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Publication numberUS3877437 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateApr 15, 1975
Filing dateJul 6, 1973
Priority dateJul 20, 1972
Also published asCA1016033A1, DE2332025A1, DE2332025B2, DE2332025C3
Publication numberUS 3877437 A, US 3877437A, US-A-3877437, US3877437 A, US3877437A
InventorsMaitan Francesco, Vannucchi Cosimo
Original AssigneeMaitan Francesco, Vannucchi Cosimo
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Apparatus for simultaneous bilateral phototherapy (pan irradiation) of new-born children
US 3877437 A
Abstract
Apparatus for simultaneous bilateral phototherapy (pan irradiation) of new-born children, particularly for the cure of babies stricken with neonatal jaundice, characterized by the fact that it comprises a chamber made entirely of transparent material including the bed on which the child is placed and two groups of light sources placed respectively one above and one below the chamber in order to irradiate the entire surface of the new-born child's skin simultaneously in one treatment without having to submit the patient to continual changes of position, in order to obtain complete treatment of his skin and reduce in this manner the whole duration of his treatment.
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent [191 Maitan et a1.

[ APPARATUS FOR SIMULTANEOUS BILATERAL PHOTOTHERAPY (PAN IRRADIATION) OF NEW-BORN CHILDREN [76] Inventors: Francesco Maitan, 41 Via Capitano Sella; Cosimo Vannucchi, Ospedale Civile di Schio, both of Schio, Vicenza, Italy [22] Filed: July 6, 1973 [21] Appl. No.: 377,066

[30] Foreign Application Priority Data July 20, 1972 Italy 85602/72 [52] US. Cl 128/373; 128/395; 128/1 B [51] Int. Cl A61h 33/06 [58] Field of Search 128/373, 395, 396, 1 B

[56] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,093,648 9/1937 Rice 128/373 X [4 1 Apr. 15, 1975 Primary ExaminerLawrence W. Trapp Attorney, Agent, or Firm-William Anthony Drucker [57] ABSTRACT Apparatus for simultaneous bilateral phototherapy (pan irradiation) of new-born children, particularly for the cure of babies stricken with neonatal jaundice, characterized by the fact that it comprises a chamber made entirely of transparent material including the bed on which the child is placed and two groups of light sources placed respectively one above and one below the chamber in order to irradiate the entire surface of the new-born childs skin simultaneously in one treatment without having to submit the patient to continual changes of position, in order to obtain complete treatment of his skin and reduce in this manner the whole duration of his treatment.

4 Claims, 2 Drawing Figures PATENTEDAPRISIHYS suanzufz APPARATUS FOR SIMULTANEOUS BILATERAL PHOTOTHERAPY (PAN IRRADIATION) OF NEW-BORN CHILDREN The present invention is intended for the realisation of an apparatus for carrying out phototherapy of the total skin area of new-born children affected by haemolitic jaundice.

It is to be noted that some years ago phototherapy was introduced for the cure of haemolitic disease of the new-born child, due to prenatal jaundice.

In particular Cremer and Coll in 1958 and since then other investigators have been able to ascertain that by exposing the new-born childs skin to intense light, in paticular to azure light generated by fluorescent tubes, indirect and non hydrosoluble bilirubine, generated by the haemoglobine coming from the walls of the red corpuscles, is changed into hydrosoluble bilirubine which is eliminated either by the hepatic canal or by the renal canal.

Since even today there is much uncertainty about the mechanism through which radiant therapy is able to reduce in vivo the amount of indirect bilirubine, this therapy, as has been said, has been used for some time in pediatric clinics.

The apparatus used up to the present in these cases includes an incubator made of transparent material, provided above with a complex of fluorescent tubes placed parallel between them under a reflecting surface, in order to illuminate from above the new-born child who is in the incubator.

This type of apparatus makes it necessary for the staff to turn the new-born child frequently in order to irradiate with the greatest possible uniformity its skin on all sides. This includes prolonging the duration of the therapy, certain discomfort for the new-born child, difficulty in obtaining really uniform treatment for all parts of its skin, and notable care on the part of the staff concerned.

The purpose of the present invention is to make an apparatus which can irradiate at one time the skin of the new-born child, laid on the bed of the incubator, on both sides, thus avoiding the necessity of manipulating him by turning, in order to expose separately the skin of the upper side and the lower side to luminous radia tion.

The apparatus therefore contains a double series of generators of luminous discharge for fluorescent tubes placed respectively above and below the chamber, and these are made entirely of transparent material as is the bed on which the new-born child is laid.

Both series of fluorescent tubes are provided with reflecting surfaces which concentrate the luminous discharge on the new-born child to be treated, and the whole complex is mounted on a mobile trolley which contains on its lower level the electrical apparatus necessary for the correct functioning of the fluorescent tubes, as for example the reactors, the controls and so Naturally the chamber will be provided with instrumentation adapted for the control of internal temperature, of the degree of humidity and also sleeves for the introduction of the arms of the staff concerned, as prescribed for the correct functioning of the apparatus and also to give sufficient aeration to the chamber.

For the rest, the invention will be described here in more detail in the following pages, with the aid of the plans enclosed in one particular form of design construction, shown in a simple manner with non restrictive examples.

' In these:

FIG. 1 shows the invented apparatus from a front view.

FIG. 2 shows the second section line llll of FIG. I.

The apparatus invented comprises a trolley 1 (FIGS. 1 & 2) provided with self-positioning turning wheels to support it 2, on which a chamber is mounted 3, made entirely of transparent material on the upper level, the lateral surfaces and the lower level.

The bed 4, on which the new-born child to be treated is placed, is made entirely of transparent material, for example, a pack of sheets of transparent plastic material, soft enough not to cause discomfort to the newborn child, yet transparent enough to permit the passage of luminous discharge through it.

Above, the trolley 1 bears two curved arms 5, on which a complex generating luminous discharge is suspended, including a series of fluorescent tubes 6, hanging over a moulded reflecting sheet 7, which concentrates the rays of light generated by the tubes 6 towards the bottom or towards the chamber below 3.

Below, the trolley 1 is equipped with bars 8 fixable at a regulated height on the vertical mountings of the trolley l, for example in the middle of the regulating screws 9, bars 8 which hold a second complex generating luminous discharge, comprising a series of fluorescent tubes 10, placed above a reflecting moulded sheet 11, which concentrated the luminous rays given off by the said tubes towards the top or towards the bottom level of the chamber 3.

Advantageously it is foreseen that the reflecting sheet should be folded at right angles corresponding to its sides, in order to present-to lateral edges 12 12, which prevent the rays of light from violently hitting the eyes of staff carrying out the treatment, who would be more affected by the luminous discharge coming from the lower tubes 10 in comparison with that coming from the upper tubes 6.

The entire auxiliary apparatus, comprising for example the reactors of the fluorescent tubes, the control equipment and so on is contained inside the draw 13, placed on the lower level 14 of the trolley.

The incubator will be provided with a thermometer 15 for measuring the internal temperature, a hygrometer to control the degree of humidity, a receptacle 17 containing distilled water, which ensures a certain degree of humidity, a container 18 for urine collection, sleeves 19 for the introduction of the arms of the staff concerned with the therapy, also having the purpose of ensuring aeration of the chamber. I

It is evident that detailed construction particulars of the apparatus, here described and illustrated on the design plans enclosed, will be able to undergo modifications and give place to different types of execution in comparison with what is described here, with the essential characteristics of the apparatus remaining the same, without in this way prescinding from the terms of the patent.

We claim:

1. Apparatus for simultaneous bilateral phototherapy (pan irradiation) of new-born children, particularly for the cure of babies stricken with neontal jaundice, characterised by the fact that it comprises a chamber made entirely of transparent material including the bed on which the child is placed and two groups of light sources placed respectively one above and one below the chamber in order to irradiate the entire surface of the new-born childs skin simultaneously in one treatment without having to submit the patient to continual changes of position, in order to obtain complete treatment of his skin and reduce in this manner the whole duration of his treatment.

2. Apparatus for simultaneous bilateral phototherapy (pan irradiation) of new-born children, as in claim 1, characterized by the fact that the entire complex consisting of the chamber, the two groups of generators of luminous discharge and the relative feeding apparatus is mounted on a mobile trolley with self-positioning wheels.

3. Apparatus for simultaneous bilateral phototherapy (pan irradiation) of new-born children, as in claim 1, characterized by the fact that the reflecting sheet placed below the luminous generators of the lower group is provided with edges folded towards the top either on one side or on the side opposite the apparatus to prevent the rays of light from directly hitting the eyes of the staff concerned with the therapy.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2093648 *May 7, 1934Sep 21, 1937Rice Paul SHuman incubator
US2640201 *Jul 23, 1951Jun 2, 1953Burwell Orlo RControlled temperature vapor-bath cabinet
US3000376 *Apr 23, 1957Sep 19, 1961O E M CorpIncubators for infants
US3170172 *Dec 7, 1961Feb 23, 1965Loren P KessmanSun-bathing device
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3986513 *Jan 29, 1976Oct 19, 1976Joseph Lester StuhlApparatus for irradiating the skin
US4335724 *Jan 18, 1980Jun 22, 1982Frei Hans JoachimSolarium
US4750474 *May 16, 1986Jun 14, 1988Saul DukhanIncubator
US4832029 *Jun 30, 1987May 23, 1989Dragerwerk AktiengesellschaftRadiation arrangement
US5216251 *Oct 18, 1991Jun 1, 1993Matschke Arthur LApparatus and method for a bio-conditioning germicidal dryer
US5336248 *Jul 18, 1990Aug 9, 1994British Technology Group Ltd.Treatment and inhibition of retinopathy of prematurity
US5498394 *Oct 16, 1992Mar 12, 1996Molecucare, Inc.Housings and ultraviolet light source and diffuser positioned in chamber
US5612001 *Oct 3, 1995Mar 18, 1997Matschke; Arthur L.Apparatus and method for germicidal cleansing of air
US5792214 *Jan 31, 1995Aug 11, 1998Medela, Inc.Apparatus for irradiating an infant
US6045575 *Jan 29, 1998Apr 4, 2000Amt, Inc.Therapeutic method and internally illuminated garment for the management of disorders treatable by phototherapy
US6253380Jan 15, 1998Jul 3, 2001Medela Holding AgRestraining garment
US6290713Aug 24, 1999Sep 18, 2001Thomas A. RussellFlexible illuminators for phototherapy
US6402681Mar 7, 2000Jun 11, 2002Hill-Rom Services, Inc.Phototherapy apparatus
US6464715 *Oct 30, 1998Oct 15, 2002Medestime S.A.Intensive multidirectional phototherapy device
US6596016Apr 19, 2000Jul 22, 2003The Board Of Trustees Of The Leland Stanford Junior UniversityPhototherapy of jaundiced newborns using garments containing semiconductor light-emitting devices
US7147653 *Aug 23, 2002Dec 12, 2006Lumitex, Inc.Pad like device for use during phototherapy treatment
US8563946 *Jun 17, 2010Oct 22, 2013Koninklijke Philips N.V.OLED phototherapy device
US20100063487 *Sep 29, 2006Mar 11, 2010Jason Van StraalenLight therapy apparatus
US20120104277 *Jun 17, 2010May 3, 2012Koninklijke Philips Electronics, N.V.Oled phototherapy device
WO1995028181A1 *Apr 13, 1995Oct 26, 1995Despatch Ind LpUltraviolet passthrough sterilization device
WO2001066186A2 *Mar 7, 2001Sep 13, 2001Hill Rom Mfg IncPhototherapy apparatus
WO2014018103A1Mar 12, 2013Jan 30, 2014Brezinski Donna JPortable phototherapy device
Classifications
U.S. Classification607/91, 250/455.11, 600/22
International ClassificationA61N5/06
Cooperative ClassificationA61N5/0621
European ClassificationA61N5/06C9