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Publication numberUS3870491 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMar 11, 1975
Filing dateJan 16, 1974
Priority dateJan 16, 1974
Publication numberUS 3870491 A, US 3870491A, US-A-3870491, US3870491 A, US3870491A
InventorsFriesen Dale M, Nordeen Erwin E
Original AssigneeWhirlpool Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Means for removably connecting a dirt collecting receptacle in a vacuum cleaner
US 3870491 A
Abstract
A structure for releasably connecting a dirt collecting receptacle of a vacuum cleaner to the outer end of an air flow duct. The connecting structure includes pivotal lever structure for selectively releasing a retained association between the dirt collecting receptacle and air duct and for urging the receptacle connector element outwardly from the duct end as a concomitant of the releasing action. The lever and fulcrum therefor may be integrally formed with the dirt collecting receptacle connector portion.
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United States Patent [1 1 Friesen et al.

[4 1 Mar. 11, 1975 1 MEANS FOR REMOVABLY CONNECTING A DIRT COLLECTING RECEPTACLE IN A VACUUM CLEANER [75] Inventors: Dale M. Friesen; Erwin E. Nordeen,

both of Saint Paul, Minn.

[73] Assignee: Whirlpool Corporation, Benton Harbor, Mich.

[22] Filed: Jan. 16, 1974 [21] Appl. N0.: 433,914

2,755,106 7/1956 Brennan et al. 285/7 3,245,698 4/1966 Fromknecht 285/7 FOREIGN PATENTS OR APPLICATIONS 659,664 10/1951 Great Britain 15/351 Primary Examiner-Bernard Nozick Attorney, Agent, or Firm-Hofgren, Wegner, Allen, Stellman & McCord [57 ABSTRACT A structure for releasably connecting a dirt collecting receptacle of a vacuum cleaner to the outer end of an air flow duct. The connecting structure includes pivotal lever structure for selectively releasing a retained association between the dirt collecting receptacle and air duct and for urging the receptacle connector element outwardly from the duct end as a concomitant of the releasing action. The lever and fulcrum therefor may be integrally formed with the dirt collecting receptacle connector portion.

13 Claims, 4 Drawing Figures MEANS FOR REMOVABLY CONNECTING A DIRT COLLECTING RECEPTACLE IN A VACUUM CLEANER BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention This invention relates to vacuum cleaners, and in particular to means for connecting a dirt collecting receptacle to the air duct portion of the vacuum cleaner.

2. Description of the Prior Art In one conventional form of vacuum cleaner, an upright arrangement is provided wherein a dirt collecting receptacle conventionally comprising a flexible bag, is carried on a handle portion of the vacuum cleaner, and includes a lower connecting portion adapted to be removably connected to the outer end of-an air flow duct adapted to discharge dirt-laden air into the dirt collecting bag. Conventionally, the lower portion of the vacuum cleaner includes a motor driven air moving means for sucking the dirt from the surface to be cleaned and delivering the dirtladen air through the air duct to the collecting receptacle.

Different devices have been provided heretofore for connecting the dirt collecting bag to the air duct of the base portion of the vacuum cleaner. One such device is that shown in the D. H. Brennan et al., U.S. Letters Pat. No. 2,755,106, wherein a pivoted floating latch is provided for the suction cleaner tube or hose coupling ofa vacuum cleaner. As shown in that patent, the floating latch comprises a mechanism attached to the vacuum cleaner structure by suitable attaching means. Another form of latching means is shown in the C. T. Fromknecht U.S. Letters Pat. No. 3,245,698, wherein the latch member is secured to a tubular section of a vacuum cleaner wand by rivets and includes a latching shoulder 25 which engages the far side of the catch portion to maintain the desired retained association.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The present invention comprehends an improved means for releasably connecting the dirt collecting receptacle ofa vacuum cleaner to the outer end of the air duct means thereof including means defining a downwardly facing shoulder on the duct spaced from the duct outer end, tubular means on the dirt collecting receptacle adapted to be removably fitted about the duct outer end to provide an air flow connection between the duct and receptacle, and means carried by the tubular means defining a lever having a first end movably disposed in retained engagement with the shoulder when the tubular means is fitted to the duct outer end, and an opposite, manipulating end. The lever defining means further defines a fulcrum swingably mounting a mid-portion of the lever to the tubular means to arrange the lever as a first class lever whereby depression of the manipulating end of the lever swings the first end free of engagement with the shoulder to permit removal of the tubular means and dirt collecting receptacle from the air flow duct as for disposal of collected dirt therefrom. The fulcrum may be disposed relative to the shoulder whereby a component of the force of depression of the lever manipulating portion is directed outwardly to urge the tubular means outwardly from the duct outer end.

The invention further comprehends providing a connecting means for connecting the dirt collecting receptacle to the duct end including means defining an upwardly facing shoulder on the duct upwardly of the downwardly facing shoulder and adapted to be engaged by the tubular means to limit the inward movement thereof onto the duct outer end to a position wherein the lever first end is disposed adjacent the downwardly facing shoulder.

The shoulder means may be integral with the duct end, and in the illustrated embodiment, each of the duct end andtubular means of the receptacle comprise molded synthetic resin elements wherein the shoulder means, lever and fulcrum means are integrally formed with the corresponding element.

In the illustrated embodiment, the dirt collecting receptacle comprises a conventional flexible bag having the connection tubular means sealingly secured to the lower end thereof.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWING Other features and advantages of the invention will be apparent from the following description taken in connection with the accompanying drawing wherein:

FIG. 1 is a perspective view of an upright vacuum cleaner having a dirt collecting receptacle connection means embodying the invention;

FIG. 2 is a fragmentary enlarged elevation taken substantially along the line 2-2 of FIG. 1;

FIG. 3 is a vertical section taken substantially along the line 3-3 of FIG. 2; and

FIG. 4 is a further enlarged fragmentary section illustrating in greater detail a portion of the structure of FIG. 3.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT In the exemplary embodiment of the invention as disclosed in the drawing, a vacuum cleaner generally designated 10 illustratively comprises an upright vacuum cleaner having a wheeled base portion 11 and an up standing handle 12. A dirt collecting receptacle illustratively comprising a dirt collecting bag 13, is carried on the upper portion 14 of the handle by a suitable spring connector 15 and includes a lower connector portion 16 adapted to be sealingly connected to the outer end 17 of an air flow duct 18 on the base 11.

Base 11 may be provided with a conventional motor driven air flow means (not shown) for sucking dirt from the subjacent surface to be cleaned and delivering the dirt-laden air through the duct 18 into the dirt collecting bag 13 which traps the dirt in the conventional manner.

From time to time, the collected dirt must be removed from bag 13 and, thus, it is desirable to provide a releasable connection of the bag to the air duct 18. The present invention comprehends an improved means for effecting such releasable connection.

More specifically, as seen in FIGS. 2-4, duct end 17 comprises a tubular wall which, in the illustrated embodiment, may be formed of molded synthetic resin. A projection 19 may be provided on the duct wall spaced from the distal end 20 thereof. Projection 19 defines a downwardly facing shoulder 21 and an upwardly facing shoulder 22. Projection 19 may be provided with a stepped portion 23 downwardly of shoulder 21 with upper shoulder 22 and stepped portion 23 being rounded, as best seen in FIG. 4.

Bag connector portion 16 comprises a tubular element having an inner configuration conforming to' the outer configuration of duct end 17 to permit the telescoped mounting of the connector 16 to the duct end 17, as best seen in FIG. 3. The upper end 31 of connector 16 includes an inwardly directed flange 32 which is sized to just overlie distal end 20 of duct end 17 to substantially prevent collected dirt from becoming lodged between distal end 17 and connector 16. At its lower end, the tubular connector means 16 may be provided with an outturned flange 24 adapted to form a seat for bag 13 and rigidify the tubular end and to have engagement with the outer shoulder 22 of duct end projection 19 when the connector portion 16 is fully telescoped onto the duct end 17, as shown in FIG. 3.

An improved structure for releasably latching the connector means 16 to the duct end is provided herein comprising a lever generally designated 25 carried on tubular connector means 16, and more specifically as shown in FIG. 4, formed integrally with flange portion 24 thereof to extend downwardly along the outer surface of duct 17 beyond projection 19 when the connector means 16 is installed on the duct end 17. Lever 25 includes a mounting portion 26 connected to the flange 24, and a pivot fulcrum portion 27 disposed to engage the outer surface of the duct end downwardly of projection 19 in the assembled association of the elements, as shown in FIG. 4. Lever 25 further includes a first end 29 normally disposed to lie behind and engaged with shoulder 21 in the telescoped relationship of the elements as shown in FIG. 3. The lever further includes a second, opposite manipulating end 30 downwardly of fulcrum 27 which, when urged toward duct end surface 28, causes lever 25 to act as a first class lever in moving end 29 outwardly from behind shoulder 21 and permitting upward movement of tubular connector means 16 from the duct end 17. Pivot fulcrum 27, as shown in FIG. 4, is preferably rounded to facilitate pivoting thereabout.

As shown in FIG. 4, the force F acting against the lever end 30 has a component F acting parallel to the surface 28 thereby urging the tubular connector means 16 outwardly from the duct end 17 for facilitating the disconnection of the bag from the vacuum cleaner base 11. Upon such disconnection, the vacuum cleaner bag may be removed from the vacuum cleaner by removal of the connecting portion from handle 12, and the collected dirt may be disposed of in the normal manner. The bag may then be readily reinstalled in the vacuum cleaner by reconnecting bag support means 15, and moving the tubular connector means 16 telescopically back onto duct end 17 with the lever end 29 being cammed around projection 19 by the rounded shoulder 22 back to the position of FIG. 3 wherein flange 24 limits the telescopic movement to position the lever end 29 behind downwardly facing shoulder 21 thereby again latching the tubular connector means 16 to the duct end for further use of the vacuum cleaner in the normal manner.

As the projection 19 may be integrally molded with the duct end 17 and connecting means 25, 26, 27, 29 and 30 may be integrally molded with the tubular connector means 16, the connector structure of the present invention is extremely simple and economical of construction while yet providing facilitated installation and removal of the dirt collecting receptacle from the vacuum cleaner as discussed above.

The foregoing disclosure of specific embodiments is illustrative of the broad inventive concepts comprehended by the invention.

Having described the invention, the embodiments of the invention in which an exclusive property or privilege is claimed are defined as follows:

1. In a vacuum cleaner having an air flow means including a duct having an outer end, and a dirt collecting receptacle, means for releasably connecting the dirt collecting receptacle to the outer end of the duct comprising: means defining a first shoulder on said duct spaced from said duct outer end; tubular connector means on said dirt collecting receptacle removably fitted about said duct outer end to provide an air flow connection between said duct and receptacle; means carried by said tubular connector means defining a lever having a first end normally disposed in retained engagement with said first shoulder when said tubular connector means is fitted to said duct outer end, and an opposite, manipulating end; and means defining a fulcrum adjacent the mid-portion of the lever to arrange said lever as a first class lever, depression of said manipulating end of the lever causing swinging of said first lever end free of engagement with said first shoulder to permit removal of said tubular connector means and dirt collecting receptacle from said air flow duct as for disposal of collected dirt therefrom, said fulcrum being spaced relative to said first shoulder to cause a component of the force of depression of said lever manipulating portion to be directed to urge said tubular connector means away from the fitted connection with said duct outer end.

2. The vacuum cleaner connecting means of claim 1 wherein said lever and fulcrum means are integral.

3. The vacuum cleaner connecting means of claim 1 wherein said lever and fulcrum means are integral with said tubular connector means.

4. The vacuum cleaner connecting means of claim 1 wherein said fulcrum means is integral with said tubular connector means.

5. The vacuum cleaner connecting means of claim 1 wherein said fulcrum means defines a rounded surface engaging said duct end.

6. The vacuum cleaner connecting means of claim 1 wherein said shoulder means is integral with said duct end.

7. The vacuum cleaner connecting means of claim 1 further including means defining a second shoulder on said duct spaced from said first shoulder and adapted to be engaged by the tubular connector means to limit the movement thereof onto the duct outer end to a position wherein said lever first end is disposed adjacent said first shoulder. I

8. In a vacuum cleaner having an air fiow means including a duct having an outer end and a dirt collecting receptacle, means for releasably connecting the dirt collecting receptacle to the outer end of the duct comprising: means defining a first shoulder on said duct spaced from said duct outer end; tubular connector means on said dirt collecting receptacle adapted to be removably fitted about said duct outer end to provide an air flow connection between said duct and receptacle; means carried by said tubular connector means defining a lever having a first end normally disposed in retained engagement with said first shoulder when said tubular connector means is fitted to said duct outer end, and an opposite, manipulating end; and means de fining a fulcrum adjacent the mid-portion of the lever to arrange said lever as a first class lever, depression of said manipulating end of the lever causing swinging of said first end free of engagement with said first shoulder to permit removal of said tubular connector means and dirt collecting receptacle from said air flow duct as for disposal of collected dirt therefrom, said lever and fulcrum means being formed unitarily integral with said tubular connector means.

9. The vacuum cleaner connecting means of claim 8 wherein said first shoulder means is integral with said duct end.

10. The vacuum cleaner connecting means of claim 8 wherein said tubular connector means comprises a molded synthetic resin element, said lever and fulcrum means being molded integrally therewith.

11. The vacuum cleaner connecting means of claim 8 wherein said dirt collecting receptacle comprises a flexible bag attached to said tubular connector.

12. The vacuum cleaner connecting means of claim 8 wherein said vacuum cleaner comprises an upright vacuum cleaner.

13. The vacuum cleaner connecting means of claim 8 further including means defining a second shoulder on said duct spaced from said first shoulder and adapted to be engaged by the tubular connector means to limit the inward movement thereof onto the duct outer end to a position wherein said lever first end is disposed adjacent said first shoulder.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US407151 *Jul 25, 1888Jul 16, 1889 Pipe-coupling
US2564845 *Mar 7, 1946Aug 21, 1951Marathon CorpDisposable bag for vacuum cleaners
US2734218 *Dec 12, 1950Feb 14, 1956The Hoover CompanySuction cleaners
US2755106 *Jul 26, 1952Jul 17, 1956Gen ElectricPivoted floating latch for suction cleaner tube or hose coupling
US3245698 *Nov 4, 1963Apr 12, 1966Westinghouse Electric CorpLatching means
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4364757 *Aug 24, 1981Dec 21, 1982The Hoover CompanyVacuum cleaner filter bag collar arrangement
US4558479 *Jan 26, 1984Dec 17, 1985Alopex Industries, Inc.Pool cleaner
US4589986 *May 21, 1985May 20, 1986Alopex Industries, Inc.Pool cleaner
US4880258 *Mar 7, 1988Nov 14, 1989Whirlpool CorporationVacuum cleaner wand release structure
US5742976 *Dec 18, 1995Apr 28, 1998Black & Decker Inc.Holding device for an end of a hose in a vacuum apparatus
US5781961 *Jun 8, 1995Jul 21, 1998Royal Appliance Mfg. Co.Conduit for a vacuum cleaner
US6179889Jul 7, 1999Jan 30, 2001Shop Vac CorporationVacuum cleaner tank assembly
US6370730 *Oct 21, 1999Apr 16, 2002Emerson Electric Co.Hose lock with integral seal
US6451078Dec 19, 2000Sep 17, 2002Shop-Vac CorporationFitting for vacuum bags
US8347453Sep 3, 2009Jan 8, 2013Techtronic Floor Care Technology LimitedVacuum cleaner bag docking assembly
US20100050372 *Sep 3, 2009Mar 4, 2010Steven FrackowiakVacuum cleaner bag docking assembly
USRE39595Jul 15, 2003May 1, 2007Shop Vac CorporationVacuum cleaner tank assembly
Classifications
U.S. Classification55/376, 285/7, 15/351
International ClassificationA47L9/14
Cooperative ClassificationA47L9/1427
European ClassificationA47L9/14D
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Dec 19, 1994ASAssignment
Owner name: MATSUSHITA APPLIANCE CORPORATION, KENTUCKY
Free format text: CONFIRMATORY CONVEYANCE AND NAME CHANGE.;ASSIGNOR:MATSUSHITA FLOOR CARE COMPANY;REEL/FRAME:007247/0404
Effective date: 19941205
Dec 12, 1990ASAssignment
Owner name: MATSUSHITA FLOOR CARE COMPANY, LEBANON ROAD, DANVI
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNOR:WHIRLPOOL FLOOR CARE CORP., ADMINISTRATIVE CENTER, 2000 M-63 NORTH, BENTON HARBOR, MICHIGAN 49022 A CORP. OF DELAWARE;REEL/FRAME:005539/0445
Effective date: 19900731
Owner name: WHIRLPOOL FLOOR CARE CORP., ("WHIRLPOOL SUB") A CO
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNOR:WHIRLPOOL CORPORATION, A CORP. OF DELAWARE;REEL/FRAME:005539/0501