|Publication number||US3876885 A|
|Publication date||Apr 8, 1975|
|Filing date||Apr 18, 1974|
|Priority date||Apr 18, 1974|
|Also published as||CA1035855A, CA1035855A1|
|Publication number||US 3876885 A, US 3876885A, US-A-3876885, US3876885 A, US3876885A|
|Inventors||Catterall John Mason|
|Original Assignee||Catterall John Mason|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (5), Referenced by (2), Classifications (5)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
United States Patent 91 Catterall PREFERENCE LOCKOUT CIRCUIT FOR COMMON CONTROL SWITCHING SYSTEM John Mason Catterall, l 140 S. Yearling Rd.. Columbus, Ohio 43227 Filed: Apr. 18, 1974 Appl. No.: 461,869
US. Cl 307/38; 317/136; 340/l47 LP Int. Cl. I'I0lh 47/22 Field of Search 307/38, 113, 115, 134;
References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2/1952, Busch 179/18 5/1966 Fisher et al. 179/27 [451 Apr. 8,1975
3.370.272 2/1968 Kenedi 317/136 3667001 5/1972 Simon et a1 3.772.651 11/1973 Thyssens 340/147 LP Primary Examiner-L. T. Hix Attorney, Agent, or Firm--H. R. Popper  ABSTRACT A relay preference lockout circuit is disclosed for according one-at-a-time access to a plurality of circuits bidding for connection to a common circuit such as a marker. Each work circuit has a respective preference relay, the operating path for which is interruptible by another relay which can have its release time altered by a selectively switched-in shunt. Advantageously, the shunt is switched to different ones of these relays on each seizure of the common circuit.
12 Claims, 1 Drawing Figure MARKER MCB CONN o I W-Z RELAY CCT PREFERENCE LOCKOUT-CIRCUIT FOR COMMON CONTROL SWITCHING SYSTEM BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION This invention relates to preference lockout circuits and more particularly to preference lockout circuits in which the order of preference amongst circuits bidding for control to a common circuit may be altered.
In general, lockout circuits are employed to accord one-at-a-time access to a plurality of circuits bidding for connection to a common circuit. In telephone switching, for example, lockout arrangements are employed where a number of markers must bid for connection to a number group or where a number of registers or link frames must bid for connection to one of a group of markers. Aside from providing for one-at-atime connection, lockout circuits are known" in which the preference order'amongst circuits bidding for 'access is changed after each usage to prevent perpetual lockout due to circuit trouble conditions.
In the well-known treatise on switching engineering entitled The Design of Switching Circuits by Keister, Ritchie, and Washburn, the subject of lockout circuits is dealt with at great length in Chapter 15. In section 15.4 there-is a discussion and illustration of a circuit that permits the order of preference amongst circuits bidding for access to common circuits to be varied. In a normal preference lockout circuit, assignment of preference is fixed and is determined only by the relative positions of the preference relays. As disclosed at pp. 356-357, the preference may be reversed on alternate usages by employing a two-relay walking circuit or pulse divider which alternately shifts the direction over which the output provided by the chained transfer contacts of the preference is delivered to the work circuits. This arrangement requires that each preference relay include two sets of transfer contacts, one for each chain direction of output preference. In this prior art circuit if a number of preference relays are simultaneously operated only that relay which has its output transfer contacts situated closer to the source of the output signal in the chain path will be permitted to deliver the output signal to its work circuit.
While the aforementioned circuit operates satisfactorily, it would be advantageous in certain applications to be able to obtain a preference lockout arrangement in which operating preference was alternated on successive seizures without the need of requiring two sets of transfer contacts on each preference relay. More particularly, it would be desirable to obtain a preference lockout circuit wherein the actual operation of the preference relays themselves was alternated rather than merely the chain of their output contacts.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION In one illustrative embodiment of my invention a plurality of conventional preference relays are provided for the circuits desiring to be connected to a common circuit. In addition, however, I provide in series with V the operate winding of each such preference relay, a
for all of the alterable release time relays. The one of the alterable release time relays which has had its release time altered to be longer than that of the other alterable release time relays, as by the switching in of a resistance shunt across its operate winding, will remain operated after the others have released. The one of the alterable release time relays first to release restores the operating path to its associated preference relay which is now allowed to operateand also to lockout the operating paths for lower-ordered preference relays. The operated preference relay, via its output transfer chain, energizes its associated Work circuit and locks out the work circuits of higher preference relays. When the alterable release time relay currently caused to have the slowest release does release and restore the'operating path to its associated preference relay, that preference relay will not operate at all if it is of a lower-ordered preference and if operated because it'is of higher-order preference will still have itsoutput transfer chain cut off by the first preference relay-to be re-operated.
DESCRIPTION or THE DRAWING The foregoing and other objects and features of my invention may become more apparent from a consideration of the drawing, the single FIGURE of which shows an illustrative embodiment of my invention in the environment of a crossbar switching system.
GENERAL DESCRIPTION Referring now to the drawing, there is shown a pair of connectors CONNO and CONNl for connecting a respective pair of work circuits W80, WSl to the marker. Each work circuit has a work contact MST- (the winding for which is not shown) which contact applies an energizing signal to its respective start lead ST-0 or ST-l to request access'to the marker- Inthe prior art, each start lead ST- would be connected directly to an associated preference relay such as relay MSO or MSl. In accordance with my invention, how.- ever, I insert in series with the operating path- 0f each such preference relay the back contact C-B0-0 or CBO-l of a respective CB- relay, there being one such CB- relay in each connector for each marker to which the connector may obtain access.
To simplify the drawing, .1 have shown only one marker. It will be apparent, however,,from a consideration of such crossbar disclosures as A. J. Busch US. Pat. No. 2,585,904, that a connector, such as an originating register marker connector, may bid for access to more than one marker. More particularly, in FIG. 123 of said Busch patent, there is shown a preference lockout circuit by means: of which the-connector is ac.- corded access to a plurality of markers. Since such details are shown in the Busch patent or'otherwise well known, they will not be repeated inthe drawing.
Let it be assumed that: only work circuit WSl desires to obtain access to the marker. ltsservice requesting relay contact MST-1 will be operated applying ground to lead ST-l. The ground onlead ST-l is continued over the back contact CBO-l to thewinding of relay MSO-l. Relay MSO-l operates over thispath and in operating, at the back contact MSO-I,-:of its-rightmost set of transfer contacts, prevents ground-:from being completed to the MS0-relay contacts'of "any other connector in the chain (not shown). The-operation of the back contact of the right-hand set of .transfercontacts of relay MSO-l also causes marker relay 'MCK, lwhich is normally operated in an idle marker, to release. At the same time, the operation of the front contact of the left-hand set of transfer contacts of relay MSO-1 operates its associated connector relay MCI and contacts 1 of relay MCl lock the winding of relay MSO-l to lead ST-l independently of the path provided by the back contacts of relay CBO-l. Contacts 2 and 3 of relay MCI connect through the internal circuitry of work circuit WSl to the appropriate internal control circuitry of the marker, the details of both of which circuits are unimportant for purposes of understanding the present invention. Contact 4 of relay MCO-l connects through a path for the subsequent operation of release relay RL-l work circuit WSO by the marker control circuits. Contact 5 of connector relay MCI applies a seizure ground to marker seizure counting circuit W-Z. This seizure counting circuit is advantageously a conventional W-Z relay counting circuit which I include in the marker. Its purpose is to operate relay transfer contacts W on alternate seizures of the marker.
The release of marker relay MCK at its back contact completes an operating path to relay MCB. Relay MCB operates and at its make contacts completes operating paths to relay CBO-0 in connector CONNO and to relay CBO-l in connecter CONNl.
Since the winding of connector relay MSO-l has locked to lead ST-l over contact 1 of connector relay MCl, the operation of connector relay CBO-l has no effect on the circuit at this time.
Had it been assumed that both circuits WSO and WSl had applied request-for-marker-access signals to their respective leads ST-0 and ST-l at exactly the same instant, both relays MSO-0 and MSO-l would operate. However, the left-hand transfer contacts of relays MSO-l are in a higher preference position than the lefthand transfer contacts of relays MSO-0 and so only relay MCl of connector CONNl would receive operating ground and lock its associated preference relay MSO-l to its lead ST-l. The service request signal on lead ST-0 remains so long as work circuit WSO continues to request access to the marker. While circuit WSl is being accorded marker access, however, the operation of the back contact of relay CBO-0 causes preference relay MSO-0 to be released.
When the work function is completed, marker control relay RL operates to operate work circuit relay RL I in WSl through make contact 4 of relay MCl. Operation of back contacts of relay RL- in WSl open the ST-l lead allowing relay MSO-l to release. The released make contact of the left-hand set of transfer contacts of relay MSO-l releases relay MC-l and the released back contact of the right-hand set of transfer contacts of relay MSO-1 restores the operating path to marker relay MCK. The re-operation of marker relay MCK at its back contact opens the operating path for relay MCB which releases all of its make contacts opening the operating path for both of relays CBO-0 and CBO-l.
Assuming that relay W is normal, the release of the MCB relay will cause relay CBO-0 to immediately release thereby restoring an operating path for relay MSO-0. Relay CBO-.l will not however release immediately as its winding is shunted down by the normal contact of relay -W in series with resistor R and negative battery. Therelease of relay MCB, therefore, while opening the operating path to the winding of relay CBO-l will not result in immediate release of relay CBO-l since the resistance shunt prevents the immediate collapse of the magnetic field of the winding of relay CBO-l. This relay will release some time after relay CBO-0 releases. The signficance of the later release of this relay will presently be explained.
If it is now assumed that work circuits WSO and WSl had each operated its contacts MST-0 and MST-1 simultaneously only work circuit WSl would, as mentioned before, have succeeded in obtaining access to the marker. Operations proceed as just described and when the marker completes its work functions it operates release relay RL-l in work circuit WSl. Preference relay MSO-1 will now be released allowing marker relay MCK to reoperate opening the operating paths for relays CBO-0 and CBO-l. Relay CBO-0 immediately releases causing the operating path to relay MSO-0 to be restored quite promptly. However, relay CBO-l is caused by the normal condition of transfer contacts W to be a slow release relay on this marker seizure and so the back contact of relay CBO-1 does not immediately restore the operating path to its associated relay MSO- l.
The prompt restoral of the operating path to relay MSO-0 allows this relay to operate and to operate its associated connector relay MCO. The back contact of the transfer contacts of relay MSO-0 removes operating ground from the winding of relay MSO-1 and so this relay is prevented from being re-operated when relay CBO-1 does finally release in the event that work circuit WSl generates another service request. Accordingly, should work circuits WSO and WSl attempt to initiate simultaneous start signals to their respective preference relays, after work circuit WSl had just been served by the marker, work circuit WSO is now preferred, assuming that marker relay W was normal.
The operation of connector relay MCO at its contact 5, however, applies a count pulse to the W-Z circuit which I provide in the marker causing transfer contacts W to operate. The shunting resistor R is now connected across the winding of relay CEO-0.
The marker will, in accordance with its usual operation, perform the circuit function requested by work circuit WSO whereupon the marker will operate its contact RL, in turn operating relay RL-0 in work circuit WSO.
Let it now be assumed that work circuits WSO and WSl maintain their MST- contacts operated. The operation of relay RL-O causes relay MSO-0 to release reoperating marker relay MCK and releasing marker relay MCB thereby opening the operate path for relays.
CONCLUSION Accordingly, I have disclosed a preference lockout circuit wherein preference is changed by means of an alterable time release relay controlling the operation of a work circuit preference relay when in competition with other work circuits and which alterable release relays selectively override the normal operating preference after the marker has been served to prevent monopolization of the marker by the preferred" preference relay. In the drawing l have shown only one marker but it will be apparent that additional markers can be served by providing additional connectors having CB- relays similar to those shown and whose back contacts are chained into operation by additional CBO- make contacts (not shown). Further and other modifications will become apparent to those of skill in the art without, however, departing from the spirit and scope of this invention.
What is claimed is: 1. A preference lockout circuitfor according any of a plurality of work circuits access to a common control circuit including a preference relay respective to each work circuit and contacts controlled by each operated preference relay for normally defining the order of operating preference of said relays, the improvement comprising control means in circuit with each said preference relay for temporarily interrupting the operating path thereto, and means for selectively altering the timing of said control means. 2. A preference lockout circuit according to claim 1 wherein said control means includes contact means op- .erable to interrupt said preference relay operating path and releasable to restore said operating path and wherein said selectively altering means includes means for modifying the release time of said control means.
3. A preference lockout circuit according to claim 1 wherein said selectively altering means includes counting means energized after one of said preference relays has operated.
4. A preference lockout circuit according to claim 3 wherein said counting means includes a W-Z relay circuit controlled by said common control means each time one of said work circuits is accorded access to said common control circuit, said control means includes relays, and said altering means further includes means controlled by said W-Z relay circuit for selectively switching in a resistance shunt across the winding of one of said control means relays.
5. A preference lockout circuit, comprising a plurality of preference relays each having an operate winding adapted to respond to a service request,
a plurality of release relays each having a respective contact means for interrupting the operating path of an associated one of said preference relays,
means for permitting one of said preference relays to lock, 7
means for operating all of said release relays when any of said preference relays is operated,
means for removing the service request for the operated one of said preference relays,
means responsive to all of said preference relays in the released condition for interrupting the operating path to all of said release relays, and
means for selectively changing the release times of said release relays.
6. A preference lockout circuit according to claim 5 wherein each said preference relay has associated therewith a respective connector relay, wherein each said preference relay has a pair of transfer contacts, means connecting each said pair of transfer contacts in a chain for completing a connector relay winding operating path to said connector relays in a given order of preference, and wherein said means permitting said one of said preference relays to lock includes a contact of one of said connector relays.
7. A preference lockout circuit according to claim 6 wherein said means for selectively changing said release times includes means for selectively switching in a resistance shunt across the winding of one of said release relays.
8. A preference lockout arrangement comprising a plurality of preference relays each adapted to be energized to indicate a request for connection to a common circuit by a respective work circuit, means for temporarily interrupting the operating paths to said relays, and means including the selective release of said temporarily interrupting means for recompleting the operating path to one of said preference relays before an operating path is recompleted to the other of said preference relays.
9. A preference lockout arrangement according to claim 8 wherein said temporarily interrupting means includes control relay means individual to each of said preference relays and wherein said recompleting means includes means for selectively applying a circuit to cause one of said control relay means to become a slower release relay means than the other of said control relay means.
10. A preference lockout arrangement according to claim 8 wherein said temporarily interrupting means includes means operative when said respective work circuit is connected to said common circuit and wherein said recompleting means includes means for applying said slower release circuit means to a different one of said control relay means when said common circuit is disconnected from said respective work circuit.
11. A preference lockout circuit for according oneat-a-time access between a common control circuit and a plurality of work circuits comprising a plurality of preference relays some of which are capable of being simultaneously energized by their respective work circuits,
a connector relay associated with each preference relay, means normally connecting the connector relays to be operated in a given order of preference by the operation of said preference relays, and
means operative upon the release of said common circuit by the highest preference one of said connector relays for preventing reoperating of the preference relay associated with said work circuit which has just received access to said common circuit.
12. A preference lockout circuit according to claim 11 wherein said operative means includes a plurality of release relay means each having a contact in circuit with a respective one of said preference relays,
means for normally operating said release relay means during the time one of said work circuits is accorded access to said control circuit, and means for selectively causing one of said release relays to be released more slowly than the other of said release relays when said one work circuit is released from said common circuit.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2585904 *||Oct 29, 1948||Feb 19, 1952||Bell Telephone Labor Inc||Crossbar telephone system|
|US3253088 *||May 1, 1962||May 24, 1966||Bell Telephone Labor Inc||Central office multicustomer private branch exchange system|
|US3370272 *||Oct 29, 1963||Feb 20, 1968||Northern Electric Co||Relay diode preference lock-out circuit|
|US3667001 *||Dec 10, 1970||May 30, 1972||Int Standard Electric Corp||Selection circuit|
|US3772651 *||Jun 21, 1972||Nov 13, 1973||Int Standard Electric Corp||Lock-out circuit|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3992592 *||Oct 23, 1975||Nov 16, 1976||Stromberg-Carlson Corporation||Scanner-marker arrangement for telephone system|
|US4796152 *||Jan 19, 1988||Jan 3, 1989||Vonweise Gear Company||Multi relay selection control circuit power limiter|
|U.S. Classification||307/38, 361/192|