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Publication numberUS387761 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateAug 14, 1888
Publication numberUS 387761 A, US 387761A, US-A-387761, US387761 A, US387761A
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Top-spinning toy spring-gun
US 387761 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

2 Sheets-Sheet 1.

(No Model.)



a l D Patented Aug. 14, 18888.

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(No Model.) 2 SheetsSheet 2.



No. 387,761. Patented Aug. 14, 1888.


ILUIZTLZOF/IV lhvrrnn drn'rns PATENT rrrcn.



EPECIPICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 387,761, dated August 14-, 1888.

Application filed May 8, 1888.

To all whom, it? may concern:

Be it known that I, ORLANDO P. BRIGGS, of Chicago, in the county of Cook and State of Illinois, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Toys; and I do hereby declare that the following is a full,clear,and exact description thereof, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, and to the letters of reference marked thereon, which form a part of this specification.

This invention relates to a novel toy in shape of a gun or pistol adapted both for spinning a top and for shooting a ball or marble.

The invention consists in the matters hereinafter described, and pointed out in the appended claims.

In the accompanying drawings, illustrating my invention, Figure l is a side elevation of one convenient form thereof. Fig. 2 illustrates a sectional view, on a large scale, of the rear or look part of the toy. Fig. 2" shows the muzzle part of the toy on an enlarged scale. Fig. 3 is a detail planview of the parts shown in Fig. 1. Fig. 4 is a detail section taken upon line 4 4: of Fig. 2. Fig. 5 is a detail section taken upon line 5 5 of Fig. 2". Fig. 6 is a side View of a top adapted for use with the toy illustrated. Fig. 7 is a sectional view of the toy when made in the form of a pistol and entirely of metal. Fig. 8 is a section of the same, taken upon line 8 8 of Fig. 7. Fig. 9 is a fragmentary section illustrating a modification of the top-spinning devices.

The form of my invention, made to resemble a gun, is shown in Figs. 1 to 5, and is made as follows:

A is the barrel, made of tubular form and of sheet metal and attached to the wooden stock 13.

C is a rod arranged centrally within the barrel A, said rod being held or guided at its rear end by means of a disk or piston, O, which his and slides within the barrel A, and at is front, and by means of a filling-piece,A, secured in the muzzle of the barrel, and pro vided with a central guide-passage, a, within which the forward end of the red 0 fits and slides.

D is a spiral spring compressed between the piston O and an abutting surface, b, of the stool: B, at the rear end of the barrel.

(1 is a guide-rod secured in the stock and extending forward through the spring and through a notch, c, and the upper part of the piston G. Said rod d reaches to a point beyond the forward limit of the throw of the said piston O, and is for the purpose of holding the spring I) in operative position.

E is a detent-lever mounted upon a pivot, e, beneath the barrel A, the rear end of said detent passing through a longitudinal slot in the lower part of the barrel in position to engage the piston 0 when the spring D is compressed. Said detent E is held normally in position to engage the piston C by means of a spring, E.

F is a trigger mounted upon a pivot,f, in the stock, and provided with a horizontal part, F, having at its forward edge a notch, f, which engages a projection, e, upon the detent E. By pulling the trigger backwardly the rear end of the detent E is depressed and the piston 0' released to allow the spring to throw the rod 0 forward. The forward movement of said rod is limited by a stop, herein shown as formed by means of a ring, A secured in the barrel in position to engage the piston C.

C is an arm or handle attached to the rod Cand extending through a slot, a, in the under side of the barrel. Said arm or handle is adapted to be grasped by the hand or finger for the purpose of pulling the rod backwardly and compressing the spring. G is a toothed bar or rack attached to the rod C and located within the barrel A, said rack-bar being herein shown as made integral with the rod. In the side of the barrel A, adjacent to the said rackbar, is an opening, A, around which is desirably secured a re-enforcing plate, A", although this latter will not be necessary in case the barrel is made otherwise than of thin sheet metal.

H is a yielding spring or bar connected with the barrel over the opening A and opposite the rack-bar G, said bar being provided in its face adjacent to the rack-bar with a concave cylindric recess, 7t. Said bar H, in the particular construction shown, is connected with the barrel by means of a single flat steel spring, h, attached to one end of the bar. The said bar H is desirably provided with a fingerpiece or handle, H, at its free end, by which. it

opposite the socket h.


may be sprung or pushed away from the rackbar. Said rack-bar G and the recessed yielding barHtogether form the top-spinning part of the device.

I, Fig. 6, is the top,which is provided at its upper end with the eylindric toothed spindle I. In its main part or body the top may be ofany common or preferred form. The toothed spindle I is adapted to inter-mesh with the rack-bar G, while its diameter is such as to fit within the semi'cylindric socket h in the yielding bar H. Said socket is made perfectly smooth, so that the toothed spindle will turn freely therein.

The top is inserted between the rack-bar and springbar when the rod 0 is thrust rearwardly and the spring D compressed, the forward end of the rack-bar at this time being In its forward movement in the rear end the rack-bar passes to a point forward of said socket. In placing the topin the device the spring-bar H is thrust outward to allow the insertion of the spindle bet-ween the rack-bar and the bar H, the finger-piece H being employed for this purpose if found necessary. After the spindle I of the top has been inserted, the top will be held in engagement with the rack-bar by the pressure of the said bar H. XVhen the parts are in the position described, if the trigger is pulled and the rod released, the rack-bar will be thrown quickly forward, thereby giving rapid rotary motion to the top,which latter will be released at the moment that the rack-bar passes forward of the notch or socket h, when the top will drop on a surface beneath it and continue to spin. The toy is of course held in such position as to maintain the topspindle vertical at the moment the top is released.

The toy constructed as above described is adapted also for shooting balls or marbles by means of devices, as follows:

J J are spring-arms attached to the muzzle end of the barrel and extending forwardly therefrom. At the free ends of said arms are formed cup shaped holdersjj, adapted to sustain a ball or marble, j, in a position in front of, and in alignment with the rod 0. Said rod is made of such length that when released and thrown forward, in the manner described, it will strike the ball or marble, dislodge it from said holders j j, and project it forward with considerable force.

B is a curved trigger-guard, desirably attached'to the stock 13 and extending around trigger F.

In Figs. 7 and 8 I have shown another desirable embodiment of my invcntiomwherein the toy is made principally of cast metal and in form to resemble a pistol. The toy in this instance is formed in two parts or sections, K K, each consisting of a single casting, the sections beingjoined together by rivets k 7t.

K is the barrel part of the pistol,formed by opposite longitudinal recesses in the castings K K, which recesses are arranged to form guides for a longitndinallyqnovable rod, L,

which slides therein. Said rod is moved by means of a spiral spring, M, placed between it and a transverse wall, It, at the inner end of the barrel. Said rod is provided adjacent to the forward end of the spring with a depending lug, Z, adapted to engage a detent, N, which is actuated by a spring, N, and a trigger, 0, arranged in the same manner asis the corresponding parts shown in Fig. 2. The said detent N and triggerO are mounted upon pivots n and o, secured in the castings K K. At its forward end the rod L is provided with a handle, L, extending through a slot in the barrel to a point below the same in position convenient to be grasped by the hand or finger for compressing the spring,as clearly shown in the drawings.

P is a rack-bar formed or secured upon the outer edge of the rod L near the rear end of said rod.

Q, is a springbar provided with a semicyli ndricsoeket, q, arranged opposite the rackbar P and adapted to engage the toothed spindle l of a top, I, in the same manner as is the similar bar shown in Fig. 2".

R R are springarms attached to a muzzle of the pistol and having sockets r '2', adapted to hold a marble between them. The rod L is in this instance provided with a cylindric prolongation, L", at its forward end, of proper length to act upon a marble held between the said arms when the rod is thrown forward by the springs. The operation of this device is similar to the one before described.

In Fig. 9 I have shown a somewhat different construction in a means for revolving the top. In this instance the apparatus is pro vided with a sliding rod, L, actuated in the same manner as is the rod L shown in Fig.

7. The said rod L is without any teeth or.

rack-bar for engagement with the top, and the latter (indicated at 1 is provided with a smooth or cylindrie spindle, 1", adapted for contact with the smooth edge of said rod L, and adapted to be placed between said rod and a spring or yielding bar, S, arranged parallcl thereto. Said spring-bar is attached to the main part of the device by means of a spring, 8, and is provided with anotch, 8, arranged opposite a shallow transverse groove, Z,in the rod L. Said notches 8 Z are adapted to receive the cylindric spindle 1 of the top and to hold said spindle accurately at right angles to the bar, this being necessary to insure the spindle remaining engaged with the said rod 1 and the bar S when the said bar L is moved endwise, in'the manner hereinafter described. The spindle is held in place in said notches by the pressure of said springarm. A notch, s, is arranged at the rear end of the spring-rod S, while the notch Z is located at a considerable distance forward of the rear end of the rod L. When the spindle of the top is placed in said notches 3 Z in the manner described, the said rod L being at the rearward limit of its movement and the spring compressed when the said rod is released and thrown forward, the spindle 1 will be rolled along between the edge of the rod and bar S, and a rapid rotary motion will thereby be given to the top,the top of course being moved bodily torward by the action of the moving rod. The top will be released at the forward limit of the movement of the rod L by the entrance of the spindle 1 into the recess 3 in the sur ace of the spring-bar S. The same result will be produced, however, in case the rear end of the said rod L passes forward of the said spindle, which will occur when the parts are proportioned in the particular manner shown.

Springer-ms T T, provided with sockets it, for holding the marble, are shown in Fig. 9as located within the barrel K, said arms being arranged to hold the marble in the same manner as before described. This arrangement, however, conceals the greater part of said arms, thereby giving to the toy a greater resemblance to an ordinary pistol.

I claim as my invention- 1. The combination, with a top provided with a cyliudric spindle, of a spinning apparatus comprising a longitudinally-movable rod, a spring for actuating the same, a detent and trigger for holding the spring compressed and releasing the same, and a yielding bar opposing said rod and adapted to hold the cylindric spindle of the top in engagement with the rod when the latter is moved endwise, substantially as described.

2. The combination, with a top provided with a cylindric toothed spindle, of a spinning device comprising a longitudinallymovable rod provided with a rack-bar, a spring for moving said rod, a detent and trigger for bold ing the spring compressed and releasing the same, and a recessed yielding bar opposing the raclcbar and adapted to hold the toothed spi ndle of the top in engagement therewith, sub stantially as described.

3. The herein-described toy having the form of a gun or pistol and provided with a barrel, a sliding rod within the barrel, a spring for actuating the rod, a detent and trigger for holding the spring compressed and releasing the same, and a yielding bar having a recess opposed to the said sliding rod and adapted to receive and hold in contact with the rod the eylindric spindle of a top, substantially as described.

4. The herein-described toyhaving the form of a gun or pistol, provided with a barrel and a longitudi rally-movable rod therein, a spring for actuating the rod, a detent and trigger for holding the spring compressed and releasing the same, and spring-arms at the end of the barrel provided with holders at their free ends to receive and hold a ball or marble, substantially as described.

5. Theherein-described toy having the form of a gun or pistol and provided with a barrel and a longitudinally-niovable rod within the barrel, a spring for actuating the rod, adetent and trigger for holding the spring compressed and releasing the same, a spring bar provided with a recess opposing an edge of the rod and adapted to hold in engagement with the rod the spindle of a top, and spring-arms attached to the end of the barrel and provided with holders adapted to sustain a marble or ball in front of and in alignment with said rod, substantially as described.

6. The herein-described toy having the form ofa gun or pistol and provided with a slotted barrel, a 'longitudinallyanovable rod within the barrel provided with an arm or handle extending through the slot of the same, a spring actuating said rod, a detent and a trigger for holding the spring compressed and releasing the same, and a spring-bar provided with a socket arranged in position opposed to the said rod and adapted to hold the cylindric spindle of a top in engagement with the said rod, substantially as described.

In testimony that I claim the foregoing as my invention I afiix my signature in presence of two witnesses.



O. Cir-runners Poona,


Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2459875 *Sep 11, 1944Jan 25, 1949Folkman Marvin LSyringe and ampoule
US2481337 *Sep 9, 1946Sep 6, 1949George PalkenSounding top spinner
US2533659 *Jul 12, 1946Dec 12, 1950Joseph YatesMarble shooter
US2627853 *Oct 18, 1947Feb 10, 1953Koepnick Edward WToy torpedo launcher
US4867728 *Oct 11, 1988Sep 19, 1989The Quaker Oats CompanyToy top launcher
US5779647 *Jun 7, 1995Jul 14, 1998Chau; SonnyAutomated biopsy instruments
US6626850Mar 30, 1998Sep 30, 2003Allegiance CorporationAutomated biopsy instruments
US8986066May 31, 2013Mar 24, 2015Mattel, Inc.Rotating top assembly toy play set and method for launching a rotating top
International ClassificationC07D249/08
Cooperative ClassificationA63B69/408