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Publication numberUS3876050 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateApr 8, 1975
Filing dateNov 1, 1973
Priority dateSep 24, 1971
Publication numberUS 3876050 A, US 3876050A, US-A-3876050, US3876050 A, US3876050A
InventorsLinder Ebbe
Original AssigneePhilips Corp
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Armature structure for mosaic type printer
US 3876050 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent Linder Apr. 8, 1975 1 ARMATURE STRUCTURE FOR MOSAIC [56] References Cited TYPE PRINTER UNITED STATES PATENTS [75] Inventor: Ebbe Linder, Vallinghy, Sweden 2.213.098 $219310 Snlilith 3461140 2.524.127 1019 0 .lo nson t 1971 X 1 Asslgfleer PhIIIPS corpm'atlom New 3.099.711 7/1963 Foley et 31.. 197/1 x k NY 3.161491 12/1964 Daigler 1 1 v 4 11 346/140 Filed l 1973 3.217.640 11/1965 Bradshaw 197/1 X [21 1 Appl. No.: 411,763 Primary Examiner-Edgar S. Burr Assistant E.\'un1inerR, T. Rader Related U.S. Appllcatlon Data I I [63] Continuation of Ser. No. 291,186, Sept. 22. 1972. Mame Agent or F'rm Frank Tnfm 1571 ABSTRACT [30] Foreign Application priority Data Afprinting device for printing charactegs whfich cogsist o a mosmc pattern, comprlsmg a num er 0 recor mg [971 Sweden 2092/7! pins which are actuated by a number of electromag- {521 U 8 Cl 197/] R. 346/140 101/93 05 nets which are regularly arranged with respect to each [5H other. The electromagnets comprise strip-like arma- [58] Field R tures having a tunnel profile formed therein in which 34'6" 39 C. 5 the recording pins are clamped.

4 Claims, 6 Drawing Figures PATENTEB 3|975 3.876 050 SiZZU 1 BF 2 ARMATURE STRUCTURE FOR MOSAIC TYPE PRINTER This is a continuation, of application Ser. No. 129L186, now abandoned. filed Sept. 22, I972.

The invention relates to a printing device for printing characters which consist of a mosaic of point-like or line-like elements on an information carrier, comprising a plurality of recording pins which are regularly arranged with respect to each other and which are operated by strip-like armatures of electromagnets, the said recording pins being mainly arranged in a plane which is transverse to the plane of the armature.

In a known printing device of the kind set forth, each armature is connected to the relevant recording pin by welding or hard soldering. A drawback of the connection by welding or hard soldering is that both the armature and the recording pin are exposed to local heating. This may give rise to inhomogeneities in the material of the armature and the recording pin. Such inhomogeneities often lead to fractures at the area of the connec tion of the heavily loaded armatures and recording pins. The connection of the armature to the recording pin by welding or hard soldering is further hampered by the fact that different materials are chosen for the armatures and the recording pins. Whilst the material of the armature should have favourable magnetic properties (such as, for example, soft iron), the recording pin should be made of a wear-resistant material (for example, tungsten),

The invention has for its object to eliminate the said drawbacks.

To this end, the invention is characterized in that each of the armatures consists ofa metal strip comprising a tunnel which is formed by a bent edge portion in which a bent end of the relevant recording pin is clamped.

The invention will be described in detail with reference to the drawing.

FIG. I shows an armature blank which is used in a printing device according to the invention.

FIG. 2 shows an armature as shown in FIG. I which has been subjected to a number of bending operations.

FIG. 3 is a cross-sectional view of the armature shown in FIG. 2 according to the line A-A.

FIG. 4 shows an armature as shown in FIG. 2 to which a recording pin has been connected by a further bending operation.

FIG. 5 shows an armature as shown in FIG. 4 which has been subjected to a final bending operation and to which a reset spring is connected by bending.

FIG. 6 is a diagrammatic view ofa printing device according to the invention.

The metal strip 1 which is shown in FIG. I and which serves as an armature for a printing device is made of, for example, soft iron and comprises a centre portion 3 which is adjoined by a narrower end portion 5 and a wider end portion 7. Using the metal strip 1 shown in FIG. I as a basis, a recording pin and a reset spring are connected to the armature by a number of known bending and pressing operations. as is shown in FIG. 5. To this end, the strip I shown in FIG. I is provided on both sides with a flange 9 along the edges of the wide portion 7 and the centre portion 3 by means ofa bend ing operation. the narrow portion 5 being provided with a flange 11, the direction of which opposes that of the edge 9. The narrow portion 11 and a part of the centre portion 3 are also subjected to a pressing operation so as to form a U-shaped groove 13 having an end 15 which serves as an abutment for a recording pin. FIG. 3 is a cross-sectional view along the line AA in FIG. 2 of the trough-like profile of the metal strip I which is obtained by bending and pressing. In the trough-like profile of the metal strip I according to FIGS. 2 and 3 a recording pin 17 is inserted which is made of, for example, tungsten, until one end I9 thereof rests against the abutment 15 of the groove I3. Subsequently, the flanges II are pressed towards each other about the recording pin I7. The tunnel 21 thus obtained firmly encloses the recording pin I7. Simultaneously with this operation, or thereafter, the flanges of the wider portion 7 are bent over a leaf spring 23 which is made of, for example, spring steel and which serves as a reset spring. During a final operation both the narrow portion 5, containing the recording pin I7, and the leaf spring 23 are bent in their correct position by bending in a plane transverse to the metal strip I. The bend 25 thus obtained in the narrow portion 5 provides additional clamping of the recording pin I7 in the tannel 2]. A number of combinations ofarmature, recording pin and leaf spring as shown in FIGS are assembled in the printing device which will be described with reference to FIG. 6.

So as to minimize the risk of damage of the recording pin or reset spring during the pressing and bending operations (which can be performed both simultaneously and consecutively), the material ofthe armature should preferably be softer than the material of the recording pin or reset spring.

The preferred embodiment of a printing device according to the invention which is shown in FIG. 6 comprises a number of electromagnets which are regularly arranged with respect to each other, only the electromagnets 27 and 29 being shown for the sake of simplicity. Each ofthe electromagnets see electromagnet 27) comprises an excitation coil 3] which is provided about the centre leg of an E-shaped yoke 33 by means of a coil former 35. Connected to the yoke 33 is a block 37 for connecting the reset spring 23 in the manner described with reference to FIG. 5. The reset spring23 supports the strip-like armature I which is described with reference to the FIGS. I to 5. The recording pin 17 is connected to the armature I. The recording pin I7 is situated in a plane which is substantially perpendicular to the plane of the strip-like armature I and is guided to be slidable between the information carrier (not shown) and armature I in bearings 39 and 41. Be cause the electromagnets 27 and 29 are arranged in different planes and because the ends of the recording pins I7 which face the information carrier as usual closely adjoin each other in the bearing 4I, the recording pins I7 which are associated with the electromagnets 27 and 29 have a different bending line. The bends 25 of the armatures I which are associated with the electromagnets 27 and 29 have a different curvation so as to avoid undesired forces in the recording pin, the armature and the reset spring. Near their ends the bends extend as much as possible in the direction of the bending line of the relevant recording pin, i.e. the bending line which is imposed on the recording pins by the bearings, 39 and 4].

The invention described in the foregoing is not restricted to printing devices having an arrangement of the electromagnets as shown in FIG. 6. For example, all of the electromagnets can alternatively be arranged in the same plane. The invention can in general be used in printing devices which comprise electromagnets with strip-like armatures in which the recording pins are mainly situated in a plane transverse to the plane of the armature and are mainly transverse to this plane. In the preferred embodiment according to the invention which is shown in FIG. 6 the reset springs 23 are clamped in the armatures. However the reset springs can also be welded or riveted to the armature in known manner. It is alternatively possible to provide the striplike reset spring itself with a U-shaped profile in which the armature is clamped. The Ushaped groove l3 which is provided in the armature and which has an abutment for the recording pin can also be replaced by a projection on the armature. The portion of the metal strip from which the said tunnel 21 is formed need not necessarily be narrower. However the full width of the strip will preferably not be used in order to avoid excessively large forces in forming the bend 25.

What is claimed is:

l. A printing device for printing characters which are composed by a mosaic of elements on an information carrier. said device comprising a body portion which includes a plurality of electromagnets a plurality of armatures each respectively disposed opposite an electromagnet of said body portion. said armatures each being formed of a metal strip of magnetic material and having a tubular portion formed in one end thereof and flanged edge portions formed at the other end thereof, a plurality of printing pins each respectively having a first portion secured in said tubular portion of a respective armature and a second portion extending from said tubular portion and substantially arranged transversely of the armature, and a plurality of leaf spring members. each of said spring members having one end secured to an armature at the said flange portion thereof and having the other end thereof secured to said body portion.

2. A printing device as claimed in claim I wherein the tubular portion of each of said strips comprises a Mr rowed portion of the metal strip, each narrowed portion having a bend about the longitudinal axis thereof to form said tubular portion.

3. A printing device as claimed in claim 2, wherein each of said armatures is provided with a longitudinally-extending groove at the portion of the armature adjacent said tubular portion and wherein the end of said pin is positioned within said groove.

4. A printing device as claimed in claim I, wherein each armature is composed of soft iron and said printing pin is composed of tungsten.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2213098 *Mar 16, 1939Aug 27, 1940Crosby Steam Gage & Valve CompPen for recording instruments
US2524127 *Nov 6, 1946Oct 3, 1950IbmPrinting character forming wires
US3099711 *Jun 2, 1961Jul 30, 1963Data Presentations IncPrinting device
US3163491 *Aug 8, 1961Dec 29, 1964Esterline Angus Instr CompanyStylus
US3217640 *Apr 30, 1963Nov 16, 1965Burroughs CorpElectromagnetic actuating means for wire printers
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4000801 *Nov 10, 1975Jan 4, 1977International Business Machines CorporationPrint wire attachment
US4049108 *Jul 29, 1976Sep 20, 1977Ncr CorporationActuator for a matrix print head
US4204778 *May 26, 1978May 27, 1980Kabushiki Kaisha Suwa SeikoshaWire type dot printer head assembly
US4214836 *Mar 24, 1978Jul 29, 1980Digital Equipment CorporationImpact print head
US4248540 *Apr 13, 1979Feb 3, 1981Florida Data CorporationPrinter arm
US4348120 *May 6, 1980Sep 7, 1982Oki Electric Industry Co. Ltd.Printing head for a dot printer
US4867583 *Feb 21, 1984Sep 19, 1989Genicom CorporationDot matrix printer/module using print wires having different lenth but equal mass
Classifications
U.S. Classification400/124.23, 101/93.5
International ClassificationB41J2/25, B41J2/26
Cooperative ClassificationB41J2/26
European ClassificationB41J2/26
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Jun 8, 1992ASAssignment
Owner name: DIGITAL EQUIPMENT CORPORATION, A CORP. OF MA, MASS
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNOR:U.S. PHILIPS CORPORATION, A CORP. OF DE;REEL/FRAME:006158/0412
Effective date: 19920410
Jun 8, 1992AS02Assignment of assignor's interest
Owner name: DIGITAL EQUIPMENT CORPORATION, A CORP. OF MA 146 M
Effective date: 19920410
Owner name: U.S. PHILIPS CORPORATION, A CORP. OF DE