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Publication numberUS3871117 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMar 18, 1975
Filing dateApr 17, 1973
Priority dateApr 17, 1973
Publication numberUS 3871117 A, US 3871117A, US-A-3871117, US3871117 A, US3871117A
InventorsRichmond Rex E, Spector George
Original AssigneeRichmond Rex E, Spector George
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Fluid filled insoles
US 3871117 A
Abstract
An insole for a shoe which is hollow and filled with a fluid. Means in the insole prevent surges of fluid between toe and heel as the wearer walks.
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent Richmond et a1.

FLUID FILLED INSOLES Inventors: Rex E. Richmond; George Spector,

both 3615 Woolworth Bldg., 233 Broadway, New York, N.Y. 10007 Filed: Apr. 17, 1973 Appl. No.: 351,867

US. Cl. 36/43, 36/29 Int. Cl A43b 13/38 Field of Search 36/43, 71, 2.5 AA, 28,

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 5/1919 Spinney 36/29 Mar. 18, 1975 Cooney 36/29 Drefvelin 36/3 R Evangelista 36/3 R Estandian 36/3 R Magidson 36/44 Smith 36/29 Primary E.\'aminer-Richard J. Scanlan, Jr.

ABSTRACT An insole for a shoe which is hollow and filled with a fluid. Means in the insole prevent surges of fluid between toe and heel as the wearer walks.

5 Claims, 8 Drawing Figures minno 1 81915 1 7 FLUID FILLED INSOLES SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION My invention is directed toward shoes having insoles specially designed to provide full uniform resilient support for the feet of the user whether the user is moving or standing still. To this end the insole is hollow and filled with a suitable fluid. Means are provided in the sole to prevent surges of fluid between toe and heel as the user walks or runs and exerts pressure on different parts of the foot. Additional means can be provided to produce a pumping action to circulate the fluid through special cooling ducts and vents in the shoe whereby the fluid is cooled and produces a cooling action-on the shoe itself thus providing enhanced comfort.

FIG. 1 is a bottom view of the Invention.

FIG. 2 is a cross section on line 2-2 of FIG. 1

FIG. 3 is a cross section on line 3-3 of FIG. 1

FIG. 4 is a cross section on line 44 of FIG. 1

FIG. 5 is a view of a shoe showing a modified design of the invention incorporated therewith in which the lift and fall of the foot over the inner sole causes a pumping action of the fluid so it travels past vent holes in the shoe so to cool the liquid.

FIG. 6 is a plan view of the inner sole and its cooling ducts integral therewith, shown removed from the shoe and laid out flat.

FIG. 7 is a detail on cross section 77 of FIG. 6, showing the one way flap valves for the fluid.

FIG. 8 is an enlarged framentary view of a cooling tube used in the construction illustrated in FIG. 5.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS Referring now to FIGS. 1-4, a hollow insole has a flat horizontal top surface 10 and a bottom surface 12 with inwardly extending ribs 14 which extend longitudinally and transversely as well as diagonally and which reachsurface 10. The peripheral edges 16 of both surfaces extend downward from surface 10 and upward from surface 12 into horizontal mating sealing engagement. The ribs and edges thus define boundaries of a plurality of hollow chambers disposed side by side and filled with a fluid 18 such as water or gases. Surface 10 is sur mounted by a flat yielding horizontal top layer 20.

When a user steps on the sole or merely stands thereon all portions of the foot have uniform full resilient support. The ribs prevent surges of fluid between toe and heel as the user walks and exerts pressure on different parts of the foot.

In FIGS. 5-7, shoe 50 has an insole 30 with elevated ducts 34 connected thereto that as the user walks, the fluid is circulated around the sides of the shoe. One way valves 36 integral with top and bottom flat surfaces 30A and 30B of the sole insure circulation paths for the fluid which travels as shown. The ducts provide a cooling action cooperating with air cooling vents 32 formed in the shoe upper as the rise and fall of the'foot over the inner sole causes a pumping action for the fluid.

As shown in FIG. 5 a heel 37 is cooled by a spiral fluted or finned coil 38 formed in a small radiator 39 located on the outer side of the shoe or boot. Nipples 40 and 41 at opposite ends of the radiator communicate with duct 34, thereby providing for flow of fluid from duct 34 through the radiator-coils and back to the duct 34.

in FIG. 8 there is illustrated adetail of the cooling coil 38 which includes a wall that is spiral-fluted as shown at 35 and which includes fins 36, in order for a quick heat exchange action so to dissipate heat and cool the coolant liquid moving through the coil. The fins 36 extend through the inside of the tube and to the outside thereof as well, as shown.

As shown in FIGS. 1 and 3 it is to be noted that a self sealing filler valve 42 is installed at the toe end of the insole, and a self sealing air purge valve 43 is installed at the heel end of the insole. The filler valve 42 is provided for the purpose of fluid being injected therethrough into the sole. The air purge valve 43 is provided for the purpose of allowing entrapped air to escape from the interior of the insole.

The filler valve is similar to those used on footballs, basket balls, volley and beach balls, and serves to provide a proper resiliance in order to support the weight of the feet thereupon. Each size of insole might require a different amount of fluid therewithin accordingly for ideal support.

The air purge valve is essential so that all trapped air is removed otherwise a bulbous effect would result and the fluid would not be evenly distributed throughout the insole cavity so that a perfect cushioning would be prevented.

One way valve 36 (FIG. 7) is a conventional flap valve which is secured to the surfaces 10, 30A and 30B (or'surfaces 10 and 12 of FIG. 2). With the open end serving as an inlet and flexible closure flaps at the outlet end. Pressure from the weavers foot expandsthe outlet flaps causing them to open and permit the flow of fluid in the desired direction. One or more of valves 36 may be located in series transversely across the width of insole 30 as indicated diagramatically by the V-shaped lines of FIG. 6. It is to be understood that similar valves can be provided between the ends of the diagonal ribs 14, whereby flow can occur only from sole to heel, provided that a return flow duct such as 34 of FIG. 6 is provided in the shoe upper.

It is to be understood that the ribs 14 do not restrict flow completely but merely restrain or impede flow whereby surging of large quantities of fluid from one compartment to another is prevented.

While certain novel features of our invention have been shown and described and are pointed out in the annexed claims, it will be understood that various omissions, substitutions and changes in the forms and details of the device illustrated and in its operation can be made by those skilled in the art without departing from the spirit of the invention.

We claims as follows:

1. A hollow-fluid filled insole with toe and heel portions formed from resilient material having spaced upper and lower surfaces peripherally sealed in combination with a duct extending externally from the insole connecting the toe and heel portions including a valve extending transversely across the interior of the insole connecting between opposing portions of the peripheral seal, said valve permitting flow only in one direction responsive to pressure in said insole generated by the users foot. y

2. An insole as in claim 1 including ribs extending from one of the surfaces towards the other forming substantially defined pockets through which fluid flow is restricted preventing large surges therethrough.

3 ,8 7 1 1 l 7 3 4 3. An insole as in claim 2 in further combination with 5. An insole as in claim 1 in further combination with a shoe upper having an external radiator with an inlet a Shoe u er h avin .an external radiator with an inlet and outlet connected to the duct. pp g 4. An insole as in claim 3, wherein the radiator has fluted coils. 5

and outlet connected to the duct.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1304915 *Jul 31, 1918May 27, 1919Burton A SpinneyPneumatic insole.
US1596923 *Mar 24, 1925Aug 24, 1926Charles CooneyCushion insole
US2722063 *Feb 2, 1954Nov 1, 1955Drefvelin Henrik VilhelmPerforate insole for shoes
US3044188 *Jun 18, 1959Jul 17, 1962Evangelista HenryVentilated footwear
US3315379 *Oct 10, 1966Apr 25, 1967Estandian Ramon DAir circulating insole
US3724106 *Jun 29, 1971Apr 3, 1973Magidson HInsole structure
US3765422 *Dec 27, 1971Oct 16, 1973Smith HFluid cushion podiatric insole
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4005531 *Aug 11, 1975Feb 1, 1977Morton WeintraubFoot cooler
US4217705 *Jul 27, 1978Aug 19, 1980Donzis Byron ASelf-contained fluid pressure foot support device
US4237625 *Sep 18, 1978Dec 9, 1980Cole George SThrust producing shoe sole and heel
US4358902 *Apr 2, 1980Nov 16, 1982Cole George SThrust producing shoe sole and heel
US4567677 *Aug 29, 1984Feb 4, 1986Pittsburgh Plastics ManufacturingWater filled shoe insole
US4577417 *Apr 27, 1984Mar 25, 1986Energaire CorporationSole-and-heel structure having premolded bulges
US4603493 *Sep 24, 1984Aug 5, 1986Eston Gary AInsole with moldable material
US4656760 *Feb 26, 1985Apr 14, 1987Kangaroos U.S.A., Inc.Cushioning and impact absorptive means for footwear
US4799319 *Jun 16, 1987Jan 24, 1989Max ZellwegerDevice for warming the foot of a wearer
US4802289 *Mar 25, 1987Feb 7, 1989Hans GuldagerInsole
US4934070 *Mar 10, 1989Jun 19, 1990Jean MaugerShoe sole or insole with circulation of an incorporated fluid
US4934072 *Apr 14, 1989Jun 19, 1990Wolverine World Wide, Inc.Fluid dynamic shoe
US5131174 *Aug 27, 1990Jul 21, 1992Alden Laboratories, Inc.Self-reinitializing padding device
US5155927 *Feb 20, 1991Oct 20, 1992Asics CorporationShoe comprising liquid cushioning element
US5313717 *Dec 20, 1991May 24, 1994Converse Inc.Reactive energy fluid filled apparatus providing cushioning, support, stability and a custom fit in a shoe
US5375346 *Apr 2, 1993Dec 27, 1994Energaire CorporationThrust producing shoe sole and heel improved stability
US5416986 *Sep 23, 1994May 23, 1995Energaire CorporationThrust producing shoe sole and heel improved stability
US5493792 *Oct 17, 1994Feb 27, 1996Asics CorporationShoe comprising liquid cushioning element
US5524364 *Sep 23, 1994Jun 11, 1996Energaire CorporationThrust producing shoe sole and heel improved stability
US5806208 *Dec 11, 1996Sep 15, 1998French; Michael J.Shoe with massaging fluid circulation
US5826349 *Mar 28, 1997Oct 27, 1998Goss; Chauncey D.Venilated shoe system
US5878510 *Jul 19, 1996Mar 9, 1999Schoesler; Henning R.Fluid filled insole
US6074414 *Aug 6, 1998Jun 13, 2000Limex Bio-Tech L.C.System for providing thermal application to external body areas of a patient
US6092310 *Mar 8, 1999Jul 25, 2000Schoesler; Henning R.Fluid filled insole
US6138382 *Mar 8, 1999Oct 31, 2000Schoesler; Henning R.Fluid filled insole
US6178663Mar 8, 1999Jan 30, 2001Henning R. SchoeslerFluid filled insole with metatarsal pad
US6412194Nov 4, 1999Jul 2, 2002Tamarack Habilitation Technologies, Inc.Wax filled pads
US6722059Oct 25, 2001Apr 20, 2004Acushnet CompanyDynamic and static cushioning footbed
US7219449 *Jun 17, 2004May 22, 2007Promdx Technology, Inc.Adaptively controlled footwear
US7721465 *Jan 4, 2008May 25, 2010Reebok International Ltd.Shoe having an inflatable bladder
US20100101111 *Oct 24, 2008Apr 29, 2010Mcdonnell KevinMultistructural support system for a sole in a running shoe
USRE34102 *May 14, 1991Oct 20, 1992Energaire CorporationThrust producing shoe sole and heel
WO1979000210A1 *Oct 11, 1978Apr 19, 1979American Pneumatics CoSelf-contained fluid pressure foot support device
WO1993007773A1 *Sep 3, 1992Apr 29, 1993Protagon Sportprodukte Dr MauvShoe, in particular a sports shoe
WO1998025491A1 *Dec 10, 1997Jun 18, 1998Michael J FrenchShoe with fluid circulation
WO1999037174A1 *Jan 27, 1998Jul 29, 1999Dumont Jean PierrePersonal heating system for coverall
Classifications
U.S. Classification36/43, 36/29
International ClassificationA43B17/03, A43B17/00
Cooperative ClassificationA43B17/035
European ClassificationA43B17/03P