|Publication number||US3879472 A|
|Publication date||Apr 22, 1975|
|Filing date||Sep 6, 1973|
|Priority date||Sep 6, 1973|
|Also published as||DE2442684A1|
|Publication number||US 3879472 A, US 3879472A, US-A-3879472, US3879472 A, US3879472A|
|Inventors||Elmore Louis Martin|
|Original Assignee||Du Pont|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (2), Referenced by (7), Classifications (22)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
United States Patent [191 Martin (SUBSTITUTED Dl-ALKYLPHENYL) ALKYL SULFIDES, SULFOXIDES AND SULFONES  Inventor: Elmore Louis Martin, Wilmington,
 Assignee: E. l. du Pont de Nemours and Company, Wilmington, Del.
 Filed: Sept. 6, 1973  Appl. No.: 394,825
 US. Cl. 260/609 F; 260/465 R; 7l/98;
 Int. Cl. C07c 147/06  Field of Search 260/609 F  References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 3140.226 7/l964 Stephens et a] l24/304 3,4l8.l()l 12/1968 Buchholz et al. 71/72 FOREIGN PATENTS OR APPLICATIONS 1.053.815 9/1964 Germany 260/607 A 2,l [6,579 l2/I97l France 260/607 A Primary Examiner-Elbert L. Roberts Assistant Examiner-D. R. Phillips  ABSTRACT Compounds having the structure:
[451 Apr. 22, 1975 wherein R and R alike or different, are alkyls of 2 to 7 carbon atoms in which there are not more than 3 carbon atoms in a line from the aromatic ring; R is an alkyl of l to 3 carbon atoms; n is 0,10r 2; and X is F, Cl, Br, I, or CN;
with the provisos that l. R and R are not ortho to each other, 2. at least one of R and R contains at least 3 carbon atoms, and 3. X is not ortho to the group have been found to be selective herbicides.
5 Claims, No Drawings (SUBSTITUTED DIALKYLPIIENYL) ALKYL SULFIDES, SULFOXIDES AND SULFONES BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention This invention relates to (substituted dialkylphenyl) alkyl sulfides, sulfoxides and sulfones in which the dialkylphenyl group is additionally substituted with fluorine, chlorine, bromine, iodine or cyano, and to their use as selective herbicides.
2. Description of the Prior Art Belgian Patent No. 776,357 (1970) discloses phenyl alkyl sulfones and sulfoxides of the formula:
ll R1 in which n =1 or 2; p 1 or 2;
when n l, R is alkyl oralkoxy of l to 3 carbons; when n 2, the two R's may be alkyl or alkoxy of 1 to 3 carbons, chlorine, or (together) may form an O(CI-I O group where m is 1,2 or 3; R is H or, when at least one R group is alkoxy, R
may also be Cl, Br, alkyl or alkoxy of l-3 to 3 carbons, N0 and amino (including salts); R is alkyl of 1 to 7 carbons, alkenyl or alkynyl of 3 to 5 carbons, or hydroxyalkyl of 2 to 3 carbons. The products are said to be useful in the treatment of cardiovascular disorders.
U.S. Pat. No. 3,140,226, issued July 7, 1964, discloses compounds toxic to microorganisms and having the structure:
where Y F, Cl, Br, I or alkyl of l to 6 carbons, and n 0-5.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION This invention comprises compounds having the structure:
wherein R and R alike or different, are alkyl of 2 to 7 carbon atoms in which there are no more than 3 car- I with the provisos that l. R and R are not ortho to each other, 2. at least one of R and R contains at least three carbon atoms and able sequency of standard reactions that are generally known to those skilled in the art. The requirement that R and R of the general formula cannot be ortho to each other should be kept in mind with the understanding that such undesired isomers must be avoided or separated from the isomers sought.
A suitable reaction sequence could begin with the preparation of a dialkylbenzene from an alkylbenzene by the well-known procedure:
RS061 AlCI e Bromine and chlorine-substituted dialkylbenzenes can be made by standard halogenation procedures, i.e.,
R1 R Br or Cl B or C1 as described by H. Suzuki et al. in Bull. Chem. Soc. (Japan), 39, p. 128 (1866).
The halobenzenes of Table I were prepared by brominating or chlorinating the corresponding dialkylbenzene following the procedure of A. Newton, Jour. Am. Chem. Soc., 65, p. 2441 (1943) for the bromination of 5 p-di-isopropylbenzene.
TABLE I Compound bp C/mm 6O 2,5-Diisopropylbromobenzene 79-84/0.6
2,5-Di-sec-butylbromobenzene 94-98/0.15 5-sec-Butyl-2-isopropylbromobenzene 7 1-75/0.08 2,S-Diisopropylchlorobenzene 70-73/0.6 2-Isobutyl-S-isopropylchlorobenzene 62/0. 1
Iodine-substituted dialkylbenzenes can be prepared by iodination in the presence of H10 sulfuric acid and acetic acid as described in Org. Syn., 51, p. 94 (1971).
I The lithium aliminum hydride reduction is carried out E57 I with three equivalents of lithium aluminum hydride in 50 4 ether or tetrahydrofuran and gives the thiophenol CH COOH 5 cleanly in high yields, but is somewhat more costly than the zinc reduction.
Halogen-substituted dialkylphenyl alkyl sulfides may be prepared from the thiophenols by reaction of a salt The fluorine-substituted dialkylbenzenes can be of the thiophenol (e.g., Na or K) with an alkylating made by the Schiemann reaction on a dialkylaniline, 1O agent such as R Y, where Y Cl, Br, I; or (R SO prepared from a bromodialkylbenzene, by reaction in accordance with the equation: with ammonia (Org. Syn., 28, p. 22, 1948), in accordance with the equations: 1 x R X R b ase I W 3% 3 O The halogen-substituted dialkylphenyl alkyl sulfox- R 2 ides and sulfones are prepared by oxidation of the sul- Z a fides using common procedures, i.e.,
Il 3 R x R 1 no 0 R s-R R %-R NH; T Q} 2 B32 R 3 pyrolysis n .where n 1 or 2 40 Other oxidizing agents can also be employed as de- Sulfony} are Prepared from the halo scribed in Organic Functional Group Preparations gen-substituted dlalkylbenzene by well-known chloroby Sandler and w Karo, Academic press, 1968,
sulfonation procedures, i.e., Chs' 9 and 20 The cyano substituent may be introduced by substitu- 1 I tion of cyano for chlorine, bromine or iodine by means 6130 q of the Rosemund von Braun reaction, i.e.,
min or wl'cnout solvent 2 such as CCl at 0- lOC 1 x CuCN pyridine or 1 x R v N-methylpyrrolldlne R CN Usually 3 to 4 equivalents of C are used.
Thiophenols can be prepared by reduction of the sulfonyl chlorides using common reducing agents, such as 0 lithium aluminum hydride (LAH) or Zn/H SO i.e., R %-R i (O)n R x R x 65 as described by L. Friedman & l-l. Shechter in Jour. M33 Org. Chem., 26, p. 2522 (1961); and M. s. Newman and H. Boden in Jour, Org. Chem., 26, p. 2525 (1961). R 0 01 2 4 R SH 2. Utility of the Compounds The compounds of this invention have varied herbicidal activities, that is, they differ according to structure with regard to preand post-emergence activity, grassy versus broadleaved plant response, as well as varied responses between species. They are primarily useful as preemergence herbicides at rates of application of about 04-10 lbs. per acre (0.45-11 kg/hectare), but some also show postemergence activity. By proper selection of structure and rate of application, one can provide selective weed control in such crops as soybeans, wheat, green and dry beans, rice and cotton.
Useful formulations of the compounds of this invention can be prepared in conventional ways. These include dusts, granules, pellets, solutions, suspensions, emulsions, wettable powders, emulsifiable concentrates and the like. Many of these may be applied directly. Sprayable formulations can be extended in suitable media and used at spray volumes of from a few pints to several hundred gallons per acre. High-strength compositions are primarily used as intermediates for further formulation. The formulations, broadly, contain about l-99% by weight of active ingredient and at least one of (a) about 0.l-20% surfactant and (b) about l-99% solid or liquid diluent. More specifically, they will contain these ingredients in the following approximate proportions.
Lower or higher levels of active ingredient can, of course, be present depending on the intended use and the physical properties of the compound. Higher ratios of surfactant to active ingredient are sometimes desirable, and are achieved by incorporation into the formulation or by tank mixing.
Suitable solid diluents are those described in Watkins et al., Handbook of Insecticide Dust Diluents and Carriers, 2nd Ed., Dorland Books, Caldwell, NJ. The more absorptive diluents are preferred for wettable powders and the denser ones for dusts. Suitable liquid diluents and solvents are those described in Marsden, Solvents Guide, 2nd Ed., Interscience, New York, 1950. Solubility under 0.1% is preferred for suspension concentrates; solution concentrates are preferably stable against phase separation at 0C. Suitable surfactants include those described in McCutcheons Detergents and Emulsifiers Annual, Allured Publ. Corp., Ridgewood, New Jersey, as well as Sisely and Wood, Encyclopedia of Surface Active Agents, Chemical Publishing Co., Inc. New York, 1964. All formulations can contain minor amounts of additives to reduce foam, caking, corrosion, microbiological growth, etc. Preferably, ingredients should be approved by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency for the use intended.
The methods of making such compositions are well known. Solutions are prepared by simply mixing the ingredients. Fine solid compositions are made by blending and, usually, grinding as in a hammer or fluid energy mill. Suspensions are prepared by wet-milling as described by Littler in U.S. Pat. No. 3,060,084. Granules and pellets may be made by spraying the active material upon preformed granular carriers or by agglomeration techniques as described by J. E. Browning in Agglomeration, Chemical Engineers Handbook, 4th Ed., McGraw-I-Iill, New York, 1963, pp. 8-59ff.
EXAMPLES OF THE INVENTION The following examples, illustrating the novel products of this invention and their use as herbicides, are given without any intention that the invention be limited thereto. All percentages are by weight unless otherwise specified.
EXAMPLE 1 4-Brorno-2,5-diisopropylphenyl methyl Sulfide A. 4-Bromo-2,S-diisopropylbenzene sulfonyl chloride was prepared as follows: Chlorosulfonic acid, 154 g, was added over 15 minutes to g of 2,5-diisopropylbromobenzene in 200 ml of carbon tetrachloride. The reactants were stirred for 30 minutes longer and then poured onto a mixture of ice and saturated sodium chloride solution. The organic layer was washed with cold water and dried over magnesium sulfate. Removal of the solvent gave g of crystalline product. Recrystallization from n-hexane gave pure 4-bromo- 2,5-diisopropylbenzene sulfonyl chloride, which softened at 77C and melted at 80.5-83C.
B. 4-Bromo-2,5-diisopropylbenzenethiol was prepared as follows:
A solution of 1 10.3 g of 4-bromo-2,5-diisopropylbenzenesulfonyl chloride in 500 ml of ether was added dropwise over 2 hours to 34.2 g of lithium aluminum hydride suspended in 300 ml of ether. The reactants were then refluxed for 16 hours. Hydrochloric acid, 10%, was added with cooling until by-product salts precipitated. The reaction mixture was filtered and the filtrate dried over sodium sulfate. Removal of the solvent gave 78.4 g of pale-yellow crystalline product which was recrystallized from n-hexane to give pure 4-bromo- 2,5-diisopropylbenzenethiol having a melting point of 72-75C.
C. 4-Bromo-2,5-diisopropylphenyl methyl sulfide was prepared as follows:
A mixture of" 78.4 g of 4-bromo-2,S-diisopropylbenzenethiol and 12.8 g of sodium hydroxide was stirred together in 200 ml of water while 50.4 g of dimethylsulfate was added at a rate to maintain the reaction temperature between 4555C. After stirring for 3 hours at ambient temperature, the reaction mixturewas ex-. tracted with ether. The ether solution, washed withhalf saturated sodium chloride solution and dried over sodium sulfate, was concentrated to an oil which was distilled to give 64 g of 4-bromo-2,5-diisopropylphenyl methyl sulfide, boiling at 91-93C at 0.15-0.1 mm Hg; r1 l.5714.
D. 4-Bromo-2,5-diisopropylphenyl methyl sulfide in preemergence application at 2 lb/acre (2.25 kg/hectare) effected complete control of crabgrass, sorghum and wild oats and strong growth retardation of bamyard grass, radish, dock and rice. No effect was observed on nutsedge, cassia, mustard, beans, soybeans or wheat. In post-emergence application at 2 and lb/acre (2.25 and 11 kg/hectare), test plants were slightly burned.
EXAMPLE 2 4-Bromo-2,5-di-sec-butylphenylmethyl Sulfide S-CH A. 4-Bromo-2,5-di-sec-butylbenzenesulfonyl chloride was prepared by the procedure of Example 1 A. except that 2,5-di-sec-butylbromobenzene was substituted for 2,5-diisopropylbromobenzene. The resulting product had a boiling point of 148C. at 0.15 mm Hg.
B. 4-Bromo-2,5-di-sec-butylbenzenethiol was prepared as follows:
A l28-ml portion of concentrated sulfuric acid was added to 300 g of ice while keeping the temperature at 0l0C. Then 41 g of 4-bromo-2,5-di-sec-butylbenzenesulfonyl chloride was added. While maintaining the temperature at 0-lOC, 65- g of zinc dust was added with good agitation over a period of 2 hours. The reaction mixture was then heated under reflux on a steam bath for 5 hours. After cooling, the mixture was extracted into methylene dichloride, dried over magnesium sulfate, filtered, and concentrated to an oil which EXAMPLE 3 4-Chloro-2,5-diisopropylphenyl methyl sulfide was distilled, to give 27 g of 4-bromo-2,5-di-sec-butyl- 6 A. 4-Chloro-2,5-diisopropylbenzenesulfonyl chloride was prepared by the procedure of Example 1A except that 2,5-diisopropylchlorobenzene was substituted for the 2,5-diisopropylbromobenzene.
B. 4-Chloro-2,5-diisopropylbenzenethiol was prepared by the procedure of Example 2B except that 4- chloro-2,5-diisopropylbenzenesulfonyl chloride was substituted for the 4-bromo-2,S-di-sec-butylbenzenesulfonyl chloride. The resulting product had a boiling point of 9395C at 0.3 mm Hg.
C. 4-Chloro-2,5diisopropylphenyl methyl sulfide was prepared using the procedure of Example 1C except that 4-chloro-2,5-diisopropylbenzenethiol was substituted for the 4-bromo-2,5-diisopropylbenzenethiol. The resulting product had a boiling point of 88C at 0.35 mm Hg.
D. 4-Chloro-2,S-diisopropylphenyl methyl sulfide in preemergence application at 0.4 lb/acre (0.45 kg/hectare) effected slight to moderate retardation of crabgrass, barnyard grass, sorghum, wild oats, corn and wheat, but otherwise was inactive. Increase of the application to 2 lb/acre (2.25 kg/hectare) completely inhibited emergence of sorgham, wild oats and wheat and strongly stunted barnyard grass and corn. There was no activity in post emergence application at this level.
Post emergent application of 4-chloro-2,5- diisopropylphenyl methyl sulfide at a rate of 10 lb/acre (llkg/hectare) effected -90% chlorosis (loss of chlorophyll) on Johnson grass, barnyard grass and crabgrass. This compound also effected control of nutsedge in preemergence application. Corn was also extensively stunted, but soybean and rice were not affected.
EXAMPLE 4 4-Bromo-2,S-diisopropylphenyl Isopropyl Sulfide A 54.6-g portion of 4-bromo-2,S-diisopropylbenzenethiol prepared in Example 1B was added to a solution of 4.8 g of sodium dissolved in 200 ml of ethanol. lsopropylbromide, 36.9 g, was added dropwise to the above solution under nitrogen. The reactants were refluxed for 7 hours and then poured into 500 ml of water. After acidification with 10% HCl, the oily product was extracted into ether which was washed in turn with water and saturated sodium chloride solution. Drying over sodium sulfate and solvent removal gave 62.8 g of 4-bromo-2,5-diisopropyl isopropyl sulfide as a paleyellow oil of high purity.
EXAMPLE 5 4-Bromo-2,5-diisopropylphenyl n-propyl sulfide 4-Bromo-2,S-diisopropylphenyl n-propyl sulfide was prepared using the procedure of Example 4 except that n-propylbromide was substituted for isopropylbromide.
EXAMPLE 6 4-bromo-2-sec-butyl-5-isopropylphenyl methyl sulfide S-CH A. 4-Bromo-2-sec-butyl-5-isopropylbenzenesulfonyl chloride was prepared using the procedure of Example 1A except that 2-sec-butyl-5-isopropylbromobenzene was substituted for the 2,5-diisopropylbromobenzene. The resulting product had a boiling point of 128-l30C at 0.08 mm Hg.
B. 4-Bromo-2-sec-butyl-5-isopropylbenzenethiol was prepared using the procedure of Example 2B except that 4-bromo-2-sec-butyl-5-isopropylbenzenesulfonyl chloride was substituted for the 4-bromo-2,5-di-secbutylbenzenesulfonyl chloride. The resulting product had a boiling point of 110C at 0.35 mm Hg.
C. 4-Bromo-2-secbutyl-S-isopropylphenyl methyl sulfide was prepared using the procedure of Example 1C except that 4-bromo-2-sec-butyl-5-isopropylbenzenethiol was substituted for the 4-bromo-2,5- diisopropylbenzenethiol. The resulting product had a boiling point of 111C at 0.3 mm Hg.
EXAMPLE 7 4-Chloro-2-isopropyl-5-isobutylphenyl methyl sulfide S-CH A. 4-Chloro-2-isopropyl-5-isobutylbenzenesulfonyl chloride was prepared using the procedure of Example 1A except that 2-isopropyl-S-isobutylchlorobenzene was substituted for the 2,5-diisopropylbromobenzene. The resulting product had a melting point of -94C.
B. 4-Chloro-2-isopropyl-5-isobutylbenzenethiol was prepared using the procedure of Example 23 except that 4-chloro-2-isopropyl-5-isobutylbenzenesulfonyl chloride was substituted for the 4-bromo-2,5-di-secbutylbenzenesulfonyl chloride. The resulting product had a boiling point of 77C at 0.1 mm Hg.
C. 4-Chloro-2-isopropyl-5-isobutylphenyl methyl sulfide was prepared using the procedure of Example 1C except that 4-chloro-2-isopropyl-5-isobutylbenzenethiol was substituted for the 4-bromo-2,5-diisopropylbenzenethiol. The resulting product had a boiling point of 89C at 0.08 mm Hg.
EXAMPLE 8 4-Cyano-2,S-diisopropylphenyl methyl sulfide -Cll A. 4-Cyano-2,5-diisopropylphenyl methyl sulfide was prepared as follows: A mixture of 20.4 g of 4-bromo-2,S-diisopropylphenyl methyl sulfide prepared as in Example 1C and 8.9 g of cuprous cyanide was heated at reflux in ml of N-methylpyrrolidone under nitrogen for 2 hours. After cooling to ambient temperature, the reaction mixture was poured into a mixture of 200 ml of water and 100 ml of concentrated aqueous ammonia. The product was filtered and extracted into ether. The extract was washed with 5% HCl followed by a saturated solution of sodium chloride. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate and the solvent removed to give 15.5 g of 4-cyano-2,5- diisopropyl methyl sulfide which was recrystallized from n-hexane giving pure product having a melting point of 7275C.
Anal. Calcd. for C H NS: C, 72.0 Found: C, 72.1
B. 4-Cyano-2,S-diisopropylphenyl methyl sulfide in preemergence application at 0.4 lb/acre (0.45 kg/hectare) exhibited no activity toward nutsedge, cassia, mustard, or soybeans, but completely prevented emergence of crabgrass, barnyard grass, sorghum, wild oats and wheat and strongly stunted the growth of morning glory, dock and rice. Post-emergence application had no effect at 0.4 lb/acre (0.45 kg/hectare) crabgrass was moderately stunted.
EXAMPLE 9 4-Bromo-2,5-diisopropylphenyl methyl sulfoxide S\ CH3 A. 4-Bromo-2,S-diisopropylphenyl methyl sulfoxide was prepared as follows: A solution of 25.7 g of sodium m-periodate in 200 ml of water was added portionwise over 0.5 hour to 31.9 g of 4-bromo-2,5- diisopropylphenyl methyl sulfide (prepared in Example 1C) in 200 ml of methanol and 350 ml of acetone at ambient temperature. After stirring for 16 hours, the reaction mixture was filtered and the solid portion was extracted with chloroform. Th filtrate was diluted with 1 liter of water and the solid residue that formed was collected on a filter. The second residue was extracted with chloroform. The two chloroform extracts were combined, washed with half-saturated sodium chloride solution, and dried over sodium sulfate. Removal of the chloroform gave a pale-yellow product containing some sulfide which was removed by recrystallization from n-hexane to give pure 4-bromo-2,5- diisopropylphenyl methyl sulfoxide which softened at 110C and melted at l14-1l7C [v(S=O) 9.6
B. 4-Bromo-2,S-diisopropylphenyl methyl sulfoxide prepared in Part A above in preemergence application at 0.4 lb/acre (0.45 kg/hectare) inhibited growth of all test plants except nutsedge, cassia and marigold. Small to moderate adverse effects were observed on beans, corn and wheat. Post emergency application at 0.4 lb/acre (0.45 kg/hectare) showed slight burn on beans and moderate burn on nutsedge. A 2 lb/acre (2.25 kg/hectare)extensive hormone effect was observed on Johnson grass and crabgrass; cotton, Johnson grass and crabgrass were burned.
EXAMPLE l0 4-Bromo-2,5-diisopropylphenyl methyl sulfone A. 4-Bromo-2,5-diisopropy1phenyl methyl sulfone was prepared as follows. A 55-g portion of 30% hydrogen peroxide was added to a solution of 28.7 g of 4-bromo-2,5-diisopropylphenyl methyl sulfide (prepared in Example 1C) in 100 ml of acetic acid over a period of 25 min. while maintaining the temperature at 50-60C. The reaction mixture was then refluxed at 90C for 4 hrs., after which time it was poured into cold water. The product was filtered and washed with water to give 23.1 g of 4-bromo-2,5-diisopropylphenyl methyl sulfone. After recrystallization from 75% ethanol water the 4-bromo-2,5-diisopropylphenyl methyl sulfone melted at l07l 12C.
B. 4-Bromo-2,5-diisopropylphenyl methyl sulfone in preemergence application at 0.4 lb/acre (2.45 kg/hectare) strongly inhibited growth or completely prevented emergence of barnyard grass, sorghum, wild oats, morning glory, mustard radish, dock, rice and EXAMPLE ll 4-Chloro-2,5-diisopropylphenyl methyl sulfone A. 4-Ch1oro-2,S-diisopropylphenyl methyl sulfone was prepared using the procedure of Example 10A except that 4-chloro-2,5-diisopropylphenyl methyl sulfide was substituted for the 4-bromo-2,5-diisopropy1phenyl methyl sulfide. The resulting product had a boiling point of 127C at 0.25 mm Hg.
B. 4-Chloro-2,S-diisopropylphenyl methyl sulfone at 2 lb/acre (2.25 kg/hectare) in preemergence application was 60-90% effective in controlling the growth of sorghum, wild oats, cassia, mustard and morning glory. Emergence of crabgrass, barnyard grass and dock was completely inhibited. In post-emergence activity at 2 lb/acre (2.25 kg/hectare) it was effective in stunting the growth of cotton and crabgrass and in chlorosis of barnyard grass.
4-Chloro-2,5-diisopropylphenyl methyl sulfone showed very specific activity in preemergence application at 0.4 lb/acre (0.45 kg/hectare). The compound was inert toward radish, marigold, beans, and only slightly stunted growth of soybeans and rice and caused slight chlorosis of corn. Wheat had hormonal injury. Crabgrass, sorghum and wild oats were severely stunted, and barnyard grass was 100% inhibited.
EXAMPLE 12 4-Bromo-2,5-diisopropylphenyl isopropyl sulfone SO2-CH(CH3)2 4-Bromo-2,5-diisopropylphenyl isopropyl sulfone was prepared as followsi A solution of 9.15 g of mchloroperbenzoic acid in 925 ml of methylene dichloride was added dropwise to an ice-cooled solution of 62.8 g of 4-bromo-2,5-diisopropylphenyl isopropyl sulfide (prepared in Example 4) in 200 ml of methylene chloride at a rate to maintain the temperature between 10 and 25C. The reactants were then stirred at ambient temperature for 17 hours. The reaction mixture was filtered and the filtrate washed in turn with 10% sodium bicarbonate solution and water. After drying over sodium sulfate and solvent removal there remained 73.6 g of a white solid which was recrystallized from n-hexane and then methanol to give 4-bromo-2,5- diisopropylphenyl isopropyl sulfone, which softened at 77C and melted at 8593C.
EXAMPLE l3 4-Bromo-2,S-diisopropylphenyl n-propyl sulfone EXAMPLE l4 4-Cyano-2,S-diisopropylphenyl Methyl Sulfone so -cH A. A mixture of 4-bromo-2,5-diisopropylphenyl methyl sulfone (19.9 g) prepared in Example A and 7.2 g of cuprous cyanidewas heated in 100 ml of N- methyl pyrrolidone at 195C under nitrogen for 2 hours. The reaction mixture was poured into a stirred solution of 25 g of ethylenediamine in 500 ml of water. The mixture was filtered and the residual product extracted into tetrahydrofuran. The extract was washed with 5% HC] and finally with saturated sodium chloride solution. After drying over magnesium sulfate, the solvent was removed to give 4-cyano-2,5- diisopropylphenyl methyl sulfone. Further purification by recrystallization from n-hexane gave 4-cyano-2,5- diisopropylphenyl methyl sulfone having a mp of l34-l37C.
Anal. Calcd. for C H NO S: C, 63.36; Found: C, 63.30;
B. 4-Cyano-2,S-diisopropylphenyl methyl sulfone in preemergence application at 0.4 lb/acre (0.45 kg/hectare effected complete inhibition of emergence of crabgrass, sorghum, rice, wheat and barnyard grass and strong stunting of wild oats, nutsedge, cassia, morning glory, mustard, radish and dock. Corn was chlorotic and soybeans showed some chlorosis. This compound was inert in post-emergence application at 0.4 lb/acre (0.45 kg/hectare and at 2 lb/acre (2.25 kg/hectare) showed mild chlorosis of Johnson grass, crabgrass and barnyard grass.
EXAMPLE l5 4-Bromo-2,S-di-sec-butylphenyl methyl sulfone 4-Bromo-2,S-di-sec-butylphenyl methyl sulfone was prepared using the procedure of Example 10A except that 4-bromo-2,5-di-sec-butylphenyl methyl sulfide was substituted for the 4-bromo-2,5-diisopropylphenyl methyl sulfide. The resulting product had a boiling point of 146C at 0.3 mm Hg.
EXAMPLE 16 4-Bromo-5-sec-butyl-2-isopropylphenyl methyl sulfone so -cn 4-Bromo-5-sec-butyl-2-isopropylphenyl methyl sulfone was prepared using the procedure of Example 10A, except that 4-bromo-5-sec-butyl-2- isopropylphenyl methyl sulfide was substituted for the 4-bromo-2,S-diisopropylphenyl methyl sulfide. The product had a boiling point of 148C at 0.4 mm Hg.
EXAMPLE l7 4-Chloro-2-isopropyl-5-isobutylphenyl methyl sulfone S0 -CH 4-Chloro-2-isopropyl-5-isobutylphenyl methyl sulfone was prepared using the procedure of Example 10A except that 4-chloro-2-isopropyl-5-isobutylphenyl methyl sulfide was substituted for the 4-bromo-2,5- diisopropylphenyl methyl sulfide. The resulting product had a boiling point of l30-l35C at 0.13 mm Hg.
EXAMPLE l8 4-Cyano-2,S-di-sec-butylphenyl methyl sulfone SO -CH A. 4-Cyano-2,5-di-sec-butylphenyl methyl sulfone was prepared using the procedure of Example 8A except that 4-bromo-2,S-di-sec-butylphenyl methyl sulfone was substituted for the 4-bromo-2,5- diisopropylphenyl methyl sulfone. The product had a boiling point of 158C at 0.3 mm Hg.
B. 4-Cyano-2,5-di-sec-butylphenyl methyl sulfone in preemergence application at 0.4 lb/acre (0.45 kg/hectare controlled the growth of crabgrass, barnyard grass, sorghum, wild oats and effected moderate control of morning glory and dock. Corn was also stunted but beans, soybeans, rice and wheat were not affected. In post-emergence application at 2 lb/acre (2.25 kg/hectare), barnyard grass was strongly stunted and crabgrass moderately stunted. Barnyard grass and nutsedge were unaffected at 0.4 lb/acre (0.45kg/hectare).
EXAMPLE l9 4-Cyano-2-sec-butyl-5-isopr0pylphenyl methyl sulfone SO CH A. 4-Cyano-2-sec-butyl-5-isopropylphenyl methyl sulfone was prepared using the procedure of Example 8A except that 4-bromo-2-sec-butyl-5-isopropylphenyl methyl sulfone was substituted for the 4-brorno-2,5- diisopropylphenyl methyl sulfone. The product had a boiling point of 165C at 0.35 mm Hg.
B. 4-Cyano-Z-sec-butyl-5-isopropylphenyl methyl sulfone prepared above in preemergence application at 0.4 lb/acre (0.45 kg/hectare) effected complete control of crabgrass, barnyard grass, wild oats and dock, and showed 50-90% retardation of growth of sorghum, nutsedge, cassia, morning glory, mustard, radish and marigold. Beans, corn, soybeans and rice were severely stunted and wheat showed adverse hormonal effects. At 2 lb/acre (2.25kg/hectare) all test plants were severely stunted or emergence completely prevented. At 2 lb/acre (2.25 kg/hectare post-emergenceapplication. Johnson grass showed extensive malformation and crabgrass was severely stunted.
EXAMPLE 2O 4-Cyano-2,5-diisopropylphenyl n-propyl sulfone -CH CH CH diisopropylphenyl methyl sulfone. The product had a melting point of l13-1 15C.
B. 4-Cyano-2,5-diisopropylphenyl propyl sulfone (prepared above) showed specific activity in preemergence application at 0.4 lb/acre (0.45 kg/hectare) in causing severe growth retardation of barnyard grass and inactivity toward food crops (beans, corn, soybeans, rice and wheat). At 2 lb/acre (2.25 kg/hectare) application this compound additionally showed slight to moderate stunting of sorghum, wild oats, morning glory, marigold, dock and corn. There was essentially no activity in post-emergence.
EXAMPLE 21 4-Cyano-2,5-diisopropylphenyl isopropyl sulfone SO2-CH2(CH3)2 A. 4-Cyano-2,5-diisopropylphenyl isopropyl sulfone was prepared using the procedure of Example 8A except that 4-bromo-2,S-diisopropylphenyl isopropyl sulfone was substituted for the 4-bromo-2,5- diisopropylphenyl methyl sulfone. The product softened at 126C and melted at l30134C.
B. 4-Cyano-2,S-diisopropylphenyl isopropyl sulfone prepared above was inactive at 0.4 lb/acre (0.45 kg/hectare) and at 2 lb/acre (2.25 kg/hectare) except for stunting crabgrass, Johnson grass, sorghum at the latter rate of application. Emergence of nutsedge was completely prevented.
Although the invention has been described and exemplified by way of specific embodiments, it is not intended that it be limited thereto. As will be apparent to those skilled in the art, numerous modifications and variations of these embodiments can be made without departing from the spirit of the invention or the scope of the following claims.
I claim: 1. The compounds having the structure n x R3 wherein R and R alike or different, are alkyl of 2 to 7 carbon atoms in which there are no more than 3 carbons in a line from the aromatic ring;
R is an alkyl of l to 3 carbon atoms;
n is 0, l or 2; and
X is F, Cl, Br, or I;
with the provisos that:
l. R and R are not ortho to each other,
2. at least one of R and R contains at least 3 carbon atoms, and
3. X is not ortho to the group.
2. The compound of claim 1 wherein X is fluorine, '4. The compound of claim 1, 4-bromo-2,5- chlorine, bromine, or iodine. diisopropylphenyl methyl sulfide.
3. The compound of claim 2 wherein R and R are 5. The compound of claim 1, 4-chloro-2,5- of 3 to 4 carbon atoms, R is methyl and n 2. diisopropylphenyl methyl sulfone.
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|U.S. Classification||568/28, 568/27, 568/56, 558/411, 558/413, 504/310, 504/350, 504/349|
|International Classification||C07C67/00, C07C317/44, C07C323/09, A01N31/08, C07C317/00, C07C313/00, C07C317/14, A01N37/34, A01N41/10, A01N37/40|
|Cooperative Classification||C07C317/00, C07C323/00|
|European Classification||C07C323/00, C07C317/00|