by S. Huenig in Liebigs Annalen der Chemie,' Vol 636, p. 27, the disclosure of which is hereby incorporated by reference.

A dye is obtained in the form of a deep violet solid with a melting point of 213.

EXAMPLE l6 l-methyl l,4-dihydro 4,4-azino pyridine l,4- dihydro l'-oxo naphthalene of the below formula:

is prepared by the process as described by S. Huenig in Liebigs Annalen der Chemie," Vol. 636, p. 28. the disclosure of which is hereby incorporated by reference.

The dye is obtained in the form of a solid with green glints with a melting point of 225.

EXAMPLE I? 1,2-dimethyl 2,3-dihydro 3:7'-azino indazole 6'-oxo 6',7-dihydro benzomorpholine of the below formula. is prepared as follows:

N-CHa 2.12 g of 1,2-dimethyl 3-indaz0lone hydrazone hydrochloride are dissolved in cc ofwater. At ambient temperature a solution of 1.5] g of 6-hydroxy benzomorpholine in 80 cc of water is added, then, with stirring, in 15 minutes a solution of 4.56 g of ammonium persulfate and 12 cc of ammonia at 22Be is added. Stirring is continued for 30 minutes, followed by filtering, washing with cold water and drying of the precipitate thus obtained on phosphoric anhydride. The product obtained is a brownish red dye with a melting point of 230.

EXAMPLE l8 1,3-din1ethyl 1,2-dihydro 2:7-.azin0 benzimidazole 6-0xo 6,7-dihydro benzomorpholine of the below formula:

is prepared in a manner identical with that described in Example 17. The dye is obtained in the form ofa brown solid with green glints having a melting point of 184.

Molecular weight found: 324. Molecular weight calculated (theoretical): 323.

EXAMPLE l9 3-methyl 2,3-dihydro 2:7-aminobenzothiazole 6- oxo 6,7-dihydro benzomorpholine of the below formula:

I j: i H who.

is prepared in a manner identical with that described in Example 17. The dye is obtained in the form of a brown solid with a melting point of 195.

EXAMPLE 7-(6-hydrox y benzomorpholine) 2-azo 3-rnethyl benzothiaiolium chloride of the below formu1a, is prepared as follows:

C7z: 48.66 48.66 (49.3 theoretical) H/(: 3.87 3.99 (4.62 theoretical) v N'/: 14.35 15.51 (14.12 theoretical) Analysis:

EXAMPLE 21 7 "-(6 hydroxy benzomorpholine) 2-az o 3-methyl benzothiazolium perchlorate'is obtained by dissolving of the chloride prepared in Example 20 in a suitable quantity of acetic acid and reprecipitation by sodium perchlorate.

C /z: 42.69 4246(4240 theoretical) H71: 3.62 3.68 (3.97 theoretical) N54: 12.43 12.55 (12.37 theoretical) Analysis:

The melting point was found to be 240C (decomposition).

EXAMPLE 22 3.45 g (0.01 mole) of 4-methyl 3-phenyl thiazolone benzene sulfonylhydrazone and 1.51 g (0.01 mole) of 6-hydroxy benzomorpholine are dissolved in cc of crystallizable acetic acid. Thereafter, in 15 minutes about 2.28 g (0.01 mole) of ammonium persulfate in 10 cc of water is added and the solution takes on a violet tint. The reaction mixture is stirred for 30 minutes, then 5 cc of sodium perchlorate dissolved in 20 cc of water are added. The reaction mixture is again stirred for 1 hour, then filtered and dried under vacuum on phosphoric anhydride.

The product is purified by dissolving in a suitable quantity of dichlorethane, filtering of the insoluble material and reprecipitation by carbon tetrahydrochloride. A powder with green glints is obtained with a melting point of 230.

C7r: 45.18 44.70 (54.04 theoretical) H71: 4.07 3.94 (4.17 theoretical) N/(: 11.69 11.84 (11.68 theoretical) Analysis:

EXAMPLE 23 7-(6-hydroxy benzomorpholine) 2-azo 3,4-diphenyl' thiazolium perchlorate of the below formula, is prepared as follows:

1.33 g (0.005 mole) of 3.4-diphenyl thiazolone hydrazone and 0.75 g (0.005 mole) of 6-hydroxy benzomorpholine are dissolved in 50 cc of crystallizable acetic acid. 2.28 g (0.001 mole) of ammonium persulfate dissolved in 10 cc of water are added in 30 minutes and an intense violet coloring appears. After stirring the reaction mixture for 30 minutes. 2 g of sodium perchlorate dissolved in 10 cc of water are added. The reaction mixture is filtered, washed with water and dried under a vacuum on phosphoric anhydride.

The product is purified by dissolving in a sufficient quantity of dichlorethane and precipitation by carbon tetrachloride, there being obtained crystals with green glints with a melting point of C.

Analysis: C/z:52.57 52.60 (52.75 theoretical) H71: 438 4.10 (3.82 theoretical) N7r: 10.05 10.29 (10.7 theoretical) Determination by water (Karl Fisher): 1.5%

EXAMPLE 24 25 10 g (0.04 mole) of N,N-dimethyl benzimidazolone hydrazone dihydrochloride and 6.04 g (0.04 mole) of -hydroxy benzomorpholine are dissolved in 250 cc of acetic acid. g of sodium acetate dissolved in 100 cc of acetic acid are added and then, in about 30 minutes, 30 18.24 g (0.08 mole) of ammonium persulfate dissolved in 100 cc of water are added. The mixture is allowed to react for 30 minutes, then the inorganic salts are separated by filtering and the product is precipitated by addition of 20 g of sodium perchlorate dissolved in 300 cc of water. 9 g of the product are collected, corresponding to a yield of 70%, which is purified by extraction with methanol and concentration. The melting point was found to be 240C.

Analysis: C|1HutN502 ClO,

CV1: 48.6 (48.2 theoretical) H7r: 4.6 (4.2 theoretical) EXAMPLE 25 The following hair-setting lotion is prepared Dye of Example 8 Vinyl pyrrolidone-vinyl acetate copolymer (Vinyl pyrrolidone 7O 7:, vinyl acetate 30 "/1, molecular weight Ethyl alcohol, 96 titer Triethanolamine. q.s.pt

Water, q.s.p.

This hair-setting lotion when applied to hair dyed brown, imparts thereto a purplish brown shade.

EXAMPLE 26 The following hair-setting lotion is prepared:

Dye of Example 7 0.1 g Vinyl acetate-crotonic acid copolymer (vinyl acetate-90% crotonic acid- 10 7!, molecular weight 45,000 50,000)

Ethyl alcohol, 96' titer 50 cc Benzylidene camphor 0.2 g Triethanolamine, q.s.pt pH 7 Water, q.s.p. 100 cc This hair-setting lotion when applied to hair dyed deep blond, imparts thereto a luminous ash glint.

EXAMPLE 27 The following dyeing composition is prepared:

Dye of Example 7 Vinyl pyrrolidone-vinyl acetate copolymer (vinyl pyrrolidone 7:, vinyl acetate 30 7:, molecular weight Ethyl alcohol, 96 titer 200 volume hydrogen peroxide Orthophosphoric acid, q.s.p.

Water, q.s.p.

unurtu This hair-setting lotion is applied at ambient temperature to naturally light brown hair. After setting and drying, the hair is lightly brightened and imparts thereto a pearly glint,

EXAMPLE 28 The following composition is prepared:

Dye of Example 7 0.0015 g Ethyl alcohol, 96 titer 50 cc 200 volume hydrogen peroxide 5 g Orthophosphoric acid, q.s.p. pH 3 Water, q.s.p. 100 cc This composition is applied to naturally dark blond hair. After setting and drying the hair is lightlybrightened up and the lotion imparts thereto anash rose glint.

EXAMPLE 29 The following dyeing composition is prepared Dye of Example 1 0.0006 g Dye of Example 8 0.0006 g Vinyl acetate-crotonic acid copolymer (vinyl acetate /z. crotonic acid 10 7(, molecular weight 45,000 50,000) 2 g Ethyl alcohol, 96 titer 55 cc 200 volume hydrogen peroxide 5 g Orthophosphoric acid, q.s.p. pH 3 Water, q.s.p. 100 cc This lotion is applied to natural blond hair. After setting and drying, the hair is brightened and presents an ash pearly blond shade.

EXAMPLE 30 The following dyeing composition suitable for packaging in an aerosol container is prepared:

Dye of Example 4 Dye of Example 1 Vinyl pyrrolidone-vinyl acetate copolymer (vinyl pyrrolidone 60 vinyl acetate- 40 7:, molecular weight 45,000 60,000) 3 g Ethyl alcohol, 96 titer. q.s.p. 100 cc This composition, packaged in an aerosol container with dichlorodifluoromethane as the propellant and 20 g of water are added to 20 g of the solution thus sprayed in the form of a lacquer gives natural blond prepared. A gel is obtained which, applied at ambient hair luminous golden glints.

EXAMPLE 31 The following hair-setting lotion is prepared:

Dye of Example 1 I 0.005 g Dye of Example l 0.01 g Dye of Example 8 0.00] g Vinyl pyrrolidone-Vin l acetate copolymer (Vinyl pyrrolidone 7:, vinyl acetate 40 71, molecular weight Ethyl alcohol, 96 titer 50 cc Triethanolamine, q.s.p. pH 7 Water, q.s.p. I00 cc This hair-setting lotion when applied to freshly bleached hair, imparts thereto a light silvery shade EXAMPLE 32 The following dyeing composition is prepared:

IQ Id 00000 20 g of 20 volume hydrogen peroxide is added to 20 g of the solution thus prepared and the gel thus obtained which, applied to ambient temperatures to bleached hair for 10 minutes, imparts to the hair a beige pearly shade.

EXAMPLE 33 The following dyeing composition is prepared:

Dye of Example 17 0.2 Butylcellosolre 8 g Propylene glycol 8 g Alkylphenol polyethoxyether sold under the name "Remcopal 334" by the Gerland company 22 g Alkylphenol polyethoxyether sold under the name Remcopal 349- by the Gerland company 22 g Ammonia at 22Be 10 g Water. q.s.p. l00 g g g g 20 g of water are added to 20 g of the solution thus temperature for l0 minutes to previously bleached hair, imparts to the hair an iridescent blond shade.

EXAMPLE 35 The following hair-setting lotion is prepared:

Dye of Example 20 0.0l0 g Vinyl pyrrolidone-vinyl acetate copolymer (vinyl pyrrolidone 60 '71. vinyl acetate 40 7!, molecular weight 45,00060,000) 2.0 g Ethyl alcohol, 96 titer 50 cc Triethanolamine. q.s.p. pH 7 Water, q.s.p. 100 cc This hair-setting lotion when applied to hair dyed blond, imparts thereto a golden glint.

EXAMPLE 36 The following hair-setting composition is prepared:

Dye of Example 22 Vinyl pyrrolidone-vinyl acetate copolymer (vinyl pyrrolidone 60 72, vinyl acetate 40 "/1, molecular weight, 45,000 60,000) 2.0 g Ethyl alcohol, 96 titer 50 cc Triethanolamine, q.s.p. pH 7 Water, q.s.p. 100 g This hair-setting lotion when applied to bleached hair, imparts thereto a particularly luminous golden pink blond shade.

EXAMPLE 37 The following hair-setting lotion is prepared:

40 Dye of Example 24 0,0l0 g Vinyl pyrrolidone-vinyl acetate copolymer (vinyl pyrrolidone 7O 71, vinyl acetate 30 /t, molecular weight 35,000 45,000) 2.0 g Ethyl alcohol, 96 titer cc 45 Triethanolamine, q.s.p. pH 7 Water, q.s.p. 100 cc This hair-setting lotion when applied to hair dyed golden blond, imparts thereto a luminous and aesthetic 5O pearl glint.

EXAMPLE 38 The following hair-setting lotion is prepared:

prepared. A gel is obtained which, applied to brown hair at ambient temperature for 15 minutes, imparts to the hair, after rinsing, a dark auburn brown shade.

EXAMPLE 34 The following dyeing composition is prepared:

Dye of Example 8 0.050 g Butylcellosolrc 8 g Propylene glycol 8 g Alkylphenol polyethoxyether sold under the name -Remcopal 334" by the Gerland company 22 g Alkylphenol polyethoxyether sold under the name "Remcopal 349 by the Gerland company 22 g Water. q.s.p. l

Dye of Example 23 Vinyl pyrrolidone-vinyl acetate copolymer (vinyl pyrrolidone 70 /r, vinyl acetate 30 7:. molecular weight 35,000 45.000) Ethyl alcohol, 96 titer l't'iethanolantine. q.s.p.

Water. q.s.p.

This hair-setting lotion when applied to bleached hair, imparts thereto a very luminous light pink blond shade.

EXAMPLE 39 The following hair-setting lotion is prepared:

Dye of Example 7 0.70 g Vinyl acetate-crotonic acid copolymer (vinyl acetate 90 Ii. crotonic acid H) 'x), molecular weight. 45.000 50.000) 2.0 g Ethyl alcohol. 90" titer 50 cc Benzylidene camphor 0.2 g Triethanolamine. q.s.p. pH 7 This hair-setting lotion when applied to hair dyed dark blond, imparts thereto a luminous pearl ash glint.

EXAMPLE 40 The following hair-setting lotion is prepared:

Dye of Example 22 i 0.010 g Vinyl pyrrolidone-vinyl acetate copolymer (vinyl pyrrolidone 70 7, vinyl acetate 30 molecular weight 35,000 45.000) 2.0 g Ethyl alcohol, 96 titer 50 cc Triethanolamine. q.s.p. pH 7 N-[(4'-amino 2-methoxy 3'.5-dintethyl) phenyl] 2.5-dimethyl benzoquinoneimine 0.010 g Water. q.s.p 100 cc This hair-setting lotion, when applied to light blond hair, imparts thereto a pearl ash shade.

EXAMPLE 4) The following dyeing composition is prepared:

Dye of Example 24 0.0l2 g N-l(4'-hydroxy)phenyl] 3-aamino 6-methyl heazoquinoneimine 0.010 g N-[(4-amino 2'-methoxy 3.5'-dimethyl) phenyl] 2.6-dimethyl bcnzoquinoneimine 0.002 g Ethyl alcohol. 96 titer 50 cc Water. q.s.p. 100 cc This dye composition when applied to strongly bleached hair for 20 minutes at ambient temperature, imparts thereto after rinsing and shampooing, a golden apricot shade. 7

EXAMPLE 42 The following hair-setting composition is prepared:

Dye of Example 20 0.005 g Dye of Example 24 0.005 g N-[ 4'-h \'drox )phenylB-amino o-methyl hemoquinoneimine 0.0025 g N-[(-l-amino 2-methox v 3'.5'-dimethyl) phenyl]2.5-tlimethyl benzoquinoacimine 0.001 g Vinyl pyrrolitlone-vinyl acetate copolymer (vinyl p \'rrolidone 70 /1. vinyl acetate- 30 /1. molecular weight 35,000 45.000) 2.0 g Triethanolamine. q.s.p. pH 7 Water. q.s.p. I cc This hair-setting lotion when applied to blond hair imparts thereto a pearly glint.

EXAMPLE 43 The following setting lotion is prepared:

Dye of Example 24 0.006 g Dye of Example 22 0.004 g N-[(4' l1ydroxy)phenyl] 3-amino 6-methyl benzequinoneimine 0.001 g N-l(4'-amino 2'-methoxy '-methyl)phenyl] 3-acetylamino oanethyl benzoquinoneimine 0.005 g Vinylpyrrolidone-vinyl acetate copolymer (vinyl pyrrolidone 60 72. vinyl acetate 40 /2. molecular weight 45.000 60.000) 2.0 g Ethyl alcohol. 96 titer 50 cc '-Continued Triethanolamine. q.s.p. pH 7 Benzylidene camphor 0.2 g Water. q.s.p. 100 cc This hair-setting lotion when applied to very light natural blond hair, imparts thereto a luminous ash pearl glint.

EXAMPLE 44 The following hair-setting lotion is prepared:

Dye of Example 23 0.007 g N-(4'-amino 2-methoxy 3,5'-dimethyl) phenyl 2,5-dimethyl benzoquinoneimine 0.003 g N-(4'-hydroxy)phenyl 2.6-dimethyl benzoquinoneimine 0.003 g Vinyl pyrrolidone-vinyl acetate copolymer (vinyl pyrrolidone 60 /1. vinyl acetate 40 7:, molecular weight 45,000 60.000) 2.0 g Ethyl alcohol. 96 titer 50 cc Triethanolamine. q.s.p. pH 6 Water. q.s.p. 100 cc This hair-setting lotion when applied to hair dyed light blond, imparts thereto ash pearl glints.

EXAMPLE 45 The following hair-setting lotion isprepared:

Dye of Example 22 0.0l0 g Nitroparaphenylenediamine 0.010 g Vinyl pyrrolidone-vinyl acetate copolymer (vinyl pyrrolidone 4 60 71, vinyl acetate 4O 7:, molecular weight Ethyl alcohol. 96 titer 60 cc Triethanolamine, q.s.p. pH 9 Water. q.s.p.

This hair-setting lotion when applied to hair dyed light brown, imparts thereto golden copper glints.

EXAMPLE 46 The following dyeing composition is prepared:

Dye of Example 22 0.010 g Dye of Example 23 0.0l0 g -lanethyl di-B-hydroxyniethylamine-8t2.3-h)

morpholino phenoxazonium bromide 0.0l0 g Crotonic acid-vinyl acetate copolymer (crotonic acid l0 /t. vinyl acetate 7:.

molecular weight 45.000 50.000) 2.0 g Ethyl alcohol. 96 titer 50 cc Triethanolamine, q.s.p. pH 6 Water, q.s.p. 100 cc wherein A is a nitrogen heterocycle selected from the group consisting of It It;

Rg- X and l I RN where R is hydrogen or lower alkyl having 1-4 carbon atoms; or C(R)(R")-, where R each independently have the meaning above;

Z is --CH=CH or -NR, where R' is lower alkyl having l4 carbon atoms R; is hydrogen, lower alkyl having l-4 carbon atoms,

or phenyl;

R is hydrogen or lower alkyl having l-4 carbon atoms, or R; and R when taken together with the carbon atoms to which they are attached form a benzene ring, a halogen-substituted benzene ring, a benzene ring substituted with lower alkyl having l-4 carbon atoms, a benzene ring substituted with lower alkoxy having l-4 carbon atoms, or a nitrosubstituted benzene ring; and B is a member selected from the group consisting of where R and R, together with the ears mafia nitrogen atoms to which they are attached, form a morpholine group and R is hydrogen and R is hydrogen or lower alkyl having l-4 carbon atoms, or R and R together with the carbon and nitrogen atoms to which and they are attached, form a morpholine group, and E is hydrogen and R is hydrogen, lower alkyl having 14 carbon atoms and alkanoyl having 2 to 5 carbon atoms;

and X is a halide, fluorborate, perchlorate, sulfate, di-

sulfate or acetate anion.

2. The compound of claim 1 which is selected from benzimidazolium perchlorate.

3-melhyl UNTTED STATES PATENT OFFICE CERTIFICATE 0F CORRECTION Patent No. 3,869,454 Dated March 4, 1975 Inventor 5 Gerard LANG and Andree BUGAUT It is certified that error appears in the above-identified patent and that said Letters Patent are hereby corrected as shown below:

In the Heading Under Foreign Application Priority Data Change "France" (both occurrences) to Luxembourg Signed and Sealed this twenty-first Day Of October 1975 [SEAL] Attest:

RUTH C. MASON C. MARSHALL DANN Arresting Officer Commissioner ofPaIents and Trademarks UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE CERTIFICATE 0i CORRECTION Patent No. 3, 869,454 Dated March 4, 1975 Inventor(s) Gerard LANG and Andree BUGAUT It is certified that error appears in the above-identified patent and that said Letters Patent are hereby corrected as shown below:

In the Heading Under Foreign Application Priority Data Change "France" (both occurrences) to Luxembourg Signed and Sealed this twenty-first Day Of October 1975 smu Arrest:

RUTH C. MASON C. MARSHALL DANN Arresting Officer Commissioner ofParents and Trademarks

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US4151162 *Jul 22, 1976Apr 24, 1979L'orealHair dyes
US5032138 *May 23, 1989Jul 16, 1991Clairol IncorporatedChlorites as oxidants in hair coloring
US5733343 *Nov 26, 1996Mar 31, 1998Ciba Specialty Chemicals CorporationTrichromatic principle
US5879412 *Dec 19, 1997Mar 9, 1999L'orealCompositions and processes for dyeing keratin fibers with an oxidation base, a coupler, a cationic direct dye, and an oxidizing agent
US5888252 *Feb 21, 1997Mar 30, 1999Ciba Specialty Chemicals CorporationProcesses for dyeing keratin-containing fibres with cationicazo dyes
US5919273 *Dec 19, 1997Jul 6, 1999L'orealReady-to-use composition dyes hair giving uniform color; oxidation base in combination with a substituted meta-aminophenol coupler, cationic direct dye and oxidizing agent; multicompartment dye kit
US5980587 *May 18, 1998Nov 9, 1999L'orealApplying dye mixture comprising direct dye, oxidizing agent and basification agent to keratin fibers such as hair
US5993490 *Dec 19, 1997Nov 30, 1999L'orealComposition for the oxidation dyeing of keratin fibers containing a cationic direct dye and dyeing process using this composition
US6001135 *Dec 19, 1997Dec 14, 1999L'orealCompositions and processes for dyeing keratin fibers with cationic direct dyes, oxidation bases, and oxidizing agents
US6368360Sep 3, 1999Apr 9, 2002L'oreal S.A.Method for dyeing keratin fibres with a dye composition containing at least one direct dye and a least one basifying agent
US6371994 *May 28, 1999Apr 16, 2002L'oreal S.A.Dye composition for keratin fibers, with a cationic direct dye and a polyol or polyol ether
US6432146Jan 19, 2000Aug 13, 2002L'oreal S.A.Use of a combination of two cationic dyes for the direct dyeing of keratin fibers
US6436153 *May 28, 1999Aug 20, 2002L'ORéAL S.A.Free of oxidases and oxidoreductases; hair dye
US6530959Jul 28, 1999Mar 11, 2003L'oreal S.A.Dyeing composition for keratinous fibres with a direct cationic coloring agent and a surfactant
US6592633 *May 25, 1999Jul 15, 2003L'oreal S.A.Less selective colorations and which are particularly resistant to the various attacking factors to which the hair may be subjected
US6613102Jul 8, 1999Sep 2, 2003L'oreal S.A.As thickening polymer nonionic guar gums; biopolysaccharide gums of microbial origin;
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US7070625Aug 22, 2002Jul 4, 2006Wella AgAgent and method for coloring keratin fibers containing 2-benzothiazolinone-hydrazone and quinone derivatives
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US7198652Mar 21, 2006Apr 3, 2007L'oreal S.A.Composition for dyeing keratinous fibers with a cationic direct dye and a quaternary ammonium salt
US7300473Nov 1, 2006Nov 27, 2007L'oreal S.A.For dyeing keratin fibres which are capable of giving more intense and yet unselective colorations which show good resistance to the various attacking factors to which the hair may be subjected
US7474419Oct 31, 2006Jan 6, 2009Fei CompanyStage assembly, particle-optical apparatus comprising such a stage assembly, and method of treating a sample in such an apparatus
US7485157Mar 28, 2007Feb 3, 2009LorealQuaternized azo or hydrazone hair dye mixed with cationic or amphoteric polymer; washfastness; weatherproof; radiation resistance; less selective and more uniform
US7507260Oct 6, 2006Mar 24, 2009L'oreal S.A.dyeing keratinous fibers, in particular human keratinous fibers such as hair, comprising, in an appropriate dyeing medium, at least one cationic direct dye of a given formula, and which is characterized in that it contains, in addition, at least one silicone chosen from the aminated silicones and resins
US8403999Dec 13, 2010Mar 26, 2013L'orealDyeing and/or bleaching composition comprising a polycondensate of ethylene oxide and propylene oxide
US8419807Oct 12, 2010Apr 16, 2013L'orealComposition including a glyceride and an organophosphonic acid or one of the salts thereof, dyeing or colour-lightening method implementing same and devices
US8551188Sep 1, 2010Oct 8, 2013L'orealComposition comprising a hydrophobic dye, a particular organic and/or mineral alkaline agent, a particular compound (I) and a particular organic compound (II), and dyeing use thereof
US8808401Dec 19, 2011Aug 19, 2014L'orealHair dyeing process using an insoluble silicate, an aromatic compound and a hydroxylated aliphatic solvent
WO2003042199A1 *Aug 22, 2002May 22, 2003Hans-Juergen BraunAgent and method for coloring keratin fibers containing 2-benzothiazolinone-hydrazone and quinone derivatives