US 3869824 A
An assembly toy and craft is provided which employs small components which are frictionally or adhesively assembled against a base to form picture compositions thereof. In one form, the components are made of injection molded rings or ring clusters or otherwise shaped small articles of substantially symmetrical shape which nest together and are employed to fill out or cover selected areas of the surface of the article to which they are attached for the purpose of composing a picture or decorating the article. Components of different colors are provided to make up a multi-colored surface decoration for an article or picture composing frame.
Claims available in
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
United States Patent [191 Lemelson Mar. 11, 1975 Primary Examiner-Louis G. Mancene Assistant Examiner-Robert F. Cutting  ABSTRACT An assembly toy and craft is provided which employs small components which are frictionally or adhesively assembled against a base to form picture compositions thereof. in one form, the components are made of injection molded rings or ring clusters or otherwise shaped small articles of substantially symmetrical shape which nest together and are employed to fill out or cover selected areas of the surface of the article to which they are attached for the purpose of composing a picture or decorating the article. Components of different colors are provided to make up a multi-colored surface decoration for an article or picture composing frame.
10 Claims, 22 Drawing Figures 1 ASSEMBLY TOY AND CRAFT  Inventor: Jerome H. Lemelson, 85 Rector St.,
Metuchen, NJ. 08840  Filed: Sept. 10, 1973  Appl. No.: 395,410
Related US. Application Data  Continuation-impart of Ser. No. 223,148, Feb. 3,
 US. Cl 46/17, 46/30, 46/37  Int. Cl A63h 33/06  Field of Search 46/16, 17, 30, 37
 References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 3,137,967 6/1964 Flieth 46/30 3,243,895 4/1966 Girard 46/17 3,594,940 7/1971 Yonezawa 46/16 ASSEMBLY TOY AND CRAFT RELATED APPLICATIONS This is continuation-in-part of application Ser. No. 223,148 filed Feb. 3, 1972, now abandoned, for Assembly Toy and Craft.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION This invention relates to new and improved structures in assembly toys employing a multitude of small components of different color which are selectively assembled to a base sheet or otherwise shaped member to compose surface decorations or simulated pictures thereof. In particular, the invention is concerned both with improvements in the structures of surface decorating components, the articles on which they are assembled for decorating the surface thereof and methods in which the components are secured to the articles and separated as to color.
It is a primary object of this invention to provide a new and improved assembly craft containing components which may be utilized to form decorations on objects and simulated pictures on plaques which decorations or pictures are three-dimensional and attractive to look at.
Another object is to provide a surface-decorating craft containing a plurality of what appear to be small individual pieces assembled against a surface but are actually preformed clusters of said pieces, thereby greatly simplifying assembly and reducing the task of forming surface decorations.
Another object is to provide improved structures in surface decorating elements for use in crafts which structures are attractive and may be easily molded of plastic.
Another object is to provide improved craft comprising a substrate and area defining retaining means for a multitude of decorative components to be secured to the surface of the substrate.
With the above and such other objects in view as will hereinafter more fully appear, the invention consists of the novel constructions, combinations and arrangements of parts as will more fully appear from the accompanying drawings and specification, but it is to be understood that changes and modifications thereto may be effected without departing from the nature and spirit of the invention as claimed.
In the drawings:
FIG. 1 is a plan view of an assembly toy or craft which is partially completed and shows various features of the instant invention including a substrate in the form of a plaque containing decorative elements secured thereto;
FIG. 2 is a plan view ofa fragment ofa modified form of the plaque of FIG. 1 showing certain surface decorating elements secured thereto;
FIG. 3 is a plan view of a fragment of the plaque of FIG. 2 showing other types of surface decorating elements secured thereto;
FIG. 4 is a plan view of a fragment of a plurality of surface decorating elements and a frame retaining same in edgewise abutment as applicable to the plaque of FIG. 1;
FIG. 5 is a plan view of a cluster of three surface decorating elements formed together and applicable as a surface decorating element for a constructional plaque of the type shown in FIG. 1;
FIG. 6 is a plan view of another form of decorating element comprising a cluster of seven rings formed into an integral molding and applicable to the decorating plaque craft of FIG. 1;
FIG. 7 is a plan view of another form of decorating element comprising a cluster of nine rings formed together of a single molding and applicable to the plaque craft structure of FIG. 1;
FIG. 8 is a plan view of a fragment of the board of FIGS. 2 and 3 showing modified form of surface decorating element frictionally assembled therewith.
FIG. 9 is a plan view of a circular array of ring-shaped decorations which are integrally molded in a ringshaped cluster and applicable to the plaque craft of FIG. 1;
FIG. 10 is a plan view ofa fragment ofa board of the type shown in FIG. 2, showing various elements frictionally assembled thereto;
FIG. 11 is an edge view in cross section of a board of the type shown in FIG. 10 showing one of the surface decorating elements frictionally secured thereto;
FIG. 12 is an end view of the board of FIG. 1 showing surface decorating elements in stacked assembly thereon;
FIG. 13 is a plan view of a modified form of surface decorating element in the form of a hollow rectangle;
FIG. 14 is a plan view of a modified form of surface decorating element in the shape of a hollow triangle;
FIG. 15 is a plan view of a modified form of surface decorating element in the form of a plurality of integrally molded hollow triangles; 7
FIG. 16 is a plan view of a modified form of surface decorating element in the shape of a hollow hexagonal shaped element;
FIG. 17' is a plan view of a cluster of spherical or short cylindrical elements applicable for forming surface decorations of the type shown in FIG. 1; and
FIG. 18 is a plan view of yet another form of surface decorating element which is designed to edgewise nest with similar elements to decorate a surface therewith.
FIG. 19 is a face view of a modified form of the assembly toy and craft illustrated in FIG. 1.
FIG. 20 is a fragmentary view in cross-section of one construction of the baseboard employed in the embodiment of FIG. 19.
FIG. 21 is a fragmentary view in cross-section of another form of the construction of the structure in FIG. 19.
FIG. 22 is yet another form of construction of the structure shown in FIG. 19 and is also illustrated in fragmentary cross'section.
In FIG. 1 is shown an art assembly toy l0 composed of a base sheet 11 made of paper, paperboard, plastic or metal or a laminate of such materials. The base sheet 11 may also contain flocking on its outer surface 12 against which outer surface a plurality of art components may be secured to form pictures, collages or the like.
Shown printed on the outer surface 12 of sheet 11 are a plurality of outlines 13 defining borders within which certain of the picture making components may be secured in accordance with indicia 13 provided within each border such as a color dot, number or other visual indicator of the component or components to be provided within the border. In other words, the lines 13 may be formed as a plurality of totally enclosed printed configurations within the borders of each of which specific materials are to be assembled or cemented to form composite pictures and constructions.
The components to be assembled within the confines of the printed areas 13A defined by lines 13 printed on the surface 12 of the sheet 11, preferably include symmetrical plastic shapes such as small circular buttons 14 which may be provided as single buttons or beads or symmetrical arrays of same. The configurations also may comprise small, separate, short cylindrical formations or arrays of such formations as illustrated in FIGS. 5-7 and 9 of the drawings.
In FIG. 1, the small buttons 14 are cemented to the surface 12 with a suitable adhesive in closely spaced relationship, preferably such that they abut each other to totally fill the areas 13A in the color arrays indicated to form, for example, the petals and leaves of flowers or other configurations such as animals, fishes, figures, landscape representations and the like. When totally filling the areas indicated on the surface 12 by the indicia 13 in accordance with the requisite colors, the effect is such as to generate pictures with the plastic members 14.
A second assembly technique is also illustrated in FIG. 1 which involves providing one or more fence-like plastic formations 16 either as separate molded frames to be properly bonded to the surface 12 by the person assembling the picture or as formations which are integrally molded with the base sheet 11 by vacuum forming a sheet of plastic or injection molding same. The frame 16 of FIG. 1 is shaped to represent a flower pot and it is noted that the same frame, other frame units or formations of sheet 11 may also extend to represent the borders of the illustrated flower stems and flower petals.
Once the frame or frames 16 have been properly adhesively bonded or otherwise secured to the base sheet 11, the plastic buttons or tubes 14 may be either frictionally assembled within the areas 16' defined by the frames 16 or cemented therein. As part of the artwork the frames 16 may be retained on the base sheet or removed thereafter leaving only the formations 14 in place.
FIG. 2 shows a first assembly technique for short sin gle tubular formations 14'. The base sheet 11 is shown provided with a multitude of closely spaced, substantially cylindrical pin-like proturbances 17 formed in its upper surface which retain the cylindrical formations l4 closely adjacent and preferably in contact with each other as illustrated. In a particular construction, the formations 17 may be so spaced and the dimensions of the short cylindrical formations 17 such that when said formations are pushed over adjacent proturbances 17, they will frictionally engage the surfaces of adjacent formations 17 in such a manner as to frictionally hold each other in place. In another construction, the proturbances 17 may be slightly tapered outwardly and dimensioned such that at least part of their outer surfaces will frictionally engage the inside surfaces of the cylindrical formations l4 frictionally holding them in place after they are pushed thereon by the craftsman.
FIG. 3 a plurality of cylindrical formations 14" are shown each frictionally secured between surfaces of four ofthe pin-like proturbances 17 and may each also be shaped to engage the surfaces of adjacent cylindrical formations to frictionally retain same in place.
In FIG. 4, short cylindrical formations 14 are shown packed between the walls 16w ofa frame 16 similar to frame 16 of FIG. 1. They may thus be frictionally retained in place if suitably disposed as illustrated. The formations 14 may be made of a suitable deflectable plastic as may be the walls 16w of the frame 16 to enhance the frictional retention of all components together.
In FIG. 5, a unitary molding 18 is shown composed of three closely spaced, short tubular formations 14 of the type illustrated in FIG. 1. A plurality of assemblies 18 may be utilized and has one of the components of the assembly toy of FIG. 1 to reduce the amount of time and effort needed to completely in the areas defined by indicia 13 or frame 16.
In FIG. 6, seven formations 14 are integrally molded together in an assembly 19 which will nest with other assemblies to fill in total areas as desired.
In FIG. 7, nine tubular formations 14 are integrally molded as a unit assembly 20 of substantially rectangular shape and may be utilized in the assembly of art work of the type shown in FIG. 1.
In FIG. 8, a circular array of tubular formations 14' is provided as a unitary molding 21 which may be utilized as a components or components of the art toy of FIG. 1 and may abut similar formations adjacent thereto as well as being filled with a circular array of tubular components 14 similar to those provided in the array 21 but perhaps of a different color.
In FIG. 9, a plurality of thin walled cylindrical picture components 22 are each shown assembled around four of the proturbances 17 of the sheet similar to that shown in FIG. 2 and, in addition to possibly frictionally engaging the proturbances 17, they may also be configured to externally frictionally engage each other to frictionally retain the components in place on the base sheet 11.
In FIG. 10, several picture components are illustrated including first strips 23 of extruded or molded plastic which are shown frictionally engaged between two rows of protruding pin-like formations 17 formed in the base sheet 11, which rows are two of a pluraltiy of such rows extending across the base sheet. Also shown in FIG. 10 is a second strip formation 24 of plastic, metal or wood which extends diagonally between protruding pin-like formations as illustrated and is preferably frictionally retained against the base sheet 11.
A further component 25 which is preferably an injection molding containing one or more cylindrical formations 26 protruding from its undersurface, is secured to the base sheet 11 by positioning and pushing the component to dispose the formations or formations 26 between four of the protruding pin-like formations 17 on the sheet. While formation 26 is shown as a solid projection it may also comprise a hollow cylindrical projection, the interior surface of which is pushed over one protruding, pin-like formation 17 of the base sheet. FIG. 11 is a side view showing the protrusion 26 from component 25 nested between adjacent pin-line formations 17 of the base sheet 11.
In FIG. 12, a plurality of small cylindrical formations 14 or arrays thereof as illustrated in FIGS. 5-8, are shown cemented or otherwise secured to a base sheet 11 as described, not only in a single layer but in a plurality of layers extending one above the other. These layers may be so disposed as to provide three dimensional effects on the upper surface 12 of sheet 11.
It is also noted that components such as 25 of FIG. 11, which may comprise parts of art work forming a total picture or configuration on the outer surface of the base sheet, may also be externally decorated by cementing components of the types provided in FIGS. 5-9 thereto or by frictionally assembling such components on pin-like formations molded in the outer surface of the component 25. Also the strips 23 and 24 of FIG. may comprise hollow rectangular or cylindrical tubing or bendable wires, flexible plastic rod or tubing or the like which may be bent into any desired configuration along the surface of the base sheet.
FIG. 13 shows a rectangular hollow configuration 30 which may be utilized per se or in arrays thereof forming unitary moldings to be assembled to the base sheet as described either by adhesive bonding, frictional retention against suitable proturbances formed in the surface of the base sheet or by pin means extending through the triangular configuration.
FIG. 14 shows a triangular art unit 31 replacing the cylindrical units hereinbefore described which may be utilized per se or in clusters forming unitary moldings which units or clusters may be bonded or frictionally retained against the art base sheet.
FIG. shows a modified form of triangular decorative component 32 having three brace or filler strips 34 extending between adjacent walls 33 of the component.
FIG. 16 shows a six-sided art configuration 35 which may also be utilized per se or in unitary molded clusters as described to form art configurations by adhesively bonding or frictionally retaining same in assembly with a base sheet as described.
FIG. 17 shows another decorative configuration or component 36 in the shape ofa cluster of small spherelike formations 37 which are molded together as a single unit and nest in peripheral surface abutment with similarly shaped units to fill a decorative area as described.
In FIG. 18 is shown another form of decorative component 38 having four dovetailed portions 39 with indentations 40 between each two of such portions into which the dovetailed portions of other similar components may be made to nest to decorate a selected area of the surface of an art board or figure as described herein.
FIG. 19 illustrates a modified form of the assembly toy and craft shown in FIG. 1. The assembly, denoted 40, is composed of a base sheet or board 41 which may be made of any suitable material such as paperboard, wood, plastic, metal or laminates of these materials. The outer surface 42 of board 41 may be of any suitable finish and color although the most attractive finish therefor is one in which a black flocking material has been applied for appearance purposes. Secured to or forming an integral molding with board 41 is a frame 43 which protrudes outwardly from surface 42 and serves as a fence defining a plurality of separate and distinct areas denoted 64-79 within each of which selected of the small components denoted 14 in FIG. 19 of respective colors may be assembled to, in effect, surface decorate and color the various confined areas for composing a most attractive picture thereof.
While board 41 is illustrated as a flat picture forming member, it is noted that it may also be configured as a three-dimensional shape such as that of a mock animal, figure, vehicle or building containing a fence-like frame configuration protruding outwardly from the surface thereof.
In FIG. 19, frame 43 is shown as composed of a por tion 44 defining area 64 simulating the legs of the mock figure, portion 45 surrounding area 65 defining the coat of the mock figure, frame portion 46 surrounding surface area 66 defining the collar portion of the mock figure. These three areas, 64, 65 and 66, may be filled in with small plastic components of the same color, such as black or dark blue components, or of separate colors. Frame portions 47 and 49 define areas 67 and 69 which simulate the arms of the mock figure and are preferably filled in with small components having the same colors as those inserted into area 65. Frame por- .tions 48 and 50 define areas 68 and 70 which simulate the hands of the mock figure and are preferably filled in with small components 14 of pink color. Frame portion 51 defines facial area 71 which is preferably filled in with small pink colored components. Frame portions 52 and 53 define areas 72 and 73 and are configured to represent portions of the hair of the mock figure. These portions may be filled in with yellow, brown or black decorating components 14.
Frame portions 54 and 55 respectively denote areas 74 and 75 which represent portions of the simulated hat of the mock figure decoration and are preferably filled in with the same colored small plastic components. Frame portions 56 and 57 respectively denote areas 76 and 78 and simulate the shoes of the mock fig ure.
Frame portion 58 surrounds an area 78 and is representative of an article carried by the mock figure such as a flower or plant. Also illustrated in FIG. 19 are certain portions or extensions of the frame 43 which define solid portions of the surface decorations. Portion 83 defines part of the left shoe of the mock figure and is a solid extension of the portion 56 of frame 43. Decorating portions 80, 81 and 82 simulate respectively the eyes, nose and mouth of the mock figure and may be either integrally molded against or with the surface of board 41 or assembled and secured thereto by adhesive or other means from molded components.
Notations 84-94 respectively refer to indicia provided by printing or molding against surface 42 which indicia indicates the colors of the small plastic components recommended to be assembled in the various frame-separated areas 64-78 of the mock figure. For example, these indicia may comprise small colored dots applied to the surface of the board within the confined areas by printing or other suitable means. They may also comprise small letters or numbers which are printed or'integrally molded against the board 41.
In FIG. 20 is shown a first construction board and frame of FIG. 19. The board 41 is shown having the frame or frames 43A bonded to its upper surface. The frame 43A may be made of molded plastic or die cast metal. It may be the same color as that of surface 42 or a color distinct therefrom.
In FIG. 21, the board 41 contains a tray-like formation 43B having side walls and a bottom wall 43C which is bonded or otherwise secured to the outer surface of board 41. The tray 43B may be molded of plastic and configured, in plan view, as shown in FIG. 19.
In FIG. 22, the board 41A is formed of a surface portion 418 which is integrally molded with outwardly protruding rib formations 41R which conform to the configuration of the frame 43 of FIG. 19 or any suitable configuration defining different confined areas adapted to receive different colored small decorating components described.
It is noted that while the mock figure defined by frame 43 of FIG. 19 is shown as secured to or forming part of a baseboard 41 so as to permit the user to form a picture-like structure, the border defining portions of the frame may comprise the border of the base itself without providing the frame on a rectangular board such as board 41. In other words, the toy may be composed of a fiat or three-dimensional base having a border contour configured to the contour of the mock figure, animal, vehicle or other shape adapted to be decorated by means of the described small components.
1. A constructional toy comprising:
a plurality of small decorative components of different colors adapted to be selectively applied to different areas of said base wherein components of each color respectively cover different areas of said base so as to decorate and differently color said different areas,
means for securing said components in a plurality of nesting arrays on said base, and
a fence-like structure protruding outwardly from the surface of said base and shaped to define a plurality of defined areas of said base surface which defined areas are confined by respective portions of said fence-like structure wherein decorative components of each color are assembled by color within each of said defined areas to compose a threedimensional surface decoration on said base.
2. A constructional toy in accordance with-claim 1 wherein said different areas defined by said fence-like structure are shaped to represent different parts of a 8 picture display.
3. A constructional toy in accordance with claim 2 wherein said base is a flat, self-supporting sheet-like structure.
4. A constructional toy in accordance with claim 1 including color indicating means associated with each of said different areas defined by said fence-like structure for indicating which of the different colored small decorative components are to be assembled in each of said confined areas.
5. A constructional toy in accordance with claim 1 wherein said small decorative components are composed of a plurality of small rings of different colors.
6. A constructional toy in accordance with claim 1 wherein said small decorative components are each composed of a cluster of ring-like formations which are joined together.
7. A constructional toy in accordance with claim I wherein said fence-like structure is integrally molded as part of said base.
8. A constructional toy in accordance with claim 1 wherein said fence-like structure is separately formed from said base and is secured to the surface thereof.
9. A constructional toy in accordance with claim 1 wherein said fence-like structure is composed of a frame defined by a plurality of strip-like formations which extend between and outer frame also formed of strip-like formations and are integrally secured together.
10. A constructional toy in accordance with claim 9 wherein said frame is integrally molded against a bottom wall portion which is secured to the outer surface ofsaid base.