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Publication numberUS3885541 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 27, 1975
Filing dateJul 23, 1973
Priority dateJul 23, 1973
Publication numberUS 3885541 A, US 3885541A, US-A-3885541, US3885541 A, US3885541A
InventorsHufton Arthur G
Original AssigneeTeledyne Ind
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Dual ignition coil for internal combustion engine
US 3885541 A
Abstract
A stored energy ignition system of the capacitor discharge type in which the spark plugs of the engine are fired twice during each combustion interval. To provide ignition of the spark plugs, one of which is provided for each cylinder, a magneto type system driven from the engine crankshaft is used to charge a pair of capacitors used in the system. Electronic triggering devices or electronic switches, such as silicon controlled rectifiers, are used to discharge each respective capacitor. The dual coils are separated one from the other magnetically, physically and electrically through insulating intermediate discs, such as for example a carbon disc. The arrangement of the coils in the single casing is such that should one of the coils fail the other will have a sufficient voltage output to fire the associated spark plug. During the normal double firing of the system, the secondary combustion occurring results in a substantial reduction of unburnt gases being passed to the atmosphere.
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United States Patent [191 Hutton [451 May 27, 1975 DUAL IGNITION COIL FOR INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE [75] Inventor: Arthur G. Hutton, Mobile, Ala.

[73] Assignee: Teledyne Industries, Inc., Los

Angeles, Calif.

22 Filed: July 23,1973

211 Appl. No; 381,989

Primary Examiner-Charles J. Myhre Assistant Examiner-Paul Devinsky Attorney, Agent, or Firm-l-lauke, Gifford, Patalidis & Dumont Magneto Pulse Source [57] ABSTRACT A stored energy ignition system of the capacitor discharge type in which the spark plugs of the engine are fired twice during each combustion interval. To provide ignition of the spark plugs, one of which is provided for each cylinder, a magneto type system driven from the engine crankshaft is used to charge a pair of capacitors used in the system. Electronic triggering devices or electronic switches, such as silicon controlled rectifiers, are used to discharge each respective capacitor. The dual coils are separated one from the other magnetically, physically and electrically through insulating intermediate discs, such as for example a carbon disc. The arrangement of the coils in the single casing is such that should one of the coils fail the other will have a sufficient voltage output to fire the associated spark plug. During the normal double firing of the system, the secondary combustion occurring results in a substantial reduction of unburnt gases being passed to the atmosphere.

13 Claims, 3 Drawing Figures tar DUAL IGNITION COIL FOR INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION The present invention relates to internal combustion engine ignition systems, particularly of the magneto type, which require no auxiliary source of electrical power, in which generation of an appropriate electrical pulse for firing the spark plugs and the appropriate timing of the firing may be provided in a single unit driven by the internal combustion engine. A suitable magneto for such operation is shown and described in my copending application Ser. No. 367,067 entitled Capacitor Discharge Ignition System for Internal Combustion Engine filed on June 3, 1973. That application is of common ownership with the present application.

The present invention more particularly relates to a dual coil unit in which the two windings are wound about two ferrite tubular cores with the dual coil apparatus housed in a single metallic casing in such manner that there is a low voltage input terminal at one end and a single high voltage output at the other with the two coils magnetically and electrically separated one from the other. The timing of the firing of the spark plugs is controlled through firing pulses derived from the mag-.

neto which serves both to furnish charging voltage for the capacitors used and spaced triggering pulses for firing the switches in timed relationship. The two electronic switches are embodied as silicon controlled rectifiers, sometimes hereinafter referred to as SCRs.

It is known with respect to internal combustion engines that unburnt gases can be reburnt with the introduction of additional air to form another combustible mixture. It is likewise known that during the controlled combustion cycle of a piston engine the flame front will generally extinguish before all of the fuel in the cylinder is fully burnt. There are indications that following the initial combustion there are left pockets of air and pockets of fuel. After a brief interval of time, these elements become regrouped, or mixed, due to the turbulence of the descending piston and once again there is formed a combustible mixture which is relatively small in amount. If another spark is applied at this point, a secondary combustion will occur which serves to substantially reduce the amount of unburnt gases being passed to the atmosphere.

To provide this controlled secondary combustion, a dual firing is attained by discharging the two capacitors according to the present invention at different times to each primary coil winding. With the use of the dual coil apparatus, the time interval between sparks can be readily adjusted to any desired engine operating condition. In the interest of brevity and simplification, the detail of the magneto and of the firing pulse system for the two SCRs, which is fully explained in the aforesaid application, will not be repeated. It will be understood that the firing pulses applied to the SCRs are applied at brief timed spaced intervals, which intervals are readily adjustable through the use of the magneto and its associated control circuitry. Other circuits and arrangements for providing spaced triggering pulses to fire a pair of SCRs are well known to those skilled in the electronic arts.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The present invention thus provides an ignition system for internal combustion engines which requires no moving parts with the exception of a rotating magnet means and which further requires no rotating switch or distributor means. Even more importantly, the present invention provides a dual ignition coil for firing a spark plug twice during each combustion cycle thus largely eliminating the problems arising from incomplete fuel burning.

By reason of the construction of the dual coil the two coils are connected for timed relationship firing of the single spark plug associated with each cylinder, and in such manner that failure of one will not affect the continued operation of the other and the continued operation of the internal combustion engine. The dual ignition coil thus will be seen to provide an ignition system with insurance against failure of either one of the ignition coils, and further providing the advantage during normal operation of dual firing and timing for greatly improved emission control.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS The several objects and advantages of the present invention thus will become apparent to those skilled in the art when the following description of a preferred and alternate embodiment for practicing the invention is read in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, wherein like numerals refer to like parts, and in which:

FIG. 1 is a perspective view of the dual ignition coil with parts broken away to better reveal the internal construction and arrangement. of the parts;

FIG. 2 is a combined schematic and block diagrammatic drawing of the ignition system illustrating one preferred embodiment of the disc for separating the two coils electrically and physically; and

FIG. 3 is a partial schematic having the capacitor and electronic switch firing portion of the circuit deleted, but showing an alternate embodiment of the means for electrically, magnetically and physically separating the dual ignition coils.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION 'OF THE PREFERRED AND ALTERNATE EMBODIMENTS As best shown in FIG. 1, the structural embodiment of the present invention takes the form of a single container and casing 10, preferably formed of a metal such as aluminum. Included in the container 10 are a pair of coils, indicated generally by the numerals l2 and 14. Extending from the right hand end of the container 10 is a low voltage input connector 16. Extending from the opposite end of the container 10 is a high voltage output lead 18 adapted to be connected to the terminal of a spark plug 20. The two coils l2 and 14 are encapsulated within the container 10 in an epoxy type filling material 22. The left hand winding 12 includes a primary winding 12a and a high voltage secondary winding 12!). The coil 14 includes a primary winding 14a and a high voltage secondary winding 1412. Each of the two windings 12 and 14 further includes a ferrite tubular core 24 and 26, respectively. The dual coil apparatus further includes a carbon disc positioned transversely within the container and identified by the numeral 28. It is the function of the carbon disc 28 to operate as a separating means to isolate the ignition coil 12 from the ignition coil 14 magnetically and physically by spacing and electrically by potential dividing as will be further clarified in the schematic drawing of FIG. 2 hereinafter. An alternate embodiment for the carbon disc 28 is shown in FIG. 3 described hereinafter. The high voltage output to the spark plug is taken through a central opening 32 of the ferrite core 24 through a lead 30 in the ferrite core 24, as better shown in FIG. 2.

FIG. 2 shows the electrical control system used to fire the two coils and the spark plug 20. The circuit of FIG. 2 includes an upper capacitor 34 and a lower capacitor 36. The discharge of the upper capacitor 34 is controlled through an SCR 38, while the discharge of the capacitor 36 is controlled by the firing of an SCR 40.

Included in the firing circuit for the SCR 38 is a series limiting resistor 42 and a bias resistor 44 connected across its gate cathode circuit. Included in the firing circuit for the SCR 40 is a series limiting resistor 46 and a bias resistor 48 connected across its gate cathode circuit. The present invention is illustrated for use in conjunction with a magneto type pulse generating system in which pulses are provided in timed relationship one to the other for charging the capacitors 34 and 36 and then firing in each SCR to discharge its associated capacitor. Each spark plug 20 is therefore fired twice for each compression stroke of the associated piston. The present invention is disclosed in connection with a magneto of the type shown in my above referred to patent application. It will be understood that the present invention is suitable for connection with any ignition system using stored electrical energy whether capacitive or inductive in type.

It will be understood that the capacitors 34 and 36 may be charged preparatory to the spark plug 20 firing through any of a number of suitable alternative circuits and likewise that the firing of the SCRs 38 and 40 may be provided by any source of separately operated trigger pulse generators, the only requirement being that time-spaced pulses sufficient to fire the two SCRs 38 and 40 are provided to their gate circuits.

The carbon disc 28 is shown as it is positioned be tween the opposed ends of the ferrite cores 24 and 26. The lower terminal of the secondary winding 12b is preferably attached to the upper surface of the carbon disc 28 near its perimeter. The high voltage winding 14b is similarly connected to the lower surface of the carbon disc 28, but at a position substantially 180 apart from the point of connection of the upper high voltage coil 12b. In this manner, the two ignition coils 12 and 14 are isolated magnetically by spacing and electrically by potential dividing. In the event of the failure of either of the two coils 12 or 14, the carbon disc 28 will act as a potential divider. While the output of one coil would be slightly reduced by a failure of the other, this could be compensated for by increasing the available voltage from the voltage source to the spark plugs 20.

FIG. 3 similarly shows the right hand portion of the dual coil arrangement, with the two SCRs and their firing cirucits omitted in the interest of brevity. The em bodiment of FIG. 3 differs from that of FIG. 2 by reason of the substitution of a disc 50 fabricated from an epoxy or other suitable insulation material in place of the carbon disc 28 of the FIG. 2 embodiment. The disc 50 further has associated with it a pair of high voltage diodes 52 and 54, each diode having its cathode connected to a conductor passing through the disc 50 to the common high voltage output lead 18. It will thus be seen that the high voltage output from the upper secondary winding 12b and from the lower secondary winding 14b is connected to the anode of the associated diode. Thus, if either of the two coils 12 or 14 fails in operation, the diode attached in series with the secondary of the faulty coil will effectively block the output of the other coil. In this manner, the output of either coil will not be appreciably reduced by the failure of the other.

It will be understood that while the present invention has been shown and embodied in a capacitive stored energy system such as is incorporated through capacitors 34 and 36, it could likewise be used with an inductively stored energy system or with a battery DC source system in which the impulses to the two coils l2 and 14 are precisely controlled through the firing of electronic switching devices.

It will further be apparent that the present invention through redesign and substitution of parts could be adapted for use with different electronic switches in place of the SCRs used. The only requirement would be that the switches have the capability to carry relatively high voltage impulses sufficient to fire the spark plugs.

It will thus be seen that the present invention affords a substantial advancement with respect to ignition systems for internal combustion engines with the advantages being particularly directed to more complete emission control and more complete combustion in each cylinder through the double-firing feature. The additional advantage provided by the present invention is that of insuring continued operation of the ignition system even in the event one of the two dual coil elements fails.

What is claimed is:

l. A capacitor discharge ignition system for an inter nal combustion engine for firing each of the engine spark plugs twice during each combustion interval comprising:

a dual ignition coil apparatus;

means for physically and electrically separating the high voltage winding of each of said coils, one from the other;

a single high voltage output lead coupled between said separating means and a terminal of said spark P g;

a pair of electronic switching means operable in timed relationship one to the other to provide ignition impulses to the primaries of said coils at slightly spaced time intervals;

said means for separating the high voltage windings of the coils comprising a carbon material disc, each of said high voltage coils fixed to an opposite surface of the disc at points spaced one from the other, said disc further having connected to its central portion a high voltage output lead.

2. The combination as set forth in claim 1 in which the ignition system is of the capacitor discharge type and in which a magneto coupled to the engine crankshaft is used to provide appropriately spaced capacitor charging pulses and triggering pulses coupled to the control electrodes of said electronic switches for providing the discharge of the capacitors in timed relationship.

3. The combination as set forth in claim 2 wherein said electronic switches are of the semi-conductor controlled rectifier type and wherein said triggering pulses are applied across their gate and cathode terminals.

4. The combination as set forth in claim 1 wherein said internal combustion engine includes one spark plug corresponding to each engine cylinder and wherein said dual coils are incorporated withina single casing.

5. The combination as set forth in claim 4 wherein said windings of each of said coils are wound about two spaced ferrite tubular cores, said dual coils further housed in a substantially cylindrical shaped casing having a low voltage input terminal at one end and said high voltage output lead proximate the other.

6. A capacitor discharge ignition system for an internal combustion engine for firing each of the engine spark plugs twice during each combustion interval comprising:

a dual ignition coil apparatus;

means for physically and electrically separating the high voltage winding of each of said coils, one from the other;

a single high voltage output lead coupled between said separating means and a terminal of said spark P g;

a pair of electronic switching means operable in timed relationship one to the other to provide ignition impulses to the primaries of said coils at slightly spaced time intervals;

said means for separating the two high voltage coils comprising a disc of high electrical insulating quality and a pair of high voltage diodes each connected between a terminal of a different one of said high voltage windings and the terminal of said lead to provide the electrical separation of the two coils.

7. An ignition system for an internal combustion engine having one spark plug for each cylinder and having the capability of firing each of the engines spark plugs twice during each combustion interval, comprising:

a dual ignition coil apparatus;

means for physically and electrically separating the high voltage windings of each of said coils one from the other;

a pair of electronic switching means, each connected to a different one of said coils for providing a pulse thereto in timed relationship thus to provide ignition pulses at slightly spaced time intervals;

said electronic switching means comprising in each case a semi-conductor controlled rectifier having its principal electrodes coupled between an electrical energy storage device and an associated coil primary;

said separating means comprising a disc of carbon material, each of said high voltage coils fixed at spaced points on opposite surfaces of said disc, said disc further having a single output high voltage lead connected between its central portion and the spark plug terminal.

8. The combination as set forth in claim 7 wherein the ignition system is of the capacitor discharge type and in which a magneto operatively connected to a rotary part of the engine is used to provide the timed spaced triggering pulses to the control electrodes of said electronic switching means.

9. An ignition system for an internal combustion engine having one spark plug for each cylinder and having the capability of firing each of the engines spark plugs twice during each combustion interval, comprising:

a dual ignition coil apparatus;

means for physically and electrically separating the high voltage windings of each of said coils one from the other;

a pair of electronic switching means, each connected to a different one of said coils for providing a pulse thereto in timed relationship thus to provide ignition pulses at slightlyspaced time intervals;

5 said electronic switching means comprising in each case a semi-conductor controlled rectifier having its principal electrodes coupled between an electrical energy storage device and an associated coil primary;

said separating means comprising a disc of electrically insulating material and a pair of opposed polarity high voltage diodes connected to said disc through a common conductor, said high voltage windings being connected between said common conductor and the spark plug terminal.

10. The combination as set forth in claim 9 wherein each of said coils comprises a ferrite core of a tubular configuration and wherein a common high voltage output lead is passed between said separating means and the terminal of the spark plug.

ill. An energy storage ignition system for an internal combustion engine for firing each individual one of the engines spark plugs twice during each combustion interval, including a pair of separately and sequentially triggered electronic switches, each providing a discharge path from an associated storage element comprising:

a dual ignition coil arrangement;

means for physically and electrically separating the high voltage winding of each of said coils, one from the other;

a single high voltage output lead coupled between the separating means and a terminal of each spark plug for providing a pair of time-spaced output firing pulses to the spark plug responsive to passage of a pulse through each of said coils;

said separating means comprising a carbon disc having a high voltage winding of each of said coils coupied to an opposite face of said disc, said disc further having connected to a central portion of one of its faces a single output high voltage lead, said lead connected to the spark plug.

12. An energy storage ignition system for an internal combustion engine for firing each individual one of the engines spark plugs twice during each combustion interval, including a pair of separately and sequentially triggered electronic switches, each providing a discharge path from an associated storage element comprising:

a dual ignition coil arrangement;

means for physically and electrically separating the high voltage winding of each of said coils, one from the other;

a single high voltage output lead coupled between the separating means and a terminal of each spark plug for providing a pair of time-spaced output firing pulses to the spark plug responsive to passage of a pulse through each of said coils;

60 said separating means comprising an element of high electrical insulating characteristic and wherein a high voltage blocking diode is coupled intermediate each of said high voltage coil windings and said output lead.

13. An energy storage ignition system for an internal combustion engine for firing each individual one of the engines spark plugs twice during each combustion interval, including a pair of separately and sequentially triggered electronic switches, each providing a disfor providing a pair of time-spaced output firing charge path from an associated storage element compulses to the spark plug responsive to passage of a prising: pulse through each of a dual ignition coil arrangement; said disc having a high voltage winding of each of said means for physically and electrically separating the 5 coils coupled to an opposite face of said disc, said high voltage winding of each of said coils, one from disc further having connected to a central portion the other; of one of its faces a single output high voltage lead, a single high voltage output lead coupled between the said lead connected to the spark plug.

separating means and a terminal of each spark plug UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE CERTIFICATE OF CORRECTION PATENT NO. 88 32 DATED May l INVENTOR(S) Arthur G. Hufton It is certified that error appears in the above-identified patent and that said Letters Patent are hereby corrected as shown'below:

Col. 8, line 3, after .of" insert said coils-.

fiigned and Scaled this twenty-eight Day Of October 1975 [SEAL] A ttest:

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3595212 *Feb 17, 1969Jul 27, 1971Rolls RoyceSparking circuit for an ignition system for internal combustion engines
US3678913 *Jul 2, 1970Jul 25, 1972Bosch Gmbh RobertCurrent generator and electronic ignition circuit
US3760782 *Aug 4, 1972Sep 25, 1973Bosch Gmbh RobertIgnition circuit
US3788293 *Nov 10, 1972Jan 29, 1974Mcculloch CorpLow impedance capacitor discharge system and method
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4183340 *Jul 12, 1977Jan 15, 1980Lucas Industries LimitedSpark ignition systems for internal combustion engines
US4441479 *Jul 30, 1982Apr 10, 1984Nissan Motor Company, LimitedIgnition system for a multi-cylinder internal combustion engine of a vehicle
US4562823 *Jul 13, 1984Jan 7, 1986Nippon Soken, Inc.Ignition device for internal combustion engine
US4723530 *May 29, 1986Feb 9, 1988Honda Giken Kogyo KkCapacitor discharge type ignition device
US20090126710 *Nov 21, 2007May 21, 2009Southwest Research InstituteDual coil ignition circuit for spark ignited engine
US20110209683 *Nov 19, 2009Sep 1, 2011Simmons Brandon MMethod of operating a spark ignition internal combustion engine
US20140102412 *Mar 14, 2013Apr 17, 2014Ford Global Technologies, LlcSystem and method for delivering spark to an engine
DE2733400A1 *Jul 23, 1977Jan 26, 1978Lucas Industries LtdFunkenzuendungssystem fuer brennkraftmotor
EP0072477A2 *Jul 30, 1982Feb 23, 1983Nissan Motor Co., Ltd.An ignition system for a multi-cylinder internal combustion engine of a vehicle
Classifications
U.S. Classification123/598, 123/621, 123/637
International ClassificationF02P15/00, F02P1/08, F02P1/00, F02P15/08
Cooperative ClassificationF02P15/08, F02P1/086, F02P15/008
European ClassificationF02P15/00C, F02P15/08, F02P1/08C