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Publication numberUS3877524 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateApr 15, 1975
Filing dateNov 29, 1973
Priority dateNov 29, 1973
Publication numberUS 3877524 A, US 3877524A, US-A-3877524, US3877524 A, US3877524A
InventorsGlenn Jr William S
Original AssigneeGlenn Jr William S
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Fluid system
US 3877524 A
Abstract
A fluid system incorporating a dry pipe fire sprinkler system is illustrated wherein a valve has a housing with a flow path between inlet and outlet ports, a chamber being interposed in the flow path with a sealing member extending across the chamber in the flow path, a plunger extending through the sealing member at right angles thereto with resilient means normally urging closure members carried by the plunger towards open position and a manually adjustable operator carried by the housing in alignment with the plunger for maintaining the closure members in open position when moved to a position to overcome the force of the resilient means and opposing pressure of fluid delivered by the compressor permitting fluid to flow freely through the valve, the force of the fluid delivered by compressor means being sufficient to overcome the spring in the absence of a back pressure forward of the valve.
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent Glenn, Jr. Apr. 15, 1975 FLUID SYSTEM Primary ExaminerRobert S. Ward, Jr. [76] Inventor: William s. Glenn, Jr., P0. 76, 41mm, Agent FmBaleY & Domy Spartanburg, SC. 29601 22 Filed: Nov. 29, 1973 [57] ABSTRACT A fluid system incorporating a dry pipe fire sprinkler [21] Appl' 420017 system is illustrated wherein a valve has a housing with a flow path between inlet and outlet ports, a chamber [52] US. Cl. ..'169/l7; 137/460 being interposed in the flow path with a sealing mem- [5 l] Int. Cl. A62c 35/30; Fl6k 17/04 ber extending across the chamber in the flow path, a [58] Field of Search 137/460; plunger extending through the sealing member at right 169/16-18; 239/569-572, 586 angles thereto with resilient means normally urging closure members carried by the plunger towards open [5 6] References Cited position and a manually adjustable operator carried by UNITED STATES PATENTS the housing in alignment with the plunger for mains20,59s 5/1906 Petersen 137/460 taining the 9 members open 1,171,610 2/1916 Hauer 137/46 X moved to a posltlon to overcome the force of the resil- 1,633,108 6/1927 Knight 169/17 X ient means and PP Plressure of mud delivfired y 3,401,751 9/1968 Loftin et al. 169/17 the compressor permitting fluid to flow freely through FOREIGN PATENTS OR APPLICATIONS the valve, the force of the fluid delivered by compressor means being sufficient to overcome the spring in 174,840 1886 France".. .1 137/460 the absence of a b pressure forward of the va]ve 11,196 1904 Unlted Kingdom 137/460 3 Claims, 5 Drawing Figures FLUID SYSTEM BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION This invention relates especially to a dry pipe sprinkler system wherein a valve is provided permitting replacement of escaped air due to seepage of air in the sprinkler system within a warehouse and the like but which will shut off the supply of air automatically upon a break or opening of a sprinkler, as for example from a fire, as would cause a sufficient pressure drop forwardly of the valve.

In a dry pipe sprinkler system such as described in US. Pat. No. 3,401,75l, the fire underwriters will not permit the sprinkler system to be filled with water except in a wet system where antifreeze is used. This is because such water would freeze during freezing weather causing damage to the system. When a sprinkler head opens due to a fire, the compressed air excapes permitting water pressure to open a trip valve. Water then enters the sprinkler system to spray the fire area. In a system for multiple warehouses a single compressor supplies air to the sprinkler systems of respective warehouses. If a break occurs in a sprinkler system of one warehouse, then one or more of the trip valves associated with other warehouses may open due to reduced air pressure. If no one was on hand, as at night, freeze damage could occur.

Accordingly, it is an important object of this invention to provide a valve for use as in a dry pipe sprinkler system for automatically shutting off the air supply to the trip valve if a leak occurs in one of the warehouses sprinkler pipes.

Another important object of this invention is to provide a valve for maintaining air pressure in the warehouse system if a leak occurs in the air supply line of a dry pipe system.

Still another important object of this invention is to keep constant air pressure in dry pipe systems when there are no pronounced leaks by permitting replacement of air as might normally be lost through seepage.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION It has been found that a valve having a spring biased closure member carried in a sealing member extending across a chamber interposed in the flow path, with a manual operator for overcoming the force of the spring and air back pressure to permit fluid flow into the system up to the desired operating pressure while the manual operator is in inoperative position.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWING The construction designed to carry out the invention will be hereinafter described, together with other features hereof.

The invention will be more readily understood from a reading of the following specification and by reference to the accompanying drawing forming a part thereof, wherein an example of the invention is shown and wherein:

FIG. 1 is a schematic view illustrating a dry pipe fire sprinkler system constructed in accordance with the present invention,

FIG. 2 is a plan view of a valve constructed in accordance with the present invention,

FIG. 3 is a longitudinal sectional elevation taken on the line 3-3 in FIG. 2,

FIG. 4 is a sectional elevation similar to FIG. 3, illustrating the valve in a closed position, and

FIG. 5 is a plan view illustrating a closure member of the sealing member of the valve.

DESCRIPTION OF A PREFERRED EMBODIMENT The drawing illustrates a fluid system having nozzle means for dispensing fluid and a compressor means supplying fluid under pressure to the nozzle means. A valve, interposed between the compressor means and the nozzle means so as to control the flow of fluid to the nozzle means, includes a housing A having a flow path between inlet and outlet ports therein. The housing has a chamber B interposed in the flow path. A sealing member C extends across the chamber having a passageway for fluid therein for fluid to flow therethrough. A plunger D extends through the sealing member at right angles thereto. A closure member E is carried by the plunger for closing the passageway. Resilient means F normally urge the closure member to open position but is overcome by the force of fluid delivered by the compressor means upon a pressure drop of sufficient magnitude occurring at the outlet of the housing.

In the dry pipe system illustrated, a manually adjustable operator G is threadably carried by the housing in alignment with the plunger for maintaining the closure member in open position when moved to a position to overcome the force of the resilient means and intake air pressure to permit air delivered by the compressor to flow freely through the valve.

The valve housing A is preferably constructed of noncorrosive metal, such as brass or stainless steel. A hole is drilled and threaded in each end of the housing forming inlet and outlet ports 10 and 11 respectively to receive a conduit, such as a water pipe, at each end of the housing.

Inlet pipe 12 is threadably received as at 13 within the inlet port 10 and an outlet pipe 14 is threadably received as at 15 within the outlet port 11.

A chamber B is carried in said housing interposed in a flow path through the housing. The flow path may include an enlarged inlet portion 16 and an enlarged outlet portion 17 communicating with the inlet pipe 12 and the outlet pipe 14, respectively. The inlet path further includes passageways 18 and 19, respectively communicating with the chamber B. The passageway 18 communicates between the inlet area 16 and the chamber B at a lower portion thereof while the passageway communicates between the chamber B and the outlet portion 17 in an upper portion of the housing A.

The chamber B is formed by first drilling a hole at right angles to the housing from the top, as illustrated in the drawing, and then enlarging and threading an upper portion thereof as at 20. A sealing member C extends across the chamber and has a passageway therein for air to flow therethrough. The sealing member C is threadably received as at 21 within the upper portion of the chamber 20 and is sealed as at 22 against a reduced portion of the lower portion of the chamber 23.

The sealing member has a passageway which includes a plurality of holes 24 disposed centrally therein.

A plunger D extends through the sealing member C at right angles thereto and carries a closure member E at each end thereof. The closure members E are threadably received as at 25 on each end of the plunger of valve stem D. Each of the closure members carries a sealing member such as an O ring 26 on the inner surface thereof to seal against the sealing member C depending upon which surface is in sealing engagement therewith.

Resilient means F include light compression springs carried between the sealing member and respective closure members. The resilient means F normally urges the closure member to open position but such may be overcome by the force delivered as by compressor means through the inlet pipe 12 provided a pressure drop of sufficient magnitude occurs at the outlet end of the housing. Similarily the resilient means may be overcome upon the occurrence of a sufficient pressure drop at the inlet end of the housing.

A manually adjustable operator G is threadably carried by the housing in alignment with the plunger D for maintaining the closure member in open position when moved to a position to overcome the force of the springs F and inlet air pressure to permit air delivered by the compressor to flow freely through the valve. The operator G includes a vertical pusher rod 27 threadably carried as at 28 within the vertical housing 29. The housing 29 is threadably received as at 30 within the upper portion 20 of the chamber B and is provided with sealing means 31. A suitable handle 32 is provided to facilitate the relative vertical position of the lowermost end of the pusher rod 27. The pusher rod 27 may be lowered to dotted line position illustrated in FIG. 3 for maintaining the closure member in open position illustrated to permit the flow of air through the valve as desired.

The particular fluid system illustrated is in the form of a fire sprinkler system as for a warehouse and includes nozzle means 33 in the form of pipe headders carrying spaced nozzles 33a. A suitable compressor and the like is illustrated at 34 supplying fluid, in this case, air and the like, through a supply pipe or service line 35 to the various inlet pipes 12. The air flows through the valves described above into the outlet pipes 14 for supplying air or other fluid under pressure to the respective trip valves 38. Water is supplied through the line 37 to the trip valve 38. Supply pipes 36 are provided in connection with each trip valve for supplying the several nozzle systems 33 located as in respective warehouses W. The trip valves have a closure member 39 hinged as at 40 which may be raised from lowered position as illustrated in FIG. 1 to the vertical position also shown in broken lines in FIG. 1 as when a break or fire occurs in the nozzle system of a warehouse.

The valves are installed in the air service line 35,just outside of the respective trip valve 38. The wheel stem or pusher rod 27 is run in against the plunger D. This holds both closure members E open until the desired system pressure is reached. The wheel stem is then run all the way out to allow the two valve heads to be free to function. Unless a leak occurs in the system, the two closure members E will remain open. This allows a small, but continuous air flow into the system, to replace any seepage that might exist and thereby maintain the year around desired system pressure.

A break or opening in one warehouse system will cause the intake closure member E valve to close, as no opposing pressure is retained in the exhaused associated system. This shuts off the air supply from the sprinkler of the disabled building. This allows the other building systems to continue receiving air and consequently not to trip. When the intake closure member E closes due to a break, water is not impeded, going to a fire, as no compressed air is mixed with the water. In reverse to the above, should a break occur in the service line, all exhaust closure members in all warehouses would seal, thus. holding the compressed air in all of the buildings, until repairs can be made.

This same valve, by substituting a stronger resilient means could be used by filling stations and possibly others to shut off the air at a compressor tank in the event of a break in the service line. This would cut off the compressor, and prevent it from running continuously all night which could cause severe damage. The several functions of this valve, when installed in a fire protection sprinkler system, will greatly improve the efficiency of any system, including wet pipe systems.

While a preferred embodiment of the invention has been described using specific terms, such description is for illustrative purposes only, and it is to be understood that changes and variations may be made without departing from the spirit or scope of the following claims.

What is claimed is:

1. For use in a dry pipe fire sprinkler system having several sprinkler nozzle systems for dispensing water and a compressor supplying air under pressure to the sprinkler nozzle systems, a valve interposed between said compressor and each of said nozzle systems so as to control the flow of air to said nozzle systems comprising:

A. a housing having a flow path between inlet and outlet ports in said housing;

B. said housing having a chamber interposed in said flow path;

C. a sealing member extending across said chamber having a passageway for air to flow therethrough;

D. a plunger extending through said sealing member at right angles thereto;

E. a closure member carried by said plunger for closing said passageway;

F. resilient means normally urging said closure member to open position but which is overcome by the force of air delivered by said compressor means upon a pressure drop of sufficient magnitude occurring at the outlet of said housing; and

G. a manually adjustable operator threadably carried by said housing in alignment with said plunger being operable to maintain said closure member in open position when moved to a position to overcome the force of said resilient means and the force of air delivered by said compressor to permit air delivered by said compressor to flow freely through the valve to build up air pressure in the nozzle system associated therewith.

2. The structure set forth in claim 1 including: a second closure member carried by said plunger on a side of said sealing member opposite said first mentioned closure member, and second resilient means normally urging said second closure member to open position but which is overcome by the force of air in the nozzle system associated therewith should air pressure be reduced on the compressor side of the valve.

3. For use in a fluid system having nozzle means for dispensing fluid from a source and a supply means for supplying fluid under pressure to said nozzle means, a valve interposed between said supply means and said nozzle means so as to control the flow of fluid to said nozzle means comprising:

A. a housing having a flow path between inlet and outlet ports in said housing;

B. said housing having a chamber interposed in said flor path;

C. a sealing member extending across said chamber having a passageway therein for fluid to flow therethrough;

D. a plunger extending through said sealing member at right angles thereto;

E. a closure member carried by said plunger for closing said passageway;

F. resilient means normally urging said closure member to open position but which is overcome by the force of fluid delivered by said supply means upon a pressure drop of sufficient magnitude occurring open and close depending on a pressure drop in said housing.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US820598 *Jun 20, 1905May 15, 1906Henry A F PetersenValve.
US1171610 *Oct 16, 1911Feb 15, 1916Lagonda Mfg CoAutomatic valve.
US1633108 *Jun 8, 1925Jun 21, 1927General Fire ExtinIsland
US3401751 *Apr 22, 1966Sep 17, 1968Standard Fire Prot Equipment CDry pipes sprinkler system
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4804163 *May 10, 1988Feb 14, 1989Yang Shun ChingKey button type of water tap
US6401741Nov 7, 2000Jun 11, 2002Jimmy D. CainExcess flow shut-off valve
US7299814 *Jun 9, 2005Nov 27, 2007Fenton John AMethod and apparatus for selectively shutting off the flow of water to a building
US7299819Jun 12, 2006Nov 27, 2007John A. FentonWater flow sensor alone and in combination with a method and apparatus for selectively shutting off the flow of water to a building
Classifications
U.S. Classification169/17, 137/460
International ClassificationA62C35/64, A62C35/58
Cooperative ClassificationA62C35/645
European ClassificationA62C35/64B