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Publication numberUS3879611 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateApr 22, 1975
Filing dateAug 19, 1974
Priority dateDec 26, 1973
Publication numberUS 3879611 A, US 3879611A, US-A-3879611, US3879611 A, US3879611A
InventorsSchroeder Becky J
Original AssigneeSchroeder Becky J
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Luminescent backing sheet for writing in the dark
US 3879611 A
A lined phosphorescent backing sheet for use in underlying relation with writing paper or drawing sheets permitting a writer to write in orderly lined form in the dark without need for external light.
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent 1191 Schroeder Apr. 22, 1975 LUMINESCENT BACKING SHEET FOR [56] References Cited WRITING IN THE DARK UNITED STATES PATENTS [76] Inventor: Becky J. Schroeder. 2317 1.253.758 1/1918 Wilkes 35/37 Valleybrook Dr.. Toledo. Ohio l.35l.935 9/1920 Willis l 250/462 43615 2.883.770 4/1959 Lieb 250/462 X 3,514.874 6/1970 Strohl 35/37 [22] Filed: Aug. 19, 1974 121] Appl. No.: 498,705 Primar Examiner-Archie R. Borchelt Related US. Applicafion Data Attorney. Agent. or Firm-Char1es F. Schroeder :63] Continuation-impart of Ser. No. 428.339. Dec. 26.

1973. Pat. No. 3.832.556. which is a continuation of [57] ABSTRACT Scr. No. 288.148. Sept. ll. 1972. abandoned. A lined phosphorescent backing sheet for use in underlying relation with writing paper or drawing sheets 52] [1.8. CI 250/462; 35/37 permitting a writer to write in orderly lined form in 51] Int. Cl. l-lOlj 1/62 the dark without need for external light. 58] Field of Search 250/462; 35/36, 37

8 Claims, 6 Drawing Figures PATENTEDAPRZZIQYS SHEET 2 of 2 Fig.6.

LUMINESCENT BACKING SHEET FOR WRITING IN THE DARK This is a continuation-in-part application of may copending application Ser. No. 428.339, filed Dec. 26. 1973, now U.S. Pat. No. 3,832,556, which in turn was a continuation of my application Ser. No. 288.148. filed Sept. 1 l, 1972, now abandoned.

This invention relates to an auxiliary or backing sheet for use with writing paper to permit a writer to write legibly by hand in orderly straight line form in the dark.

If one attempts to write in the dark, I have found that although the mechanics of writing can be accomplished with little more than usual effort, writing in straight lines with uniform spacing between lines and without overlap is difficult in the absence of some guide means. According to my present invention I have found that guide lines for material written in the dark can be provided with very little light, and that as little light as is given off by a backing sheet having phosphorescent lines applied thereto is all that is necessary to enable one to write with a pencil or pen in orderly and neat form in the dark.

Furthermore, l have found that when a sheet, to which lines of commercially available phosphorescent paint is applied, is charged by even a brief exposure to light, may be seen clearly in the dark through one or more sheets of ordinary writing paper. For example, I have found that a one minute charge of light from an ordinary light bulb will provide visible phosphorescent lines which can be seen through ordinary writing paper in the dark for periods of minutes or more.

In this regard, the invention becomes useful in laboratory work where observations are to be conducted in the dark. The invention can be used also in outer space travels where, as in recent travels of astronauts, the electrical systems of the spacecraft were required to be shut down for planned periods to permit recharging of equipment. Still further, the invention has practical value in writing in automobiles after dark without need for internal lighting which has a tendency to distract and disturb the driver.

In view of the foregoing it is an object of the present invention to provide means in the form of a luminescent backing sheet for Writing paper which will provide visible guide lines in the dark, permitting a writer to write in straight lines without additional light.

In general according to my invention the backing sheet which is to be inserted under the writing paper can be provided with guide lines in two different forms. In one form, the lines can be provided by phosphorescent lines themselves, while in the other form the sheet is made phosphorescent with lines being nonphosphorescent.

A feature of the invention lies in its low cost and ease of use without need for special appliances.

Other objects and structural features which are believed to be characteristic of my invention are set forth with particularity in the appended claims. My invention, however, both in organization and manner of construction, together with further objects and features thereof may be best understood by reference to the following description taken in connection with the accompanying drawings in which:

FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a writing tablet with a backing sheet of this invention in partially inserted position under the first paper sheet of the tablet.

FIG. 2 is a perspective view of a phosphorescent I backing sheet of this invention in which the guide lines are non-phosphorescent. I

FIG. 3 is a perspective view of another embodiment of my invention in which the guide lines are of phosphorescent material.

FIG. 4 is a perspective view of another form of my invention in which the phosphorescent portions are embodied in a plastic sheet.

FIG. 5 is a perspective view of still another form of my invention in which guide lines are provided on a transparent sheet assembled with a phosphorescent surfaced backing sheet.

FIG. 6 is a perspective view of another assembly arrangement of my invention in which guide lines are provided on an overlay sheet interposed between a transparent top sheet and a phosphorescent surfaced member to which it is attached.

Referring to the drawings in greater detail, FIG. 1 illustrates a tablet of writing paper 14 having a top sheet 12 lifted and turned back for insertion of a phosphorescent backing sheet 10 of my invention. As may be seen, the backing sheet can be provided with double lines or extra thick lines if desired.

FIG. 2 illustrates a phosphorescent sheet 20 for use with the writing tablet 14 wherein the phosphorescent portions extend over the major portion of the sheet with lines 24 being non-phosphorescent. This sheet can be formed by applying phosphorescent matter in the form of paint or ink over the entire sheet with the nonphosphorescent lines being formed by the absence of phosphorescent material or by an overlay of nonphosphorescent'material such as ink or narrow strips of tape. This embodiment is a preferred form of the invention in that when viewed through the writing paper, written material above the lines is visible against the phosphorescent backing.

Whether or not the writing paper backed by the luminescent sheet of the present invention is lined or an lined, the guide lines enable orderly writing in the dark where ordinarily marked lines are ineffective. Where the writing paper is unlined, sharply marked dark lines on the backing sheet over a phosphorescent base provide guides for orderly handwriting both in the presence of light or in darkness.

FIG. 3 illustrates another embodiment of the invention wherein the backing sheet 30 is provided with parallel phosphorescent lines 32 while the in between portions 34 are non-phosphorescent. This form of the invention has the advantage of needing only a minimum of phosphorescent material and is accordingly inexpensive.

While the phosphorescent backing sheets illustrated in FIGS. 1 to 3 may be any ofa number of sheet materials such as ordinary paper, vellum, or even cloth, FIG. 4 is illustrative of a plastic sheet which may be phosphorescent material itself. It might be transluscent or transparent and thermoplastic, enabling encasement 0f non-phosphorescent line portions, embodied therein. It is preferably smooth and might be thicker and less flexible than the writing paper itself to facilitate easier writing thereon for greater legibility. The horizontal and marginal lines for the written material might be black or a dark color and non-phosphorescent while the remaining portions of the sheet might be of phosphorescent plastic so that the backing sheet might be utilized either day or night for guidance of hand-written material when the writing paper is placed in overlying relation thereto. That is, by making the guide lines of the plastic sheet contrastingly visible through the writing paper, the sheet can be used for guide purposes under ordinary light as well as in darkness.

To activate the phosphorescent material as a guide for writing in the dark, it is exposed to a light for a period dependent upon intensity of the light. It is found that a period of only a moment is necessary to provide an adequate charge in ordinary incandescant light or daylight to provide adequate phosphorescence for writing a period of a quarter of an hour or more.

As still another form of the invention, a luminescent sheet 51 may be assembled as shown in FIG. 5 with a translucent or transparent overlay sheet 52 having relatively opaque guide lines 53 thereon. The assembly can be clipped, adhesively bonded or otherwise suitably secured together with the luminescent sheet, or as shown in FIG. 6 an overlay sheet 62 having guide lines 63 may be held in place between a translucent or transparent top sheet 64 such as of plastic suitably secured along one marginal or edge region of the luminescent sheet 61. This combination provides a flexibility in that the overlay sheet may be replaced with sheets having any number of guide line arrangements for combination with the phosphorescent sheet, while at the same time being readily placed under writing sheets for guiding application of matter thereto in the dark.

For example, vertical and horizontal guide lines or guide lines in the form of grids may be applied to the overlay sheet to permit application of intelligible matter in columns on writing paper in the dark. Still further, block sections of relatively opaque material might be provided on the overlay sheet to indicate preselected areas on writing paper or sheets which are not used while intelligible matter is applied to other areas in the dark. Figures or drawings might also be applied to the overlay sheet to provide guide lines for drawing pictures in the dark. ln addition a number of games can be devised for playing in the dark and magic tricks can be devised based upon the performers or audiences ability to observe material in the dark.

Still further, the underlying phosphorescent surface might be provided with non-phosphorescent regions which cooperate with the various opaque lines on the overlay sheet. The light passing overlay sheet can also be provided with phosphorescent guide lines or guide areas of luminescent material giving off light of different and contrasting color from the light given off by the underlying surface. Thus where a standard framework is desired for guiding the application of intelligible matter on writing or drawing sheets, a number of different opaque of luminescent guide line arrangements or grids can be cooperatively associated with the framework set out by the phosphorescent sheet to provide order to a series of sheets on which intelligible matter can be applied with the guide line combinations.

Although the light emitting substance is referred to herein as phosphorescent material," it will be understood that the invention may utilize any of a number of substances which will glow or emit light and accordingly the terminology phosphorescent material," as used herein is meant to include chemiluminescent and bioluminescent materials and any substance which will emit light without any apparent rise in temperature after exposure to a stimulus such as heat, light or electric discharge.

In view of the foregoing it will be understood that many variations of the arrangement of my invention can be provided within the broad scope of principles embodied therein. Thus, while particular preferred embodiments of my invention have been shown and described, it is intended by the appended claims to cover all such modifications which fall within the true spirit and scope of the invention.

l claim: 1. A luminescent backing sheet assembly for guiding the application of matter on writing sheets in darkness comprising;

a backing sheet having a luminescent surface. an overlay sheet of material through which luminescent light can pass overlying said backing sheet,

said overlay sheet having areas of light contrasting material which in combination with the luminescent surface of said backing sheet provide a visible contrast in the dark defining a guide for application of intelligible material to sheets placed over the backing sheet assembly.

2. A backing sheet assembly according to claim 1 wherein the light contrasting material of said overlay sheet is opaque material.

.3. A backing sheet assembly according to claim 2 wherein said luminescent sheet has non-luminescent areas which cooperate with the opaque areas of said overlay sheet in guiding the application of intelligible matter to writing sheets.

4. A backing sheet assembly according to claim l wherein the light contrasting material of said light passing overlay sheet is luminescent material which will emit light of different color from that of said luminescent surface.

5. A backing sheet assembly according to claim 1 wherein the backing sheet assembly includes a transparent top sheet overlying said overlay sheet.

6. A backing sheet assembly according to claim 5 wherein said top sheet and luminescent surface sheet are secured together at one edge which acts as a guide stop for insertion of said overlay sheet.

7. A backing sheet assembly according to claim 1 wherein said backing sheet is flexible.

8. A backing sheet assembly according to claim 1 wherein said backing sheet is rigid.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1253758 *Oct 17, 1916Jan 15, 1918Harry D WilkesPenmanship guide-chart.
US1351935 *Nov 17, 1917Sep 7, 1920Radium Luminous Material CorpSelf-luminous writing or reading device
US2883770 *Dec 30, 1955Apr 28, 1959Lieb Harry CIlluminated writing tablet having concealable illuminating means
US3514874 *Feb 27, 1968Jun 2, 1970Strohl Raymond ALonghand-writing guide
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3978340 *Apr 11, 1975Aug 31, 1976Schroeder Becky JLuminescent backing sheet for reading and writing in the dark
US4377750 *Sep 4, 1980Mar 22, 1983Siemens AktiengesellschaftPassive display device
US4626219 *Jun 17, 1985Dec 2, 1986Ned GoldreyerScribe guide
US4745286 *Jun 9, 1986May 17, 1988Jones Billy RLuminous sheet and indicia
US4884990 *Jan 23, 1989Dec 5, 1989Lovik Craig JLuminescent balloon and method of manufacture thereof
US5457507 *Sep 13, 1994Oct 10, 1995Berardi; Philip N.Self-contained electroluminescent back-lit clap board/slate
US5976411 *Dec 16, 1997Nov 2, 1999M.A. HannacolorLaser marking of phosphorescent plastic articles
US6118096 *May 28, 1999Sep 12, 2000M. A. Hannacolor, A Division Of M. A. Hanna CompanyLaser marking of phosphorescent plastic articles
US6168853May 27, 1999Jan 2, 2001M.A.Hannacolor, A Division Of M.A. Hanna CompanyLaser marking of phosphorescent plastic articles
US6375864Nov 10, 1998Apr 23, 2002M.A. Hannacolor, A Division Of M.A. Hanna CompanyDaylight/nightglow colored phosphorescent plastic compositions and articles
US6638696Jul 16, 2002Oct 28, 2003Eastman Kodak CompanyGlow-in-the dark display element
US7581955 *Oct 15, 2004Sep 1, 2009Pathways For Learning Products, Inc.Transitional paper and educational system and method
US8075982Nov 15, 2004Dec 13, 2011Kevin Gerard DonahueDevice for making illuminated markings
US20060084040 *Oct 15, 2004Apr 20, 2006Schulken Toni MTransitional paper and educatioal system and method
US20060105149 *Nov 15, 2004May 18, 2006Donahue Kevin GPressure-sensitive light-extracting paper
DE2655435A1 *Dec 7, 1976Jun 16, 1977Becky Jane SchroederLumineszierende unterlage
U.S. Classification250/462.1, 434/162
International ClassificationF21K2/00, B43L3/00
Cooperative ClassificationF21K2/00, B43L3/002
European ClassificationF21K2/00, B43L3/00B2