US 3870084 A
A waste disposal system for a boat equipped with a head and a waste-holding tank for receiving sewage therefrom. A dual deck fitting and associated equipment permits conventional dockside pumpout of the holding tank and also permits overboard dump of the contents of the tank. The dual deck fitting is provided with a pair of plugs, one of which embodies a pivotable handle which facilitates threading and unthreading of the plug in the deck fitting and also a lug which engages a slot in the other plug to facilitate threading and unthreading of the latter plug in the deck fitting.
Claims available in
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
12 1 Mute States atent' 1191 1111 3,870,084 Gezari 5] Mar. 11, 1975 [5 PIPE FITTING CLOSURE 2,646,704 7/1953 Reider 81/31 0 v Inventor: Walter A. Gezari, ng o h, 2,728 483 12/1955 Smolen 2-0/39 R g Primary Examiner-Jerry W. Myracle  Assignee: ilnternational Telephone and Attorney, Agent, or FirmThomas L. Peterson Telegraph Corporation, New York, NY.  ABSTRACT  Filed; De 15, 1972 A waste disposal system for a boat equipped with a head and a waste-holding tank for receiving sewage [211 App! therefrom. A dual deck fitting and associated equipment permits conventional dockside pumpout 0f the 521 US. Cl. 138/89 holding tank and also permits overboard p of the 51 Int. Cl. F16! 55/00 contents of the tank- The dual deck fitting is provided  Field of Search 138/89; 81/3.l c; with a p of p g one of which embodies a p 220/39 R able handle which facilitates threading and unthreadt of the plug in the deck fitting and also a lug which  References Cit d engages a slot in the other plug to facilitate threading UNITED STATES PATENTS and unthreading of the latter plug in the deck fitting.
623.029 4/1899 McCollum 138/89 x 5 Claims, 4 Drawing Figures PAIEN MARI 1 I975 HOLD/N6 5 TANK BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention This invention relates generally to a waste disposal system for boats and, more particularly, to a novel waste disposal system which permits both conventional dockside pumpout of a waste holding tank and overboard dump of the contents of the tank.
2. Description of the Prior Art Recently, laws have been promulgated which prohibit the discharge of sewage and other waste materials through the hull of a vessel inside the l2-mile limit from shore. Pursuant to these laws, vessels may not be provided with a conduit or fitting in the hull which connects to a waste holding tank. Present vessels do, however, have a deck fitting which permits communication with the holding tank whereby the tank may be pumped out when the vessel is in port. Present deck fittings and associated equipment cannot be converted to an overboard dump when the vessel is outside the l2-mile limit. Thus, what is desired and constitutes the principal object of the present invention is a waste disposal system which permits conventional dockside pumpout of a holding tank as well as overboard dump of the contents of the tank.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION According to the principal aspect of the present invention, there is provided a waste disposal system for a boat having a head and a waste-holding tank for receiving sewage from the head. The system includes a dual deck fitting which is mounted in an aperture in the boat deck. The fitting is formed with two pairs of inlet and outlet ports, one pair being larger than the second pair. A conduit connects the waste holding tank to the larger inlet port. The inlet of an outboard pump is connected to a T-fitting in the first conduit and the outlet of the pump is connected to the smaller inlet port of the dual deck fitting. Plugs are mounted in the outlet ports of the deck fitting to close the same. When conventional dockside pumpout of the holding tank is desired, the larger plug in the dual deck fitting is removed and a conduit is connected between the larger outlet port and a dockside pump for removing sewage from the holding tank. When it is desired to dump the contents of the tank overboard at sea, the smaller diameter plug is removed from the fitting, a hose is connected in place of such plug, and the onboard pump is energized.
According to another aspect of the present invention, the larger plug of the above-described deck fitting is provided with a pivotable handle which is adapted to be raised from a normal horizontal position to a vertical position to facilitate threading and unthreading of the plug in its respective outlet port. The plug is also provided with a lug which is engageable in a slot in the upper surface of the smaller plug to facilitate the threading and unthreading of the smaller plug in its outlet port. Thus, no special tools are required for removing the plugs from the deck fitting.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is a schematic illustration of a boat equipped with a waste disposal system according to the invention;
FIG. 2 is a top plan view of the dual deck fitting utilized in the waste disposal system of the invention;
2 FIG. 3 is a vertical sectional view taken along line 3-3 of FIG. 2; and FIG. 4 is a top plan view ofthe larger plug of the dec fitting with the pivoted handles removed therefrom.
DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT Referring now to the drawing in detail, there is illustrated in FIG. 1 a pleasure boat, generally designated 10, which may be of any suitable type and is here illustrated as being a cabin cruiser. The boat is provided with a head or toilet 12 which is connected through a conduit 14 to a waste holding tank 15. A dual deck fitting 16 is mounted through an aperture 18 in the boat deck 20.
As best seen in FIG. 3, the deck fitting 16 is a molded plastic body having large and small diameter downwardly depending cylindrical sections 22 and 24, respectively, and a peripheral flange 26. As seen in FIG. 2, the flange is provided with three apertures 28 through which screws, not shown, pass for mounting the fitting 16 on the boat deck. An internally threaded metallic insert 30 is mounted within the bore 32 of the larger cylindrical section 22. The insert is molded in place when the body of the deck fitting 16 is formed. The upper end 34 of the insert is coplanar with the bottom 36 of a recess 38 formed in the upper surface 40 of the fitting. The bottom of the insert 30 is coplanar with the bottom 42 of the cylindrical section 22 of the fitting body. A plastic hose-coupling member 44 is fixed to the bottom 42 of the body section 22 by ultrasonic welding or the like. The coupling member 44 embodies a downwardly depending neck 46 which is formed on its outer surface with annular barbs 48 for retaining a flexible hose (not shown in FIG. 3) which is forced onto the neck.
The smaller diameter section 24 of the fitting 10 is provided with a metallic insert and a hose coupling member, as well as other constructional features which are identical in all respects to that provided for in the cylindrical section 22 of the fitting except that in the section 24, the various parts and openings are of smaller diameter. When reference is made hereinafter in this specification to the various parts of the cylindrical section 24 of the fitting, the same reference numerals employed in connection with the parts in the cylindrical section 22 will be used with the identifying suffix a added.
A plug 50 is mounted in the large diameter section 22 of the fitting. The plug comprises a cylindrical body portion 52 which is externally threaded to engage the internally threaded insert 30. An outwardly extending flange 54 is formed on the plug which rests on the upper surface of the insert 30 when the plug is fully threaded into the insert. At this instance, the upper surface 56 of the plug will be flush or coplanar with top surface 40 for the fitting. An O-ring 58 mounted in an annular groove 60 at the outer surface of the flange 54 provides a seal between the upper portion of the plug and the cylindrical wall of the recess 38. This seal is effective upon initial threading of the plug into the fitting so that a seal is provided even though the plug is not fully tightened down into the fitting.
As best seen in FIG. 4, an elongated recess 62 is formed in the upper surface of the plug 50. This recess includes a pair of parallel flat sides 64 and circular ends 66. A laterally extending channel 68 formed in the bottom of the recess extends from the opposite fiat sides 64 thereof. A pair of pivot pins 70 extend transversely of the elongated recess 62 over the channel 68 and are retained in passages 72 formed in the sides of the plug 50. The pins are positioned relatively close to the transverse center line 74 passing through the center of the plug normal to the sides 64 of the recess. A pair of flat tabs 76 are positioned in the recess 62 in side-by-side relation with their juxtaposed surfaces 78 lying parallel and slightly spaced from the center line 74 of the plug. The tabs are pivotably mounted on the pins 70. Springs 80 carried by the pins 70 urge the tabs to a downward position in the recess 72 wherein the upper surfaces 82 of the tabs are coplanar with the upper surface 40 of the fitting body thereby providing a low profile fitting which will not interfere with movement of personnel on the boat deck.
The opposed ends 84 of the tabs 76 are each formed with an upper outwardly extending peripheral lip 86. Depressions 88 are formed in the upper surface plug 50 adjacent the circular ends 66 of the recess 62. Thus, a user may insert his finger into the depressions to engage under the lips 86 and lift the tabs 82 to a vertical position, as shown in phantom lines in FIG. 3. In this position, the tabs provide a handle for rotating the plug in the fitting 16.
A small plug 90 is threaded in the metal insert 30a in the small diameter section 24 of the fitting. The outer configuration of this plug is similar to the plug 50. An elongated slot 92 is formed in the upper surface 94 of the plug 90 which is adapted to receive a complementary shaped lug 96 which is formed on the bottom of the plug 50. Thus, when the plug 50 is removed from the section 22 of the fitting, the lug 96 on the plug may be inserted into the slot 92 of the smaller plug 90 and used as a tool to thread or unthread the'latter plug in the smaller cylindrical section 24 of the fitting. It will be further appreciated that the neck 46 and bore 32 of the larger section 22 of the fitting provide a first pair of inlet and outlet ports while the neck 46a and bore 30:: is the cylindrical section 24 of the fitting provides a second, but smaller, pair of inlet and outlet ports, the outlet ports of the two sections being normally cosed by the plugs 50 and 90, respectively.
Referring again to FIG. 1 of the drawings, it is seen that a conduit 100 connects the holding tank to the inlet port 46 of the fitting 16. A T-fitting 102 is mounted in the conduit 100. The base 104 of the T- fitting is connected by means of a conduit 106 to the inlet ofa pump 108. Preferably, the pump 108 is a macerator pump which grinds waste down to small particle size. The outlet of the pump 108 is connected via conduit 110 to the inlet port 46a of the fitting 16.
When it is desired to evacuate the contents of the holding tank 15 to a dockside tank, the plug 50 is removed from the fitting 16 and a hose 112 is connected at one end to the outlet port 30 of the fitting, and the other end of the hose is connected to a dockside pump 114. Energization of the pump 114 will remove waste from the holding tank 16 to the dockside tank, not shown.
When it is desired to dump the contents of the holding tank 15 overboard at sea, the plug 50 is removed from the fitting 16 and used as a tool to remove the smaller plug 90. Thereafter, the larger plut 50 is replaced in the fitting and a hose, not shown, is connected in place of the smaller diameter plug 90. The pump 108 is then energized to withdraw the contents of the holding tank 15 through the conduits 106 and outwardly through the hose which extends overboard.
Thus, it is seen by the present invention there is provided a novel deck fitting and associated equipment which permits conventional dockside pumpout of a holding tank and also permits overboard dumping of the contents at sea and does not require any special tools for removing the plugs from the deck fitting.
Although i have herein shown and described my invention in what i have conceived to be the most practical and preferred embodiment, it is recognized that departures may be made therefrom Within the scope of my invention which is not to be limited to the details disclosed herein but is to be recorded the full scope of the claims so as to embrace any and all equivalents, structures and systems.
What Is claimed is:
l. A fitting for mounting on a boat deck, said fitting being adapted to be connected to a waste disposal system in the boat, comprising:
a body formed with first and second pairs of inlet and outlet ports, said outlet ports being above said inlet ports;
first and second plugs threaded into said first and second Outlet ports, respectively;
pivotable handle means on the top of said first plug adapted to be raised from a normal horizontal position to a vertical position to facilitate threading and unthreading of said plug in its respective outlet port;
a slot in the upper surface of said second plug; and
a lug on the bottom of said first plug engageable in said slot to facilitate threading and unthreading of said second plug in its respective outlet port.
2. A fitting as set forth in claim 1 wherein:
said handle means comprises a pair of generally flat tabs mounted in a recess in the upper surface of said first plug in side-by-side relation; and
means mounting said tabs for pivotable movement about generally horizontally extending axes parallel and adjacent to the juxtaposed sides of said tabs.
3. A fitting as set forth in claim 1 including:
springmeans urging said tabs to said normal horizontal position.
4. A fitting as set forth in claim 1 wherein:
said body has a flat upper surface; and
the upper surface of said first and second plugs and said handle means are flush with said flat upper surface. 4
5. A fitting as set forth in claim 1 wherein:
said first port islarger than said second port.