|Publication number||US3870856 A|
|Publication date||Mar 11, 1975|
|Filing date||Feb 20, 1973|
|Priority date||Feb 24, 1972|
|Also published as||CA1001895A, CA1001895A1|
|Publication number||US 3870856 A, US 3870856A, US-A-3870856, US3870856 A, US3870856A|
|Original Assignee||Toyo Electronics Ind Corp|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (4), Referenced by (5), Classifications (5)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
[451 Mar. 11, 1975 THERMAL PRINTINGHEAD  Inventor: Hideo Taniguchi, Kyoto, Japan  Assignee: ToyoElectronics Industry Corporation, Ukyo-ku, Kyoto, Japan 22 Filed: Feb. 20, 1973 21 Appl. No.: 334,093
 Foreign Application Priority Data 3,684,858 8/1972 Buck 219/543 3,754,279 8/1973 Valenti et al. 346/75 R Primary Examiner-C. L. Albritton Attorney, Agent, or Firm-Christensen, OConnor, Garrison & Havelka  ABSTRACT A thermal printing head which comprises a block of an insulating material and a thermal printing multisymbol unit provided on that surface of the block which is brought into contact with a sheet of thermally-sensitive recording paper or the like. The unit comprises a plurality of resistive elements each comprising a plurality of linear portions and so arranged that se lective combination of the elements or portions thereof produces different symbols to be printed. A common lead connects one end of each of the resistive element linear portion to one terminal of a source of energy while different leads selectively connect the opposite ends of the linear portions to the opposite end of the source to effect selective heating of the linear portions to provide a desired symbol.
14 Claims, 12 Drawing Figures PATENTEDHARI 1 3.870.856
. SHEET 2 Q5 2 9 5a 5b 649 5a 7 FIGBD 1 THERMAL PRINTING HEAD including resistive elements which are selectively heated so as to form a character, numeral or other symbol to be printed on the recording material.
In one known type of printing head, a plurality, say, seven, film resistors arranged in a predetermined pattern on one surface of a thin insulating base, and a plurality, say, five, such bases with film resistors arranged thereon in different patterns are laminated into a unitary block, so that the resistive elements on all the bases appear as equidistantly spaced dots in rows and columns on one surface of the block. When a character or symbol is to be printed by the printing head, those of the resistive elements on the block which correspond to the character or symbol are selectively energized to produce heat to be applied to a heat-sensitive paper to print the character or symbol thereon.
However, the process of manufacturing the printing head of the above type is rather complicated and timeconsuming and the cost therefor is accordingly high. Since the resistive elements are applied to one surface of the insulating base, the work involved in the manufacture is complex. If the base is relatively thick,- a block composed ofmany such thick bases would necessarily become bulky in size, with a large space between the heating elements causing the printed symbol formed by dots to appear obscure.
Accordingly, the primary object of the invention is to provide a thermal printing head which is simple in construction and easy to manufacture.
. Another object of the invention is to provide a thermal printing head which is capable of printing different symbols by means ofa plurality of heat-producing resistive elements selectively energized through asimplified electrical connection.
Another object of the invention is to provide a thermal printing head which includes a plurality of heatproducing resistive elements arranged into the figure 8 so that the elements are selectively energized to print different symbols on thermally-sensitive recording media.
Another object of the invention is to provide a printing head which includes a plurality of heat-producing resistive elements, and wherein the conductors supplying electrical energy to the elements are so arranged as not to interfere with feeding of the recording paper.
The printing head of the invention comprises a block made of a suitable insulating material. A thermal printing multi-symbol unit is formed on one end surface of the block and comprises a combination of a plurality of heating elements. In the illustrated embodiment to be described later in detail, the unit may comprise three heating elements arranged in the shape of the numeral 8. Two of the three elements are L-shaped while the third is T-shaped. By selectively combining portions of the elements it is possible to provide the numerals through 9". Thus the multi-symbol unit can print the ten numerals 0 through 9. However, only one of the numerals can be printed at one time. Therefore, if it is desired to print several numerals or a several-digit number at one and the same time, it is necessary to provide a plurality of blocks each having a single multi-symbol unit thereon, or a single block having a plurality of multi-symbol units arranged side by side thereon.
If the heating elements are electrically resistive elements, it is necessary to supply electric energy to the elements. Leads or conductors for supplying electric energy to the elements are printed or otherwise formed on the front end surface of the block on which the resistive elements are formed and extend therefrom across the adjacent surfaces of the block to the rear end surface thereof. The leads are preferably formed by a thick film directly on the surfaces of the block so that they may not be separated therefrom. The leads formed on the surfaces of the block will never obstruct or interfere with feeding of a sheet of heat-sensitive recording paper on which printing is to be conducted by the printing head.
The resistive element may either be formed linear or more preferably comprise a combination of two or more linear portions one end of each of which meets the other linear portion to form a junction. In this latter case, each linear portion is used as an independent I heating element.
If two leads are used to connect the opposite ends of each heating element to the source of electricity, there are needed twice as many leads as there are heating elements. However, if a common lead is connected to the meeting ends of the linear portions of the resistive elements with two more leads being connected to the opposite ends thereof, the number of leads required to selectively energize the linear portions of the resistive elements is more by one than the number of the linear portions of the elements. If the multi-symbol unit comprises a plurality of-heating elements each of which in turn comprises a plurality of linear portions the one ends of which meet at a junction, the junctions of all the heating elements included in the unit may be connectedtogether by a common lead with a resulting decrease in the number of leads required for connection.
The invention will be described in further detail with reference to the accompanying drawing, wherein:
FIG. 1 is a perspective view of one embodiment of the invention showing the printing head together with a sheet of recording paper;
FIG. 2 is an enlarged, fragmentary front view of one printing multi-symbol unit on the front face of the printing block shown in FIG. 1; and
FIG. 3A through 3J are front views of the multisymbol unit comprising the three resistive elements and the leads connected thereto, the elements shown as expressing the numerals 0 through 9.
Referring to the drawing, there is shown a block 1 made of an insulating material such as a ceramic. The block I has a thickness which depends upon the size of the symbols to be printed within a range of from 5 mm to 10 mm. The block is provided on one surface 2 thereof with a plurality, say, four, thermal printing multi-symbol units 3 arranged side by side so as to print a plurality, say, four, symbols at the same time. In the illustrated embodiment, each unit 3 is able to selectively print 10 numerals 0 to 9 and comprises three heatproducing resistive elements 4, 5 and 6 which are arranged in the form ofthe numeral8. The elements 4 .of' course be-"of any other suitable shapesprovided that they'are combined to form the'shape of the numeral 8.
Leads 4aa'nd-4bare connected tothe opposite ends of the element 4. Similarly, leads 5a and 5b are connected to the opposite ends of the element 5, and leads 6a, 6b and are connected to the three ends of the element'6 opposite to the junction 61. The junctions 41 and 61 are, connected by a lead 7a while the junctions 51 and 61 are connected by a lead 7b which is connected to the lead 70, with a lead 7 being connected to the lead 7b at the "junction 51. Each ofthese leads are preferably made of a thick film applied to the front end surface 2, of the block 1. The leads extend from the front end surface 2 to lie on the upper and/or lower surface of the block as far as the rear end surface thereof. The rear portion of the block 1 is disposed in a controller 9, which includes a control circuit to which the leads are connected to selectively energize the heatproducing resistive elements in accordance with the,
numeral tobe printed in awell-know'n manner.
The lead 7 is always connected to a source of electricity since this lead 7 is commonly used to energize all the resistive elements in the unit, and the other leads are selectively connected to the same source by the control circuit.
FIG. 3 shows which-of the leads are to be selected to energize which of the resistive elements of the unit to provide a numeral from to 9. The elements or their portions-to be heated are shown hatched in the drawing figure. The-numerals 0 to 9am shown-reversed, but whenprinted on a sheet of paper they appear in, proper position as will be'easily understood. i
For example, when the numeral 2 is to be printed, the six'leads 4a, 4b, b,'6'b and 6c are selected and connected to one terminal of the source, whereuponthe element-4 is wholly heated while the elements 5 and 6 are partially heated,-that is, those hatched portions alone of the latter two elements are heated as shown in FIG". 3c. To'take the numeral 6 as another example, the six leads 4b, 5a,'5b, 6a, 6c are selectedso that the source is connected between these six selected leads and the commonlead 7, whereupon as shown hatched in FIG. 36 the elements 5 and 6 are wholly heated with the element 4 being partially heated. Similarly, when the other numerals are to be printed, those of leads ex- V 3 A sheet of thermally-sensitive paper 10 is guided by a pair of spaced rollers 11 and 12 so that the portion of the paper on whichithe numerals are to be printed I is'positioned'in parallel with the front surface of the head. When the'printing is conducted, the paperis stopped'fand when theselected portions of the heating elements have been heated in the above mentioned manner, either the paper'or the printing head or both are moved so as to effect mutual contact between the heat-sensitive surface of the paper and the, heated elements on the front face of theprinting head 1.
' The arrangement may also be such-that the paper is always placedin contact with the printing head. in this case, when the p'aper is moved relative to the printing head; theheating elements must not be heated, and if the paper is movedaftera numeral has been printed thereon, the heating elementsthat have been heated mustbe sufficiently cooled so as not to effectprinting of the numeral on the new portion of the paper.
Resistive paste made of ruthenium oxide can advantageously be used as the heating elements. The elements are formed on the base by printing them twice thereon with the paste, so that they are more than 30 p. thick. Aclear print has been obtained.
What i claim is:
l. 'A thermal printing head,- coupled to a source of electrical energy having first and second terminals, for printing by actuation adjacent thermallyv sensitive paper, comprising:
a body'having a first surface composed primarily of electrically insulating material; a plurality of heating elements positioned on said first surface of said body two of said heating elements being positioned to define a common junction therebetween and forming a first L-shaped heating element section, two other heating elements being positioned to define a common junction therebetween and forming a second L-shaped heating element section, andthree additional heating ele ments being positioned to define a common junction therebetween and forming a T-shaped heating element section; I i
first electrically conductive means for connecting in common a first portion of substantially all of said heating elements to the firstterminal, wherein said firstportion of said two heating elements is adjacent said common junction; and i 2. An apparatus of claim 1, wherein said heating elements are elongated. v
3. An apparatus of claim 1, whereinsaid f rst and second electrically conductive means are positioned on said first surface. l
4. An apparatus of claim 1, wherein said plurality of heating elements are positioned on said surface sub stantially in the form of a figure 8.
5. An apparatus of claim 1, wherein said heating elements are at least 30 microns thick. 7
6. An apparatus of claim 1 wherein said plurality of heating elements defines a multi-symbol unit, and whereinsaid printing head includes a plurality of said multi-symbol units arranged on said body.
7. An apparatus of claim 3, wherein said first and second electrically conducting means are made of the same material as said heating elements.
'8. An apparatusof claim 1, wherein said f rst and second electrically connecting means are elongated, and narrower than said heating elements.
9. A thermal printing head, coupled to a source of electrical energyhaving first and second terminals, for printing by actuation adjacent thermally sensitive'papen-comprising:
a body having a first surface composed primarily of electrically insulating material;
a plurality of heating elements positioned on said first surface, each heating element composed of a thick film substantially at least 30 microns thick;
means for coupling first and second portions of selected heating elements to the first and second terminals, respectively, said first and second portions of each selected heating element defining element segments therebetween, said element segments being heated by said source of electrical energy to actuate the adjacent thermally sensitive paper.
10. An apparatus of claim 9, wherein said thick film is applied to said first surface in the form of a resistive paste.
multi-symbol units positioned on said body.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3495070 *||May 29, 1967||Feb 10, 1970||Zissen Murray H||Thermal printing apparatus|
|US3555241 *||Feb 6, 1969||Jan 12, 1971||Erling Carlsen||Thermoprinting devices|
|US3684858 *||Jun 23, 1971||Aug 15, 1972||Iwar H Buck||Thermal printing head|
|US3754279 *||Jan 31, 1972||Aug 21, 1973||Techni Rite Electronics Inc||Thermal recorder having analogue stylus and print head|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3965330 *||Aug 5, 1974||Jun 22, 1976||Motorola, Inc.||Thermal printer head using resistor heater elements as switching devices|
|US3973111 *||Jul 19, 1974||Aug 3, 1976||Sharp Kabushiki Kaisha||Calculator having thermal printing head|
|US3989917 *||Oct 1, 1975||Nov 2, 1976||Leeds & Northrup Company||Thermal printing head|
|US4037315 *||Sep 13, 1976||Jul 26, 1977||Tektronix, Inc.||Thermal printing head|
|US4145756 *||Dec 6, 1976||Mar 20, 1979||Texas Instruments Incorporated||Thermal line printer|
|U.S. Classification||347/206, 219/543|