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Publication numberUS3881695 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 6, 1975
Filing dateNov 7, 1972
Priority dateNov 8, 1971
Also published asCA1007319A1, DE2254485A1
Publication numberUS 3881695 A, US 3881695A, US-A-3881695, US3881695 A, US3881695A
InventorsJoubert Philippe
Original AssigneeInst Francais Du Petrole
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Device for measuring the rate of penetration of the drill bit during drilling operations performed from a floating installation
US 3881695 A
Abstract
This device comprises means for detecting the instantaneous position of the drill pipe relative to the floating installation, said means generating a first signal representative of this position.
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent 1 1 1111 3,881,695 Joubert May 6, 1975 DEVICE FOR MEASURING THE RATE OF PENETRATION OF THE DRILL BIT [56] References Cited DURING DRILLING OPERATIONS TED STATES PATENTS PERFORMED FROM A FLOATING 3,541,852 11/1970 Brown et al. 73/1515 INSTALLATION 3,746,102 7/1973 Griffin et al. 175/27 Inventor: Philippe Joubert, Meudon La Foret,

France Assignee: Institut Francais du Petrole, des

Carburants et Lubrifiants, Rueil-Malmaison, France Filed: Nov. 7, 1972 Appl. No.2 304,414

Foreign Application Priority Data Nov. 8, 1971 France 71.40041 U.S. Cl. 254/172; 73/1515; 173/11;

175/5; 175/40; 235/151.11 Int. Cl B66d l/48 Field of Search 254/172; 175/5, 27, 40;

Primary Examiner--Richard A. Schacher Assistant ExaminerJeffrey V. Nase Attorney, Agent, or Firm-Craig & Antonelli [57] ABSTRACT This device comprises means for detecting the instantaneous position of the drill pipe relative to the floating installation, said means generating a first signal representative of this position.

The first signal is transmitted to a circuit which generates a second signal representative of the average position of the drill pipe relative to the floating installation, this second signal being applied to a derivating circuit which delivers a signal representing the drilling speed.

11 Claims, 3 Drawing Figures FLOATING INSTALLATION ill;

coNTRoLLEc HANDLING wmcu PATENTEDMAY 61975 SHEET 10F 2 FIG.1

CONTROLLED WINCH HANDLING FLOATING INSTALLATION SHEET 2 OF 2 FIG.2

ACTUATING MEANS HANDLING WINCH 1 DEVICE FOR MEASURING THE RATE OF PENETRATION OF THE DRILL BIT DURING DRILLING OPERATIONS PERFORMED FROM A FLOATING INSTALLATION The present invention relates to a device for measuring the rate of penetration of the drill bit during drilling operations performed from a floating installation and more particularly from a floating installation equipped with an apparatus preventing the drill pipe from being subjected to the vertical movements due to the action of the swell.

The floating drilling installation are at sea subjected to vertical pounding movements which make the drilling operations difficult.

Apparatuses for equipping the floating installations have already been proposed with a view to preserve the drill pipe from such vertical movements.

It results therefrom a relative movement of the floating installation with respect to the drill pipe, which makes difficult a direct measuring of the rate of penetration of the drill bit into the ground, this rate being one of the parameters which is important for conducting the drilling operations under the best conditions.

Such apparatuses generally comprise a support member for the drill pipe, permitting its downward displacement as the drilling progresses, and means for compensating the vertical movements of the floating installation, connecting this installation to the support member.

An object of the invention is accordingly to provide a device permitting the measurement of the drill speed during drilling operations performed from a floating installation equipped with an apparatus of the aboveindicated type, this device making it possible to preserve the drill pipe from the vertical movements to which the floating installation is subjected.

The device according to the invention comprises, in combination with said apparatus, means for detecting the instantaneous relative position of the drill pipe and of the floating installation, said detecting means generating a first signal representative of said instantaneous position, means for processing said first signal, connected to said detecting means and adapted to generate a second signal, representative of the average relative position of said drill pipe with respect to said floating installation, means for processing said second signal, connected to said means for processing said first signal and adapted to generate a third signal representative of the average speed of displacement of the drill pipe with respect to the floating installation and means for displaying the value of said drilling speed, connected to said means for processing said second signal.

The invention will be readily understood from the following description of a particular, non-limitative, embodiment, illustrated by the accompanying drawings wherein:

FIG. 1 illustrates an apparatus suitable for compensating the vertical movements of a floating installation,

FIG. 2 shows curves representing the relative movements of the drill pipe and of the floating installation,

FIG. 3 diagrammatically illustrates a particular embodiment of the device according to the invention, used in combination with the apparatus of FIG. 1.

For the above indicated reasons, the floating drilling installations are provided with apparatuses whereby the drill string can be preserved from the vertical movements due to the action of the swell.

Such apparatuses are described for example in U.S. Pat. No. 3,285,574 and in US. Pat: No. 3,788,073 and U.S. Pat. No. 3,778,074.

These apparatuses generally comprise a support member for the drill pipe allowing the displacement thereof as the drilling progresses and means for compensating the vertical movements of the floating installation, connecting the support member to this installation.

The support member may, for example, be constituted by one or more pulleys or blocks from which the drill pipe is suspended and by a pseudo-stationary crown block connected to the floating installation.

The means for compensating the vertical movements comprise a jack inclined with respect to the path followed by the support member, this jack being articulated at one end on the floating installation and being articulated at its other end either directly to the support member or to an element including a lever which itself is articulated to the support member on the one hand and to the floating installation on the other hand.

The jack is supplied with a fluid under pressure through an air-oil accumulator or through a pneumatic accumulator.

These compensation means may also be constituted by a device connected to an accumulator which supplied a fluid under a variable pressure, this device providing a determined pressure to a jack supporting the support member of the drill pipe.

All these devices comprise at least one element (jack or lever) which is articulated and subjected to a rotating motion determining the instantaneous position of the support member of the drill pipe.

FIG. 1 illustrates a non-limitative embodiment of such an apparatus for compensating the vertical movements of the floating installation.

In this figure, reference numeral 1 designates the drill pipe suspended from the hook of a travelling block which is connected through a cable 3 to a pseudostationary crown block 4.

One end of the cable 3 is connected to the floating installation (not shown), the other end being wound on a handling winch which permitsthe displacement of the travelling block 2. The axis S-of the travelling block 4 is moveable along a vertical guideway 6 carried by a derrick 7 which is integral with the floating installation. The travelling block 4 is carried by two arms 8 and 9, each having one end articulated to the axis 5 of the travelling block 4 and the other end displaceable within slots 10 and 11 respectively integral with the derrick 7. Each articulated arm 8 and 9 is subjected to the action of a jack (jacks 12 and 13 respectively) articulated both to the derrick 7 (articulations 14 and 15) and to one of the arms 8 and 9 (articulations 16 and 17). The jacks are supplied with fluid under pressure through at least one air-oil accumulator, such as the accumulators 18 and 19.

The device operates as indiciated hereinunder. When, under the action of swell, the floating installation moves vertically and upwardly, the tension in the cable 3 connecting the blocks 2 and 4 tends to increase, thereby producing an inward displacement of the piston rods of the jacks 12 and 13 into their respective cylinders which rotate about their respective articulations 14 and 15. The axis 5 of the block 4 is then moved downwardly relative to the slot 6 along a distance which corresponds to the vertical displacement of the ship. When the floating installation is displaced downwardly the reverse phenomenon occurs and the axis 5 moves upwardly. As the drilling progresses, and as long as the cable 3 is not handled through the winch, an identical process occurs resulting in a downward displacement of the average position of the axis 5 of the block 4.

In FIG. 2, the curve I in solid line shows as a function of time, the instantaneous position of the axis 5 in the guide slot 6 whose length L is limited by points A and B.

The first derivative of the curve M (indotted lines) which represents the average position of the axis 5, is representative of the drilling speed, the ondulations of the curve I having a peak-to-peak amplitude P representative of the alternating vertical movements of the axis 5 generated by the vertical movements of the floating installation.

The length L has obviously been so selected that L P. The curves I and M also represent the instantaneous angle 0,- and average angle 0,,, of inclination of a jack (such as jack 13) with respect to a horizontal line.

The instantaneous position of the axis 5 in the slot 6 can be determined through detection means either directly associated to the axis 5 or associated to one of the jacks 12 or 13 or alternatively associated to one of the arms 8 and 9, this arrangement being however not limitative.

FIG. 3 diagrammatically illustrates the device of the invention.

This device includes means for detecting the instantaneous position of the axis of block 4. In the illustrated embodiment, this means is constituted by a potentiometer connected to a source of electric current 21 and the slider 22 of which is fast in rotation with the articulation axis 15 of the jack 13, for example. The voltage obtained between the terminal 23 and the slider 22 thus constitutesan electric signal which is representative of the instantaneous position of the jack 13 and consequently of the block 4. This signal, whose variations can be represented through a curve having the shape of the curve I (FIG. 2), is applied, through a conductoor 24, to an amplifier 25 and then transmitted to a filter 27 through a conductor 26. Optionally, the signal issuing from the amplifier 25 may be transmitted to a displaying and/or recording means 28 indicating the instantaneous position of block 4. The filter 27 is adapted to transform the received signal into a signal representative of the average position of the block 4. These values of the second signal, plotted versus time in a curve having the shape of curve M (FIG. 2), are transmitted through a conductor 29 to a device 30 and optionally to a displaying and/or recording device 31 indicating the average position of the block 4.

The device 30 is constituted by a derivating circuit of a type well known to those skilled in the art and delivers on its output terminal a signal representative of the first derivative of the signal issuing from the filter 27, i.e., a signal representative of the drilling speed. This last signal is transmitted through a conductor 32 to a displaying and/or recording device 33.

The above-described device may optionally include safety means permitting an automatic operation, as indicated hereinunder. A safety circuit is shown in dotted lines in FIG. 3.

This circuit comprises comparating elements 34 and 35 which receive through a conductor 36 the signal representing the instantaneous position of the block 4. At a second input 37, the comparator 34 receives an order signal representative of the lowermost position of the block 4. At a second input 38, the comparator 35 receives an order signal representative of the uppermost position of the block 4.

When the signal representative of the instantaneous position of the block 4 has a value outside the interval defined by the order-values applied to the comparators 34 and 35, the corresponding comparator delivers at its output terminal a safety signal which, through conductors 39, 40 or 41 and 42, can be transmitted to warning lamps 43 and 44 and to an acoustic warning device 45 so as to warn the operator that the block 4 is at its uppermost or lowermost position.

The signals delivered by the comparators 34 and 35 are transmitted through the conductors 46 and 47 respectively for controlling the operation of the winch on which is wound the cable 3, so as to provide for an automatic operation as indicated hereinabove.

Since the slot 6 has a length L greater than the amplitude of the vertical movements of the floating installation, the block 4 is placed in the position C shown by FIG. 2, such that the length of the portion CA of the slot be at least equal to the amplitude P/ 2 of the vertical movements of the floating installation.

During the drilling operation, the slider of the potentiometer is driven in rotation through the axis 15 of the jack l3 and a first signal is obtained, which represents the instantaneous position of the block 4, the curve representing the variations of this signal having the shape of the curve I of FIG. 2.

This signal is applied to a filter 27 which cut off the sinuosities of the curve and delivers a signal representative of the average position of the block 4, whose variations are shown by a curve having the shape of the curve M (FIG. 2).

This signal is applied to a derivating circuit which delivers a signal representative of the value of the drilling speed, this value being recorded and/or displayed at 33.

The signal representing the instantaneous position is applied to the comparators 34 and 35.

When the value of this signal is equal to the order value displayed at 38, which has been selected for representing the selected uppermost position of the block in the slot 6, the comparator 35 generates a warning signal energizing the warning lamps 44 and/or the acoustic warning device 45. The operator can then actuate the winch so as to unwind the cable 3, thereby causing the rising of the block 4 until the signal representative of the instantaneous position causes the activation of the comparator 34 which, in turn, generates a signal indicating to the operator that the winch must be stopped.

The same operation can be made automatic, the control of the winch being then achieved through the signals issued from the comparators 34 and 35 and transmitted through the conductors 46 and 47.

Changes may be made in the above-described device without departing from the scope of the present invention.

For example, the potentiometer 20 can be controlled by the rotation of the articulated arms 8 or 9. It will also be possible to select another type of detection means, such as, for example, a potentiometer whose slider has a rectilinear displacement controlled by the movements of the block 4. The generator 21 may be an oscillator whose frequency is modified through the detection element 21, an analogical circuit being then substituted for the filter 27, this circuit generating a signal which is a function of the frequency of the signal issuing from the generator etc.

What we claim is:

l. A device for measuring drilling speeds of a drill pipe subject to relative movement with respect to a drilling installation, said device comprising:

first signal means for generating a first signal representative of the position of a drill pipe with respect to the drilling installation;

second signal means connected to saidfirst signal means for deriving from said first signal a second signal representative of drilling speeds of said drill pipe, said second signal being a first derivative of said first signal; and

diplay means connected to said second signal means for displaying said second signal such that said drilling speeds are obtained.

2. A device according to claim 1, wherein said first signal represents a relative position between said drill pipe and said drilling installation.

3. A device for measuring drilling speeds of a drill pipe subject to relative movement with respect to a drilling installation, said device comprising:

first signal means for generating a first signal representative of the position of a drill pipe with respect to a drilling installation;

second signal means for deriving from said first signal a second signal representative of drilling speeds of said drill pipe; and

display means for displaying said second signal such that said drilling speeds are obtained,

wherein said first signal means includes correcting means for eliminating the effects of oscillatory movements of said drill pipe with respect to said drilling installation, said oscillatory movements being superimposed upon direct movement between said drill pipe and said drilling installation.

4. A device according to claim 3, wherein said correcting means include detecting means for detecting an instantaneous position of said drill pipe with respect to said drilling installation, said detecting means generating an intermediate signal representative of said instantaneous position, and signal processing means for processing said intermediate signal to obtain an output sig nal representative of a relative position of said drill pipe with respect to said drilling installation.

5. A device according to claim 4, wherein said second signal means includes derivating means for generating a first derivative of said output signal to obtain said second signal representative of said drilling speeds.

6. A device according to claim 5, further comprising safety means for indicating predetermined limits of said oscillatory movements, said predetermined limits defining a given interval of oscillatory movements.

7. A device according to claim 6, wherein said safety means comprise at least first and second comparator means, each of said comparator means being supplied with respective signals representative of said predetermined limits, said comparator means comparing said respective signals with said intermediate signal, and indicating means for indicating a value of said intermediate signal, said value representing a position of said drill pipe with respect to said drilling installation outside of said interval between said predetermined limits.

8. A device for measuring drilling speeds of drill pipe from a floating drilling installation of the type including an apparatus for preventing drill pipe from vertical movements, said apparatus including a support member for supporting drill pipe, control means for controlling displacement of said drill pipe relative to said floating installation, and compensating means for compensating vertical movements of the drill pipe with respect to the floating installation, said device comprising:

detecting means for detecting an instantaneous relative position of drill pipe with respect to a floating installation, said detecting means generating a first signal representative of said instantaneous position,

first processing means for processing said first signal, said first processing means being connected to said detecting means and generating a second signal representative of a relative position of said drill pipe with respect to said floating installation, said relative position being a function of said instantaneous position,

second processing means for processing said second signal, said second processing means being connected to said first processing means and generating a third signal representative of a relative speed of advancement of said drill pipe with respect to said floating installation, and

display means for displaying values of drilling speed,

said display means being connected to said second processing means.

9. A device according to claim 8, wherein said second processing means are constituted by a derivating circuit, said derivating circuit generating a signal representative of the first derivative of a signal applied thereto.

10. A device according to claim 8; wherein said compensating means comprise at least one element subjected to an oscillatory motion having a rotary component, wherein said detecting means are constituted by a revolving potentiometer supplied by an electric generator, said revolving potentiometer having a slider in rotation with said at least one element, and said revolving potentiometer delivering a first oscillatory electric signal representative of an instantaneous position of said at least one element, and wherein said first processing means is constituted by an electric circuit for filtering the variations of said first oscillatory electric signal, said filtering circuit delivering a second electric signal representative of a relative position of said at least one element, and said second processing means are constituted by a derivating electric circuit.

11. A device according to claim 8, wherein first safety means are connected to said control means for delivering to said control means a first safety signal exclusively when a support member for supporting said drill pipe reaches an upper limit position, said first safety means being directly connected to said detecting means and receiving therefrom said first signal representative of said instantaneous position, and wherein second safety means are connected to said control means for delivering to said control means a second safety signal exclusively when said support member reaches a lower limit position, said second safety means being directly connected to said detecting means and receiving therefrom said first signal representative of said instantaneous position, said control means being actuated at the reception of said first safety signal and interrupting its operation at the reception of said second safety signal.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3541852 *Nov 29, 1968Nov 24, 1970Dresser IndElectronic system for monitoring drilling conditions relating to oil and gas wells
US3746102 *Oct 22, 1971Jul 17, 1973Dresser IndAutomatic drilling break alarm and shutdown system
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3931735 *Dec 9, 1974Jan 13, 1976Schlumberger Technology CorporationMethods and apparatus for measuring the rate of penetration in well drilling from floating platforms
US4128888 *Mar 15, 1977Dec 5, 1978Bj-Hughes Inc.Velocity control arrangement for a computer-controlled oil drilling rig
US4139891 *Mar 15, 1977Feb 13, 1979Bj-Hughes Inc.Elevator load control arrangement for a computer-controlled oil drilling rig
US4421173 *Aug 20, 1981Dec 20, 1983Nl Industries, Inc.Motion compensator with improved position indicator
US4466488 *Nov 19, 1981Aug 21, 1984Nl Industries, Inc.Position indicator for drill string compensator
US4794535 *Aug 18, 1986Dec 27, 1988Automated Decisions, Inc.Method for determining economic drill bit utilization
US4886129 *Feb 26, 1988Dec 12, 1989Schlumberger Technology CorporationTest procedure
US5274552 *Apr 20, 1992Dec 28, 1993M/D TotcoDrill string motion detection for bit depth calculation
US5398546 *Jul 28, 1993Mar 21, 1995Schlumberger Technology CorporationDetermination of drill bit rate of penetration from surface measurements
US6026912 *Apr 2, 1998Feb 22, 2000Noble Drilling Services, Inc.Method of and system for optimizing rate of penetration in drilling operations
US6155357 *Sep 22, 1998Dec 5, 2000Noble Drilling Services, Inc.Method of and system for optimizing rate of penetration in drilling operations
US6192998Jan 18, 2000Feb 27, 2001Noble Drilling Services, Inc.Method of and system for optimizing rate of penetration in drilling operations
US6233498Mar 5, 1998May 15, 2001Noble Drilling Services, Inc.Method of and system for increasing drilling efficiency
US6293356 *Sep 17, 1999Sep 25, 2001Noble Drilling Services, Inc.Method of and system for optimizing rate of penetration in drilling operations
US6382331Apr 17, 2000May 7, 2002Noble Drilling Services, Inc.Method of and system for optimizing rate of penetration based upon control variable correlation
US6517291 *Mar 23, 1999Feb 11, 2003Single Buoy Moorings Inc.Riser tensioning construction
US6789981Jan 3, 2003Sep 14, 2004Single Buoy Moorings, Inc.Riser tensioning construction
Classifications
U.S. Classification166/355, 73/152.45, 702/9, 175/5, 175/40, 701/300, 173/11
International ClassificationE21B19/09, E21B45/00, E21B19/00
Cooperative ClassificationE21B19/09, E21B45/00
European ClassificationE21B45/00, E21B19/09