|Publication number||US3885342 A|
|Publication date||May 27, 1975|
|Filing date||Sep 26, 1973|
|Priority date||Sep 26, 1973|
|Publication number||US 3885342 A, US 3885342A, US-A-3885342, US3885342 A, US3885342A|
|Inventors||Morrison Howard J, Nix Donald F|
|Original Assignee||Marvin Glass & Associates|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (4), Referenced by (7), Classifications (9)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
United States Patent Morrison et al.
BALANCING TOY SET Inventors: Howard J. Morrison, Deerfield;
Donald F. Nix, Hanover Park, both of [11.
Marvin Glass & Associates, Chicago, 111.
Filed: Sept. 26, 1973 Appl. No.: 400,982
U.S. Cl. 46/22; 46/155; 46/158 Int. Cl A63h 15/06 Field of Search 46/22, 131, 155, 16, 23, 46/24, 158
References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 11/1927 Sargent 46/22 51 May 27, 1975 2,937,872 5/1960 Gilmarl 46/155 2,997,810 8/1961 Bellas 46/158 3,400,932 9/1968 Conrad 46/24 Primary Examiner-Louis G. Mancene Assistant ExaminerRobert F. Cutting Attorney, Agent. or Firm-Coffee & Sweeney  ABSTRACT A skill type toy which includes hollow circus or other animal figures which are partially filled with sand or other weighting fluent material such that the figures may be successively placed or stacked one on top of the other and balanced by positionally adjusting the distribution of the weighting fluent material within the figures 7 Claims, 5 Drawing Figures BALANCING TOY SET BACKGROUND AND SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The present invention relates generally to toys and in particular to a balancing figure toy set in which a de gree of skill is required in the balancing of figure type playing pieces on top of each other.
Toys of skill which require careful manipulation of playing pieces by the players have long been a favorite with children as well as adults. Prior toys or toy sets in clude building blocks, rings. interlocking devices, and the like.
The present invention relates particularly to a toy set which involves the balancing of playing pieces. one on top of the other, with the playing pieces being formed in the shape of animals, circus figures, or other irregular shapes. The playing pieces are hollow, formed of plastic or other similar material, and are only partially filled with weighting fluent material, such as sand.
The primary object of the invention, therefore, is to provide a toy set wherein the balancing of playing pieces depends upon positioning as well as distribution of the weighting fluent material.
Other objects and advantages will be apparent from the following description of the selected embodiment illustrated in the drawings.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is a perspective view of two of the playing pieces of this invention. one balanced on top of the other;
FIG. 2 is an elevational view of three stacked playing pieces of this invention;
FIG. 3 is another elevational view of four stacked playing pieces of this invention;
FIG. 4 is a vertical sectional view through one of the playing pieces showing the location of the weighting fluent material; and
FIG. 5 is a section taken generally along line 5-5 of FIG. 4.
DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT The toy of this invention includes a plurality of playing pieces formed in the shape of circus animals or other figures as shown in FIGS. 1, 2 and 3. Each playing piece has two generally flat side walls 14 whose perimeter is formed in an irregular manner such as to represent a particular animal or circus figure. The side walls 14 of each playing piece are separated by a continuous irregular surrounding wall 16 which is formed perpendicularly with both side walls 14 and follows the shape of the perimeter of the side walls 14. The side walls l4 and the surrounding wall 16 form a hollow enclosure representing a particular figure. The side walls 14 may also contain indicia thereon to represent more lifelike characters. as shown in FIGS. 1-3.
During manufacture of the playing pieces a fluent weighting material 20, such as sand or the like, is introduced into the hollow interior of the playing pieces such as to only partially fill the pieces.
Each wall 16 also is provided with a plurality of flat surface portions 22 for engagement with a table top or other supporting surface as well as with similar surfaces on other playing pieces for stacking pruposes. As shown in FIGS. 1, 2 and 3, the playing pieces also can be stacked and remain in equilibrium if points along the curved surrounding walls 16 are in contact with the ground or other supporting surface 28. as at 30, or an adjacent playing piece. as at 32. Actually a point along the periphery of walls 14 as viewed in FIGS. l-3 is a straight line or edge across the surrounding wall 16. Thus when two points" are in contact with the supporting surface 28, as in FIGS. 2 and 3, two spaced supporting edges are provided to self-support the lowermost playing piece. More skill is required to balance the pieces when a single point or edge provides the stacking engagement between the pieces. as in in FIG. I and the uppermost stacked piece in FIG. 3. In order to permit balancing on a single edge. the edge must have some finite width rather than being a very sharp edge.
The fluent weighting material 20 is provided in order that balancing of adjacent playing pieces can be achieved by a particular distribution of the fluent weighting material 20 which moves or displaces the center of gravity of the playing pieces in an attempt to maintain equilibrium in stacking the pieces. By adjusting the center of gravity ofa particular playing piece in this manner, a playing piece can be balanced upon another subjacent playing piece in a position which would not be in equilibrium were it not for the fluid material.
FIGS. 4 and 5 show a playing piece which is provided with a convex or dome-shaped surface portion 36 which can be utilized for balancing purposes and about which the playing piece can be spun or rocked, which the proper distribution of the fluent material 20.
While the playing pieces have been described in connection with a specific embodiment, it is contemplated that various modifications and variations will occur to those familiar with the art without departing from the principles of this invention. For instance, any variety and shape of playing pieces can be employed other than the figures shown in the drawings.
1. A balancing toy set, comprising: a plurality of substantially hollow rigid playing pieces only partially filled with fluent material so as to be shiftable within the playing pieces and. therefore. the playing pieces being capable of being stacked one on top of another in various positions and sequences by shifting the center of gravity of the playing pieces to maintain equilibrium.
2. The toy set of claim 1 wherein at least some of said playing pieces are irregularly shaped.
3. The toy set of claim 2 wherein at least some of said playing pieces are in the form of various animal figures.
4. A balancing toy set. comprising: a plurality of substantially hollow rigid playing pieces of irregular shape formed by a pair of generally parallel flat side walls, the perimeters of which define said irregular shape, said side walls being joined at said perimeters by a surrounding wall providing surface portions for engagement to stack the playing pieces, and a fluent material only partially filling at least some of said playing pieces so as to be shiftable within the playing pieces so that the playing pieces are capable of being stacked one on top of another.
5. The toy set of claim 4 wherein the surrounding wall of at least some of said playing pieces is formed with at least one generally flat surface for stacking purposes.
6. The toy set of claim 4 wherein the surrounding wall of at least one of said playing pieces is formed with at least one convex surface portion.
7. The toy set of claim 6 wherein said convex surface portion is dome-shaped.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US1648199 *||Apr 17, 1922||Nov 8, 1927||Sargent Hedda J||Balancing block|
|US2937872 *||Jun 10, 1958||May 24, 1960||Gilman Martin J||Self-erecting football dummy|
|US2997810 *||Mar 24, 1960||Aug 29, 1961||Bellas Robert C||Posturizing figure toy|
|US3400932 *||Jun 10, 1965||Sep 10, 1968||Ernest W. Conrad||Lawn dice having finger holes|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US4057247 *||Dec 4, 1975||Nov 8, 1977||Marvin Glass & Associates||Balancing toy set|
|US4296567 *||Apr 22, 1980||Oct 27, 1981||Kamar International, Inc.||Figure toy with flexible appendages|
|US4818233 *||Apr 14, 1987||Apr 4, 1989||Hugh F. J. Behan||Religious instruction kit|
|US5322718 *||May 24, 1993||Jun 21, 1994||Low Elizabeth S||Pliable paperweight and article holder|
|US5975982 *||Dec 31, 1998||Nov 2, 1999||Spector; Donald||Sound-producing soft toy missile|
|US8876076 *||Aug 16, 2012||Nov 4, 2014||Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.||Cradle for portable terminal|
|US20130098854 *||Aug 16, 2012||Apr 25, 2013||Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.||Cradle for portable terminal|
|U.S. Classification||446/97, 446/268|
|International Classification||A63H15/00, A63F9/00, A63F9/26|
|Cooperative Classification||A63F9/26, A63H15/00|
|European Classification||A63F9/26, A63H15/00|