Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS3881057 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateApr 29, 1975
Filing dateSep 6, 1973
Priority dateSep 6, 1972
Publication numberUS 3881057 A, US 3881057A, US-A-3881057, US3881057 A, US3881057A
InventorsAdachi Takeshi, Nakada Akira
Original AssigneeNippon Musical Instruments Mfg
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Reverberation-imparting apparatus using a bucket brigade device
US 3881057 A
Abstract
A bucket brigade device constructed of a plurality of units and constituting a signal delay path is supplied with sound signals from a sound source such as an acoustic apparatus.
Images(7)
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent Adachi et al.

1451 Apr. 29, 1975 REVERBERATlON-IMPARTING APPARATUS USING A BUCKET BRIGADE DEVICE [75] Inventors: Takeshi Adachi; Akira Nakada, both of Hamamatsu, Japan [73} Assignee: Nippon Gakki Seizo Kabushiki Kaisha, Hamamatsu-shi. Japan [22] Filed: Sept. 6, 1973 [21] Appl. No.: 394,554

[30] Foreign Application Priority Data Sept. 6, 1972 Japan 47-89287 [52] US. Cl. 179/1 .1 [51] Int. Cl. "04m 1/21 [58] Field of Search 179/1 .1; 328/34, 37; 333/30 R, 29; 324/188 [56] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 3.110.771 11/1963 Logan, Jr. et a1 179/1 J 3.492.425 H1970 Evans 179/1 J 3.749.337 7/1973 Doughty 179/1 1 Primary E.\'umincr--Kathleen H. Claffy Assistant E.1'aminerTommy P. Chin Attorney. Agent. or Firm-Flynn & Frishauf [57] ABSTRACT A bucket brigade device constructed of a plurality of units and constituting a signal delay path is supplied with sound signals from a sound source such as an acoustic apparatus.

The bucket brigade device transmits the sound source signals from unit to unit under control of a clock pulse commonly applied to the unit from a clock pulse oscillator and gives forth the sound source signals therefrom with a time delay determined by the number of bucket brigade unit and the clock pulse frequency.

Connected between the input and output of the signal delay path is at least one feedback line constructed of a series circuit comprising an amplifier and a loop gain controller as major components permissibly including another time-variable signal delay path of substantially the same construction as first-mentioned and a filter of high, low or band pass type as minor components, or of another series circuit comprising the major components and either of the minor components.

The reverberation-imparting apparatus thus arranged can provide the sound source signals with a reverberation effect in which the time delay. sustain period, envelope and/or frequency characteristics of the resultant reverberation sounds can be freely controlled.

16 Claims, 23 Drawing Figures rgjgmEmPazs m5 SHEET 10F 7 I PRIOR ART FIG.

MECHANO- ELECTRICAL TRANSDUCER ELECTRO- MECHANICAL TRANSDUCER FIG. 2

CLOCK PULSE OSCILLATOR 23 I IN I I I I I l I L. J L .J

2H 38 3 35 b FIG. 3A IP36:

PQTENIEE APR 29 I975 SHEET 2 BF 7 FIG. 4

PATH

TIM E- VARIABLE SIGNAL DELAY FIG. 5A

FIG. 5B

FIG. 50

--- TIME VOLTAGE LEVEL sum 30F 7 FILTER CIRCUIT 2-H 51 22 TIME-VARIABLE 25 X suewm. DELAY $3 PATH FIG.6

CLOCK PULSE 23 OSCILLATOR FIG.7A FIGTB FIG.7C

CH RiZ RH ICIZ L 160 1k 16k FREQUENCY (HZ D' NTEDIPIQSIIIIS 1.881.057

SHEET II D? 7 f 22 22 TIME-VARIABLE E SIGNAL DELAY 25 PATH CLOCK PULSE 72 DSGILLATDP F I 9 \2e2 $24 TIME-vARIABLE f IG L DELAY 262 A f -2IcI 203 A 30 CLOCK PULSE 2 g OSCILLATOR 22 TIME- VARIABLE 25 L SIGNAL DELAY Law PATH L CLOCK PULSE OSCILLATOR S F l G. IO MP 283 aim \24 TIME- VARIABLE SIGNAL DELAY *QEEET I PATH CLOCK PULSE 204 K I I 4b M zsI 2 2c 22 TIME- vARIABLE E SIGNAL DELAY w PATH CLOCK PULSE 72- OSClLLATOR -23 F l G. H 282 \24 TIME-VARIABLE SIGNAL DELAY PATH -2IcI 262 f CLOCK PULSE OSCILLATOR -23G AEENTEUIPII29I9T5 "1.881.057

I I CLOCK PULSE F I G. {3

OSCILLATOR 23 FILTER f CIRCUIT 261 28 ?1 22 TIME VARIABLE 25 A SIGNAL DELAY 3 PATH FIG.I4 t

CLOCK PULSE oscILLAToR v Q TIME VAR|ABLE FILTER ELQ'E DELAY *cIRcuIT CLOCK PULSE OSCILLATOR 23b IfgTENTI-ZBAFRZSISYS FILTER CIRCUIT TIME VARIABLE FIG. I6

SIGNAL DELAY PATH CLOCK PULSE OSILLATOR TIME -VARIABLE SIGNAL DELAY PATH CLOCK PULSE OSCILLATOR i TIME-VARIABLE SIGNAL DELAY PATH AM FILTER CIRCUIT FIG. I5

CLOCK PULSE OSCILLATOR SIG PATH

TIME- VARIABLE SIGNAL DELAY FILTER CIRCUIT CLOCK PULSE OSCILLATOR Ia-TEIIIEIIIII 881 SHEET 7 BF 7 I TIME-VARIABLE SIGNAL DELAY 282 PATH 272 f I CLOCK PULSE 23G- oSGILLAToR F (3 i7 21 M 22 TIME- VARIABLE 25 I; SIGNAL DELAY A PATH 1 l CLOCK PuLSE oScILLAToR 273 2 Ib 24 1 283 TIME VARIABLE SIGNAL DELAY E' 'E E 263 PATH s I I 510 CLOCK PuLsE oScILLAToR m I 285i f FILTER MCIRCUIT 2+ 22 TIME VARIABLE 25 L SIGNAL DELAY PATH F l G. 18 CLOCK PULSE \272 OSCILLATOR -23 TIME -VARIABLE SIGNAL DELAY 6 PATH 2 2 I CLOCK PULSE OSCILLATOR 230 REVERBERATION-IMPARTING APPARATUS USING A BUCKET BRIGADE DEVICE BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION This invention relates to a reverberation-imparting apparatus and more particularly to a reverberationimparting apparatus using a delaying technique including a bucket brigade device or a charge coupled device.

FIG. I shows a schematic block diagram illustrating the typical example of a conventional reverberationimparting apparatus.

The apparatus comprises a coil spring 11, an electro mechanical transducer I2 such as a driving coil engaged with one end of the coil spring II and a mechano-electrical transducer 13 such as a pickup coil engaged with the other end thereof.

In the reverberation-imparting apparatus constructed as above described, when an input terminal 14 connected to the transducer 12 is supplied with a sound signal from a sound source consisting of an acoustic apparatus such as a record player, tape recorder, radio receiver or various electrical musical instruments, then the sound signal is converted by the electro-mechanical transducer 12 as subjects the coil spring 11 to twisting vibrations.

The twisting vibrations repeatedly travel between both ends of the coil spring I].

As a result, a reverberated signal is obtained from an output terminal connected to the mechanoelectrical transducer 13.

The reverberation-imparting apparatus of the abovementioned arrangement, however, had the drawbacks that the reverberation time, and the envelope and frequency characteristics were defined by the arrangement of said apparatus, failing to admit of free control; the apparatus itself occupied a relatively large space; and the reverberation characteristics of the apparatus were noticeably disturbed by external mechanical shocks or shakings.

Another type of prior art reverberation-imparting apparatus was constructed by means of the delayed feedback technique in which the signal delay path consisted of a magnetic drum or tape. Even such reverberationimparting apparatus was also unavoidably accompanied with the shortcomings that it required a relatively large installation space and the reverberation characteristics were prominently obstructed similarly be external mechanical shocks or shakings.

It is, therefore, the object of this invention to provide a reverberation-imparting apparatus using a signal delay line including a bucket brigade device in which the delaying time, reverberation period, envelope and for frequency characteristics of the produced reverberation sounds can be feely varied; the apparatus itself occupies a very small space; and the reverberation characteristics are undisturbed by any external mechanical shocks or shakings.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION A reverberation-imparting apparatus in accordance with this invention comprises a signal delay line which includes a first transmission-time-variable signal delay path comprising a plurality of bucket brigade units which, upon receipt of sound signals from a sound source, transmit the sound source signals from unit to unit under control of a clock pulse commonly impressed on the respective units from a clock pulse oscillator; and at least one feedback line comprising an amplifier coupled to a loop gain controller and a second time-variable signal delay path of the same construction as the first-time-variable signal delay path. A filter of high, low or band pass type is optionally provided in the feedback line.

A reverberation-imparting apparatus arranged as described above has the advantage of occupying a very small space, saving the reverberation characteristics from any external mechanical shocks or shakings and rendering the time delay, reverberation period, envelope and/or frequency characteristics of the produced reverberation sounds all freely controllable.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 shows a schematic block diagram illustrating the typical example of a prior art reverberationimparting apparatus;

FIG 2 shows a block circuit diagram of a reverberation-imparting apparatus according to an embodiment of the invention;

FIG. 3A is a practical arrangement of the bucket brigade device constituting a time-variable signal delay path shown in FIG. 2;

FIG. 3B shows another practical arrangement of the bucket brigade device;

FIG. 4 shows the practical arrangement of a circuit portion relating to a clock pulse oscillator shown in FIG. 2;

FIGS. 5A and 58 respectively illustrate the input and output signals of a circuitry shown in FIG. 2;

FIG. 5C shows another type of output signals;

FIG. 6 shows a block circuit diagram of a reverberation-imparting apparatus according to another embodiment of the invention;

FIGS. 7A to 7C illustrate the different type of practical arrangement of a filter circuit shown in FIG. 6;

FIG. 8 shows a frequency characteristic curve of the output signal of a circuitry shown in FIG. 6, relative to each case where the filter circuit shown in FIGS. 7A, 7B or 7C is used;

FIG. 9 shows a block circuit diagram of a reverberation-imparting apparatus according to still another embodiment of the invention;

FIG. 10 shows a block circuit diagram of a reverberation-imparting apparatus according to a further embodiment of the invention;

FIG. 11 shows a block circuit diagram of one modifi cation in accordance with the invention;

FIG. 12 is the output waveform of a circuit shown in FIG. 11; and

FIGS. I3 to I8 show block circuit diagrams of further different modifications in accordance with the invention.

PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS OF THE INVENTION A reverberation-imparting apparatus according to the preferred embodiments of this invention will now be described by reference to the appended drawings.

FIG. 2 is a block circuit diagram of a reverberationimparting apparatus embodying the invention.

In this figure, reference numeral 21 denotes a transmission-time-variable signal delay path constituted by a bucket brigade device or charge coupled de vice as hereinunder described.

FIG. 3A shows one practical arrangement of the charge coupled device 21 as a kind of bucket brigade device. The bucket brigade device 21 comprises numerous metal electrodes 3] having a size, for example, of ID to 50 u'n substantially linearly evaporated at an interval of about 3 to 5 pm on an insulation layer 32 made, for example, of SiO mounted on an N type (or P type) silicon semiconductor substrate 33, and two (or three) control electrode leads 34 and 35 respectively connected to those of the metal electrodes 31 which are selected by leaving out the predetermined number of intervening units 211, 212, 213, 2ln (alternate metal electrodes in this example). In those portions of the silicon semiconductor substrate 33 which are positioned outside of both terminal units 211 and 21, of the metal electrodes 3] are formed P type diffused semiconductor regions 36 and 37 each of which constitutes a P-N junction at the boundary facing the N type semiconductor substrate 33. In this case, the P type semiconductor region 36 acts as an input gate and the P type semiconductor region 37 acts as an output gate.

On those portions of the insulation layer 32 which are disposed close to the P type semiconductor regions 36 and 37 are evaporated metal electrodes 38 and 39 respectively acting as input and output gate electrodes.

Where the bucket brigade device 21 of the abovementioned construction is supplied with sound signals from a sound source (not shown) connected to an input terminal 22 under the condition where the semiconductor substrate 33 is set at a reference or zero potential, the input and output gate electrodes 38 and 39 are impressed with an appropriate positive voltage, and the control electrode leads 34 and 35 are alternately supplied with a clock or shift pulse signal having a frequency falling within the superaudible region from a clock or shift pulse oscillator 23 provided with a frequency control element 24 consisting, for example, of a variable resistor and having an appropriate level of negative voltage (in this example, about I() volts), then supply of the clock pulse signal to the control electrode lead 34 causes, as is well known to those skilled in the art, holes of minority carrier to be precharged in response to the pattern of the input sound signals in those portions of the semiconductor substrate 33 which are disposed near the boundary facing those portions of the insulation layer 32 which are positioned immediately below the metal electrodes 31 connected to the control electrode lead 34. On the other hand, where the other control electrode lead 35 is supplied with the clock pulse signal (at this time, the control electrode lead 34 is not supplied with the clock pulse signal), then the precharged holes are shifted to those portions of the semiconductor substrate 33 which are disposed near the boundary facing those portions of the insulation layer 32 which are positioned immediately below the metal electrodes 31 connected to the control electrode lead 35.

Thereafter, the supply of the clock pulse signal alternately to the control electrode leads 34 and 35 causes the input sound signal conducted to the bucket brigade device 21 to be delivered therethrough from an output terminal with the time delay which is determined by the number of the consecutively arranged pairs of metal electrodes 31 or bucket brigade units 211 to 2ln and the frequency of the clock pulse signal impressed alternately on the control electrode leads 34 and 35.

For example, where the bucket brigade units are consecutively arranged in a number of 600 and the clock pulse signal generated by the clock pulse oscillator 23 has a frequency of kHz, then the input sound signal supplied to the input terminal 22 is delivered through the bucket brigade device 21 from the output terminal 25 with a time delay of about l0ms, because the input sound signal takes a time corresponding to a reciprocal of the frequency of the clock pulse signal, namely, l/60,000 z 0.0l7ms for passing through each of the bucket brigade units 211 to 2ln.

Thus the bucket brigade device 2] acts as a timevariable signal delay path with a time delay predetermined by the number of the consecutively arranged units 211 to 2ln which are included therein and the fre quency of the clock pulse signal from the clock pulse oscillator 23.

FIG. 3B shows another practical arrangement of the bucket brigade device 21 acting as a time-variable signal delay path as above described.

The bucket brigade device 21 has the same construction as that of FIG. 3A excepting that a plurality of P type semiconductor regions 40 complementary to the N type semiconductor substrate 33 are formed in those portions of the substrate 33 which face the respective metal electrodes 31.

The bucket brigade device so arranged is operated in a different manner from the bucket brigade device shown in FIG. 3A only in that the precharge-shift operations are executed through the P type semiconductor regions 40 when the aforesaid negative clock pulse signals generated by the clock pulse oscillator 23 are impressed on the metal electrode leads 34 and 35.

FIG. 4 shows the practical circuit arrangement of the clock pulse oscillator 23 having its operation related to the time-variable signal delay path 21 constituted by the bucket brigade device as shown in FIGS. 3A or 3B.

The clock pulse oscillator 23 comprises a relaxation oscillator 41, a flip-flop or bistable circuit 42 triggered by an output signal from the relaxation oscillator 41, and an output circuit 43 for supplying two output signals from the bistable circuit 42 to the time-variable signal delay path 21 as shift or clock pulse signals, respectively constructed as hereinunder described.

The relaxation oscillator 41 comprises a unijunction transistot (or double base diode) 01 whose emitter is connected via a capacitor C1 to a negative power source line 44N of-l 2 volts and also via the frequency control element 24 constituted by a variable resistor to a grounded positive power source line 44P. One base of the unijunction transistor 01 is connected to the ground and the other base thereof is connected to the ground via a resistor R1 and also to the negative power source line 44N via a resistor R2.

The bistable circuit 42 comprises two npn type grounded-emitter transistors Q2 and 03 each having its base cross-coupled to the collector of the other transistor via a parallel circuit consisting of a resistor R3 or R4 and a capacitor C2 or C3 and its collector connected to the ground via a resistor R5 or R6. The collectors of both transistors 02 and Q3 are also connected to the other base of the unijunction transistor Q1 via individual diodes D1 and D2 of the indicated polarities and a common coupling capacitor C4 for receiving triggering pulses.

Connected between the junction 45 of the diodes DI and D2 and the ground is a diode D3 of the indicated polarity.

And the output circuit 43 comprises two npn type emitter follower transistors Q4 and 05 having their bases connected via respective resistors R7 and R8 to the collectors of the transistors Q2 and Q3 and their collectors connected to the negative power source line 44N via separate resistors R9 and R10. The collectors of the transistors Q4 and OS are also connected to the control electrode leads 34 and 35 of the time-variable signal delay path 21.

The operation of the clock pulse oscillator 23 constructed as above-mentioned will now be described.

Firstly, when the charged voltage of the capacitor C1 reaches a prescribed value which is determined by the charging time constant of the capacitance of the capacitor C1 and the resistance of the variable resistor 24, then the unijunction transistor Q1 constituting the relaxation oscillator 41 is rendered conductive.

The charged voltage of the capacitor C1 is immediately discharged through the fired unijunction transistor Q1. Thereafter in the same manner as described above, the capacitor C1 is repeatedly charged and dis charged, whereby the relaxation oscillator 41 develops a sawtooth wave signal having a frequency (in this embodiment, 80 to 240 kHz) determined by the chargedischarge time constant of the capacitor C1 and the variable resistor 24.

Then, the oscillating signal from the relaxation oscillator 41 is supplied through the coupling capacitor C4 to the bistable circuit 42 as a trigger signal.

The bistable circuit 42 is operated with a frequency (in this embodiment, about 40 to 120 kHz) equal to one-half of that of the oscillating signal generated by the relaxation oscillator 41 and produces a pair of output signals which are different by I80 in phase. The bistable circuit 42 also acts as a wave shaper for the output signals from the relaxation oscillator 41.

A pair of pulse signals each having a frequency of 40 to I20 kHz thus obtained are impressed on the control electrode leads 34 and 35 of the time-variable signal delay path 21 as clock or shift pulse signals through the two emitter follower transistors 04 and 05 included in the output circuit 43.

As a result, sound signals supplied through the input terminal 22 from a sound source to the time-variable signal delay path 21 are delivered therefrom after a time delay which is determined by the frequency of the clock pulse signals generated by the clock pulse oscillator 23 and the number of the consecutively arranged bucket brigade units constituting the time-variable signal delay path 21, said sound source consisting, for example, of an acoustic apparatus such as a record player, tape recorder, radio receiver or various electrical musical instruments.

Sound signals from the time-variable signal delay path 21 thus obtained are then conducted to the output terminal 25 through an emitter follower circuit 46 and three cascaded low pass filters 47, 48 and 49 each having the same construction and a cutoff frequency of about kHz, thereby shunting the clock pulse component included in the sound signals. The diode D3 acts to shunt the positive-going component whose level exceeds the predetermined level of the aforesaid trigger signals applied thereto.

Reverting to FIG. 2, between the output and input of the time-variable signal delay path 21 is connected a feedback line 26 constructed of a series circuit comprising an amplifier 27 and a loop gain controller 28 consisting, for example, of a variable resistor.

Thus, the circuitry 20 of FIG. 2 constructed as described above constitutes a delayed feedback line acting as a reverberation-imparting apparatus in which the input sound signal e1 (see FIG. 5A) supplied through the input terminal 22 to the time-variable signal delay path 21 is repeatedly delivered therefrom with a time delay Tl determined by the number of the linearly arranged bucket brigade units constituting the signal delay path 21 and the frequency of the clock pulse signal generated by the clock pulse oscillator 23.

In this case, where the loop gain of the circuitry 20 is set at a level substantially equal to l by the loop gain controller 28, then reverberation sounds e2 repeatedly produced from the output terminal 25 with the aforesaid time delay T1 have, as shown in FIG. 58, a constant voltage level regardless of any lapse of time, because the circuitry 20 acts as a self-oscillator.

In contrast, the smaller than 1 the set level of the loop gain of the circuitry 20 by the loop gain controller 28, the lower with time the voltage level of the reverberation sounds e2 derived from the output terminal 25, as shown in FIG. 5C.

Thus, the voltage envelope as well as the reverberation period of the produced reverberation sounds e2 or e3 can also be controlled by the loop gain controller 28.

FIG. 6 shows a block circuit diagram of a reverberation-imparting apparatus according to another embodiment of the invention.

In this embodiment, a feedback line 261 connected between the output and input of the time-variable signal delay path 21 is constituted by a series circuit comprising an amplifier 271, a loop gain controller 281 and the undermentioned filter circuit 51.

The filter circuit 51 may comprise a high pass filter 511 of differentiation circuit type including a capacitor C11 and a resistor R11 as shown in FIG. 7A, a low pass filter 512 of integration circuit type including a resistor R12 and a capacitor C12 as shown in FIG. 7B, or a band pass filter 513 of parallel resonant circuit type including an inductance coil L and a capacitor C13.

With the reverberation-imparting apparatus 201 of FIG. 6, a curve 61 of FIG. 8 is assumed to denote the frequency characteristic of the reverberation sounds produced from the output terminal 25 where the filter circuit 51 is not included in the feedback line 261.

Under such assumption, when the filter circuit 51 comprises the high filter 511 shown in FIG. 7A, then the produced reverberation sounds will exhibit a frequency characteristic in which the higher frequency component contained therein is emphasized as shown by a curve 62 of FIG. 8.

When the filter circuit 51 comprises the low pass filter 512 shown in FIG. 78, then the produced reverberation sounds will exhibit a frequency characteristic in which the lower frequency component contained therein is emhasized as shown by a curve 63 of FIG. 8.

In contrast, when the filter circuit 51 comprises the band pass filter 513 shown in FIG. 7C, then the produced reverberation sounds will exhibit a frequency characteristic in which the intermediate frequency component contained therein is emphasized as shown by a curve 64 of FIG. 8.

In the reverberation-imparting apparatus 20] arranged as above described, the frequency characteris tics of the produced reverberation sounds can also be freely controlled by the selection of the filter circuit 51, in addition to the delay time, reverberation period and envelope of the reverberation sounds as in the embodi ment of FIG. 2.

FIG. 9 shows a block circuit diagram of a reverberation-imparting apparatus 202 according to still another embodiment of the invention.

In this embodiment, a feedback line 262 connected between the output and input of the time-variable signal delay path 21 is constructed of a series circuit comprising an amplifier 272, a loop gain controller 282 and another time-variable signal delay path 21a having substantially the same construction as the first-mentioned one (21 and controlled by a ciock pulse oscillator 23a provided with a frequency control element 240.

According to the reverberation-imparting apparatus 202 of FIG. 9, the time delay of the produced reverberation sounds can be varied over a wider range than in the embodiment of FIG. 2.

FIG. 10 shows a block circuit diagram ofa reverberation-imparting apparatus 203 according to a further embodiment of the invention.

In this embodiment, a feedback line 263 connected between the output and input of the time-variable signal delay path 21 is constituted by a series circuit comprising an amplifier 273, a loop gain controller 283, another time-variable signal delay path 2111 having substantially the same construction as the first-mentioned one (21 or 21a) and controlled by a clock pulse oscillator 23h provided with a frequency control element 24!), and a filter circuit Sla constructed substantially in the same manner as the above-mentioned one (51).

According to the reverberation-imparting apparatus 203 of FIG. I0, the frequency characteristics of the produced reverberation sounds can be freely controlled, as in the embodiment of FIG. 6, by selection of the filter circuit 51a, and also the time delay of the reverberation sounds can be varied, as in the embodiment of FIG. 9, over a wide range.

FIG. 11 is a block circuit diagram ofa reverberationimparting apparatus 204 according to a modification of the invention.

In this modification, a feedback line connected between the output and input of the time-variable signal delay path 2] comprises the parallel connection of the feedback line 26 shown in the embodiment of FIG. 2 and the feedback line 262 shown in the embodiment of FIG. 9.

In the reverberation-imparting apparatus 204 of FIG. 1], the produced reverberation sounds comprise, as shown in FIG. 12, the combination ofa first component 62 obtained by the feedback line 261 with the aforesaid time delay TI and a second component e4 generated by the feedback line 262 with a time delay T2 which is longer than the time delay Tl due to the presence of the time-variable signal delay path 21a.

FIG. 13 shows a block circuit arrangement of a reverberation-imparting apparatus according to another modification of the invention where a feedback line connected between the output and input of the time-variable signal delay path 21 comprises the parallel connection of the feedback line 26 shown in the embodiment of FIG. 2 and the feedback line 261 shown in the embodiment of FIG. 6, the arrangement of said parallel connection being varied indicated in other FIGS. 14 to 18 which respectively show further modifcations of the invention.

According to any of the modified reverberatiom imparting apparatuses shown in FIGS. 13 to 18, there can be attained a different type reverberation effect which is determined by the arrangement of said parallel connection of two or three feedback lines connected between the output and input of the time-variable signal delay path 2I.

The parts of FIGS. 13 to 18 corresponding to those of FIGS. 2, 6 and 9 are denoted by the corresponding numerals and the description thereof is omitted.

What we claim is:

1. In a sound reproducing system so arranged as to impart a reverberation effect to a sound signal from a sound source, a reverberation-imparting apparatus comprising:

a first signal delay path which includes: a bucket brigade device coupled with said sound source to receive the sound signal produced therefrom and including a plurality of bucket brigade units; and a clock pulse oscillator generating a clock pulse signal having a super-audible frequency and coupled with said respective bucket brigade units for imparting a time delay to the sound signal supplied to said bucket brigade device from said sound source, said time delay being determined by the frequency of the clock pulse signal generated by said clock pulse oscillator and the number of said bucket brigade units; and

at least one feedback line coupled between the input and output of said first signal delay path, said feed back line including: an amplifier; a loop gain controller coupled to said amplifier; and a second signal delay path of substantially the same construction as said first signal delay path coupled to at least one of said amplifier and loop gain controller.

2. A reverberation-imparting apparatus as claimed in claim 1 wherein:

said clock pulse oscillator included in said first signal delay path comprises a relaxation oscillator, and a bistable circuit coupled with the output of said relaxation oscillator; and

a low pass filter means is coupled to the output of said bucket brigade device included in said first signal delay path for filtering out the clock pulse component from said clock pulse oscillator contained in an output signal derived from said bucket bri gade device.

3. A reverberation-imparting apparatus as claimed in claim I wherein said feedback line further includes a frequency filtering means.

4. A reverberation-imparting apparatus as claimed in claim 3 wherein said frequency filtering means comprises a high pass filter.

5. A reverberation-imparting apparatus as claimed in claim 3 wherein said frequency filtering means comprises a low pass filter.

6. A reverberation-imparting apparatus as claimed in claim 3 wherein said frequency filtering means comprises a band pass filter.

7. A reverberation-imparting apparatus as claimed in claim 1 wherein said amplifier, loop gain controller and second signal delay path are coupled together in series.

8. In a sound reproducing system so arranged as to impart a reverberation effect to a sound signal from a sound source, a reverberation-imparting apparatus comprising:

a first signal delay path which includes: a bucket brigade device coupled with said sound source to re means. 12. A reverberation-imparting apparatus as claimed in claim 11 wherein:

said clock pulse oscillator included in said first signal delay path comprises a relaxation Oscillator, and a bistable circuit coupled with the output of said relaxation oscillator; and

ceive the sound signal produced therefrom and in- 5 a low pass filter means is coupled to the output of cluding a plurality of bucket brigade units, and a said bucket brigade device included in said first sigclock pulse oscillator generating a clock pulse signai deiay' P for fiiiering out the ciock i nal having a super-audible frequency and coupl d ponent from said clock pulse oscillator contained with said respective bucket brigade units for imin an output signal derived from Said bucket parting a time delay to the sound signal supplied to lo gade devicesaid bucket brigade device from said sound source, in a Sound reproducing system 50 arranged as to said time delay being determined by the frequency impart a reverberation effect to a sound signal from a of the clock pulse signal generated by said clock Sound Spline, reverberation'impai'ting apparatus pulse oscillator and the number of said bucket bricomprisii'igi gade units; and IS a first signal delay path which ncludes: a bucket briat least one feedback line coupled between the input gafie device coupied with Said Sound Source to f and output of said first signal delay path, said feedceive? the sound signai producediherefi'oin and back line including the parallel connection of: a cluding a piurai'ty of bucket,brigade units; a first series circuit which includes a first amplifier Clock i osc'llamr gneraimg a clock pulse and a first loop gain controller; and a second series i having a Pei-audible freqiiency i Coupled circuit which includes a second amplifier, a second with said ,respecuve bucket f units r loop gain controller and a second signal delay path pajnmg a nme,de]ay to h Sound Signal Supplied to of substantially the same construction as said first i i' bngad? device 9 Said Sound Source said time delay being determined by the frequency signal delay path. f h I k l l d b I k 9. A reverberation-imparting apparatus as claimed in O t i: c Pu Se S'gna generate y Sm c claim 8 wherein said second series circuit further inpulse (Equator and the number of said bucket cludes a frequency filtering means. gade units; and

10. A reverberation-im artin a aratus as claimed at least one fliedbackdme coupled to mput and p g pp output of sald first signal delay path, said feedback m claim 9 wherein: line includin the arallel connection of' a first sesaid clock pulse oscillator included in said first signal t I d r delay path comprises a relaxation oscillator, and a i' w me u es a amp I a bistable circuit coupled with the output of said reloop gam controller and a frequency filtering means; and a second series circuit which includes laxanon oscillator; a second amplifier, a second loop gain controller a pass filter. means cqupkid theputput and a second signal delay path of substantially the said bucket brigade device included in said first slg- Same construminn as said first signal delay path delay path fihermg out the fiiock pulse 14. A reverberation-imparting apparatus as claimed ponent from said clock pulse osclllator contained in claim 13 wherein: in d d P Signal derived from Said bucket 40 said clock pulse oscillator included in said first signal g3 e delay path comprises a relaxation oscillator, and a in a Sound reprodumng System so arranged as m bistable circuit coupled with the output of said reimpart a reverberation effect to a sound signal from a laxation oscillator; and sound source, a reverberation-imparting apparatus 3 pass filter means is coupled to the gutput of Comprising: said bucket bri ade device included in said first si a first signal delay path which includes: a bucket bria1 delay path F filtering out the dock pulse cough gade device p with Said Sound Source ponent from said clock pulse oscillator contained ceive the sound singal produced therefrom and inin an output Signal derived f Said b k b icluding a plurality of bucket brigade units; and a gade device Ciock Pliise Osciiiaior generating Ciock Piiise Signai 15. in a sound reproducing system so arranged as to having a Super-audible frequency and coiipied with impart a reverberation eflect to a sound signal from a Said respective bucket brigade units for imparting sound source, a reverberation-imparting apparatus a time delay to the sound signal supplied to said comprising; bucket brigade device from said sound source, said a fi t Signal dday path which includes; a bucket itime deiay being determined y the frequency of gade device coupled with said sound source to reihe Ciock Pulse Signai generated y Said ciOck P ceive the sound signal produced therefrom and inoscillator and the number of said bucket brigade l di a l li f b k b i de unit and 3 Units; and clock pulse oscillator generating a clock pulse sigat least one feedback line coupled between the input nal having a super-audible frequency and coupled and output of said first signal delay path, said fec with said respective bucket brigade units for imback line including the parallel connection of: a parting a time delay to the sound signal supplied to first Series circuit which includes a first amplifier said bucket brigade device from said sound source, and a first loop gain controller; and a second series said time delay being determined by the frequency circuit which includes a second amplifier, a second of the clock pulse signal generated by said clock loop gain controller and a frequency filtering pulse oscillator and the number of said bucket brigade units; and at least one feedback line coupled between the input and output of said first signal delay path, said feedsaid clock pulse oscillator included in said first signal delay path comprises a relaxation oscillator, and a bistable circuit coupled with the output of said relaxation oscillator; and

a low pass filter means is coupled to the output of said bucket brigade device included in said first signal delay path for filtering out the clock pulse component from said clock pulse oscillator contained in an output signal derived from said bucket brigade device.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3110771 *Sep 29, 1960Nov 12, 1963Bell Telephone Labor IncArtificial reverberation network
US3492425 *Jan 18, 1968Jan 27, 1970Columbia Broadcasting Syst IncReverberation system adapted to generate vibrato,echo and other effects
US3749837 *May 2, 1972Jul 31, 1973J DoughtyElectronic musical tone modifier for musical instruments
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3992582 *Aug 2, 1974Nov 16, 1976Sony CorporationReverberation sound producing apparatus
US4005268 *Apr 7, 1975Jan 25, 1977Lynn IndustriesSolid state echo producing system
US4080861 *Jul 9, 1976Mar 28, 1978Thomas International CorporationChorus control for electronic musical instrument
US4188504 *Apr 25, 1978Feb 12, 1980Victor Company Of Japan, LimitedSignal processing circuit for binaural signals
US4292470 *Sep 10, 1979Sep 29, 1981Interstate Electronics Corp.Audio signal recognition computer
US4304162 *Jun 26, 1980Dec 8, 1981Marmon CompanyElectronic musical instrument including improved vibrato
US4352954 *Jun 2, 1980Oct 5, 1982U.S. Philips CorporationArtificial reverberation apparatus for audio frequency signals
US4388495 *May 1, 1981Jun 14, 1983Interstate Electronics CorporationSpeech recognition microcomputer
US4412098 *Mar 30, 1981Oct 25, 1983Interstate Electronics CorporationAudio signal recognition computer
US4489439 *Sep 20, 1982Dec 18, 1984Scholz Research & DevelopmentElectronic stereo reverberation device with doubler
US4509191 *Sep 20, 1982Apr 2, 1985Scholz Research & DevelopmentElectronic stereo reverberation device
US8611557 *Aug 17, 2008Dec 17, 2013J. Craig OxfordMethod and apparatus for audio processing
US20090046871 *Aug 17, 2008Feb 19, 2009Oxford J CraigMethod and apparatus for audio processing
Classifications
U.S. Classification381/63, 257/E27.82
International ClassificationH03H11/26, G10K15/12, H01L27/105, G10K15/08
Cooperative ClassificationH01L27/1055, G10K15/12
European ClassificationH01L27/105B, G10K15/12