US 3870186 A
This invention contemplates a liquid-sealing assembly of a liquid-dispensing fitting to the open tubular end of a container body, and featuring ease of automated assembly, as well as effectiveness of the seal, even when the fitting is a threaded part which is necessarily subjected to reaction torque with respect to the container body, for each opening and closing of the container. A relatively soft yieldable bushing is radially compressed to permanently retain and seal the assembly, and the proportions of fitted parts are such that seal-effectiveness and appearance cannot be impaired in the course of automated assembly.
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
United States Patent 1191 Reinhard 1 CONTAINER CONSTRUCTION FOR MASCARA AND LIKE SUBSTANCES  Inventor: Willy Reinhard, Buergeln, Germany  Assignee: Gebruder Seidel KG, Marburg,
Germany  Filed: Feb. 20, 1973  Appl. No.: 333,780
 References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,983,946 5/1961 Edelstonc ct al. 401/121 3,084,374 4/1963 Ziegler 1 401/122 3,151,787 10/1964 Miller 222/542 3,451,583 6/1969 Lcc 215/52 3,638,821 2/1972 Guala 215/52 3,670,915 6/1972 Forman 215/48 1451 Mar. 11, 1975 3,756,731 9/1973 Aubry 401/122 FOREIGN PATENTS OR APPLICATIONS 610,629 10/1960 ltaly 215/364 1,532,385 l/1970 Germany 215/358 Primary ExaminerWil1iam 1. Price Assistant Examiner-Allan N. Shoap Attorney, Agent, or Firm-Sandoe, Hopgood & Calimafde  ABSTRACT This invention contemplates a liquid-sealing assembly of a liquid-dispensing fitting to the open tubular end of a container body, and featuring ease of automated assembly, as well as effectiveness of the seal, even when the fitting is a threaded part which is necessarily subjected to reaction torque with respect to the container body, for each opening and closing of the container. A relatively soft yieldable bushing is radially compressed to permanently retain and seal the assembly, and the proportions of fitted parts are such that sealeffectiveness and appearance cannot be impaired in the course of automated assembly.
16 Claims, 5 Drawing Figures CONTAINER CONSTRUCTION FOR MASCARA AND LIKE SUBSTANCES This invention relates to the construction of a container for liquid cosmetic or the like substance, such as mascara, wherein the container is selectively openable from and returnable to a fully sealed closure of the dispensing end.
Containers of the character indicated generally rely upon a threaded cap-to-container closure, and it is desirable that the threaded parts shall be universally applicable to a variety of body designs, thereby reducing the cost of manufacture to meet demand for a large variety of external appearances. But the constructions previously used have not been particularly adaptable to automated assembly, in that they have been subject to scuffing (and production of offal) in the course of axial assembly, as when the sharp open end of a tubular metal body is to receive the inserted end of a sealing member or fitting.
It is accordingly an object of the invention to provide an improved construction of the character indicated.
A specific object is to provide such a construction which particularly lends itself for use in automated assembly of containers.
Another specific object is to meet the above objects with a superior seal and permanent assembly of a dispensing fitting to the body of such a container.
A general object is to meet the above objects with an inherently simple, trouble-free and low-cost construction.
Other objects and various further features of novelty and invention will be pointed out or will occur to those skilled in the art from a reading of the following specification in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
In said drawings, which show, for illustrative purposes only, a preferred form of the invention:
FIG. I is a view in elevation of a mascara or the like container incorporating the invention, and shown in closed condition;
FIG. 2 is a view similar to FIG. 1, for an opening condition of the container; I
FIG. 3 is a longitudinal sectional view of the container of FIG. 1, with closure cap removed;
FIG. 4 is an exploded view in elevation of the parts of FIG. 3, in partial section; and
FIG. 5 is a fragementary view in elevation, partly broken away and in logitudinal section, to show a modification of a part of the combination of FIGS. 1 through 4.
The invention is shown in application to a mascara container, comprising a container-body part and a closure-cap part 11. An upstanding neck fitting 12 is carried at the upper end of body 10 and includes threads 13 for engagement with the threaded bore of the cap part 11. An applicator wand 14 carried by the cap part 11 is enterable in the central dispensing-access passage of the neck fitting l2 and, as shown, the projecting end of wand 14 is formed with applicator bristles 14 which are submerged in cosmetic substance when the container is closed.
Referring more particularly to FIGS. 3 and 4, the body part 10 is an assembly of a base cup or shell 16, a bushing 17, and of the neck fitting 12. Shell 16 may have a cylindrical bore of radius R near its upper open end, being of drawn or otherwise formed metal such as aluminum, variously brushed," anodized or otherwise finished, as desired for appearance. Bushing 17 is molded, relatively soft and resiliently yieldable, being of a material having elastomeric properties, as for example low-density polyethylene. And the neck fitting 12 may be injection-molded of a more hard and stiff plastic, such as high-density polyethylene or polypropylene.
Bushing 17 is characterized by a primary outer cylindrical surface 20 for ultimate engagement with the bore of shell 16 but formed in the unstressed condition at a radius R, which is slightly less than radius R to permit relatively friction-free axial subassembly of bushing 17 to shell 16. A reduced lower piloting land 21 facilitates initial entry for such subassembly, and an end chamfer 22 and a tapered connection 23 further facilitate the insertion, the same being limited by an externally ribbed flange 24 which defines a shoulder for location against the axial end of shell 16. The bore of bushing 17 is cylindrical, of radius R being shown gently flared at 25 to the base end of a counterbore 26 within flange 24; preferably, the flare 25 is of axial extent which straddles the juncture of flange 24 to the body section 20. Counterbore 26 is axially and radially dimensioned to fully receive the flange 27 of neck fitting 12. Beneath flange 27, fitting 12 includes a cylindrical sleeve 28 with a mounting surface of radius R, greater than the unstressed bore radius R of sleeve 17, and a reduced lower piloting land 29 is of radius R (less than radius R to facilitate driven insertion of fitting sleeve 28 into the bushing bore 17; an end chamfer 30 and a tapered connection 30' further facilitate such insertion, the same being limited when flange 27 is fully seated within the counterbore 26.
To complete the description of parts, the neck fitting 12 includes the upwardly projecting body portion 31 with external threads 13 and with the central dispensing-access passage 32. The mouth 33 of passage 32 is outwardly flared, to facilitate insertion of applicator 14-15, and the upwardly projecting end has both concave and convex chamfers to define a circumferentially extensive line or edge for axially driven sealing contact against a flat annular bottom 34 (FIG. 2) of the opening in which the threaded neck body 31 is received in cap 11. The passage 32 extends a major fraction of the length of fitting 12, being further defined by an integral secondary sleeve 35, depending from body 31 in the region beneath flange 27 and in radial clearance with the primary mounting sleeve 28. A convergent lip 36 at the lower end of sleeve 35 has light wiping interference with the diameter of wand 14, and plural spaced longitudinal groove formations in the wall of passage 32 serve to key the molded part 12, for threaded disengagement from its mold; each such groove formation terminates at 37, prior to commencement of the flared mouth of passage 32.
To assemble the described construction, bushing 17 is first assembled, via piloting land 21, to the open end of body shell 16. Such insertion is relatively free due to the unstressed condition of the bushing 17 and due to the clearance between radii R -R and the insertion is limited by abutment at the shoulder of flange 24. In view of this clearance and in view of the preferred employment of an inherently low-friction material such as polyethylene for the bushing 17, any tendency to scuff and otherwise disturb the molded contour of bushing 17 is reduced to a minimum for this insertion step. The subassembly of bushing 17 to shell 16 thus presents a low-friction liner for the subsequent assembly of the neck fitting 12 at sleeve portion 28 thereof. Such insertion is initially free on the piloting land 29, in view of the clearance between radii R and R However, the tapered connection 30 serves as an outward displacing wedge acting on the bore of bushing 17 as the fitting 12 is driven into its home position, with flange 27 seated in the counterbore 26. The radially outward displacement of bushing body material in the course of this assembly is inherently self-adapting to minor irregularities in the bore of body shell 16, thus assuring a perfect sealing relationship which retains its permanence.
The described structure is seen to have met all stated objects and is assembled with relative ease in steps which may be readily automated. Any minor misalignment in the course of automated handling is selfcorrecting, by reason of the various chamfered and otherwise tapered transitions to and between cylindrical surfaces. The relatively large bore (radius R of the bushing 17 permits rapid and easy container-filling, the fitting 12 being assembled only after filling; in such case, the bushing also protects the shell 16 and its finish during the filling operation.
In a particular advantageous employment of the invention, for a shell 16 of l4-mm diameter and 0.35-mm thickness, the sleeve thickness T, at 28 exceeds body thickness T of bushing 17 to the extent of roughly 50 percent, and the interference at R R exceeds the clearance at R -Rg to the extent of approximately 3:1. Also, the effective cylindrical mounting length L, of the sleeve 28 exceeds the effective cylindrical body length L, of the bushing 17, as shown in the assembly of FIG. 3, whereby clamping stresses are fully accommodated well within both axial limits of the length L of deformable surface 20, and stress concentrations are avoided in the relatively embrittled (and, therefore, otherwise rupturable) upper axial end of shell 16.
While the invention has been described in detail for the preferred form shown, it will be understood that modifications may be made without departure from the scope of the invention. For example, the bushing described at 17 may be the open end or skirt of an elongate cup, the remaining skirt wall of which is suggested at 21 FIG. 5 (i.e., as a continuation of wall surface 21) extending to a closed bottom wall 38, in which case the inner cup 21" is itself the reservoir for cosmetic substance to the dispensed. Such a construction lends itself to the provision of various different cosmetic-reservoir volumes (for any given outer shell 16) to suit customer requirements, and with assurance that even though less cosmetic substance is accommodated, there is an ability to employ applicator 14-l5 to extract and use a greater fraction of the available cosmetic substance. Also, since such a modified construction avoids the need to establish a liquid seal between the bushing 17-21 and shell 16, lesser differences in relative softness between the two plastic parts (17-21', and 12) can be tolerated, without impairing the ability to establish the described remaining seal engagements, as long as care is taken that bushing deformation (upon assembly of part 12) establishes permanent retention to the shell 16.
1. In a container for liquid cosmetic or the like substance, a body having a tubular open end, a flanged cylindrical tubular bushing of relatively yieldable material received in said open end to an extent axially limited by the flanged portion of said bushing, and a flanged relatively stiff dispensing fitting including an upwardly extending threaded neck with an internal passage open at both axial ends, said fitting having a tubular sleeve received in said bushing to an extent axially limited by the flanged portion of said fitting, said bushing having an unstressed external cylindrical diameter less than the bore diameter of the tubular open end in which it is received, whereby bushing sub-assembly to said body is essentially frictionless, and said sleeve having an exter nal cylindrical diameter greater than the unstressed bore diameter of said bushing and being chamfered at the lower end, whereby assembly of said fitting to the sub-assembled bushing and body is a force-fit in which said bushing is radially expanded, the extent of sleeveto-bushing interference being such in relation to the unstressed clearance of the subassembled parts that said bushing is radially compressionally loaded in circumferentially continuous engagement with the body bore upon assembly of said fitting.
2. The container of claim 1, in which said body is of metal.
3. The container of claim 2, in which said body is of anodized aluminum.
4. The container of claim 1, in which said bushing is of elastomeric material.
5. The container of claim 1, in which said fitting is of injection-molded plastic.
6. The container of claim 1, in which the flanged portions of said bushing and fitting are circumferentially continuous, the bushing flange being larger than the fitting flange, and the bushing bore having a counterbore of size substantially fully accommodating said fitting flange.
7. The container of claim 1, in which said fitting includes an integral secondary sleeve portion concentric within and radially spaced from said sleeve, said secondary sleeve portion communicating with said passage and having a radially inward wiper lip at its lower end.
8. The container of claim 7, in which said secondary sleeve portion is located-only in the region beneath the axial location of the flanged portion of said fitting.
9. The container of claim 1, in which the bushing bore is chamfered at the end location of initial assembled engagement to the chamfered end of said sleeve.
10. The container of claim 1, in which said bushing has a piloting lower end of diameter reduced from said cylindrical diameter.
11. The container of claim 1, in which said sleeve has a piloting lower end of diameter less than the unstressed bore diameter of said bushing.
12. The container of claim 1, in which said passage is longitudinally grooved.
13. The container of claim 12, in which plural angularly spaced longitudinal grooves characterize a substantial fraction of the length of said passage.
14. The container of claim 1, in which said bushing is axially elongate and includes a closed bottom end wall, whereby the bushing constitutes the reservoir for cosmetic or the like substance.
15. In a container of the character indicated, a body shell having a tubular cylindrical open end, a relatively soft deformable flanged tubular cylindrical bushing having a clampable length of unstressed outer diameter which clears the bore diameter of said open end with the flanged portion axially located by said open end, the bore of said bushing being predominantly cylindriface of said sleeve axially overlapping the flared region of the bushing bore, whereby clamping stress is relatively relieved at the axial-end region of said shell.
16. The container of claim 15, in which the clampable axial length of said bushing exceeds the effective axial extent of said cylindrical sleeve portion, whereby circumferentially continuous regions of reduced compressionally loaded bushing material exist at both axial ends of the clamped region thereof.