US 3870366 A
Knockdown furniture, such as chairs, sofas, tables, etc., in sections that may be assembled without nails or screws, and that may be readily disassembled for shipping or storage.
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
United States Patent 1191 Rogers I 1111 3,870,366 1451 Mar. 11, 1975 KNOCKDOWN FURNITURE  Inventor: Lucious E. Rogers, 1011 W. Fugate,
Houston, Tex. 77009  Filed: July 9, 1973  Appl. No.: 377,742
 US. Cl. 297/440, 297/450  Int. Cl. A47c 4/02, A47c 7/20  Field of Search 297/284, 416, 440, 445,
[5 6] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 12/1909 Flindall 297/284 2,620,024 12/1952 Rietman ..297/416 2,678,088 5/1954 Jamison. Jr. 297/416 3,170,729 2/1965 Grant 297/440 3,170,729 2/1965 Grant.... 297/416 ux 3,233,942 2/1966 Creutz 297/463 3,423.772 1/1969 Mainguy 297/440 3,526,433 9/1970 Miller 297/440 Primary ExuminerCasmir A. Nunberg Attorney, Agent, or Firm-Ranseler O. Wyatt  ABSTRACT Knockdown furniture, such as chairs, sofas, tables, etc., in sections that may be assembled without nails or screws, and that may be readily disassembled for shipping or storage.
5 Claims, 7 Drawing Figures 1 KNOCKDOWN FURNITURE SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION In patio furniture, or bayshore home furniture, there are many reasons for providing a rugged type of furniture that may be quickly and easily disassembled for storage or movement. This invention has relation to such type of furniture, being formed in novel contour and having means for anchoring the parts in assembled relation and for providing strength at the points of stress without permanent anchoring. The parts are provided with abutting load bearing shoulders, and pins on one section to be inserted into pinholes on the other section for locking the parts in position, and removable locking means for locking the parts in reinforced assembled position.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is an elevational perspective view, showing an assembled chair.
FIG. 2 shows the various parts of the chair, less the cushion, in disassembled relation.
FIG. 3 is an exploded view of the anchoring means employed.
FIG. 4 is an exploded view of the adaptation of the invention to a couch.
FIG. 5 is an elevational, perspective of an end table constructed in accordance with the invention.
FIG. 6 is another view of said end table, showing the top members of the table in elevated position, and
FIG. 7 is an exploded view of the end table framework.
DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT In the drawings, the numeral I designates the back member which is formed ofa single piece of rigid material notched at the upper corners as 2 in which pin holes 3 are formed, and which has the reduced margins 4, 4 forming the shoulders 5, 5 and having the floor support 6 upon which the floor 7 rests, and having inwardly extending members 8, in which the upstanding pins 9 are mounted. The front member 10 is similarly formed, except that it is not as high as the back member 1, and said front member is provided with the notches 11, 11 having pin holes 12 and the reduced margins forming the shoulders 13, 13 and the inwardly extending members 14 are mounted on the lower margin of the member 10 and have upstanding pins 15. A floor supporting member (not shown) is also mounted on the inside wall of the front member 10, in horizontal alignment with the floor supporting member 6.
The side members l6, 16 have the inwardly extending members l7, 17 with downwardly extending pins therein as 18, to fit in the pin holes 3, which may be lined with female metallic liners, as shown in FIG. 3, to prevent enlarging the holes by frequent assembly and disassembly. The extension may be dowelled permanently on the side members, as by the pins 19, 19. The side margins of the side members 16, 16 are reduced forming the shoulder 20, 21 adapted to rest on the shoulders 5, l3, and the inwardly extending members 22, 22, having the downwardly extending pins as 23, which fit in the pinholes 3, 12 respectively, and pinholes are formed in the bottom margin of the side members 16, 16 adjacent the feet 24, 24, to receive the pins 9, 15.
Arm rest members 25, 25 are channeled members which fit on the upper ends of the side members, and are notched at 26, to permit the side members to fit down on and lock on to the back member 1. A side member is formed of two hinged sections 27, 28 by means of the piano hinge 29 and the member 27 has a plurality of notches, as 30, in each side to engage the upper margin of the front member 10 and the other member 28 has a notched hanger as 31, adjacent each side margin, to engage the upper marginof the back member 1. Flexible cushion supports 32 are provided and the seat and back cushions 33, 34 are mounted on the said supports. 9
In the form shown in FIG. 4, a couch is formed by extending theback member 35 into three panels, joined by the piano hinges 36, 36, with each end panel having the shoulders 37, 38 and the pinholes 39, and the extensions 40 and pins 41 and each end members 51, 51 having the inwardly extending member 42, 42 and 43, 43 and pins 44, and having shoulders 52, 53 and the front member 45 formed of three panels, joined by piano hinges (not shown) and having the shoulders 46, 47 and the inwardly extending members as 48, with upwardly extending pins as 49, and there being the locking and reinforcing upper and lower channel members 50, 50 which fit over the paneled back member, and front members upper and lower margins when the panels are in extended position. In this form of the invention, the paneled back member and front member are extended longitudinally and the channel members 50, 50 fitted thereon to maintain the panels in extended position, and the end members 51, 51 joined to the front and back members by fitting the respective pins inthe respective holes and the arm rests 54, which are'channeled and notched adjacent the rear thereof, fitted over the upper end margins of the end members and engage the back member.
In the form shown in FIGS. 5 to 7, the table is formed of end members 55, 55 having the inwardly extending members 56, 56 on which the downwardly extending pins 57 are mounted and the shoulders 58, 59 are formed thereon. Floor suoporting members 60 are mounted on the inside of each end member 55. The side members 62, 62 have the integral channel members 61 at the top margins, with the channel thereof facing inwardly. Shoulders 53, 54 receive the extension 56 and shoulder 58 respectively and the pinholes 65 receive the pin 57 and the pin 66, in the inwardly extending member 67, receives the pinhole in the shoulder 59. Top members 68, 69 are hingedly mounted on the supports, as 70, which are mounted in the channel members 61 and slide longitudinally therein. Pins 71, 71 are mounted in the end margin of the panel 69 and extend outwardly therefrom and are adapted to be received by matching pinholes (not shown), in the end margin of the member 68, when the top members 68, 69 are moved into abutting relation.
In the form shown in FIGS. 5 to 7, the parts are readily assembled and disassembled by inserting the respective pins in the respective pin holes and the top members mounted in the channel members, and the floor 72 mounted on the supports 60. When the table is also used for storage purposes, such as for guns, or the like, the contents may be readily available by sliding the respective top members outwardly, and lifting on the abutting ends to raise them upwardly, as shown in FIG. 6.
Many other types of furniture and the like may be constructed as hereinbefore described, employing the pin and pinholes and the abutting shoulders.
What I claim is:
1. ln knockdown furniture, a front and a back member formed with marginal shoulders having pin receiving holes and inwardly extending members having upwardly extending pins, and having side members with matching load bearing shoulders and pins and pinholes adapted to join the front and back members, and channeled members adapted to be loosely mounted on the upper margin of the side members and engaging the rear member, and a seat member mounted on said front and back members, said seat member being comprised of two hinged sections, notches on one section to be selectively engaged with the upper margin ofthe front member and a hanger on the other section adapted to engage the upper margin of the back member.
2. The device defined in claim 1 wherein the front and back members are formed of hinged sections, and channel members are employed to fit over the upper and lower margins of the front and back members when in extended position to lock same in extended position.
3. The device defined in claim 1 wherein channels are formed in the upper portion of the inside walls of 4. The device defined in claim 1 wherein the seat member is omitted, and a top member is provided,
channels formed in the upperportion of the inside walls of said side members, and said top member slidably mounted in said channels, adjacent the respective ends of said assembled structure, and means are provided to lock said top member in position.
5. The device defined in claim 1 wherein said seat supports and seat are omitted, and a top assembly is provided, and wherein said end members are of the same height, channels formed in the upper portion of said side members, top member supports slidably mounted in said channels, top members hingedly mounted on said supports and adapted to be moved into abutting relation, the abutting end of one of said members being provided with pinholes, and the abutting end of the other of said top members having outwardly extending pins adapted to be inserted in said pinholes when the top members are moved into abut-