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Publication numberUS3883162 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 13, 1975
Filing dateMar 18, 1974
Priority dateMar 18, 1974
Publication numberUS 3883162 A, US 3883162A, US-A-3883162, US3883162 A, US3883162A
InventorsColburn Edward N
Original AssigneeUniversal Oil Prod Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Well screen fitting and method of sealing same to a casing
US 3883162 A
Abstract
Well screen fitting adapted to be placed in internal telescopic relation to a well casing is sealed relative to the casing by a short, cylindrical flexible rubber ring carried in an external annular groove in the fitting and having an upwardly and outwardly projecting integral skirt portion extending from its lower end. The skirt portion of the flexible ring is adapted to be doubled over on itself to effect a very firm seal with the inner wall of the well casing when the well casing is first slightly raised and then slightly lowered relative to the final position of the well screen and fitting. The fitting, well screen and casing are preferably all formed of plastic.
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United States Patent 1 Colburn 1 WELL SCREEN FITTING AND METHOD OF SEALING SAME TO A CASlNG [75] Inventor: Edward N. Colburn, Minneapolis,

Minn.

[73] Assignee: Universal Oil Products Company, Des Plaines, 111.

22 Filed: Mar. 18,1974

21 Appl. No.: 452,483

FOREIGN PATENTS OR APPLlCATlONS 1,141,462 1/1969 United Kingdom 285/345 [4 1 May 13, 1975 717,389 10/1954 United Kingdom .285/345 Primary Examiner-Thomas F. Callaghan Almrney, Agent, or Firm.lames R. Hoatson. Jr.; Barry L. Clark; William H. Page II [57] ABSTRACT Well screen fitting adapted to be placed in internal telescopic relation to a well casing is sealed relative to the casing by a short, cylindrical flexible rubber ring carried in an external annular groove in the fitting and having an upwardly and outwardly projecting integral skirt portion extending from its lower end. The skirt portion of the flexible ring is adapted to be doubled over on itself to effect a very firm seal with the inner wall of the well casing when the well casing is first slightly raised and then slightly lowered relative to the final position of the well screen and fitting. The fitting. well screen and casing are preferably all formed of plastic.

1 Claim, 7 Drawing Figures WELL SCREEN FITTING AND METHOD OF SEALING SAME TO A CASING BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION This invention relates to telescope-sized well screens which are designed to be set in place in wells by lowering the screen through the well casing. To permit the well screen to be moved through the casing and to accommodate manufacturing tolerances, the screen and its upper fitting are preferably smaller in outside diameter than the inner diameter of the casing. The resulting annular space between the fitting and casing is preferably sealed to prevent particulate material such as sand from being drawn into the casing when the material is larger in size than the well screen openings. The scaling is usually accomplished by a lead packer or by a selfsealing packer. The lead packer includes an annular ring of lead at the top of the screen fitting which is swaged outwardly against the casing by a tapered swage block dropped down the casing. The self-sealing packer utilizes a rubber ring molded and vulcanized to a metal well screen fitting. Although the self-sealing packer does not require any installation tools it does provide a rather limited sealing range since the rubber must move along the entire length of the casing while in its compressed state and should be compressed a minimal amount to avoid being damaged by the inside of the casing. The molding and vulcanizing operation required to attach the rubber ring makes this type of seal quite expensive. Furthermore, a seal is not always desirable, making it necessary that fittings be made available both with and without the molded-on sealing ring.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION It is among the objects of the present invention to provide a well screen sealing structure which is effective for its purpose, simple to install, low in cost, and capable of accomodating a range of variations in spacings between a casing and a well screen fitting.

These and other objects are achieved by the sealing structure of the present invention wherein an elongated plastic well screen fitting has a circumferential groove in its outer surface, female pipe threads in its upper end and a shouldered recess in its lower end. The recess is adapted to receive a plastic well screen which may be welded or cemented in place. The upper threads are adapted to receive a length of pipe which is used to lower the well screen into a well casing installed in the ground. Generally, the pipe is unthreaded from the fit ting and removed from the casing after the screen is installed. When it is necessary to seal the fitting to the casing, a molded neoprene sealing ring is expanded over one end of the fitting and snapped into the groove. The sealing ring is somewhat V-shaped in cross-section and has an inner wall which is cylindrical and an outer wall integrally joined to the inner wall at its bottom. The outer wall projects in skirt-like fashion in a radially outwardly and upward direction. The thickness of each wall is greater than one third and less than one half of the distance between the inner wall of the casing and the inner wall of the groove. Thus, the outer wall is not compressed in thickness as the fitting and well screen are assembled into the casing. However, once the well screen reaches the bottom of the hole, the casing is lifted to a point about 1 inch above its desired final position and is then lowered l inch. This last movement causes the upper outer edge of the outer wall or skirt 2 portion to be frictionally engaged by the casing wall and rolled over, and compressed upon itself to form a tight seal.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION oF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is a sectional view of the improved well screen fitting and sealing ring taken in an axialplane;

FIGS. 25 are a series of fragmentary sectional views which show the method by which the well casing is placed in a hole and the well screen fitting of FIG. 1 assembled into sealing relation with it; and

FIGS. 6 and 7 are enlarged fragmentary views of the structure shown in FIGS. 3 and 5.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT Referring to the drawings, the plastic well screen fitting 10 is shown as having female threads 12 at its upper end for receiving a length of pipe (not shown) by which it is lowered into a well casing 14 (FIG. 3). The lower end of the fitting 10 has a recessed opening 16 into which a plastic well screen 18 may be cemented or otherwise attached. A peripheral groove 20 formed in the side wall 22 of the fitting 10 is adapted to receive a resilient ring member 24. The ring 24 has a cylindrical inner wall 26 and a skirt-like outer wall 28 joined to it at its lower end. The combined thickness of the two walls 26,28 is between about 80% of the distance between the inner wall 30 of the groove 20 and the inner wall 32 of the casing 14 so that when the outer wall 28 is rolled over as shown in FIG. 7, all of the walls will be compressed. In actual operation, the ring 24, which may be molded of neoprene, for example, is stretched over the outer surface 22 of fitting 10 and snapped into groove 20 so that skirt-like outer wall 28 extends outwardly and upwardly as shown in FIG. 1. Assuming that a well casing 14 has been driven into a hole 36 in the ground 38 as shown in FIG. 2, the fitting 10 is dropped down inside the casing (FIG. 3) until the screen 18 contacts the bottom of the hole 36 or reaches its desired depth. The casing 14 is then lifted as shown in FIG. 4 until it approaches the seal 24, after which it is lowered (FIG. 5) to frictionally engage the outer skirt portion 28 and cause it to roll over into its sealing position shown in FIGS. 5 and 7. In an actual embodiment that proved satisfactory, the radius of the inner wall ofa nominal 2 inch casing 14 was L034 in., the depth of groove 20 was 0.150 in. and the space between the casing 14 and fitting wall 22 was 0.049 in., resulting in a total space of 0.209 in. between the inner wall of the casing and the bottom wall 30 of the groove 20. A neoprene rubber sealing ring 24 having each of its walls 26,28 of a thickness of 0.080 in. and an axial length of 0.375 in. was found to provide effective sealing when rolled over as shown in FIGS. 5 and 7.

I claim as my invention:

1. In combination, a well casing and a well screen fitting for sealing a well screen to the interior surface of said well casing through which it is moved to its final position, said well screen fitting comprising an elon gated cylindrical body member having a recess in one end for receiving a well screen, a circumferential groove in the wall of the body at a position spaced axially from said recess, a generally V-shaped flexible sealing ring having a base portion and inner and outer wall portions extending upwardly from said base portion, said sealing ring being positioned along its entire axial extent in said gr'oove with said base portion located at 'the end of the groove closest to the recess, the inner wall portion of the ring having its inner surface in tight engagement with the,- inner wall of the groove throughout the length thereof and the outer wall portion of the ring being formed so as to extend outwardly in a skirtlike fashion relative to the outer surface of the fitting, the combined wall thickness of said inner and outer wall portions being between 70-80% of the radial dis-

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2998065 *Jan 9, 1957Aug 29, 1961Jersey Prod Res CoMethod and apparatus for stabilizing productive formations
US3510140 *May 22, 1967May 5, 1970Rheinstahl Huettenwerke AgSocket-type joint gasket construction
US3567233 *Jul 11, 1968Mar 2, 1971Stepanich Fred CGasket means for pipe
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4273192 *Oct 3, 1979Jun 16, 1981Texaco Inc.Method for cleaning a sand screen
US4317023 *Nov 24, 1980Feb 23, 1982Uop Inc.Method of making slotted well screen
US4365669 *Jan 29, 1981Dec 28, 1982Uop Inc.Non-solvent bonded plastic well screen assembly
US4760795 *Oct 6, 1986Aug 2, 1988Royal Ordnance PlcExplosive projectiles
US4819722 *Jan 19, 1988Apr 11, 1989Johnson Filtration Systems, Inc.Metal well screen assembly with plastic end fitting and method of attaching same
Classifications
U.S. Classification285/111, 277/626, 285/345, 166/231, 277/604
International ClassificationE21B43/02, E21B43/08, F16L17/00, F16L17/035
Cooperative ClassificationF16L17/035, E21B43/088
European ClassificationE21B43/08W, F16L17/035
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Oct 11, 1988AS02Assignment of assignor's interest
Owner name: JOHNSON FILTRATION SYSTEMS INC., 1950 OLD HIGHWAY
Owner name: SIGNAL ENVIRONMENTAL SYSTEMS INC., A DE CORP
Effective date: 19880930
Oct 11, 1988ASAssignment
Owner name: JOHNSON FILTRATION SYSTEMS INC., 1950 OLD HIGHWAY
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNOR:SIGNAL ENVIRONMENTAL SYSTEMS INC., A DE CORP;REEL/FRAME:004962/0258
Effective date: 19880930
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:SIGNAL ENVIRONMENTAL SYSTEMS INC., A DE CORP;REEL/FRAME:004962/0258
Owner name: JOHNSON FILTRATION SYSTEMS INC., A CORP. OF DE, MI
Jan 12, 1987ASAssignment
Owner name: SIGNAL ENVIRONMENTAL SYSTEMS INC., A CORP. OF DE
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNOR:UOP INC., A CORP. OF DE.;REEL/FRAME:004660/0186
Effective date: 19870108