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Publication numberUS3884125 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 20, 1975
Filing dateNov 20, 1972
Priority dateFeb 8, 1971
Publication numberUS 3884125 A, US 3884125A, US-A-3884125, US3884125 A, US3884125A
InventorsMassie Philip E
Original AssigneeMassie Philip E
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Variable displacement sealed pump
US 3884125 A
Abstract
A completely sealed magnetically driven pump having a piston armature driven by electrical windings. Mechanical variations are provided for variable displacement. A cylinder head is formed by a threaded member which can be adjusted to vary the displacement. The threaded head member may thread into another member which can rotate but is constrained from axial movement.
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I United States Patent 1 1 11 1 3,884,125 Massie 1 May 20, 1975 1 VARIABLE DISPLACEMENT SEALED 2,690,128 9/1954 Bnsilewsky 318/122 x PUMP 2,768,580 10/1956 Parker 417/274 X 3.380387 4/1968 Kofink 92/605 X [76] In t hilip E. s 2 I vmg L, 3.626.807 12 1971 Shanzer 92/136 x Culver City, Calif. 90203 R25,873 10/1965 Rutherford Xi/13.6 X

[22] Filed: Nov. 20, 1972 FOREIGN PATENTS OR APPLICATIONS 21 APP] NO: 30 043 721099 3/1955 United Kingdom 92/605 Related Application Data Primary Examiner-Irwin C. Cohen [63] Continuation-impart of Ser. No. 113,321, Feb. 8. As istant Examiner-Abraham Hershkovilz 1971, Pat 3,754,154- Attorney, Agent, or Firm-Herzig & Walsh U-S. 417/274; 417/418 1 51 1m. (:1. F0lb 31/14; F15b 15/24 A P f Sealed {nagnet'cally f P" hav'ng 58 Field of Search 92/135, 13.6, 60.5; a ""T P drwe elecmca' Y g 417/274, 418 chanlcal variations are provlded for variable displacement. A cylinder head is formed by a threaded memher which can be ad'usted to var the dis lacement. R 1 c 1 d J Y P [56] NITEDe gizg IIDZTENTS The threaded head member may thread into another U member which can rotate but is constrained from axial 1,912,167 5/1933 Anderson 318/123 X movement 2,497,105 2/1950 Vords, Jr. 310/31 X 2,686,280 8/1954 Strong et a1. 318/128 X 4 Claims, 12 Drawlng Figures PATENTEB HAYZOIQTS 884, 125

SHEET 1 OF 2 VARIABLE DISPLACEMENT SEALED PUMP This application is a continuation-in-part of US. application Ser. No. 113,321 now US. Pat. No. 3,754,l54 filed on Feb. 8, 1971.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The need for a sealed pump is emphasized by the many forms of flexible tube roller pumps and vibrating diaphragm pumps on the market. The limitations of crank-driven piston pumps are well known and include: seal problems around rotating shafts, bearings, mass balance problems, belt or coupling means, and the necessity of including a driving motor or some form with the attendant efficiency reduction and maintenance requirements. The three-step conversion of energy in a motor-driven piston pump, electricity to rotating pulley to belt to reciprocating piston, shows the large number of opportunities for energy losses, maintenance requirements, and production cost. Associated with the device is the possibility of escape of noxious, corrosive or lethal materials through the fenestrations of the pump house for shafts and controls.

The flexible tube and roller pump and the diaphragm pump minimize the leakage problem up to the point where the flexible material fails from fatigue or over pressure.

The herein described pump minimizes or eliminates most of these problems; and more specifically, it provides the capability of variable pump displacement in unique ways.

In modifications of the basic form of the pump, constructions are provided by way of an adjustable head, adjustable relative to the pumping cylinder to provide for variable displacement. The realization of this variable displacement capability is a primary object of the invention.

A further object is to realize variable displacement by way of a threaded adjustable cylinder head.

A further object is to make it unnecessary to rotate the threaded head member by threading it into a member which can be rotated to cause the head to move axially.

Another object is to provide a construction as in the foregoing object wherein the second member is threaded into an end member, and the head member is constrained against rotation.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS Further objects and additional advantages of the invention will become apparent from the following detailed description and annexed drawings, wherein:

FIG. 1 is a cross sectional view of a basic form of the FIG. 2 is a schematic view illustrating magnetic switching control of the windings of the pumps;

FIG. 2a is a schematic view of the circuitry involved in FIG. 2; 7

FIGS. 2b and 2c are views of the arrangement of FIG.

FIG. 3 is a view of a manually actuable switch for controlling the pump;

FIG. 4 is a graph of magnetization curves associated with the pump of FIG. 1;

FIG. 4a is a graph of a demagnetization curve of a permanent magnet; I

FIG. 5 is a view of a modified form of the pump having variable displacement;

) FIG. 6 is a partial view of another modified form of pump having variable displacement;

FIG. 7 is a view of a preferred sealing arrangement; and

FIG. 8 is a sectional view of another modified form of pump having variable displacement.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS The pump in basic form is shown in FIG. 1. The mechanical parts of the pump consist of: a piston/armature 1 of ferro-magnetic material, a cylinder 2 of nonmagnetic material, two cylinder head/pole pieces 3 and 4 of ferro-magnetic material, a magnetic core (back iron) material 6 which magnetically connects the two pole pieces, a permanent magnet 7 properly interposed to couple the armature/piston to the magnetic core, and suitable seals between the cylinder and the cylinder head/pole pieces 5. Assembly means may take any de-,

sirable configuration, such as tension rods to cross bars on the outside of the pole pieces to pull the assembly together or screw threads between the cylinder and the cylinder head, including tapered pipe threads, screwed together with plumbers pipe dope. The pole pieces and the back iron are not necessarily one part and preferably not for reasons to be explained below. Piston/armature 1 floats in the cylinder.

The electrical portion of the basic pump consists of coils 11 and 12 which drive the pump. These coils are actually wound around the cylinder and preferably cover air gaps l5 and 16 which constitute the pump displacement. Coils 13 and 14 are not power coils, and their function will be explained later.

The cylinder head/pole pieces of the pump contain inlet and outlet ports 8 and 9 to admit and release the pumped material. Suitable valves of any type, i.e., reed, plug, flapper, or ball valves are applicable. The valves are spring loaded, pressure operated in response to pressure differentials across the valves. The valves are of non-magnetic material to minimize sticking due to magnetic forces. (There may be a state of operation where ferro-magnetic valves are desirable, particularly inlet valve 9.)

The pump operates in the following manner. The permanent magnet supplies a magnetic flux to piston/armature 1 through non-magnetic cylinder wall 2. Two paths exist for the magnetic flux through two pole pieces 3 and 4. The magnetic flux divides between two paths 17 and 18. The division of the flux between 17 and 18 is a function of the relative permeance of each circuit. Permeance is that function which relates to the ease with which magnetic flux passes through a circuit under the influence of a given magnetomotive force, P d /F. (Units used in magnetic design are strange and wonderful to behold. There are three different systems of units, two of which are in common use in the United States. An explanation of these two is in order here.

A. Mixed English units are based on the inch system. 1. Flux is expressed in lines per square inch or maxwells 2. Magnetomotive force is expressed in ampere-turns per inch. 3. The permeability of a vacuum is 3.192 in this system. B. C.G.S. units are metric based. 1. Flux is expressed in gausses. 2. Magnetomotive force is expressed in oersteds.

3. The permeability of a vacuum is l in this system. The ratio between the two systems is conversion from inches to centimeters, with exceptions. Mixed English units will be used herein.)

FIG. 4 shows the magnetization curve. The ordinate is flux in lines (maxwells) for the particular circuit. Kilolines is the generally used term because of the large numerical values. The abscissa is magnetomotive force in ampere-turns. The magnetization curve for a specific magnetic circuit is developed in parts. One half the ferro-magnetic material (one side of the pump) is represented by curve 30 showing the high permeability of the ferro-magnetic material up to the knee of the curve, called saturation. The magnetization curve of an air gap is a straight line. The slope of the line is proportional to the area divided by the length of the air gap. Line 31 represents a short air gap (closed gap) such as 16 in FIG. 1, with a relatively high permeance. Line 32 represents a long air gap (open gap) such as in FIG. 1 with a relatively low permeance. The total magnetization curve for the two sides of the pump is represented by line 33 for the closed gap plus the iron and line 34 for the open gap plus the iron. These curves are developed by summing the magneto-motive force for a given flux quantity.

Line 39 represent the external magnetomotive force of the permanent magnet under a specific condition. FIG. 4a shows the internal demagnetization curves of a permanent magnet of a specific size. The permeance of the total external magnetic circuit is represented by line 65. The intersection of this line with demagnetization curve 275 defines MMF 276 and flux 84; the permanent magnet will develop in the external circuit. MMF 276 of FIG. 4a is the inverse of MMF 39 of FIG. 4. Flux 38 in the closed gap circuit is found at intersection 82 of lines 9 and 33 (FIG. 4). Flux 37 in the open air gap circuit is found at intersection 83 of lines 39 and 34 of FIG. 4. The sum of the two fluxes 37 and 38 of FIG. 4 is equal to flux 84 in FIG. 4a. It can be seen that there is a large difference between the flux in the closed air gap circuit 18 of FIG. 1 and open air gap circuit 17. The mechanical force in pounds in an air gap is equal to /72A, where d) is in kilolines and A is the effective gap in square inches, allowing for air gap fringing which increases the area. The net force on the piston is the difference between the two force values. Thus, it is apparent that a large differential force exists to hold the piston in the closed gap position, since most of the flux flows in that gap. No external power is required to hold the piston in this position. This covers the static or starting position of the pump.

With respect to the operation of the pump, if a voltage is applied to coil 11 in such a direction as to aid (increase) the flux in the open gap, flux will be diverted to that gap 15 of FIG. 1. This will tend to pass more flux through the permanent magnet and reduce the magnetomotive force of the magnet along line 275 of FIG. 4a. Thus flux of the permanent magnet moves from line 84 to line 86 as the magnetomotive force moves from line 276 to line 85. The effect of the decrease in permanent magnet MMF is to decrease the flux in air gap 16, curve 33 of FIG. 4. The addition of an electrical MMF is to impress a high MMF on open air gap 15. This produces an increase in flux along line 34 of FIG. 4 while the flux in the closed gap decreases along line 33 of FIG. 4 to a level where the greater amount of flux is in the open air gap. At this point, the balance of force is shifted in accordance with the force equation, and the piston starts to move to close gap 15.

With the constant value of electric MMF, the flux in open gap 15 increases with movement of piston 1. At the same time, the flux in the closed gap decreases. This produces an increasing force to move the piston to close gap 15. As the gap closes, the movement of the piston reduces the volume in gap 15 and displaces any material out through outlet port 8. The pump has completed one pumping stroke. As gap 15 decreases in volume, gap 16 increases in volume, drawing material in for the next pumping stroke.

If power is now removed from coil 11 and applied to coil 12, the same action takes place; and the piston displaces the material drawn into gap 16 and draws more material into gap 15, ready for the next pump stroke. The pump has now completed one cycle, two pumping strokes.

Alternate application of a voltage to coils 11 and 12 will cause the piston to move from one pole piece 3 to the other 4. In the process, the piston alternately increases and decreases the volume of air gaps 15 and 16, thus drawing material in through inlet port 9 and expelling material through outlet port 8, controlled by the logic of normal spring-loaded valves. To establish means of generating the voltage on alternate coils 11 and 12, a 60 hertz constant volume pump may be used. It is possible to design the magnetic and electric circuits to operate on the positive and negative half cycles of a 60 cycle power source. Coils 11 and 12 are connected so that current through the corresponding diodes will generate a flux to aid flux 17 or 18 in the corresponding coil. This is a highly limited application. The utility of this type of operation can be extended by using a variable frequency AC power source, such as a transistor inverter for driving the unit.

If single shot manual operation is desired, a manual spring-loaded, single-pole, double-throw switch 40 will suffice, as in FIG. 3. The switch is spring loaded in the center position with neither position connected. The switch is manually pushed from one contact to the other, and the pump will respond with one stroke per switch contact. This might be a desirable method for laboratory test application where precise pressure or air quantities are desired.

A method of automatic lever switch operation is shown in FIG. 2. Spring 20 is a ferro-magnetic and conductive leaf spring carrying back side contact 27 and front side contact 21. A similar spring is installed in relation to air gap 16. Referring to the magnetization curves of FIG. 4, curve 30 is the magnetization curve of the iron only. Curve 32 is the magnetization curve of the open air gap. The two combine into curve 34. At the flux level 37, it can be seen that most of the magnetomotive force is across air gap 16. Now with reed switch 20' close to piston 1 (separated only by the nonmagnetic cylinder 2) as compared to the spacing between armature 1 and pole face 3 (air gap 15) and with a similar magnetic material 19 supporting a contact 22 in close proximity to pole face 3, it is seen that a high MMF will be impressed across magnetic circuit 1, 20', 19, 4. This will produce a corresponding high flux in the air gap between 19' and 20', diverting flux from air gap 16. An equation can be used to design a sufficient force to move reed spring 20, open contacts 27' and 28', and close contacts 21' and 22'. From FIG. 2a, it is seen that this will place power on coil 12 through leads 24 and 29 and contacts 28 and 27, moving the piston to close gap 16. As gap opens, the magnetization curve shifts along line 39 (with deviations) to the intersection with line 34, which is now the curve for gap 15 (the open gap). At this point, contacts 27 and 28 are opened, removing power from lead 23a and coil 12. Contacts 21 and 22 are closed by the large MMF across gap 15. As gap 16 is closed, the MMF moves to the intersection of line 39, the permanent magnet MMF, and line 33, closedgap. Since the MMF across gap 16 is now small and with appreciable air gaps in the reed switch magnetic circuit at the two penetrations of the tube wall 2, reed switch 20' will move and close contacts 27 and 28' and complete the power circuit to lead 23 and coil 11. This will move the piston back to close gap 15, and the cycle will continue.

During the interval that contacts 21, 22 and 21', 22' are both closed with gap 16 closing, the change of flux in coil 12 due to movement of the piston will be such as to produce a current in coil 11 which reduces the flux in gap 15. This will keep the MMF across gap 15 reduced but not low until the piston stops moving, and there is no further change of flux and corresponding induced voltage in coil 12.

Mounting rings 19b, 19b 20b, and 20b support the various contacts and increase the area of air gap 190, 20c between the magnetic portions of the reed switch parts and the pole pieces and the piston/armature. This reduces the reluctance (increases the permeance) of the air gaps and allows more magnetic flux to flow through the reed switch magnetic circuit at any point in the operation. This is typical and not the only method of support of the reed switch contacts. Coils ll, 12, 13, and 14 can be placed at any point on the iron circuit (around the loop) as long as the coils enclose all the circuit cross section. the preferred location is along some portion of the pole piece/piston region to minimize leakage flux.

Permanent magnet material is hard and difficult to cut or machine. Since cast bars are more efficient than similar material pressed and sintered from powder, it is desirable to use flat-sided magnet sections. This does not adapt well to the round configuration of the center of the pump.

Further, the energy obtainable from a magnet is a function of cross sectional area and length in relation to the external magnetic circuit. The external magnetic circuit has a permeance characteristic of the cross section and the length of the various elements. It is desired to operate the external magnetic circuit at a given flux (flux density times area at the critical pointin this case, working air gaps 15 and 16). The required cross section area of the permanent magnet is selected to provide the desired flux when operated at the optimum point. The length of the magnet is selected to provide the required MMF to force the flux through the external circuit, again operating at the optimum point on curve 275 (FIG. 4a). It is now apparent that the dimensions of the permanent magnet may be entirely independent of all of the other parameters of the magnetic system, i.e., coil cross section, central tube diameter, etc.

For the above reasons, it is often desirable to provide coupling of the permanent magnet to the iron circuit by a shoe 270 as shwon in FIGS. 2b and 2c. The permanent magnet is designated at 7. This is usually a material more adapted to machining operations and much cheaper than permanent magnet material. The designer is now free to design his permanent magnet in any desired configuration. It may be one or more magnets in parallel, as shown in FIG. 2b, or it may be one magnet only. The pump design may be such as to have only one external leg and thus, a position for only one pennanent magnet. The core is designated at 6 and 6'. The permanent magnet should be close to the iron in all cases. The use or omission of a shoe is optional with the design.

VARIABLE DISPLACEMENT PUMP The requirement for a variable, positive displacement pump is obvious. Such a pump might be used as the fuel throttling device for fuel injection of internal combustion engines. Another use will be in mixing of two or more components in variable ratio. Two pumps can be operated in synchronism from the same source of power with one pump operating at a fixed displacement and the other operating with displacement varied to suit the mix ratio required. A third application is for those fluid or gas moving requirements which require a variable flow rate for any reason, such as variable air supply operation air powered tools at varying rates or where demand will vary with the number of tools used and the utilization rate of the tools. This use stands in comparison to present practice of using constant displacement pumps on an intermittent duty cycle or running continuously and dumping excess air.

FIGS. 5, 6, 7, and 8 shown various means of making the pump have a variable displacement by varying the length of the pump stroke.

FIG. 5 shows a pump having one head 4 fixed in position and one head 171 being movable axially into and out of cylinder tube 2. Inlet ports 8 and outlet ports 9 are contained in each head. The movable portion of head 171 is ferromagnetic. It is threaded and screws into a mating threaded portion of the fixed portion of head/pole piece 170 Rotation of moving portion 171 causes it to move from retracted position 172 to extended position 173. Since the displacement of piston 1 is fixed by the length of the stroke, reducing the distance between heads 171 and 4 reduces the stroke length and thus, reduces the piston displacement whether the piston moves left or right. By suitable design of the thread pitch, the relation between rotation of head 171 and the displacement can be made to have any reasonable value.

To establish a specific utilization of this variable displacement pump, the fuel injection system for an internal combustion engine may be considered. Present systems use a pump to draw fluid from the storage system or tank and present it under pressure to a series of valves. The length of time a specific valve is held open determines the amount of fuel injected. Systems exist I that have valves assigned one to each cylinder. Other systems have one valve serving multiple numbers of cylinders. The variable displacement version of this pump will have one fuel injection of each stroke of the pump, whether left or right. Thus, this pump version will serve to displace the pump on existing systems and two valves. Each side of the pump will serve the function of one valve.

Diesel engines require fuel injection under pressure and at a variable rate. A high pressure version of this pump as described above will serve as the injection means for a diesel engine.

8 a seal as described. As may be observed, the forces tending to pull the parts away from each other axially will cause the square shouldered sides of the grooves to engage with and bite into the flexible helical members 7 The pump configu'ration'described above requires rotation of head 171- for operation. This implies that the inlet and outlet of moving head 171-be connected to flexible tube means to permit rotation of the head.

and part 174 anda joint between part 174 and part 171. In other words, these parts are pulled apart axially. The flexible helical members-form held from being FIG. 6 shows movable head171 and fixed portion of and increase the sealing effect. pole piece 170 having the same relation as above. A The sealing means of FIG. 7 can be adapted in any threaded nut 174 is interposed between a portion of of the arrangements of FIGS. 5, 6, and 8. moving portion 171 and fixed portion 170 of the head/- The double threaded nut of. FIG. 5 may be replaced 7 pole piece. Nut 174 may be single or double threaded. by a single threaded nut, as shown in FIG. 8. Nut 174 The movable piston is fixed in a hon-rotatable position 10 is shown with a thread mating with a similar thread on by any suitable means with provision to move axially movable head 171. The thread may take the form alongthe cylinder. The threaded nut is configured in shown in FIG. 7 or may be directly mating. Nut 174 is oneof several forms so that rotation of threaded nut suitably constrained so as not to move axially with re- 'l74 causes head 171 to move axially. The amount of spect to fixed pole 170. This may be accomplished by r'otation'of threaded nut 174 determines the amount of way of splines. Movable pole 171 is constrained against movement of piston 171 and thus, the stroke and disrotation by suitable means. As shown, nut 174 is-conplacemnt of the pump. The threaded nut may be of strained by a ring, unnumbered, fitting in annular op- -ferro-magnetic material or not. FIG. 6 shows nut 174 posed slots in nut 174 and pole 170. with a left-hand thread on the inner surface in contact The location of the threads may be reversed with the -wit h andrnating with a similar left-hand thread on movthreads between nut 174 and fixed pole 170. The nut ing piston 171. The nut has a right-hand thread on the is constrained to move with movable head 171. outer surface in contact with and mating with a similar Other means may be used to displace movable pole right-hand thread on pole piece portion 170. Rotation 171 such as a cam, an external drive rod from any 'of' the nut causes the movaable portion of head 171 to source (such as a hydraulic piston) or other mechanical m'ove with respect to the nut and in the same direction. linkage. By thismeans, the axial movement of movable head The foregoing disclosure is representative of pre- 17'1Q'is greater than the movement of nut 174. For equal ferred forms'of the invention, and it is to be interpreted "pitch on left-hand and right-hand thread, the head in an illustrative rather than a limiting sense, the inven- -Zmovesjtwice as far as the nut. The movement of head tion to be accorded the full scope of the claims ap- 171 still changes the displacement of both strokes of pended. hereto. l the pump since the stroke length is the same in both di- What is claimed is: lirections. 1. A sealed pump comprising: a cylinder having a Y Double threaded nut 174 of FIG. 6 may have the magnetically actuatable piston therein, the ends of the '-threads cut in nut 174, movable pole 171, and fixed cylinder being closed and the piston being free from 'pole 170 so the threads mate, i.e., male threads onnut mechanical connections tothe exterior of the cylinder; 174 and female threads on movable pole 17.1 and fixed magnetic core means associated with the piston and g f *polef170. Sealing of a thread of this type against fluid cylinder; meansfor magnetically coupling the piston leakagemay be significant-FIG. 7 shows a means with said magnetic core means, and electrical winding 1 whe're a female thread is cut in all parts. A flexible sealmeans disposed to producea magnetic field for reciping means 175 and 176 is placed so as to tightly fill the 40 rocating the piston, said pump having means forming a combined recesses of the threads. This sealing means head in one end of the cylinder, said head means being I has the advantage of a large sealing area, i.e., multiple longitudinally adjustable relative to the cylinder to vary *se'aling rings in theaxial direction and a longand the volume thereof, and means in which the head is I high resistance flow path along the axis of seal l75 mounted, said last means and head having threads com- Any form of sealing means may be supplemented or reprising helical grooves positioned opposite each other .placed by circumferential seals 5. Design of the air gaps forming a helical channel and means comprising a helibetween the various elements of the movable head is cal flexible sealing element positioned in the'oppositely well known to those skilled in the art. facing grooves forming the channel.

The threads referred to in FIG. 7 include external 2. A sealed pump comprising: a cylinder having a and internal threads in nut part 174, internal threads in magnetically. actuatable piston therein, the ends of the. part 170, and external threads on part 171. As shown, cylinder being closed and the piston being free from in FIG. 7, the threads comprise adjacent lands and mechanical connectionsto the exterior of thecylinder; grooves which are helical. Grooves in the nut part 174 magnetic core means associated with the piston and "come opposite the grooves in parts 170 and 171 as cylinder; meansfor magnetically coupling the piston shown so that two helical passageways are formed, one with said magnetic core means, and electrical winding between the outside of part 174 and the inside .of part means'disposedto produce a magnetic field for recip- 170 and the other between the ins'de of part 174 and rocating the piston, said pump having means forming a the outside of part 170. Helical means identified by nuhead in one end of the cylinder, said head means being Y 'merals 175 and 176 is a flexible, elongated member longitudinally adjustable relative to the cylinderto vary which may be made of rubber, composition or other the volume thereof, said adjustable cylinder 'head material suitable for sealing. lt'will be observed that the means including a part which is threadably mounted threads, that is, the grooves with the sealing member in and sealed to the cylinder, whereby upon relative rotathem forms a joint as well as a seal. In other words, the tion of said threadably mounted part, piston displace-- construction as shown forms a joint between part 170 ment is varied, support means carrying a member which carries said threadably mounted part, said member having external and internal threads, the support means having a bore having internal threads, thethreadably mounted part having external threads, all of the threads including grooves, the external grooves on the member and the internal grooves in the bore in the support means facing each other forming a first helical channel and internal grooves in said member and the external grooves on the threadably mounted part facing each other forming a second helical channel and each of said helical channels having therein an elongated flexible sealing element.

3. A sealed pump comprising: a cylinder having a magnetically actuatable piston therein, the ends of the cylinder being closed and the piston being free from mechanical connections to the exterior of the cylinder; magnetic core means associated with the piston and cylinder; means for magnetically coupling the piston with said magnetic core means, and electrical winding means disposed to produce a magnetic field for reciprocating the piston, said pump having means forming a head in one end of the cylinder, said head means being longitudinally adjustable relative to the cylinder to vary the volume thereof, said adjustable cylinder head means including a part which is threadably mounted and sealed to the cylinder, whereby upon relative rotation of said threadably mounted part, piston displacement is varied, support means carrying a member which carries said threadably mounted part, said member having a threaded bore, the threadably mounted part being threaded therein, said support means having a threaded bore and said member having external threads threaded into said bore whereby upon rotation of said member said threadably mounted part can be adjusted axially without rotation, said threadably mounted part having external threads, said bore having internal threads, each of said threads including grooves positioned in facing relationship to each other whereby to form a helical channel and an elongated sealing member fitting in said channel.

4. A sealed pump comprising: a cylinder having a magnetically actuatable piston therein, the ends of the cylinder being closed and the piston being free from mechanical connections to the exterior of the cylinder; magnetic core means associated with the piston and cylinder; means for magnetically coupling the piston with said magnetic core means, and electrical winding means disposed to produce a magnetic field for reciprocating the piston, said pump having means forming a head in one end of the cylinder, said head means being longitudinally adjustable relative to the cylinder to vary the volume thereof, said adjustable cylinder head means including a part which is threadably mounted and sealed to the cylinder, whereby upon relative rotation of said threadably mounted part, piston displacement is varied, support means. carrying a member which carries said threadably mounted part, said member having a threaded bore, the threadably mounted part being threaded therein, said support means having a threaded bore and said member having external threads threaded into said bore whereby upon rotation of said member, said threadably mounted part can be adjusted axially without rotation, said member having internal and external threads, said threadably mounted part having external threads, the internal threads in said member and the external grooves on said threadably mounted part comprising grooves having facing relationship forming a first elongated helical channel the external threads on said member and the internal threads in said bore comprising grooves having facing relationship to each other forming a second elongated helical channel and elongated flexible sealing members positioned in said first and second helical channels.

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Classifications
U.S. Classification92/13.5, 92/60.5, 92/13.6, 417/418, 417/274
International ClassificationF04B17/04, H02K33/00, F04B17/03, H02K33/14, F04B53/00, F04B53/16, F02B75/02
Cooperative ClassificationH02K33/14, F02B2075/025, F04B17/044, F04B53/162
European ClassificationF04B53/16C, H02K33/14, F04B17/04B2