US 3870014 A
A liquid and aerosol collecting device where liquid is disposed on one flat surface of a liquid receiving member that is caused to be spun so that at least a portion of the liquid flows off an edge of the member. Means for intercepting this portion of the liquid is disposed around the liquid receiving member. The peripheral edge of the intercepting means is formed into a capillary-type passage which terminates in a cup shaped ring for temporarily storing the liquid as it is emitted from said passage. A means for collecting the liquid is also provided in conjunction with said cup shaped ring. Any aerosol which may be generated by the spinning, is caused to be intercepted by the peripheral intercepting means and recombined with the liquid that is being collected.
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
[ 1 Mar. 11, 1975 LIQUID AND AEROSOL COLLECTING DEVICE  Inventor: Robert T. Buck, Raleigh, NC.
[ 73] Assignee: Corning Glass Works, Corning,
 Filed: May 24, 1973  Appl. No.: 363,393
 U.S. Cl 118/52, 34/58, 118/501  Int. Cl. B05c 11/08 Field of Search 1 18/52-56,
 References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 442,628 12/1890 Kristen 118/52 Staunton 118/52 X 3,770,027 l1/l973 Guigan 233/26 X 3,801,004 4/1974 Martin 233/26 FOREIGN PATENTS OR APPLICATIONS 665,366 5/1929 France 118/52 Primary Examiner-Morris Kaplan Attorney, Agent, or Firm-Walter S. Zebrowski; Clarence R. Patty, Jr.
 ABSTRACT A liquid and aerosol collecting device where liquid is disposed on one flat surface of a liquid receiving member that is caused to be spun so that at least a portion of the liquid flows off an edge of the member. Means for intercepting this portion of the liquid is disposed around the liquid receiving member. The peripheral edge of the intercepting means is formed into a capillary-type passage which terminates in a cup shaped ring for temporarily storing the liquid as it is emitted from said passage. A means for collecting the liquid is also provided in conjunction with said cup shaped ring. Any aerosol which may be generated by the spinning, is caused to be intercepted by the peripheral intercepting means and recombined with the liquid that is being collected.
5 Claims, 1 Drawing Figure 1 LIQUID AND AEROSOL COLLECTING DEVICE- BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION Devices which have heretofore been known for form ing thin films of a liquid on a member, such for example as devices for forming blood slides for medical examination, have inherently caused an aerosol of the liquid to be formed during spinning when surplus liquid leaves the edges of the slide or encounters some other portion of the device upon which the liquid impinges. Such an aerosol permeates the air and may be injurious to the health of the operator of such a device. For example, in forming blood slides blood must, of course, be used and the blood specimen being tested may be from a patient that has one or more of various types of diseases or infections. When a blood slide of such a blood specimen is made and an aerosol of the blood is caused to be formed, it not only subjects the operator of such a device to personal injury by inhalation of the infected blood aerosol, but may also cause injury to others. Even though the operator may wear a mask, the blood aerosol being in such minute particulate form may be distributed throughout a hospital or clinic or other building by the ventilation system therein, whereby anyone within the building may inhale the infectious blood aerosol.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION It is the object of this invention to provide a simple, economical, and reliable device for collecting liquids and aerosols, which device overcomes the heretofore noted disadvantages.
Broadly, according to this invention, a liquid and aerosol collecting device embodies a liquid receiving member having at least one flat surface. The receiving member is disposed within a dish-like platen or member having tapered walls and a lip at the outer peripheral edge thereof. A circular ring member is disposed in conjunction with the lip so as to form a capillary-like passage between the lip and the ring member. At the outer periphery of the ring member and the exit portion of the capillary-like passage, a cup shaped ring is disposed to permit the liquid emitted from the passage to be temporarily stored in the cup shaped portion thereof while the device is being spun. A circular catch basin in the form of a second cup shaped ring is disposed in conjunction with the first cup shaped ring so that the liquid may be permitted to drain therein when the spinning is slowed down or stopped, or when an excess of liquid has been collected.
Additional objects, features, and advantages of the present invention will become apparent to those skilled in the art from the following detailed description, and attached drawing on which, by way of example, only the preferred embodiment of the present invention is illustrated.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWING The single FIGURE shows a cross-sectional elevation view illustrating the device of the present invention.
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION It is to be noted that the single FIGURE of the drawing is illustrative and symbolic of the invention, and there is no intention to indicate scale or relative proportions of the elements shown therein. For the pur- LII pose of simplicity, the present invention will be described in connection with a device for forming blood slides for medical examination, however, the present invention is in no way limited to a device for forming such blood slides, rather is applicable to any device which is spun to form thin films of a liquid on a member.
Referring to the single FIGURE of the drawing, there is shown a liquid receiving member 10 which may be a blood slide. On a flat surface of liquid receiving member 10, a quantity of liquid 12, such as blood, is deposited. Receiving member 10 is disposed on the central surface 14 of dish-like platen or member 16. Member 16 has tapered walls 18 surrounding central surface 14, which tapered walls terminate in lip 20 at the outer peripheral edge thereof. A circular ring 22 is disposed in conjunction with lip 20 so as to form a capillary-like passage 24 between lip 20 and circular ring 22. At the outer periphery of circular ring 22 and at the exit portion of passage 24, a cup shaped ring 26 is disposed to intercept any liquid emitted from passage 24, and collect and store such liquid in the cup shaped portion thereof while dish-like member 16 is being spun.
Circular ring 22 is fixedly associated with dish-like member 16 and is illustrated in the drawing as being attached to dish-like member 16 by means of separators 28. Cup shaped ring 26 is fixedly attached to circular ring 22 in such manner as to have the concave cup shaped portion thereof facing capillary-like passage 24. Cup shaped ring 26 is illustrated as overhanging lip 20 and passage 24. A catch basin 30 in the form of a second cup shaped ring is disposed in conjunction with cup shaped ring 26 so that any liquid collected and temporarily stored in cup shaped ring 26 may be permitted to drain therefrom into catch basin 30 when spinning is stopped, slowed down, or when an excess of liquid is collected in cup shaped ring 26. Catch basin 30 may be provided with an absorbent material 32 disposed therein so that when liquid from cup shaped ring 26 drains, it will be absorbed thereby. A suitable absorbent material for this purpose may be any porous material such, for example, as felt, foam rubber, cloth and the like.
Liquid receiving member 10 may be held in place within dish-like member 16 by any suitable means known in the art. The drawing illustrates a vacuum means for accomplishing this result. A suitable vacuum source, not shown, may be attached to passage 34 within shaft 36, passage 34 terminating in the central surface 14 of platen or member 16. Shaft 36 may be attached to any suitable spinning means, such for example as motor 38.
The operation of the present device is as follows. When it is desired to form a blood slide, a suitable glass slide 10 is placed within dish-like platen 16 and is held down by suitable vacuum or mechanical means. A quantity of blood 12 is then placed on the exposed flat surface of the slide. Platen 16 together with circular ring 22 and cup shaped ring 26 are then caused to spin by means of an electric motor. A typical range of spinning speeds for forming blood slides is 3,600 to 5,000 revolutions per minute. For the purpose of understanding the method of and apparatus for formation of blood slides, reference is made to US. Pat. application Ser. No. 363,433 entitled Blood Smeared Slide Centri fuge filed simultaneously herewith by L. G. Amos, J. W. Bacus, R. C. Beaty, and C. H. Rogers, and US. Pat.
'- application Ser. No. 363,434, now US. Pat. No.
' 3,827,805 entitled System For Controlling Centrifugal Forces to Produce Cellular Monolayers also filed simultaneously herewith by G. R. Mansfield, K. J. Sullivanand C. H. Rogers. These applications are incorporated herein by reference. As the device is spun, the liquid blood rapidly spreads out over the slide by means of centrifugal force and the excess is caused to drain off the edges of slide onto the tapered walls 18 of platen 16. This liquid blood continues to flow along the tapered walls 18 as a film or stream 40, as a result of centrifugal force, until it reaches capillary-like passage 24.
' Any blood aerosol 42 which is generated when the blood drains off of the edges of slide 10 or at any other place in the device is airborn within the dish-like platen. The air above platen 16 in immediate contact with the surrounding surfaces is also caused to be spun as a result of the spinning of platen 16. As this air spins, centrifugal force causes the blood aerosol 42 to impinge upon tapered walls 18 and combine with the excess liquid blood which flows along tapered walls 18. When this liquid blood and collected aerosol reaches capillary-like passage 24, centrifugal force and capillary action then pull the liquid blood, in the form of a thin film through the capillary-like passage and the liquid blood is collected and temporarily stored within the concave portion of cup shaped ring 26 until the spinning motion is substantially slowed down or stopped. At this point, the liquid blood drains from cup shaped ring 26 and is collected by absorbent material 32 in catch basin 30. As a result of the capillary action I through passage 24, any liquid which may still be present along tapered walls 18 when spinning is stopped continues to flow through passage 24 and is also collected in catch basin 30.
For further safety the device shown in the drawing may be placed within a container havng a cover or lid which would further prevent the dispersion of any aerosol that is generated by spinning.
A specific example of a liquid and aerosol collecting device of the present invention is as follows. Dish-like without blood'aerosol residue,the excess blood and blood aerosol having been collected in the catch basin.
Although the presentv invention has been described with respect to specific details of certain embodiments thereof, it is not intended that such details be limitationsupon the scope of thepresent invention except insofar as is set forth in the following claims.
1. A liquid and aerosol collecting device comprising a dish-like member having sloped walls and a horizontally extending lip along the outer peripheral edge of said sloped walls, said dish-like member being adapted to accommodate and support a liquid receiving member having at least one flat surface adapted to receive a liquid thereon,
a circular member having a horizontally extending annular portion disposed closely adjacent said lip so as to define a passage between one surface of said circular member and said lip and a depending portion encompassing said lip,
means for spinning said dish-like member and said liquid receiving member together about an axis substantially perpendicular to said one flat surface so that at least a portion of any liquid disposed on said one flat surface is caused to flow off an edge of said member, at least a portion of any aerosol of said liquid that is formed being recombined with said portion of said liquid, and
means for collecting said liquid operatively associated with said dish-like member and said circular member.
2. The liquid and aerosol collecting device of claim 1 wherein said passage is a capillary-like passage.
3. The liquid and aerosol collecting device of claim 1 wherein said depending portion comprises a cup shaped ring disposed at the outer peripheral edge of said circular member so as to receive any liquid emitted from said passage.
4. The liquid and aerosol collecting device of claim 3 wherein said means for collecting liquid comprises a second cup shaped ring and a liquid absorbent material disposed therein, said first cup shaped ring being disposed such that said liquid ultimately drains into said second cup shaped ring and is absorbed by said absorbent material.
5. The liquid and aerosol collecting device of claim 1 wherein said dish-like member with sloped sides furthercomprises a means for retaining said liquid receiving member in place during spinning.