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Publication numberUS387892 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateAug 14, 1888
Filing dateFeb 9, 1888
Publication numberUS 387892 A, US 387892A, US-A-387892, US387892 A, US387892A
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
US 387892 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

(No Model.) 2 Sheets-Sheet 1.



No. 387,892. Patented Aug. 14, 1888.

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(No Model.) 2 Sheets-Sheet 2.



No. 887,892. Patented Aug. 14, 1888.


SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 387,892, dated August 14, 1888.,

Application filed February 9, 1888. Serial No. 263,477. (No model.)

To all whom, it may concern;

Be it known that I, GEORGE W. Llerena citizen of the United States, residing at Gallatin, in the county of Daviess and State of Missouri, have invented new and useful Improvements in Hay-Racks, of which the following is a speciiication.

My invention relates to certain improvements in hay-racks for feeding cattle, horses, mules,and other stock; and the purpose thereof is to simplify and render more effective the invention made by me for a similar purpose and covered by Letters Patent granted me January 3, 1888, No. 375,624.

It is the special purpose of my present invention to apply to the octagonal structure shown in my said Letters Patent a feature of construction whereby the mangcrs shall be brought wholly within the circumscribing wall thereof, and whereby, also, provision is made for the automatic descent of the stock,its complete consumption, and for the prevention of waste and loss.

It is my further purpose, also, to provide such construction that the dimensions of the stack may be increased to suit the requirements of the number of stalls or mangers, and at the same time permit the complete consumption of the hay.

The invention consists in the several novel features of construction and new combinations of parts hereinafter fully described, and then definitely pointed out in the claims;

In the accompanying drawings, Figure 1 is a view in perspective, partly broken away, showing my improved feed-rack. Fig. 2 is a side elevation of the same.

In the said drawings,the reference-numeral 1 denotes the rack-frame composed of a series of posts arranged at the angles of an Octagon of any suitable diameter. From these posts project inwardly a bracket, 2, having an inclination downwardly from the upper portion of each post and having its lower end braced by a bar, 3. The several brackets, 2, are arranged in the radial lines of the Octagon, and their lower ends therefore lie in substantially the same plane, and are connected by rails or bars ,having substantially octagonal arrangement, and forming what may be called the throat 1 of the rackn Above their lower ends the spaces between the brackets may be filled by boarding 5, which may terminate at any suitable point short of the point of attachment of the rails 4f. Around the outside of the lower ends of the posts 1 of the frame I attach suitable boarding or rails, 6, carried to such a height as to prevent the stock from standing in the mangers and to retain the waste hay within the circumscribed wall, and a iiooring, 7, of any suitable construction can be added, the latter preferably including a feed-rack, 8, upon which the droppings will rest in easy reach of the cattle, while the seed scattered therefrom will drop through the rack between its paneled slats and be saved.

Circumferential rails 9 and l() may be added and a top rail, 12, may be attached to the posts 1 but in these features my invention is susceptible of a wide variation.

The space between the boarding 6 and the rail 9 is sufficient to admit the head of the animal, and as many stalls or mangers are possible as there are sides to the Octagon. The construction is such that the cattle will naturally pull the hay from below the contracted throat formed by the bar et. As the hay is drawn out therefrom the mass above will descend,fur nishing a constant supply, while the droppings will always fall for the most part within the octagonal wall and thereby be under shelter. Moreover, the cattle being able to stand closely up to the stack, the dimensions of the latter may be materially increased and the whole still be eaten without incurring the danger of becoming choked or packed in the throat 4.

The Octagon being the form within which the greatest practical cubic contents may be stored, it will be seen that my invention provides for theincreased dimensions of the stack with the most perfect facility of approach and withdrawal.

1. A hay-rack consisting of an octagonal flooring having vertical posts rising from its angles, a series of brackets composed of inclined arms 2, and diagonal braces 3, mounted on said posts and connected to said arms, a boarding, 5, attached to said arms, and a railing, 4, said boarding forming a downwardlycontracted support for the hay having an open IOO glcs of the Hoor, a series of brackets com` posed 'of inclined arms 2 and braces 3, supported by the posts, an inner boarding, 5,and railing 4, inclosing the rack and forming a contracted open throat, said rack being raised 1 5 above the floor, an outer boarding, 6, and rails 9, forming, in conjunction with the posts 1, feed-openings lying partly below the throat of the rack,`from which the hay depending from the open throat may be reached by the stock, zo substantially as described.

In testimony whereof I aix my signature in presence of two witnesses.


Witnesses: Jos. L. OooMBs,


Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2731950 *Nov 13, 1953Jan 24, 1956 Animal feeder
US3777713 *Nov 5, 1971Dec 11, 1973Deats RMobile hay feeder
US4706609 *Jun 11, 1986Nov 17, 1987Delichte Lawrence GLivestock feeder for cylindrical bales
US4957067 *Jun 3, 1989Sep 18, 1990Akins Edward AFeeder for animals
US5331922 *Jun 3, 1993Jul 26, 1994Steven OlynykFeeder for bales of feed material
US5899170 *Nov 17, 1997May 4, 1999Muckler; Gregory A.Livestock feeder
US5947055 *Feb 19, 1998Sep 7, 1999Cross; James B.Movable livestock feeder for baled hay with solid trough
US7353635 *Mar 29, 2005Apr 8, 2008Westrate William PTree root ball wrapping apparatus and method of using same
US7856943 *Aug 26, 2008Dec 28, 2010Lienemann Management Productions, LlcFeeder for livestock
US8555815Dec 31, 2010Oct 15, 2013James G. HoferLivestock feeder
US8997693 *Jul 5, 2012Apr 7, 2015Trevor LienemannFeeder for livestock
Cooperative ClassificationA01K1/10