US 3879910 A
A prefabricated panel member for construction of a wall and the like, consisting of an exterior metallic corrugated panel section, a first inner fibrous insulating batt, a noise-reducing element in sheet form in facial abutment with one face of the first insulating batt, a second fibrous insulating batt to the opposite side of the noise-reducing element, a heat-reflective moisture-restraining foil covering the exposed face of the second insulating batt, and a supporting base of wire mesh to the opposite side of the panel; the panel member also providing connectors for readily assembling all of the components of the panel into a compact prefabricated unit.
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
O United States Patent 11 1 1111 3,879,910
Waite Apr. 29, 1975  TEMPERATURE AND SOUND INSULATED 3.377.760 4/1968 Waite 52/410 PANEL 3.540.171 11/1970 KUmlllCk el al. 52/618  Inventor: William Waite, Chicago, Ill. Primary m Purser Assignee; Transco Inc Chicago AXSiSHUlI Examiner-James Jr.  F d s t 7 1972 Attorney, Agent, or Firm-Edward C. Threedy 1 e ep 211 App]. No.: 286,897 ABSTRACT A prefabricated panel member for construction of a wall and the like, consisting of an exterior metallic C I :Zjg corrugated panel section, a first inner fibrous insulat-  Fieid 57/410 ing batt, a noise-reducing element in sheet form in fa- 52/249 383 g] cial abutment with one face of the first insulating batt, /336 a second fibrous insulating batt to the opposite side of the noise-reducing element, a heat-reflective moisturerestraining foil covering the exposed face of the sec-  References C'ted ond insulating batt, and a supporting base of wire UNITED STATES PATENTS mesh to the opposite side of the panel; the panel meml,336,683 4/1920 Davies et a1. 52/622 ber also providing connectors for readily assembling 2,284,229 5/1942 Palmer 52/622 all of the components of the panel into a compact pre- 2.3s2.474 8/1945 Gambo 52/410 fab icated unit, 2,744.589 5/1956 Jenkins ct al. 52/618 3.319.738 5/1967 Wehe 181/33 0 3 Clam, 7 Drawmg Flgures 3.336.709 8/l967 Bcrney ct al 52/407 TEMPERATURE AND SOUND INSULATED PANEL SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION A prefabricated panel member which is both insulat' ing and noise-reducing, which may be readily assembled in desired sizes for adaptation in constructing a wall and the like. The panel consists of an exposed me tallic weight-supporting member preferably corrugated for adding thereto rigidity and strength, to which is readily attached in sequential layers an insulating batt, a noise-reducing element, a second insulating batt covering the noise-reducing element, a heat-reflective foil member, and a base wire mesh. All of the components are adapted to be impinged upon connectors carried by the inner face of the corrugated exterior panel member, with each connector including a fastening plate cooperating to secure the components into a prefabricated panel member of any desired size or shape.
The invention will be best understood by reference to the accompanying drawings showing the preferred form of construction, and in which:
FIG. 1 is a fragmentary perspective view of the preferred panel showing the components thereof in exploded relation one to the other;
FIG. 2 is a detailed sectional view taken through a prefabricated panel;
FIG. 3 is a fragmentary detailed sectional view showing the preferred form of abutment and connection be tween certain components of the prefabricated panel;
FIG. 4 is a fragmentary detailed sectional view showing a modified panel section;
FIGS. 5 and 6 are fragmentary plan views of different forms of connectors utilized with this invention; and
FIG. 7 is a fragmentary detailed sectional view of a modified form of the panel.
This invention relates to a self-supporting wall panel and includes a plurality of structural components.
The wall panel 10 normally comprises a metallic exterior facing 11 which is preferably corrugated for added rigidity and strength. To the inner side of the corrugated facing 11 is placed a batt of insulating material I2. This insulating material may be in the form of fiber glass or the like, and. as such, is slightly compressed and bonded together by a suitable resin or the like.
On the exposed surface of the batt 12 is placed a sound-absorbing element 13 which may be a lead sheet of a thickness such that its weight would approximate one pound per square foot. Disposed upon the soundabsorbing element 13 is a second batt of insulating material 14. Covering the outer exposed face of the second bat of insulating material 14 is a heat-reflective foil, such as aluminum foil, 15.
Forming a base for the wall panel 10 is a wire mesh 16 which is preferably of a No. 16 gauge galvanized material. As shown in FIG. 2, the sound-absorbing element 13 has its peripheral edges bent at right angles to form retaining flanges 17 which embrace the corresponding peripheral edges ofthe first insulating batt 12. When the panels are assembled into a complete unit, it is desirable to have these retaining flanges l7 mating with like flanges of adjacent panels to assure their functioning as a noise-deadening or noise-reducing member.
It should also be noted that the corrugated facing 11 provides a free-standing end edge 18 extending laterally from the panel 10. The opposite parallel end edge of the corrugated facing 11 provides an outwardly extending shoulder 19 which is of a length less than the full depth of the corrugation as shown in FIG. 3. As shown, the shoulder 19 of one panel will embrace a portion of the corrugated wall 20 of the adjacent panel, while the free-standing end 18 will lie in facial abutment with a like disposed surface 21 of the first corrugation of the adjacent panel. These portions are then adapted to be connected together by a suitable sheet metal screw or the like. As shown in FIG. 3, it may be desirable to provide oppositely extending flanges 23 on the adjacent noise-reducing elements 13 so that they perform the additional function of retaining the fibrous insulated batt in their desired configuration.
The sectional view shown in FIG. 4 is comparable to that shown and described in FIGS. 2 and 3, with the addition thereto of a second sound-absorbing element or lead sheet 24, which is disposed beneath the retaining mesh 16. The ends of the second lead sheet 24 are formed to provide peripheral flanges 25 embracing the peripheral edges of the adjacent second soundabsorbing sheet 24.
To assemble the panel as a prefabricated unit, the corrugated facing 11 is provided with a plurality of rearwardly extending connector pins 26 which have their base portions, by means of welding or the like, fixedly connected to the inner crest of the corrugation. as shown. The components of the panel may be readily impinged upon the connector pins 26 into a unitary structure, as shown in FIGS. 5 and 7.
As the free end of the connector pins 26 pass through the wire mesh, it is desirable to provide a fastener plate 27 over the exposed pin 26 to aid in retaining the same in its relation to the components of the panel. This fastener plate 27 is generally ofa substantially rectangular shape and is provided with a center aperture 28 through which the connector pin 26 projects. One side edge of the fastener plate 27 is provided with a slot 29 through which the free end of the connector pin 26 is bent so as not only to connect the plate 27 to the exterior of the panel 10, but also to prevent the sharpened end 30 of the pin 26 from protruding from the face of the batt in an undesired condition.
In FIG. 6 there is shown a modified connector pin 31 which has its free penetrating end bifurcated so as to provide a pair of tabs 32, so that when the pin is journalled through the center aperture 33 of its associated fastener plate 27, the bifurcated tabs 32 may be bent in opposite directions into facial abutment with the fastener plate 27 to secure the same thereto.
FIG. 7 illustrates a modified sectional view of the invention in which the facing member 34 is formed with wavelike corrugations rather than with the rib formations shown in FIGS. 1 through 4.
While I have illustrated and described the preferred form of construction for carrying my invention into effect, this is capable of variation and modification without departing from the spirit of the invention. I, therefore, do not wish to be limited to the precise details of construction set forth, but desire to avail myself of such variations and modifications as come within the scope of the appended claims.
Having thus described my invention, what I claim and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:
l. A temperature and sound-insulated panel for wall constructions and the like consisting of a plurality of superimposed members comprising a. a metallic corrugated facing,
b. a first fibrous heat-insulating batt to one side of said corrugated facing,
c. a sound-absorbing lead sheet of a size greater than said insulating batt so as to cover one face of said insulating batt and provide portions bendable upon and covering the peripheral edges of said butt,
(1. a second insulating batt of a size equal to said first insulating batt and positioned upon and covering the sound-absorbing lead sheet,
e. a solid backing of heat-reflective moisturerestraining foil covering the exposed side of said second insulating batt,
f. a wire mesh retainer positioned upon the exposed face of said solid backing so as to form a base for the plurality of superimposed members.
g. and a plurality of connectors carried by said corrugated facing and extending perpendicular therefrom and penetrating said superimposed members for securing the same together in a prefabricated panel.
2. A temperature and sound insulated panel as defined by claim 1, wherein said exterior metallic leadbearing corrugated facing is of a size greater than said remaining superimposed members so as to provide end edge portions adapted to be superimposed upon the juxtaposed panels to form a continuous self-supporting insulated wall.
3. A temperature and sound insulated panel as defined by claim 1 and including a plurality of soundabsorbing sheets disposed upon opposite surfaces of said insulating batts between said corrugated facing and said wire mesh retainer for securing the same into a prefabricated panel.