US 3888101 A
A cable bender includes two bending members rotatably joined together about a common pivot axis, one of the bending members having a ratchet wrench associated therewith such that force may be applied in one rotational direction and the wrench may be freely rotated in a direction opposite to the one direction.
Claims available in
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Unlted States Patent 11 1 1111 3,888,101
Crees 1 1 June 10, 1975 [541 CABLE BENDER 2,232,819 2/1941 Abramson et a1. 72 217 2,437.433 3/1948 MeNair 72/409 x [761 E Avocado 2,565,646 8/1951 Boyer et a1. 72/217 (131119" 33935 2,861,491 11 1958 Rozmus 72/409 3,613,430 10 1971 Crees 4444 72/388  1974 3,685,335 8/1972 Koval 72 217 [211 Appl, N0.: 434,365
 US. Cl. 72/388; 72/409', 72/458 [51} Int. Cl 821d 7/00  Field of Search 72/458, 387, 412, 416, 72/159, 149, 459, 217, 216, 309, 319, 388, 399, 409
 References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,627,034 5/1927 Henderson 72/458 1,903,436 4/1933 Brown 72/388 X 1,949,938 3/1934 Martin 72/159 X Primary E.\un1inerMilton S. Mehr Attorney, Agent, or Firm-Duckworth, Hobby & Allen  ABSTRACT A cable bender includes two bending members rotatably joined together about a common pivot axis, one of the bending members having a ratchet wrench associated therewith such that force may be applied in one rotational direction and the wrench may be freely rotated in a direction opposite to the one direction.
7 Claims, 6 Drawing Figures PATENTEDJUH 10 I975 SHEET FIG.
CABLE BENDER BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention The present invention relates to cable and conduit benders and the like.
2. Description of the Prior Art A wide variety of hand-operated conduit and cable benders are disclosed in the prior art. In US. Pat. No. 475,261, Winton discloses a trolley wire bender having spaced cable shoes and a bending member rotated about a pivot axis between the shoes in order to effect bending. Safranski, in U.S. Pat. No. 2,709,382, teaches a portable tube bender having two levers pivoted on a common axis, one of the levers including an outer shoe which moves around the periphery of a grooved wheel fixed to the other lever, to cause bending of tubing fitted across that periphery.
Another variety of tube and cable benders employs a fixed lever having a curved mandrel at one end. Another lever having a bending shoe opposing the mandrel is rotatably joined to the fixed lever, with the workpiece extending across the periphery of the mandrel in between the two levers. Bending is effected by rotating the second lever toward the first, causing the bending shoe to bend the workpiece around the periphery of the mandrel. Examples of this type of device are disclosed in the following U.S. Pat. Nos: 3,750,447 to Kowal et al; 3,051,218 to Franck; 3,194,038 to Small et a1; 2,908,193 to Gryniewicc', 3,685,335 to Kowal; and 3,380,283 to Wilson et al.
Other prior art references of interest include the following U.S. Pat. Nos: 3,662,580 to Power; 1,868,852 to Schneider; 1,794,689 to Holsclaw et a1; and 1,075,837 to Malo et al.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The present invention contemplates a cable bender comprising two bending members rotatably joined together about a common pivot axis, with means for rotating one of the bending members about the pivot axis. The rotating means comprises a lever coupled to one of the bending members, with means for fixing the lever in a set position when rotational force is applied in one direction, and allowing the lever to rotate freely when rotational force is applied in a direction opposite to the one direction.
THE DRAWING FIG. 1 is a perspective view of one embodiment of a cable bender in accordance with the present invention.
FIG. 2 is a perspective view of another embodiment ofa cable bender in accordance with the present invention.
FIG. 3 is a third embodiment ofa cable bender in accordance with the present invention.
FIG. 4 is a perspective view of a cable bender utilizing hydraulic actuation means.
FIGS. 5 and 6 are side views illustrating the operation of the embodiment of FIG. 4.
DETAILED DESCRIPTION A first embodiment of a cable bender in accordance with the present invention will be described with reference to FIG. 1.
A cable bender, referred to generally as 10, includes two bending members 12 and 14 rotatably joined together about a common pivot axis 20. Each bending member includes a respective cable shoe l6 and 18 for holding the cable 11 against bending members 12 and 14. Each bending member-cable shoe combination may be integrally formed. The size, shape and dimensions of the bending members are not critical, and may be fabricated from a variety of high tensile strength materials. The pivot axis 20 may be formed from a rod having the outer ends thereof flattened against the respective bending members 12 and 14.
In accordance with the present invention, the cable bender 10 further comprises means for rotating one of the bending members l2, 14 about the pivot axis 20. In this embodiment, the rotating means comprises a ratchet wrench 22 fixed to one of the bending members 14 at the wrench shaft 24. In a well known manner, the ratchet wrench 22 includes a switch 26 which provides means for fixing the lever in a set position when rotational force is applied in one direction, as the direction indicated by arrow 28 in FIG. 1, and further allows the wrench 22 to rotate freely when rotational force is applied in a direction 30 opposite to the one direction 28. The ratchet wrench 22 thus serves as a lever spaced from the pivot axis 20.
The cable bender 10 further includes another lever 32 fixed to the other bending member 12, as by a stud 34 extending from the bending member. In operation, the cable is fitted underneath the cable shoes 16 and 18. The operator then firmly grasps the lever 32 in one hand, and operates the ratchet wrench in a well known manner thereby causing the bending member 14 to rotate about the pivot axis 20 and bend the cable as desired. The use of the ratchet wrench 22 allows the operator to continuously change the position of leverage by rotating the wrench handle in the direction 30.
A second embodiment of a cable bender in accordance with the present invention is shown in FIG. 2 and described with reference thereto.
The bender, referred to generally as 40, also includes two bending members 42 and 44 having respective cable shoes 46 and 48, the bending members 42, 44 being rotatably joined together about a pivot axis 52 in a manner similar to the cable bender 10 shown in FIG. 1.
The cable bender 40 in FIG. 2 further includes a stationary gear 50 having a flat portion across the top thereof to allow cable to be inserted under the shoes 46, 48. The stationary gear 50 is fixed axial with the pivot axis 52.
Another gear 54 is rotatably mounted alongside one of the bending members 44, the teeth of the rotatable gear 54 being meshed with the stationary gear 50. The rotatable gear 54 includes a stud 56, or similar means, fixed thereon which is adapted to mate with a ratchet wrench 58. The cable bender 40 further includes a latch 60 adapted to engage the rotatable gear 54 and prevent rotation thereof. Another lever 57 is fixed to the other bending member 42.
When using the cable bender 40, the operator firmly grasps the fixed lever 57 in one hand, and rotates the ratchet wrench 58in the direction in which force is applied so as to rotate the rotatable gear 54. The teeth of the rotatable gear 54 mesh with those of the stationary gear 50, and cause rotation of the bending member 44 about the pivot axis 52.
Yet another embodiment of a cable bender in accordance with the present invention is shown in FIG. 3 and referred to generally as 60. The cable bender 60 includes two bending members 62, 64 having respective cable shoes 66 and 68, and being rotatatably joined together about a pivot axis 70.
The cable bender 60 includes a first bracket 72 pivotably mounted at 74 on the bending member 62, and a second bracket 76 pivotably mounted at 78 on the other bending member 64. Each bracket 72, 76 includes a respective opening 73, 77, one of which is threaded. A threaded rod 80 extends through the openings 73, 77, with a ratchet wrench 82 attached at an outer end of the rod 80.
In use, the ratchet wrench 82 is rotated, causing the threaded rod 80 to pull the bracket 72 towards the bracket 76 and thereby effect rotation of the bending members 62, 64 about the pivot axis 70.
A hydraulically operated cable bender is shown in FIG. 4 and described with reference thereto.
The cable bender, referred to generally at 100, includes a first bending member 102 which may comprise a hydraulic cylinder having a hose for applying hydraulic pressure thereto in a well known manner. A variable length shaft 110 extends out of the hydraulic cylinder 102, and is adapted to be driven in a direction away from the cylinder upon exertion of hydraulic pressure therein. A cable shoe 106 is mounted on the hydraulic cylinder 102.
The cable bender 100 further comprises a second bending member 102 including a cable shoe 108 mounted thereon. The second bending member 104 further comprises a shaft 112 which is pivotably joined to the variable length hydraulic shaft 110 at a pivot axis 114. A bending knuckle 116 is pivotably joined with the shafts 110, 112 at the pivot axis 114. The joinder of the shafts 110, 112 and the bending knuckle 116 may be made by utilizing tongue-and-groove techniques well known to those in the machinist art. A rotatable cable shoe 118 is fixed to the bending knuckle 116.
The cable member 100 further includes a tie arm 120 pivotably joined to the hydraulic cylinder 102 and the bending member 104 at respective pivot points 122, 124. Preferably, the tie arm and the respective shafts 110, 112 all lie in a common plane which is normal to the direction in which the cable is to be bent.
Operation of the cable bender 100 will be described with reference to FIGS. and 6. Noting FIG. 5, at the instant hydraulic pressure is applied to a hydraulic cylinder 102, the operator presses in an upward direction normal to the pivot axis and at the joinder between the shafts 110, 112. As the variable length shaft 110 extends out of the hydraulic cylinder, the bending knuckle is forced upward in a direction normal to the tie arm 120, causing bending of the cable 130. In a similar manner, the cable may be bent in a direction oppo- 4 site to that shown in FIG. 5. Noting FIG. 6, the operator applies a downward pressure at the time hydraulic fluid is directed into the hydraulic cylinder 102, causing the variable length arm to extend in a downward direction and thereby bend the cable in the manner shown in FIG. 6.
1. A cable bender comprising:
a first bending member;
a second bending member rotatably joined to the first bending member about a common pivot axis;
two cable shoes, each joined to one of said bending members for holding cable to be bent across said bending members;
a first lever fixed to said first bending member at a point spaced outwardly from said pivot axis; a second lever joined to said second bending member at a point spaced outwardly from said pivot axis;
means for fixing said second lever in a set position when rotational force is applied in one direction, said means further allowing said lever to rotate freely when rotational force is applied in a direction opposite to said one direction; and wherein an imaginary line between each said point and said pivot axis is substantially parallel with cable held by said shoes and which is to be bent.
2. A cable bender as recited in claim 1 wherein said one direction fixing-opposite direction allowing means comprises a ratchet wrench.
3. A cable bender as recited in claim 2 further comprising another lever fixed to the non-rotated one of said first and second bending members.
4. A cable bender as recited in claim 1 further comprising:
a stationary gear fixed to the non rotated one of said bending members; and
means engaging said stationary gear and said lever for rotating said one bending member.
5. A cable bender as recited in claim 4 wherein said engaging means comprises:
another gear rotatably mounted on the rotatable one of said bending members and meshed with said stationary gear; and wherein movement of said lever in said one direction rotates said another gear to thereby effect rotation of said one bending member about said pivot axis.
6. A cable bender as recited in claim 5 further comprising:
means for preventing rotation of said another gear in a direction opposite to said one direction.
7. A cable bender as recited in claim 1 wherein said first lever is fixed substantially normal to said imaginary line and cable positioned in said shoe.