Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS3886403 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 27, 1975
Filing dateDec 29, 1972
Priority dateDec 30, 1971
Also published asDE2264175A1, DE2264175B2, DE2264175C3
Publication numberUS 3886403 A, US 3886403A, US-A-3886403, US3886403 A, US3886403A
InventorsHiroshi Furuta, Tadatsugu Hirose, Kenichi Owaki, Michihiro Shimuzi, Shozo Umeda
Original AssigneeFujitsu Ltd
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Brightness modulation system for a plasma display device
US 3886403 A
Abstract
A brightness modulation system for a plasma display panel device in which one picture element is made up of a plurality of discharge cells, the brightness levels of the plurality of discharge cells are made different from each other by impression of voltages of different phases or repetitive frequencies and the discharge cells are selectively combined, thereby to achieve a display composed of a plurality of graded tones.
Images(11)
Previous page
Next page
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

1 51 May 27, 1915 156] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 3.603.731 9/1971 Weimer.,.l......,.,.....,. 315/169 TV X 3,627,924 12/1971 Fleming et 3l5/l69 TV X 3,665,455 5/1972 Schmersul et a1. 315/169 TV X Primary Examiner-Nathan Kaufman Attorney, Agent, or Firm-Staas & Halsey {57] ABSTRACT A brightness modulation system for a plasma display panel device in which one picture element is made up of a plurality of discharge cells, the brightness levels of the plurality of discharge cells are made different from each other by impression of voltages of different phases or repetitive frequencies and the discharge cells BRIGHTNESS MODULATION SYSTEM FOR A PLASMA DISPLAY DEVICE Inventors: Kenichi Owaki, Kobe; Shozo Umeda, Kakogawa; Hiroshi Furuta, Akashi; Tadatsugu Hirose, Akashi; Michihiro Shimuzi, Akashi, all of Japan Assignee: Fujitsu Limited, Japan Filed: Dec. 29, 1972 Appl. No.: 319,941

Foreign Application Priority Data Dec, 30, 1971 United States Patent Owaki et al.

0 R W W 6 9 H O bll |l lS c 3 6. H

xnz lflllf W m ml -nn L II M W 0 0% Lwliii mh a --mm .C i. l llllllll Ii W mm m I W ET m I212 12 W fink." 5 k U-mF H N ww VJ m w 0 m .3 "u M m t a T W. m w S C m a m m m w H s u 6 I c 8 I m. m .w a i a 1.. u o o o w t F T H N P m M m Y e T a a e r r ..n g D m a f o l m... w W 2 m l CREE 3:5: .mvn s 8 R T h a m 2 HE A U m r i VT m h m wv z En 0 8 u C D. C M a A W 1 A W d 1 :3 ud C e N k m m 503: w P 1 8 a: 5.553 e m m C W m m PATENTEU MAY 2 7 1975 SHEET PATENTEI] MAY 2 7 I975 SHEET SHIFT REGISTER 3O BUFFER REGISTER -32 omvsn mxme cmcun' PLASMA DISPLAY -IO PANEL .CDQEU 02325 TER VOLTAGE SOU RC E sus'm mus] SHEET F l G AD CONVERq CONTROLL TA T 8 munoumo 024 mmkzaoo ECE IVER PATENTEDIMY 27 ms PATENTED MAY 2? i975 Na 5 No 3 e;

PATENTEUMAY 27 ms SHEET FIG. I3

XIZ x22 m Qw mi... w u

I: I w \P LIL I I v llllliil I 29 .I l2 wwwn Wm.

FIG.|4

BRIGHTNESS MODULATION SYSTEM FOR A PLASMA DISPLAY DEVICE BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention This invention relates to a brightness modulation system for a plasma display device in which one picture element is made up of a plurality of cells and the numbers of the cells energized within a certain period of time are made different from each other, thereby to display an image with a plurality of graded tones.

2. Description of the Prior Art For an image display with the plasma display device, the so-called gray scale display is demanded. To meet the demand, there have heretofore been proposed vari ous systems such, for example, as l a system in which cells covered with several kinds of screens having different transmission factors are combined selectively together', (2) a system in which the number of discharges to emit radiation is made different dependent upon the relation between sustain voltage of several voltage values and an initial set level of a wall voltage; (3) a system in which a plurality of stable states of the wall voltage level are selected and the number of discharges to emit radiation is made different dependent upon the impression voltage pulse width and the timing of the voltage impression; and (4) a system in which a plurality of plasma display panels are laminated and discharge radiation of the respective stages is superimposed. These systems all utilize the memory function of the plasma display panel and, after once determined, the brightness level is maintained by the sustain voltage until new brightness information is applied; so that it is possible to provide a display with high brightness, as compared with a refresh system.

However, the system (1) requires screens and encounters a difficulty in enhancement of resolution. With the systems (2) and (3), it is possible to set only two to three wall voltage levels, so that the degree of gradation cannot be raised and, further, the required sustain voltage circuit is complicated because of using several kinds of combined voltage waveforms. Moreover, a special address voltage for writing and erasing is required, and the required address circuit is also complicated. The system (4) requires a plurality of panels, and hence is uneconomical.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION One object of this invention is to provide a brightness modulation system with which many gradation degrees can easily be obtained by a plasma display panel.

Another object of this invention is to provide a brightness modulation system in which the construction for producing a sustain voltage for a gradation display is simplified.

To attain the objects, the brightness modulation system of this invention for a plasma display device having a plurality of electrodes disposed in a matrix manner in opposing relation to each other with a discharge gas space therebetween, is characterized in that each picture element is made up of a plurality of cells formed at intersecting points of the electrodes; voltages of different phases or repetitive frequencies are impressed on the cells forming each picture element to make the numbers of times of their radiation different. Further, each picture element is graded by the combination of the cells.

The objects and effects of this invention will become more apparent from the following description taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 shows waveform diagrams, for explaining the operation of one example of this invention;

FIG. 2 is a diagram for explaining the electrode arrangement of a display panel of this invention.

FIGS. 3A to 3E, inclusive, show waveforms for explaining one example of writing and erasing operations of this invention;

FIGS. 4 and 5 show waveforms for explaining the operation of other examples of this invention;

FIG. 6 is a block diagram illustrating another example of this invention as being applied to a TV receiver;

FIG. 7 is a circuit diagram of a gate circuit incorporated in the example of FIG. 6;

FIG. 8 is a circuit diagram of another gate circuit incorporated in the example of FIG. 6;

FIG. 9 shows timing pulse waveforms;

FIGS. 10 and 11 are circuit diagrams showing examples of circuits for providing sustain voltages;

FIG. 12 shows waveform diagrams, for explaining the operations of the circuit of FIGS. 10 and 11;

FIG. 13 is a diagram for showing the electrode arrangement of a plasma display panel;

FIGS. 14 and 15 are, respectively, illustrative circuit diagrams of a driver circuit and a mixer circuit connected to the X electrodes of the panel display of FIG. 6; and

FIGS. 16 and 17 are, respectively, illustrative circuit diagrams of a driver circuit and a mixer circuit connected to the Y electrodes of the display panel of FIG. 6.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS In FIG. 1, there are shown waveform diagrams for explaining the operation of one example of this invention, which corresponds to the case where the brightness levels of respective cells I to IV, as depicted in FIG. 2, are selected at l, 2, 4 and 8. Voltages Vxa and Vxb are impressed to electrodes xa and xb of a plasma display panel, respectively, and votages Vya and Vyb are impressed to electrodes ya and yb, respectively. Accordingly, the cell I is supplied with a voltage V, which is the difference between the voltages Vxa and Vya and the cells II, III and IV are supplied similarly with voltages V V and V respectively. When a wall voltage V is set by brightness information at an instant [=0 as in dicated by the dotted lines. a discharge is caused in the cell I at instants t=0 and t=l3, and a discharge is pro duced in the cell III at instants i=0, F13, r=l4 and FlS. Namely, discharge radiation is produced at such timing as indicated by small circles within a period T, that is, discharge radiation is caused twice in the cell I, four times in the cell III, eight times in the cell II and 16 times in the cell IV. Since brightness is proportional to the number of radiation discharges within the period T, the brightness levels of the cells I to IV are l, 2, 4 and 8, respectively. Consequently, l6 gradations can be obtained with combinations of the respective cells.

FIGS. 3A to 3E show a series of waveform diagrams, for explaining the operation of one example of writing and erasing operations based on brightness information. Reference character Vx in FIG. 3A indicates a voltage impressed to the electrodes .m or .tb, and V in FIG. 3B refers to a voltage impressed to the electrode ya or yb, each of which is normally a sustain voltage having a peak value Vs as indicated by a dotted line and whose pulse interval is such as depicted in FIG. 1. Those electrodes selected by input information are supplied with half-selection write-in voltages WXP and WYP, respectively, and selected cells are supplied with a voltage Vx-Vy. so that a voltage Vr' {see FIG. 3C) is impressed and the level of the wall voltage V is raised by a write-in pulse WP and discharge radiation is repeatedly achieved by the subsequent sustain voltage. Since the half-selection write-in voltages WXP and WYP are selected at peak values +Vwx and Vw v (see FIG. 3A) lower than the peak value VA of the sustain voltage, voltages Vex and Vcy (see FIGS. 3D and 3E) are impressed to half-selection cells and it does not matter whether the half-selection cells are in their lighted condition or not. Reference character V des- 7 ignates a wall voltage in the case of the half-selected cells being lighted and V refers to a wall voltage in the case of the cells being not lighted.

For erasing, an erasing voltage EXP is impressed to the selected electrodes xa or xb and an erasing voltage EYP is impressed to the selected electrode ya or yb, so that an erasing pulse EP shown in FIG. 3C is impressed to the selected cells, by which the level of the wall voltage V is reduced as shown, thus achieving erasing. The half-selected cells in this case are supplied with the voltage EXP and EYP of the waveforms Vcx and Vcy of FIGS. 3D and 3E. When the cells on the electrodes X or xb are lighted, their radiation timing shifts to the timing of the impression of the voltage EXP and no other influence is exerted on the erasing operation.

FIG. 4 shows a series of waveform diagrams, for explaining the operation of another example of this invention, in which the brightness levels of the cells I, II, III and IV shown in FIG. 2 are selected to be I, 8, 4 and 2, respectively. The electrodes ya and yb are supplied with the voltages Vya and Vyb of different phases, and the electrodes xa and .rb are supplied with the voltages Vxa and Vxb of different pulse intervals, impressing the voltages V, to V to the cells I to IV, respectively. For example, in the case of selecting the cell I for writing, the half-selection write-in voltages WYP and WXP are impressed to the electrodes ya and X0, respectively. As a result of this, the write-in pulse WP is impressed to the cell I to write therein and discharge radiation takes place twice within the period T as indicated by SPI. Further, since the half-selection cell II is supplied with only the half-selection write-in voltage WXP of the voltage V the state of the cell II does not change. The same is true of the half-selection cell III. In the case of Selecting the cell II, the half-selection write-in voltages WYP and WXP are impressed, respectively, to the electrodes yb and xa at the same time, so that the writein pulse WP is applied to the cell II to produce discharge radiation sixteen times within the period T as indicated by SPII because such a voltage as indicated V is impressed to the cell II. In the cases of selecting the other cells, writing can be achieved in a similar manner. Since the cells I to IV discharge to emit radiation at such times as indicated by SF] to SPIV, the brightness levels become different from one another and a display with l6 gradations can be achieved by the combination of the cells.

FIG. 5 shows a series of waveform diagrams. for ex plaining the operation of another example of this inven' tion, in which the brightness levels of the cells I, II, III and IV, shown in FIG. 2 are l, 8, 2 and 4, respectively. As shown in FIG. 5, the electrodes ya and yb are always supplied with the voltages Vya and Vby of different phases and the electrodes x0 and xb are supplied selectively with voltages Vxal and Vxblll; VxbIV and Vxull; and Vxblll, VxbIV, and Vxal, Vxall, respectively, in accordance with brightness information. In this case, the memory function due to the wall voltage is not used and discharge radiation is repeated at such times that a voltage higher than the discharge voltage is impressed to a selected cell. For example, where the cell l is selected, the voltage Vxal is applied to the electrode .ru, so that the cell I is supplied with the voltage V, to cause a discharge to radiate at the times indicated by SP. Namely, the cell discharges once in the period T. Impressing the voltage VxbIIl to the electrode xh, its timing coincides with that of the voltage Vya in the cell III twice in the period T to increase the impressed voltage, causing a discharge twice. Impressing the voltage VxbIV to the electrode xb, a discharge is caused in the cell IV four times in the period T; while impressing the voltage VxaII to the electrode xa, a discharge is caused in the cell II eight times in the period T. Consequently, the brightness levels of the cells I, II, III and IV become I, 8, 2 and 4, respectively. Further, impressing the voltages VxbIII and VxbIV shown in combined form at Vxblll, IV in FIG. 5, to the electrode xb, a discharge is caused in the cells III and IV twice and four times, respectively, within the period T and the discharge is ef fected six times in all, so that the brightness level becomes 6. In the case of impressing the voltages Vxal and VxaII to the electrode xu, a discharge is caused in the cells I and II once and eight times, respectively, within the period T, that is, nine times in all, so that the brightness level becomes 9.

FIG. 6 is a block diagram illustrating an example of this invention as being applied to a television receiver, which employs a plasma display panel 10 capable of the diaplay of 16 graded levels, as described above.

To the plasma display panel 10 is impressed a sustain voltage of FIGS. 1 or 4 from a sustain voltage source 12 through mixer circuits 14 and 16. A television signal is received by a receiver 18 and horizontal and vertical synchronizing signals H88 and VSS separated from a video signal are applied to a controller 20. In a counterdecoder 22, the number of the norizontal synchronizing signals HSS appearing between the vertical synchronizing signals VSS is counted and where Y electrodes are 512 and no interlace scanning is achieved, 256 pulses are sequentially provided between the verti cal synchronizing signals VSS at equal intervals.

The controller 20 applies write-in timing pulses TS, TA and TB to a gate circuit 24 and the write-in timing pulses TA and TB to a gate circuit 26 with the horizontal and vertical synchronizing signals H88 and VSS. An A/D converter 28 is supplied from the controller 20 with sampling pulses for sampling the video signal of one horizontal line period, at n instants of equal intervals. In this case, where there are 5l2 X electrodes, it follows that n=256. Thus, the AID converter 28 converts the brightness level into a 4-bit digital signal, which is stored in a shift register 30. When the shift register 30 has stored therein the digital signal of one horizontal line period, its stored content is read-out by the horizontal synchronizing signal H55 and applied to a buffer register 32. In accordance with the content, a write-in pulse is impressed to the X electrodes of the plasma display panel through the gate circuit 24, a driver 34 and the mixing circuit 14.

The output from the counter-decoder 22 is applied to the Y electrodes of the plasma display panel 10 through the gate circuit 26, a driver 36 and the mixing circuit 16 to effect writing in discharge cells formed at the intersecting points of the X and Y electrodes. Namely, the Y electrodes arranged in pairs are supplied with voltages following the timing pulses TA and TB and are scanned in accordance with the output from the counter-decoder 22. At the same time, the X electrodes, also arranged in pairs, are supplied with a voltage according to the content temporarily stored in the buffer register 32. The timing pulses TA, TS and TB and the video signal of one horizontal scanning line is written in parallel to display a TV picture of 16 gradations.

The aforementioned receiver 18 corresponds to a typical television receiver including a deflection circuit and the other circuits required for providing a display on a cathode ray tube. The A/D converter 28, the shift register 30, the buffer register 32, etc. may be selected from those types well-known in the art.

The gate circuit 24 is made up of AND gates Gxall to GxbnZ and OR gates GRal to GRbn, as shown in FIG. 7, from which are derived outputs ml to xbn' in accordance with brightness level signals 1, 2, 4 and 8 stored in the buffer register 32 and the timing signals TS, TA and TB. While the gate circuit 26 is formed with AND gates Gyal to Gybm, as depicted in FIG. 8, from which are derived outputs yal' to ybm' in accordance with outputs l to m from the counter-decoder 22 and the timing pulses TA and TB.

The timing pulses TS, TA and TB bear a relationship as shown in FIG. 9 and writing in the discharge cells of the brightness levels I and 2 is achieved with the timing pulse TA between instants [I and t2 and writing in the discharge cells of the brightness levels 4 and 8 is effected with timing pulse TB between the instants t2 and :3.

The sustain voltage source 12 has a construction as illustrated in FIGS. 10 or 1 1, and FIG. 12 shows a series of waveform diagrams for explaining the operation of the sustain voltage source 12. With a pulse A1, a transistor OX1 is turned on to produce a voltage +Vs in outputs xal to xan, which is applied to the electrodes of the plasma display panel 10. In the case that no discharge is produced, capacitors are formed between the opposing electrodes, so that a transistor OX2 is turned on by a pulse A2 to discharge the capacitors. Accordingly, the outputs xal to xan become of such a voltage Vxa as depicted in FIG. 12.

Further, transistors OX3 and OX4 are turned on by pulses B1 and B2, respectively, so that the outputs xbl to xbn become of such a voltage Vxb as shown in FIG. 12.

In FIG. 11, transistors OYI and OY2 are turned on by pulses C l and C2, respectively, and outputs yal to yam become of such a voltage Vya as depicted in FIG. 12, and transistors OY3 and OY4 are turned on by pulses D1 and D2, respectively, so that outputs ybl to ybrr'z become of such a voltage Vyb as shown in FIG. 12. Namely, the sustain voltage described previously with regard to FIG. 1 is obtained.

FIG. 13 is a diagram, for explaining one example of the plasma display panel 10, in which electrodes x1 I to 1012 and yll to ym2 form pairs and four discharge cells formed at the intersecting points of two pairs of the electrodes constitute one picture element 40. Numerals l, 2, 4 and 8 in circles represent the brightness levels of the respective discharge cells.

The driver 34 is formed of transistors Oxal to Oxbm, as illustrated in FIG. 14, and the outputs ml to .rbn' from the gate circuit 24 are applied to the bases of the transistors Oxal to Oxbn to provide outputs Dxul to Dxbn of a voltage +VW. The outputs Dxal to Dxbn are applied to the mixing circuit I4 together with the signals ml to .rbn from the sustain voltage source 12. The mixing circuit 14 has a construction as shown in FIG. 15, comprised of a plurality of resistive elements Rl to Rn and its output is applied to the electrodes .rll to .rn2 of the plasma display panel I0.

The driver 36 comprises transistors Oyal to Oybm as depicted in FIG. 16, and the outputs ya! to ybm' from the gate circuit 26 are impressed to the bases of the transistors Qyal to Oybm to provide outputs Dyal to Dybm of a voltage VW. The outputs Dyal to Dybm are applied to the mixing circuit 16 together with those signals yal to ybm from the sustain voltage source I2. The mixing circuit 16 is of such a construction as shown in FIG. 17 comprising resistors R'l to R'm, and its output is applied to the electrodes yll to ym2 of the plasma display panel 10.

Accordingly, in the plasma display panel 10, the sustain voltage is impressed to the discharge cells forming picture elements so that their brightness levels may be different from one another and the discharge cells are selected in accordance with the video signal and writing is achieved, thus displaying a TV picture having tone gradations. In the foregoing, the electrodes (yll, yl2), (y2l, y22), (yml, ymZ) are scanned sequentially for writing. It is also possible to improve picture quality by effecting the first scanning in the manner described above and subsequently scanning the electrodes (y12, y21),(y22,y31), .y(ml)2,(yml) in pairs. Further, in the case of simultaneously writing the signal of one horizontal scanning line, the capacity of the buffer register increases, so that by dividing the horizontal scanning line into a plurality of sections, the capacity of the buffer register can be reduced down to a fraction of the number of the divided sections.

With the brightness modulation system of this invention, one picture element is formed with a plurality of cells, the numbers of times of discharge radiation of the respective cells are made different from one another to make the brightness levels of the cells different from one another and a plurality of gradations can be obtained by the combination of the respective cells, as has been described in the foregoing. It is also possible that the peak values and pulse widths of the impression voltages therefor are made equal to one another only by selecting them in different phases and at different repetitive frequencies and that only their phases and pulse widths are selected different from one another. Therefore, the sustain voltage circuit can be simplified. Further, if no memory function due to the wall voltage is employed, the impression voltages can be regularly displaced apart in-phase. In the foregoing examples, l6 gradations are obtained with four cells, but if each picture element is made up of six, eight or more cells, 32, 64 or more gradations can be obtained, respectively.

The cell herein mentioned is a single discharge region formed at each intersecting point of the electrodes and adjoining discharge regions need not be mechanically isolated from each other.

it will be apparent that many modifications and variations may be effected without departing from the scope of the novel concepts of this invention.

What is claimed is:

l. A brightness modulation system for producing an image display with selectively controlled brightness level gradations on a plasma display device, said plasma display device having a plurality of X electrodes and a plurality of Y electrodes disposed to intersect each other with a discharge gas spaced therebetween whereby a plurality of discharge cells is formed at the intersections of the X and Y electrodes, the successive, adjacent electrodes of at least one of said pluralities of X and Y electrodes being arranged in groups and the electrodes of each such group defining corresponding combinations of discharge cells at the intersections thereof with the electrodes of the other of said pluralities of X and Y electrodes, each said combination of discharge cells comprising a display element of the said image display, the corresponding cells of each said combination being selectively and individually controllable to undergo respective. different and predeter mined rates of discharge to produce corresponding, different individual brightness levels thereby to provide selective gradations of the brightness level of the display element formed by each such combination of discharge cells, said brightness modulation system comprising:

means for providing a number of different sustain signals corresponding to the number of discharge cells in each said combination thereof and of respectively different repetition rates,

means for supplying said number of different sustain signals to the electrodes of said pluralities of X and Y electrodes corresponding to each said combination of discharge cells, thereby to sustain predetermined, different rates of discharges in the respec' tively corresponding cells of said combinations of cells,

means for indicating the brightness level gradation to be displayed in each display element of the image display.

means responsive to said indicating means for select ing the cells of the combination thereof corresponding to each display element which, in combination, provide the brightness level gradation for that corresponding display element as indicated by said indicating means,

means for selectively establishing discharges in the cells selected by said selecting means of each said combination thereof, and

said sustaining means sustaining discharges in those cells of each said combination in which discharges are selectively established by said means for selectively establishing discharges in accordance with the said predetermined different rates of discharges Sustained by the respective, different sustain signals. thereby to sustain the gradation of brightness level for each said display element as indicated by said indicating means.

2. A brightness modulation system as recited in claim 1 wherein the successive, adjacent electrodes of each of said pluralities of X and Y electrodes are arranged in groups, the intersections of the electrodes of a group of one of said pluralities ofX and Y electrodes with the electrodes of a group of the other of said pluralities of X and Y electrodes defining a corresponding combina tion of discharge cells comprising a display element of the said image display.

3. A brightness modulation system as claimed in claim 2 wherein each said group of X electrodes and each said group of Y electrodes includes n electrodes, defining thereby n discharge cells in the corresponding combination of discharge cells defined by the intcrsections of the electrodes of each said group of X electrodes with the electrodes of each said group of Y electrodes. whereby the number of brightness level gradations of each display element is 2".

4. A brightness modulation system as recited in claim 2 wherein said sustain signal providing means provides sustain signals of different repetitive frequencies to the electrodes of each of said group of X electrodes and said group ofY electrodes associated with a given combination of discharge cells, for all said combinations. whereby each discharge cell of each said combination defined by each group of one of said X and Y electrodes with a group of the other of said X and Y electrodes sustains a discharge at a different rate than the other discharge cells of that said combination.

5. A brightness modulation system as recited in claim 2, wherein said sustain signal providing means provides sustain signals of different pulse intervals to electrodes of each group of one of said pluralities of X and Y electrodes and provides sustain signals of a common repetition rate, but out of phase from one another, respectively, to the electrodes of each group of the other of 5 said X and Y electrodes, whereby each discharge cell of each combination of discharge cells defined by the intersections of the electrodes of each group of one of said pluralities of X and Y electrodes with the electrodes of each group of the other of said pluralities of X and Y electrodes sustains a discharge a different number of times within a given time interval.

6. A brightness modulation system as recited in claim 2 wherein said brightness level gradation indicating means comprises:

5 means for receiving an analog picture signal to be displayed and converting the analog amplitude levels thereof representing the brightness of the picture to be displayed, to digital amplitude levels for the respectively corresponding display elements, and

said selecting means is responsive to said digital signals for selectively establishing discharges in the cells of each said combination thereof in accordance with the brightness level gradations indicated by the digital signals for the respectively corresponding image display element.

7. A brightness modulation system as claimed in claim 2 for use with a television receiver receiving transmitted video signals and providing a corresponding analog picture signal defining brightness levels of a picture to be displayed, wherein said brightness level gradation indicating means comprises analog-to-digital converter means for converting the amplitude levels of said analog picture signal into corresponding digital sig nals, and said selecting means is responsive to said digital picture signals for selectively establishing discharges in the cells of each said combination thereof corresponding to each display element of the picture to be 9 displayed, whereby an image display with brightness level gradations is provided.

8. A brightness modulation system for producing an image display with selectively controlled brightness level gradations on a plasma display device, said display device having a plurality of X electrodes and a plurality of Y electrodes disposed to intersect each other with a discharge gas spaced therebetween whereby a plurality of discharge cells is formed at the intersections of the X and Y electrodes, the successive, adjacent electrodes of each of said pluralities of X and Y electrodes being arranged in groups, and the intersections of the electrodes of each such group of one of said pluralities of X and Y electrodes with the electrodes of each such group of the other of said pluralities of X and Y electrodes defining corresponding combinations of discharge cells, each said combination of discharge cells comprising a display element of the said image display, the cells of each said combination being selectively and individually controllable to undergo respective, different and predetermined rates of discharge to produce corresponding, different and predetermined brightness levels thereby to provide selective gradations of the brightness level of the display element formed by each such combination of display cells, said brightness modulation system comprising:

means for providing a first set of energizing signals of a common repetition rate but displaced in phase, said first set including a number of energizing signals equal in number to the number of electrodes of each said group of one of said pluralities of X and Y electrodes,

means providing at least a second set of energizing signals of respectively different repetition rates, the signals of said second set being in phase with the signals of said first set, and being equal in number to the number of electrodes of each of said group of electrodes of the other of said pluralities of X and Y electrodes.

means for applying the said number of energizing signals of said first set to respectively corresponding electrodes of each said group of said one of said pluralities of X and Y electrodes,

means for indicating the brightness level gradation to be displayed in each display element of the image display, and

means responsive to the indicated brightness level gradation for each display element for selectively applying the signals of said second set to respectively corresponding electrodes of each group of said other of said pluralities of X and Y electrodes corresponding to each said display element, thereby selectively to establish discharges in the cells of each said combination as to which the energizing signals applied to the corresponding X and Y electrodes of the groups associated with each said combination are in phase. and thereby to produce a brightness level gradation for the said combination of discharge cells in accordance with the indicated brightness level gradation for the corresponding display element.

9. A brightness modulation system as recited in claim 8 wherein said providing means provides a third set of energizing signals of respectively different repetition rates, each signal of said third set being in phase with one of said signals of said first set, and

said applying means selects between the signals of said second and third sets for supply of the selected set of signals to the electrodes of each group of the other of said pluralities of X and Y electrodes to establish, selectively, discharges in the respectively corresponding discharge cells of the corresponding combinations thereof for producing respectively corresponding brightness level gradations in the associated picture elements of the display,

10. A brightness modulation system as recited in claim 9 wherein each of said first, second and third sets of energizing signals comprises two energizing signals differing as aforesaid. the signals of said second set being in phase with a first of said signals of said first set and the signals of said third set being in phase with the second of said signals of said first set.

11. A brightness modulation system as recited in claim 9 wherein said applying means is operable to select corresponding first ones of the signals of said second and third sets for supply to the electrodes of each said group of said one of said pluralities of X and Y electrodes and to select the second signals of both of said second and third sets for supply to the electrodes of each said group of said other of said X and Y electrodes.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3603731 *Aug 27, 1969Sep 7, 1971Weimer Paul KDigital scanning mosaic photosensing system
US3627924 *May 16, 1969Dec 14, 1971Energy Conversion Devices IncFlat screen television system
US3665455 *Sep 1, 1970May 23, 1972Owens Illinois IncBinary addressable magnetically multiplex discharge manipulation system for multiple gaseous discharge display/memory panel
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4009335 *Aug 9, 1973Feb 22, 1977Stewart-Warner CorporationGray scale display system employing digital encoding
US4297691 *Aug 29, 1979Oct 27, 1981Hitachi, Ltd.Figure displaying device
US4323896 *Nov 13, 1980Apr 6, 1982Stewart-Warner CorporationHigh resolution video display system
US4344622 *Sep 18, 1979Aug 17, 1982Rockwell International CorporationDisplay apparatus for electronic games
US4622549 *Jun 29, 1983Nov 11, 1986International Business Machines CorporationRepetition rate compensation and mixing in a plasma panel
US4644342 *Mar 29, 1984Feb 17, 1987Eastman Kodak CompanyArray of light emitting diodes for producing gray scale light images
US4661809 *Jan 11, 1985Apr 28, 1987Litton Systems, Inc.Magneto-optic chip with gray-scale capability
US4779083 *Jan 31, 1986Oct 18, 1988Ascii CorporationDisplay control system
US4791417 *Mar 1, 1984Dec 13, 1988Tadeusz BobakDisplay device
US4843627 *Aug 5, 1986Jun 27, 1989Stebbins Russell TCircuit and method for providing a light energy response to an event in real time
US5124695 *Jun 1, 1990Jun 23, 1992Thorn Emi PlcDisplay device
US5266940 *Jan 27, 1992Nov 30, 1993Sharp Kabushiki KaishaMethod of gray scale display for dot matrix type display device
US5541618 *Mar 16, 1995Jul 30, 1996Fujitsu LimitedMethod and a circuit for gradationally driving a flat display device
US5724054 *Jul 1, 1996Mar 3, 1998Fujitsu LimitedMethod and a circuit for gradationally driving a flat display device
US6097357 *Jul 3, 1997Aug 1, 2000Fujitsu LimitedFull color surface discharge type plasma display device
US6630916Dec 3, 1999Oct 7, 2003Fujitsu LimitedMethod and a circuit for gradationally driving a flat display device
US6787995Sep 5, 2000Sep 7, 2004Fujitsu LimitedFull color surface discharge type plasma display device
US6838824Nov 27, 2001Jan 4, 2005Fujitsu LimitedFull color surface discharge type plasma display device
US6861803Sep 5, 2000Mar 1, 2005Fujitsu LimitedFull color surface discharge type plasma display device
US7030563Mar 29, 2004Apr 18, 2006Hitachi, Ltd.Full color surface discharge type plasma display device
US7133007Mar 24, 2004Nov 7, 2006Hitachi, Ltd.Full color surface discharge type plasma display device
US7208877Aug 2, 2004Apr 24, 2007Hitachi, Ltd.Full color surface discharge type plasma display device
US7825596Apr 14, 2006Nov 2, 2010Hitachi Plasma Patent Licensing Co., Ltd.Full color surface discharge type plasma display device
DE3015887A1 *Apr 24, 1980Nov 6, 1980Hitachi LtdSerien-parallel-signalumsetzer
DE3049666C2 *Apr 24, 1980Dec 8, 1983Hitachi LtdSerial-parallel signal converter - has address counter controlling serial inputting of digital data signals in matrix memory
DE3110613A1 *Mar 18, 1981Sep 30, 1982United Technologies CorpSchaltungsanordnung zum erzeugen von grauaenderungen in einer plasmatafel
EP0260146A2 *Sep 11, 1987Mar 16, 1988International Business Machines CorporationMulti-colour display system
EP0261898A2 *Sep 18, 1987Mar 30, 1988THORN EMI plcDisplay device
WO1984003577A1 *Mar 1, 1984Sep 13, 1984Tadeusz BobakDisplay device
Classifications
U.S. Classification345/63, 345/212, 348/E03.14
International ClassificationH04N5/66, H04N3/12, G09G3/28, G09G3/282, G09G3/288, G09G3/20
Cooperative ClassificationG09G3/294, G09G2310/06, H04N3/125, G09G3/296, G09G3/293, G09G3/2922, G09G3/282, G09G3/2074
European ClassificationG09G3/294, G09G3/296, G09G3/292E, G09G3/293, H04N3/12G, G09G3/282, G09G3/20G14