US 3873094 A
A golf club designed for putting, comprising a club head formed of a light-transmitting material and having at least one and preferably three metallic weight members, preferably elongate, disposed transversely to the longitudinal axis of the club head. The weight members are preferably in the form of cylinders whose axis is positioned along a line perpendicular to the striking face of the club head, in the direction in which the club head will move and in the direction the ball normally should proceed. The centrally located weight member is positioned so that its axis is coincident with the "sweet point" or percussive point of the club, that is, the point at which the ball is most effectively struck. The outwardly disposed weight members are preferably so positioned that the moments of inertia of the club about the point at which the ball is struck are substantially the same. The weight members are clearly visible to the golfer through the club and he can readily determine at what point to strike the ball, and additionally can utilize the outline of the centrally located weight member for sighting the club with the ball and the hole.
Claims available in
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
[ 1 Mar. 25, 1975 PUTTER-TYPE GOLF CLUB  Inventors: Alexander Sebo, 7854 N. 44th St.,
' Augusta, Mich. 49012; Leroy l-l.
Despins, 15253 Uldriks Dr., Battle Creek, Mich. 49017 221 Filed: Mar. 10, 1972 21 Appl. NO.Z 233,611
 U.S. Cl. 273/163 R, 273/80.2, 273/167 R,
4/1901 United Kingdom 273/169 5/l893 United Kingdom 273/80.5
Primary Examiner-Richard J Apley Attorney, Agent, or Firm-Samuel Kurlandsky  ABSTRACT 69 A golf club designed for putting, comprising a club  Int. Cl A63b 53/04 head formed of a lighttransmitting material and hav- Field of Search 273/77 163 ing at least one and preferably three metallic weight 2737167475, 133 193 194 members, preferably elongate, disposed transversely to the longitudinal axis of the club head. The weight References Cited members are preferably in the form of cylinders whose UNITED STATES PATENTS axis is positioned along a line perpendicular to the 556,042 3/1896 Briggs 273/169X Striking face of the ehlh heedi in the dheehe" 1,133,129 3/1915 Govan 273/171 which the Club head will move and in the direction the 1,433,150 1 10/1922 Reach 273/164 all no mally should proceed. The entrally located 1,449,559 3/1923 Relle 273/173 weight member is positioned so that its axis is coincil,504,380 8/1924 Reitenour 273/168 dent with the sweet point or percussive point of the BDarheS 7 3 ;6 club, that is, the point at which the ball is most effecawson 1,652,404 12/1927 Graveure 273/164 z gig gi gg iii g l 666 174 4/1928 Holland 273/163 R p y p 2l2l295 6/1938 Jennings 273M R ha of the club about the point at which the ball is 2346617 4/1944 Schafferiiii III/III: 273/169 x shhek are substantially the Same The weight members 21 4 122 953 Reach I t v I t t t I t 273/169 are clearly visible to the golferthrough the club and 3,096,982 7/1963 BaSSin 273/171 X he can readily determine at what point to strike the 3,218,072 11/1965 Burr 273/164 X ball, and additionally can utilize the outline ofthe cen- 3,578,332 5/1971 Caldwell 273/164 trally located weight member for sighting the club 3,652,094 3/1972 Glover I 273/173 X with the l and the hole FOREIGN PATENTS OR APPLICATIONS 12,743 6/1901 United Kingdom 273/ 169 10 Claims, 9 Drawing Figures Light- Transmnf/ng Ma/er/a/ Wei l7! 9 fl We/ghf PMENTEUHARZSIQYS 3.873.094
sumlpfz Transmitting PATENTEDM I 3.873.094
SHEET 2 (If 2 r 1 PUTTER-TYPE GOLF CLUB BAC KGROUND OF THE INVENTION The present invention deals broadly with golf clubs andmore particularly refers to a golf club utilized for putting on a putting green.
The various designs for putters disclosed in the art arealmost as numerous as the number of golfers using them. Designs for putters have taken many turns, with the result that some putters are almost unrecognizable as such. Some golfers seek a putter which is perfectly balanced to their demands. Others seek putters which are simple to sight and line up with the hole toward which the ball is to be propelled. Stillother golfers are more concerned with aesthetic appearance of the putter than with effectiveness. It can be stated without risk of contradiction that the ideal putter has still not been developed.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION It is an object of the present invention to provide a putter type of golf club which is wellbalanced. his a further object to provide a putter having a high moment of inertia about its balance point, percussive point,'or sweet point so that even if the golf ball is not struck at the exact balance point of the club, the club will not twist by an appreciable amount as the ball is struck.
It is a further object to provide a putter having indicia provided, whereby the player may accurately judge the proper point on the club with which to hit the golf ball.
It is still further an object to provide a putter so designed that the player can readily judge the precise direction to which the striking face of the club is perpendicular and to indicate in which direction the golf ball will travel.
It is an additional object to provide a putter of the type described which can be readily and relatively inexpensively manufactured and assembled, and which has a desirable aesthetic appearance.
7 Still further objects and advantages of the invention will appear as the description proceeds.
To the accomplishment-of the foregoing and related ends, the invention,.then, consists of the useful puttertype golf club herein fully described and particularly pointed out in the claims, the annexed drawings, and the following description setting forth in detail certain illustrative embodiments of the invention, such disclosed embodiments illustrating, however, but several of the various ways in which the principle of the invention may be used.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS In the annexed drawings:
FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a putter according to the invention shown in conjunction with a golf ball and an enlarged green cup. I
FIG.'2 is a side elevational view of the club head of the putter. v
FIG. 3 is a front end view of the club head.
FIG. 4 is a top view of the club head shown in conjunction with a golf ball, and illustrating its use as a lefthanded putter.
FIG. 5 is a side elevational view of another embodiment of the invention.
FIG. 6 is a top view of the embodiment illustrated in FIG. 5.
DESCRIPTION OF THE SPECIFIC EMBODIMENTS As understood in the prior art, the term putter" is defined as a golf club with a short shaft and almost perpendicular facethat is used in putting. That is, a putter has a striking face with a loft angle specifically designed for use on putting greens'of a golf course.
Referring more particularly to FIGS. 1-4, a putter I0 is shown comprising a club head 11, a ferrule 0r socket l2 affixed therein and having an axialchannel, and a shaft 13 affixed within'the axial channel of the ferrule 12. A handle 14 is mounted on the shaft'l3 and is provided with a conventional grip 15 of leather, rubber. or plastic material. The club head 11 has striking faces 16 and 17 for both right-handedand left-handed golfers. The club head 11 also has a toe 18, heel 19, top surface 20 and bottom surface 21. As shown in the drawings, the club head 11 is elongated and is symmetrically formed. about a longitudinal axis. As is evident, the striking faces 16 and 17 extend in a direction parallel to the longitudinal axis ofthe club head 11.
The club head may be produced of any suitable lighttransmitting material and preferably transparent plastic material such as Lucite or Plexiglas (methylmethacrylate), polystyrene, polycarbonate, polypropylene, polyurethane, and many other suitable plastic materials.
Embedded within the club head are a t0e-positioned weight member 22, a central weight member 23, and a heel-positioned weight member 24. The weight members are preferably formed ofa heavy material, preferably a metal such as brass,- steel, stainless steel, bronze, or any other suitable metal. The weight members 2224 are shown in their preferred form as cylinders, although other suitable forms such as rectangles, polygons, et cetera, may be used. The weight members are preferably in the form of a prismatic figure such as a cylinder or prisms having three or more sides as well as fluted or other similar forms. As is evident in the drawings, the weight balancing members of this disclosure extend for a substantially equal amount in opposite directions with respect to the longitudinal axis of the club head 11. The end surfaces of the central weight member 23 are preferably exposed and flush with the striking faces of the club head so that the weight member can directly strike the golf'ball. Moreover, at least a portion of the weight member should have a surface in line with the direction in which the ball is to travel, so that the surface of the weight can be used for sighting the direction of travel with the green cup.
FIG. 1 illustrates a putter 10 according to the invention in conjunction with a golf ball 25 and a green cup or hole 26. As shown in FIGS; 1 and 4, the lateral surfaces of the weight 23 can be used to line up the ball with the hole and to serve as a line of reference. The weight members 23 and 24 may be mounted so that their end faces are also exposed and flush with the striking faces 16 and 17. Alternatively, they may have only one flush surface or may even be completely embedded within the club head 11,.since the ball will normally not be struck at those points. In the optimum embodiment the moment of inertia of the weight member 22 with respect to the percussive or sweet point," that is, the axis of the central weight member 23, should be substantially the same as or at least close to the moment of inertia of the heel-positioned weight member 24 plus the moment of inertia of the ferrule 12 together with the effective component of the shaft and handle about the same axis of the central weight member 23. As a result, when the ball is struck with the end face of the central weight member 23, the club head 11 will proceed with a translatory motion and will not rotate or twist. It is clear that, since the weight and the location of the weight members 22, 23 and 24 directly affect the action of the moment of inertia, these members 22, 23 and 24 may be referred to as weight balancing members. It is further evident from the drawings that the shaft 13 is fixedly attached to the club head 11 at a location between the central weight balancing member 23 and the heel 19 of the club head 11.
Referring to FIGS. and 6, another embodiment of the invention is shown comprising a club head 30 and a ferrule 31 embedded therein. Weight members 32, 33 and 34 are provided of similar structure to those of FIGS. 1-4. Additionally, small webs or bridges 35, 36, and 37 are provided intermediate the weight members 32, 33, and 34 and the ferrule 31. The webs 35, 36 and 37 increase the strength of the assembly and prevent twisting of the ferrule. The webs should preferably be thin so they do not obstruct the view through the club head which is transparent.
A further embodiment is shown in FIGS. 7 and 8 comprising a club head 40, ferrule 41', weight members 42, 43 and 44. Weight members 42, 43 and 44 are embedded in the club head 40 in the same manner as in FIGS. 1-4. The central weight member 43 is connected to the ferrule 41 by means ofa web or bridge 45, which may be in the form of a thin piece of metal welded to the weight member 43 and the ferrule 41, or alternatively, integral therewith. The assembly may be molded as a unit or extruded in a single piece, and subsequently machined toform.
Still another embodiment is shown in FIG. 9. The structure is similar to that shown in FIGS. 1-4,. having a club head 50 and a ferrule 51, and containing weight members 52, 53 and 54. In this embodiment, however, the club head 50 is formed of three sheet-form club head members, two' external club members 55 and 56 having a central club head member 57 sandwiched between the external club head members55 and 56 and adhered thereto by a suitable adhesive. The central club head member 57 is preferably formed ofa colored plastic material which may be either opaque, transparent or translucent, and serves as an ornamental embellishment. The central club head member 57 should preferably be quite thin compared to the lateral club head members, particularly if it is opaque, so that it does not obstruct the vision through the transparent lateral club head members 55 and 56. The club head members provided with cavities to receive the ferrule and weight members, and then affixed to each other by means of an adhesive, preferably one which will not be visible after it sets. As shown in FIG. 9, if desired, the
weight members 52, 53, and 54 may be provided with prior art. When properly assembled and balanced, it provides the player with an easily viewed designation of the percussive point, that is the point of the club at which the ball should be struck. When thus struck at the proper point, the club is balanced by the various weights so that there is no tendency to twist or turn. Additionally, the lateral walls of the weight members, and particularly the central weight member, provide an accurate means for sighting the club towards the green cup or hole. This is made possible by the fact that the club head is made of a light-transmitting, and preferably a transparent, plastic material so that the outlines of the weight members may be readily seen for aiming the club. The club head has a very attractive appearance, particularly when a clear plastic material such as Plexiglas is utilized, and an attractively colored material such as polished brass utilized for the weight members. Golfers, both amateur and professional who have tested the present putter have been generous in their praise of both its functional merits and its aesthetic appearance. Some golfers have claimed to have taken from one to two strokes off their game by the use of the club. The club is relatively easy to assemble and rela- I tively inexpensive to produce.
While but only a few forms. of the invention have been shown and described, other forms within the spirit and scope of the invention will now be apparent to those skilled in the art. Therefore the embodiments shown in the drawings are to be considered as merely diagrammatically setting forth the invention for illustrative purposes, and are not intended to limit the scope of the invention herein described, shown and claimed.
The embodiments of the invention in which an exclusive property or privilege is claimed are defined as follows:
l. A putter golf club for use in putting comprising:
a. an elongated; club head symmetrically formed about a longitudinal axis and composed of a lighttransmitting material having at least one relatively fiat striking face extending parallel with respect to said longitudinal axis, said head having disposed therein:
1. a centrally located first weight balancing of substantially rod form arranged substantially perpendicular to said striking face having an end face exposed and flush with the surface of said striking face, and having a longitudinal surface substantially perpendicular to said striking face,
2. a second weight balancing member disposed within the toe portion of said club head,
3. a third weight balancing member disposed in the heel portion of said club head, all of said weight members being spaced apart from each other along the longitudinal direction of said club head,
4. said weight balancing members being composed of metal; and
b. a handle comprising a shaft having one end fixedly attached to said head at a location between said first weight balancing member and the heel portion of the club head, and having a grip mounted at the other end of said handle,
c. said light-transmitting material being effective to reveal said longitudinal surface of the first weight balancing member.
2. A golf club according to claim 1, wherein said weight balancing members are cylindrical in form, and their axes are perpendicular to said striking face.
3. A golf club according to claim 1, having a tubular ferrule extending into said head at the top surface thereof, the end of said shaft being disposed within and affixed to said ferrule.
4. A golf club according to claim 1, wherein said head is formed of two outer relatively thick plates of a transparent plastic material, and wherein a thin sheet of a material having a color other than that of said outer plates is interposed between and affixed to said outer plates.
5. A golf club according to claim 1 wherein said weight balancing members are so arranged that their axes are substantially parallel with each other.
6. A golf club according to claim 1 wherein at least one of said weight members is provided with annular 6 grooves for retaining said weight member within said club head.
7. A golf club according to claim 1 wherein at least one of said weight members is provided with annular ribs for retaining said weight member within said club head.
8. A golf club according to claim 1 having two substantially parallel striking faces, whereby said club may be used as either a right-handed or a left-handed club.
9. A golf club according to claim 8 wherein both end faces of said centrally located weight member are exposed and flush with the surfaces of said striking faces.
10. A golf club according to claim 1, wherein said weight balancing members extend a substantially equal amount in opposite directions with respect to the longitudinal axis of the club head.