|Publication number||US3877371 A|
|Publication date||Apr 15, 1975|
|Filing date||Sep 28, 1972|
|Priority date||Sep 28, 1972|
|Publication number||US 3877371 A, US 3877371A, US-A-3877371, US3877371 A, US3877371A|
|Original Assignee||Precision Screen Machines|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (6), Referenced by (20), Classifications (15), Legal Events (1)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
1451 Apr. 15, 1975 SCREEN PRINTING'LINT REMOVING APPARATUS AND METHOD  Inventor: David Jaffa, Fairlawn, NJ.
 Assignee: Precision Screen Machines 1nc.,
22 Filed: Sept. 28, 1972 21 Appl. No.: 292,859
 US. Cl. 101/425; 15/104 A; 118/72;
156/389  Int. Cl B41f 35/00  Field of Search 101/417, 425; 156/344,
 References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 794,487 7/1905 Brod 101/425 1,089,453 3/1914 Wood 101/425 1,832,828 11/1931 Borregard 101/425 X 2,262,978 11/1941 Vesely 15/219 X 2,755,494 7/1956 Bredin 15/104 A 3,411,444 ll/l968 Boneschi 101/425 Primary ExaminerClyde J. Coughenour  ABSTRACT This disclosure is directed to a method and apparatus for assuring the removal of lint from a piece of material prior to effecting the screen printing of the material. This is attained by moving an endless surface over the material to be printed in advance of printing which has been treated or coated with a substance to which lint is attracted and thereafter cleaning or washing the endless surface to remove the lint and/or any residual coating substance. in operation the endless surface may be moved continuously with the surface being alternately coated and washed to provide for continuous rapid and automatic lint removal which is rendered readily compatible to the operating printing speeds of an associated screen printing operation.
9 Claims, 4 Drawing Figures PATENTEEAFR 1 5i575 3.877. 371
PATENTED AFB 1 5 I975 sziwaoFig SCREEN PRINTING LINT REMOVING APPARATUS AND METHOD PROBLEM AND PRIOR ART A basic problem confronted in the screen printing art, particularly in the rotary screen printing of material, is the removal oflint from the surface of the material to be printed. The problem is particularly aggravated on high speed screen printing machines, e.g. in rotary screen printing machines. This is because in high speed printing operations, the linting of the material can damage many yards of goods in a relatively short period of time. This is attributed to the fact that the lint. if not satisfactorily removed, will adhere to the rotary printing screen and in doing so will block or seal the screen openings through which color is forced. When this occurs portions of the designs will not be printed, thereby resulting in defective design prints. When this occurs the printed material is either wasted or disposed of at a substantially reduced price as seeonds or imperfect'goods. The presently known lint removal systems are not totally effective to obviate this problem since they, for the most part, employ either brushes or vacuums operating on the surface of the material in an effor to remove the lint. It has been observed that while brushes or vacuums are effective to remove the larger pieces of lint, they have a tendency to create or produce microscopic lint pieces by virtue of the frictional action produced thereby on the surface of the material. Other efforts have utilized two sided adhesive tapes wrapped about a roller which is disposed against the surface of the material to remove the lint therefrom. However, the disadvantage in the use of pressure sensitive tape was that the useful life of the tape was very short, and for this reason the screen printing operation had to be repeatedly interrupted to effect a change of tape. In high speed operation the constant need for attending to the removal of lint covered tape to insure lint free printing completely negated the advantage of high speed printing. Consequently the desired optimum high speed production was nullified by the use of such tape lint removal systems.
OBJECTS An object of this invention is to provide a lint removal apparatus and method which is continuous and positive in operation and which is rendered readily compatible for use with high speed screen printing machines.
Another object is to provide a method and apparatus for effecting the removal oflint from a sheet of material prior to screen printing by alternately gumming and washing an endless surface disposed in engagement with the material to be printed and moving relative thereto.
Another object is to provide a method and apparatus for removing lint which is relatively simple in construction, inexpensive to fabricate and positive in operation.
BRIEF SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The foregoing objects and other features and advantages are attained by a method and apparatus in which an endless surface or belt is disposed contiguous to the feed end of a screen printing apparatus to engage with and move relative to the material to be printed. The
endless surface is coated with a suitable adhesive or material to which lint is attracted whereby the relative movement between the endless surface and the material causes the lint to be adhered to the endless surface. In one form of the invention, the coating is applied by spraying. In other form the coating is applied by an applicating roller disposed in rolling engagement with the endless surface. The lint adhered to the endless surface is periodically removed either by a scraper blade or by washing.
In one form of the invention the endless surface comprises an endless belt which has a surface portion thereof disposed in contact with the A material to be printed. In this form of the invention the coating of the belt with an adhesive material and the removal of the lint and residual adhesive is attained by successively passing the belt over a gumming application roller and a washing roller.
In another form of the invention the endless belt comprises a relatively narrow width belt which is helically wound about a roller disposed transversely to the material to be printed with the gumming and washing of the belt being attained by a gumming or application roller operating on one portion of the belt for coating the belt with adhesive, and a washing roller operating on the other portion of the belt for removing the lint and/or residual adhesive.
In still another form of the invention the endless surface comprises adrum movably mounted for movement between an operative and inoperative position. The surface of the drum is coated with an adhesive material by spraying. The removal of the lint is effected by an adjustable scraper which is also formed with a shape to define a collector or receptacle for receiving the re-- moved lint and/or residual adhesive.
FEATURES A feature of this invention resides in the provision of a method and apparatus in which an endless surface coated with a suitable adhesive is disposed in moving engagement with a material to be printed to remove the lint therefrom prior to printing and which surface is subsequently cleaned of the adhered lint and/or residual adhesive.
Another feature of the invention resides in the provision of an endless surface which is successively coated with an adhesive material to attract lint thereto and subsequently washed to provide a continuously operating lint removing arrangement.
Another feature resides in the provision of a continuously operating lint remover formed as an endless belt, the surface of which is successively gummed to attract the lint contacted thereby and successively washed to remove the lint attracted thereto.
Another feature resides in the provision of an endless drum disposed in rolling engagement with the material to be printed on which a coating of adhesive is sprayed onto the surface of the roller to pick up the lint which is subsequently removed by scraping. Other features and advantages will become readily apparent when considered in view of the drawings and description in which: I
FIG. 1 is a side elevation view illustrating the lint removing device in accordance with this invention, as applied to a screen printing machine.
FIG. 2 is a side elevation view of a modified form of the invention.
FIG. 3 is a detailed perspective view of still another modified form of the invention.
FIG. 4 is a side elevation view of the modified form of the invention of FIG. 3. l 4
Referring to the drawings there is shown in FIG. 1 a lint removing device or system as applied to a screen printing machine 11. The screen printing machine 11 which is schematically illustrated comprises essentially of a supporting frame 12A having an endless printing blanket or belt 12 for supporting the material M to be printed suitably threaded over the end rollers 13 and 14. The arrangement is such that a continuous strip of material or web M to be printed is readily fed onto the printing blanket 12 whereby the material is conveyed past a series of rotary screen printers 15.
In screen printing continuous sheets of material, as for example, fabric, the assumulation of any lint on the surface of the material M would adversely affect the printing of the design on the fabric as hereinbefore noted. To avoid or minimize the linting problem there is provided lint removing system or device 10 which can be readily utilized in conjunction with the screen printing machine to effect continuous removal of the lint from the surface of the material M prior to the material being printed without affecting the operating speed of the screen printing machine 11.
As best seen in FIG. 1 the lint removing device 10 comprises a pair of spaced apart rollers l6, 17 which are suitably supported on a frame of the screen printing machine 11, at the infeed end of the machine 11. An endless belt 18 is threaded over rollers 16 and 17. It will be understood that the belt may be formed of any suitable material, as for example, leather, rubber or a suitable composition. The arrangement is such that an intermediate portion of one of the flights 18A of the endless belt is disposed in contacting engagement with the materialM. being fed onto the printing blanket 12 of the screen fprinting machine 11. It will be understood that the belt 18 of the lint remover may be driven either by friction and/or through a motor drive (not shown) which is operatively connected to drive at least one of the end rolls 16 or 17. The arrangement is such that the endless belt 18 of the lint remover 10 will move in timed relationship to the material M being fed to the respective screen printing stations 15. It will be understood that the width of the endless belt 18 of the lint removal system 10 is substantially equal in width to the printing bed or blanket 12 of the machine.
A means is provided for applying a coating of a suitable adhesive or other substance capable of attracting lint thereto to a surface portion of belt 18 engaging the material M. In the illustrated embodiment of FIG. 1 the coating of adhesive is applied to the surface of belt 18 by means of an applicating roller 19 having a knurled surface, which is rotatably journalled in a trough or receptacle 20 adapted to contain a supply of the adhesive or gumming material. The applicating roller 19 for coating the belt with suitable adhesive is disposed in rolling engagement with the surface of the belt 18 immediately in advance of that area in which the belt engages the material. Accordingly, as seen in FIG. 1 the movement of the lint removing belt 18 about its respective end rollers 16 and 17 is such that the under surface of the belt is coated with a suitable adhesive prior to moving into engagement with the material M being printed so that any lint on the surface of the material to be printed will be adhered to the gummed surface of the lint removing belt 18.
To effect the removal of the lint from the belt 18 subsequent to moving in contact with the material, a means is provided for the washing ofthe' lint from the belt 18. As shown, a receptacle or trough 21 adapted to contain a washing solvent is disposed adjacent the belt 18. An applicating or washing roller 22 is rotatably journalled in the trough and is disposed in rolling engagement with the belt in advance of the gumming roller 19. Accordingly, the arrangement is such that as the lint removal belt is moved relative to the washing roller 22, the washing solution contained in the trough 21 is brought in contact with the belt 18 to effect the cleansing or washing of the lint and residual adhesive from the lint removing belt. It will be understood that the washing solution in trough 21 comprises a suitable solvent for effecting the washing of residual coating and lint from belt 18. In operation the lint removing belt 18 is alternately coated with an adhesive material for effecting the removal of the lint as the lint removing belt passes in engagement with the material M to be printed and washed to effect a continuous lint removal operation which is rendered readily compatible to the speed of the screen printing apparatus 11.
FIG. 2 illustrates another embodiment of the invention. In this form of the invention the lint removing apparatus or system 25 comprises a supporting frame 26 which includes opposed side arms 27, one end of which is pivotally connected about a pivot 28 to a frame sturcture ofa screen printing machine. Supported on the opposed side arms 27 of the supporting frame 26 are suitable bearing blocks 29 for rotatably supporting therebetween a drum 30. It will be understood that the drum 30 is supported adjacent the infeed end of a screen printing apparatus of the type hereinbefore described. That is, the drum 30 is located upstreamwise of the respective printing screens (not shown).
A piston and cylinder assembly 31 which may be ei ther pneumatically or hydraulically operated is connected to the side arms 27 of the support frame 26 which when activated will tend to lift the support frame 26 and associated drum 30 between operative and inoperative positions In the operative position the drum is disposed into rolling engagement with the material M to be printed, the material M in turn being supported on the printing belt 32 of the machine.
Suitably supported on the support frame 26 is a manifold 33 which extends parallel to the axis of the drum 30 and spaced slightly therefrom. A plurality of nozzles 34 are spaced along the length of the manifold 33 with the respective nozzles 34 being directed to spray either an adhesive or a solvent onto the drum for either effecting the coating of the peripheral surface of the drum with a suitable adhesive for attracting thereto any lint or for directing a suitable solvent thereto for effecting the cleaning or washing of the drum at periodic intervals. This is attained by every other nozzle being used to spray an adhesive with the nozzles in between adapted for spraying a solvent.
This may be readily attained by providing a manifold 33 with two distinct side by sidechambers, one being connected to a supply of suitable adhesive, and the other being connected to a supply of suitable washing solvent. Accordingly, the alternate nozzles are respectively disposed in communication with the respective chambers so that either anadhesive or a solvent may be sprayed onto the surface of the drum; by controlling the nozzles accordingly.
Disposed adjacent to the drum is a scraper 35 which is movably mounted for movement toward and away from the drum 30. As shown a pair of opposed upright arms 36 is pivotally connected to the side bars 27 of the support frame 26 about pivot 37. Connected between the spaced apart upright side arms 36 is a scraper means 35. The scraper means 35 includes an edge portion 35A adapted to be disposed contiguous to the peripheral surface of the drum 30 so that in operation the scraping edge 35A causes the lint adhering to the coated surface of the drum 30 to be scraped free therefrom. As shown, the scraper means 35 includes a body portion 358 shaped to define a receptacle for receiving the lint and residual adhesive scraped from the surface -of the drum by edge 35A.
To effect the operation of the scraper means 35, a means is provided for shifting or pivoting the side arms 36 toward and away from the drum. [n the illustrated embodiment the actuating means comprises a piston and cylinder assembly 40, the cylinder 40A of which is suitably securedto a portion 41 of the frame support 26 about pivot 42. The extended piston rod 408 of assembly 40 in turn is pivotally connected to the upper end of the side arms 36 about pivot 43. The arrangement is such that actuation of the piston and cylinder assembly 40 will effect a displacement of the associated piston rod 40B between an operative and inoperative position as indicated in FIG. 2. With the piston and cylinder assembly 31 disposed in the retracted position, the drum is lowered into rolling engagement with the material M to be printed.
In operation, the manifold and associated nozzles through which the adhesive is sprayed are operated to spray the peripheral surface of the drum 30 with a suitable adhesive as the drum rotates. With the drum spray coated with adhesive, and lowered into rolling engagement with the material M, the coating portion of the drum 30 will attract thereto any particles of lint or the material and thereby lift the lint off the material M. As the drum becomes covered with lint and the surface of the drum beings to loose its tackiness, the lint and residual adhesive may be removed by the scraper 35 disposed on the opposite side of the drum. The operation of the scraper is such that when the activating piston and cylinder is energized, the scraper edge 35A is brought to bear against the periphery of the drum to remove the lint therefrom. The removed lint is thus collected in the trough shaped body portion 358 of the scraper means 35. The removal of the lint and residual adhesive is further facilitated by spraying a solvent through the solvent nozzles as the scraper edge 35A engages the drum 30. The arrangement is such that by continuous rotation of the lint removing drum 30 and the alternate spraying of the drum with adhesive and scraping ofthe lint off the surface upon the accumution thereof, a system is provided for continuously removing lint in a virtually uninterrupted printing operation at the optimum printing speed of the screen printing machine.
FIG. 3 illustrates another modified form of the invention. In this form of the invention, the lint removal sytem 50 comprises a transverse roller 51 which is suitably journalled for rotation adjacent the infeed end of a screen printing apparatus as hereinbefore described. An upper and lower guide bar or roller 52 and 53 respectively is suitably journalled on the machine frame at a distance space from the transverse roller 51. An endless belt 54 having ,a width which is substantially less than that of the transverse r oller 51 is threaded about the transverse roller 51 and the associated guide bars 52,53. The arrangement is such that a portion of the endless belt 54 is helically wound about the transverse roller 51 as illustrated. With the endless belt helically wound about the roller 51, as indicated, the arrangement is such that the surface of the helically wound portion of the belt is disposed into rolling engagement with the materialM to be printed supported on the printing blanket 55.
Operating on the narrow width portion of the belt 54, as indicated, is an applicating roller 56 for applying a suitable adhesive to the surface of the belt 54 adapted to engage the material M. As previously described, the applicating roller 56 is suitably journalled within a trough or receptacle 57 adapted for containing a supply of adhesive or gumming material. The arrangement is such that upon movement of the belt 54 the rolling engagement with the applicator roller 56, a coating or layer of adhesive material is transfered from the applicating roller 56 to the surface of thebelt 54. As the transverse roller 51 is rotated, the successive convolutions 54A of the endless belt 54 moved transversely of the roller 51 to effectively transverse the width of the material M and picks up any lint which may be on the material M. As the belt leaves the transverse roller 51, it is directed or guided over guide rollers 52, 53 for reintroduction or rewinding about roller 51. As the narrow belt 54 leaves roller 51 and before being rewound thereon, the belt 54 is subjected to a washing to remove the collected lint and residual adhesive. This is attained by a washing roller 58 rotatably disposed in a trough 59 which is adapted to contain a suitable washing solution or solvent. The washing solvent is transfered to the surface of the belt by the rolling engagement of belt 54 with the washing roller 58. On passing through the washing station the belt moves in rolling engagement with the adhesive applicating roller 56 whereby the belt is again coated with a layer of adhesive.
From the foregoing it will be apparent that the method of removing lint from a web'of material M to be screen printed comprises essentiallyof disposing an endless member 18, 30 or 54 into engagement with a surface of the sheet of material M to be printed whereupon the surface of the respective endless member to be disposed in contact with the web of material is coated with a suitable adhesive or material capable of attracting lint thereto. By effecting movement of the coated endless member 18, 30 or 54 relative to the material M to be printed, any lint on the surface of the material is attracted to the coated surface of the endless member. Thereafter the lint adhered to the coated surface of the respective endless members 18, 30 or 54 is subsequently removed by either scraping and/or by washing the lint covered endless member with a suitable solvent. The endless surface is coated with an adhesive either by an applicating roll disposed in rolling engagement therewith to transfer the adhesive directly thereto, or by spraying the adhesive in atomized or liquid form onto the surface of the endless member. The lint removing method and apparatus described effectively and continuously removes lint as a sheet of material is screen printed in a manner which will not in any way impede or interfere with the operating speeds of the screen printing apparatus. A positive and rapid method and apparatus is thus rendered possible for effecting the continuous removal of objectionable lint from the material to be printed in a screen printing operation at the optimum operational'speeds.
While the invention has been described with respect to several embodiments thereof it will be readily appreciated and understood that variations and modifications may be made without departing from the spirit or scope of the invention.
What is claimed is:
1. In combination, a screen printing maching having a printing screen and a lint removing system for said screen printing machine,
said system including an endless means disposed in rolling engagement with a material to be printed on a screen printing machine in advance of a printing screen,
said endless means including spaced apart end rollers disposed adjacent the material inlet end of a screen printing machine, and an endless belt threaded over said end rollers, said endless belt having an intermediate portion disposed in engagement with the material to be printed, an adhesive coating means for applying a continuous coating of adhesive to the surface of said enless belt said coating means including a trough for containing a suppy of adhesive,
an adhesive applicating roller rotatably journalled in said trough and adapted to be at least partially submerged in the adhesive when said trough contains a supply of adhesive,
said adhesive application roller being disposed in rolling engagement with the surface of said belt,
said endless belt engaging the material for effecting the removal of any lint thereon after engagement with said adhesive applicating roller,
means for continuously removing the adhesive and lint adhered thereto from said belt,
said latter means including a trough disposed downstream wise of said coating means adapted to contain a washing liquid,
and a washing roller rotatably journalled in said downstream trough for engaging the surface of said belt to effectively continuously clean said surface.
2. The invention as defined in claim 1 wherein said belt means has a width at least substantially equal to the width of the material being printed.
3. The invention as defined in claim 1 wherein said endless belt is helically wound about said rollers.
4. The invention as defined in claim 3 wherein said transverse roller is formed with a helical groove for accommodating the endless belt helically wound thereabout.
5. A lint removal system for use in a screen printing machine comprising:
a roller rotatably journalled adjacent the feed end of a screen printing machine, said roller extending transversely of the feed end,
a guide roller spaced from said transverse roller,
an endless belt having a width substantially less than the width of said transverse roller,
said endless belt being looped over said guide roller and transverse roller whereby said belt is helically wound about said transverse roller,
said helically wound portion of said belt being disposed in rolling engagement with the material to be printed,
means for applying a coating material to said belt capable of attracting thereto any lint on the material disposed in contact therewith, and
means for effecting the removal of any lint attracted thereto.
6. A method of removing lint from a sheet of material to be screen printed comprising the steps of:
disposing an endless member in engagement with the surface of a sheet of material to be printed, coating the surface of the endless member with a layer of material capable of attracting lint thereto,
moving the coated surface of theendless member relative to the material to be printed and in contact therewith so that any lint attracted thereto is removed from said material,
and effecting the removal of the lint and coating from said endless member as said endless member is moving relative to said material after contact with said material.
7. The invention as defined in claim 6 wherein the removal of the lint is effected by scraping the lint surface of said endless member as it moves relative to said material.
8. The invention as defined in claim 7 and including the step of applying a solvent to the surface of said endless member to enhance the scraping of the lint therefrom.
9. The invention as defined in claim 6 wherein the lint is removed by washing the lint and coating from the surface of said endless member.
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|U.S. Classification||101/425, 15/104.2, 118/72, 101/126, 156/389, 101/118|
|International Classification||B41F15/12, B41F15/08, D06G1/00|
|Cooperative Classification||B41F15/12, B41F15/0836, D06G1/00|
|European Classification||D06G1/00, B41F15/08B2, B41F15/12|
|Dec 22, 1994||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: PRECISION ACQUISITION, INC., A DE CORP. (NOW KNOWN
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:PRECISION SCREEN MACHINES, INC., A NJ CORP. (NOW KNOWN ASLEGEND HOLDINGS, INC.);REEL/FRAME:007268/0319
Effective date: 19940912