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Publication numberUS3888333 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJun 10, 1975
Filing dateApr 11, 1973
Priority dateApr 20, 1972
Publication numberUS 3888333 A, US 3888333A, US-A-3888333, US3888333 A, US3888333A
InventorsYamaguchi Kiminori
Original AssigneeNippon Gakki Seiko Kk
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Tremolo generating device with multi-directionally rotating speaker
US 3888333 A
Abstract
A sound effect generating device for use in an electronic musical instrument comprises a first rotary shaft, a second rotary shaft extended in a direction, for example, perpendicular to the first rotary shaft so as to rotate about itself and about the first rotary shaft, and a sound radiating member fixed to the second rotary shaft so as to radially generate a sound in a given direction, for example, perpendicular to the axis of the second rotary shaft, whereby the sound radiating member rotates simultaneously about the first and second rotary shafts, radiating sound in multiple directions, which can be heard as tremolo or similar sound effect which is very pleasing to the ear.
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent Yamaguchi June 10, 1975 Primary ExaminerStephen J. Tomsky Attorney, Agent, or Firm-Cushman, Darby & Cushman [75] Inventor: Kiminori Yamaguchi, Hamamatsu,

Japan [73] Assignee: 22:51:: 111;: Seiko Kabushilu' [57] ABSTRACT 9 A sound effect generating device for use in an elec- [22] Filed. Apr. 11, 1973 tronic musical instrument comprises a first rotary PP- 350,035 shaft, a second rotary shaft extended in a direction, for example, perpendicular to the first rotary shaft so 30 Ford n A cation Prim. Data as to rotate about itself and about the first rotary 1 A 20 5 5 an y 4789885 shaft, and a sound radiating member fixed to the sec- 1972 J p 47 58766 0nd rotary shaft so as to radially generate a sound in a J ay 8 1972 Japan 4767830 given direction, for example, perpendicular to the axis une apan of the second rotary shaft, whereby the sound radiating member rotates simultaneously about the first and 5" second rotary shafts, radiating sound in multiple direc- I 58] Fie'ld A 3IBI 84H 25 tions, which can be heard as tremolo or similar sound 84/l 179' effect which is very pleasing to the ear.

[56] References Cited 9 Claims, 19 Drawing Figures UNITED STATES PATENTS 3,084,585 4/1963 Wayne, .lr 84/l,24

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PATENTEDJUHIO 1975 3,888,333

SHEET 1 Al AY/l/ll' PATENTEDJUH 10 I975 sum 2 frb SP3 m Ml SP4 l0 PATENTEDJUHIO 1975 13,888,333

SHEET 3 TREMOLO GENERATING DEVICE WITH MULTI-DIRECTIONALLY ROTATING SPEAKER BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention This invention relates to a sound effect generating device to obtain acoustically tasty audio vibrato or tremolo effect by linkagedly operating a sound radiating member in multiple directions.

2. Description of the Prior Arts There are some references as prior art as disclosed in Japanese Utility Model Publication No. 22436/65 and US. Pat. No. 3,204,722 which are provided with a ro tary plate in front of a speaker thereby producing a tremolo effect, respectively.

The former one is as shown in FIG. I wherein a sound generating reflection plate 3 is pivotally received at its center to a rotary shaft 2 at its one end so as to rotatably move within a optional plane, and a sleeve 4 slidably mounted on the shaft 2 and connected to a side portion of the sound reflection plate 3 with a connector 5, and a speaker 6 is provided opposite to the plate 3, whereby a tremolo effect is produced by tiltably rotating the sound reflection plate 3.

The latter disclosed in said U.S. patent is provided with a rotating disk 7A having spaced apertures or rotary member 78 having fan-like extensions in front of a plurality of speakers 6 as shown in FIGS. 2 and 3. The rotary disk (or member) 7A (or 7B) is rotated at a required speed via a belt by a motor I thereby giving a tremolo effect to a sound produced from the speakers 6.

In such devices, however, the speaker or speakers are mounted stationary, and, as a result, the sound produced is given only a flat tonal variation, with a resultant defect that no musically satisfactory tremolo effect can be obtained.

Further to the devices, there are found other sound effect generating devices that produce vibrato or tremolo effects by rotating the speakers themselves in a horizontal plane, as is disclosed in US. Pat. Nos. 3,l00,024 and 3,084,585.

As is shown in FIGS. 4 and 5, the device disclosed in US. Pat. No. 3,100,024 is arranged such that a cylindrical speaker structure 8 including a plurality of speakers 6 as shown in FIG. is rotated via a belt and rotary shaft by a motor I and said speakers are supplied low frequency currents through slip-rings R. This system provides that the speakers are rotated in a same plane thereby producing some vibrato effect but such vibrato lacks a variation of the sound. No musically satisfied sound was obtained.

The device disclosed in US. Pat. No. 3,084,585 is shown in FIG. 6 and is provided with speakers 6 mounted in a circular supporting disk 9 rotated about an axis Ia of a motor 1. The supporting disk 9 is mounted about another axis perpendicular to the axis Ia, thereby producing vibrato or tremolo effects due to Doppler effect. However such sound does not yet give a desirable musical sound of tremolo efiect since such sound cannot be enhanced in a vertical direction because the speakers rotate only in a horizontal plane, radiating the sound in the same plane.

As described aforegoing, conventional devices give no desirable musical audio-sound effect for the listeners and players.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The object of the present invention is to provide a sound effect generating device for electronic musical instrument, which produces a tremolo or similar effect of sufficient variation through the rotation of a sound radiating member or members in different directions.

According to an aspect of this invention. a second ro tary shaft is extended in a direction of the given angle to a first rotary shaft so that the second rotary shaft rotates about the first rotary shaft, and a sound radiating member having a sound radiating face is directed at a given angle, i.e. at a right angle to the second rotary shaft, whereby the sound radiating member is rotated simultaneously about the first and second rotary shafts.

According to another aspect of this invention, a plurality of the second shafts are spatially located with respect to the first rotary shaft at a given angle, i.e, at a right angle to the first rotary shaft, and a sound radiating member having a sound radiating face is directed at a given angle, i.e, at a right angle to each second shaft, is provided in the vicinity of the free end of each second shaft, whereby said sound radiating members are rotated simultaneously about the first and second rotary shafts.

According to a further aspect of this invention, at least one second rotary shaft is mounted extending from a side of a rotary support which is rotatable with a first rotary shaft, and a stationary engagement member is fixed around the first rotary shaft, and another engagement member rotating with the second rotary shaft is fixed to the second rotary shaft, so that both of the engagement members are in mesh with each other to communicate the rotation of the rotary support, driven by a motor to the second rotary shaft and a sound radiating member having a sound radiating face directed at a given angle, ie at a right angle to the second rotary shaft, whereby the sound radiating member is rotated simultaneously about the first and second rotary shaft.

BRIEF EXPLANATION OF THE DRAWING FIGS. I6 are constitutional figures, each showing an embodiment of a conventional device for producing a tremolo or similar effect;

FIGS. 7-9 are simplified figures an showing respective embodiment of this invention;

FIG. 10 is a partially enlarged vertical view showing an electrical system for the embodiment of FIGS. 7-9;

FIG. 11 is a view showing a modification of this invention;

FIG. 12 is a perspective view showing one embodiment of a suitable cabinet for this device of this invention;

FIG. 13 is a view showing another embodiment of this invention;

FIG. 14 is a partial enlarged vertical constitutional view showing an electrical system in FIGv 13',

FIG. 15 is a view showing a further modification of this invention;

FIG. 16 is a perspective view showing one embodiment of suitable cabinet for this invention;

FIG. 17 is a side elevational view showing still another embodiment of this invention;

FIG. 18 is an enlarged cross section showing a major portion of a gear box; and

3 FIG. I9 is a perspective view showing still another modification of this invention.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS Now. the preferred embodiments will be described with reference to the accompanying drawing.

In FIGv 7, on a base 10 is rigidly fixed a motor M from which a first rotary shaft is upwardly extended so as to be rotated by the motor M The first rotary shaft m, is provided, at its upper end. with a double shaft motor M having second rotary shafts ma, mb extend ing approximately at right angles to the first rotary shaft m Thus. the second rotary shafts ma. mb can be rotated by the double shaft motor M while at the same time that double shaft motor M having the second rotary shafts is rotated about the first rotary shaft m, by the motor M The second rotary shafts ma, mb may not necessarily be extended at right angles to the first ro tary shaft rm. but may be extended at any other angles thereto The second rotary shafts ma, mb should, of course, not be extended in the same direction as the lengthwise direction of the first rotary shaft "1,. The second rotary shafts ma, mb. for instance, may make different angles to the first rotary shaft m one ma from the other mb. Speakers SP,, SP are rigidly fixed to the ends of the second rotary shaft ma. mb, respectively so as to radially produce a sound wave at a right angle to the shaft ma or mb, for example, with a balanced center of gravity.

The rotary shafts m mu, and mh are respectively rotated in each direction of arrow as shown in FIGS. 7 and 8. Their rotation speeds are set for example at 0.5- rps. For convenience, speakers SP SP are shown so as to radiate a sound wave in a direction of right angles to the shafts ma, mb. but the arrangement is not limited to the above and it is permitted to fix said speakers to radiate most of sound waves in a direction making any optional angles to the shafts ma. mb. However. if the speakers SP SP are so fixed to the shafts ma. mb as to radiate the sound waves in a direction which is the same as the lengthwise direction of each shaft ma or mb, such arrangement takes little or no effect. The speakers SI" and SP may also be arranged to radiate sound waves in different directions, one speaker SP from the other SP An electric current is supplied to the speakers SP SP and the motors M and M via slip-rings IIA, 11B and brushes 12A, 128 as shown in FIG. 10.

According to the sound effect producing device of this invention. the speakers SP SP rotate about the second rotary shafts ma and mh while simultaneously rotating about the first rotary shaft m radiating sound waves in multiple directions, whereby a vibrato or tremolo effect can be heard by listeners at a stationary position. The vibrato or tremolo effect sound thus heard becomes remarkably wider spread and more natural than that obtained by the conventional devices.

When the first rotary shaft m,(motor M and the second rotary shafts ma, mb (motor M rotate at a speed ratio (S /S represented by any integral number. where S, is a rotational speed of either of the shaft m, and shaft ma or mb, and S is a rotational speed of the other, and S, S the movement of each speaker SP SP describes always the same locus without making any random movement. As a result, radiation of the sound waves becomes relatively monotonous. There fore, it is preferred to set the speed ratio (8 /8 to the value represented by a non-integral number to obtain more variation of the sound radiation.

Another embodiment is shown in FIG. II wherein a pair of sound radiating members or speakers SP and SP are fixed to the second rotary shaft ma with the rear sides of the speakers face to face, and another pair of sound radiating members or speakers SP and SP are fixed to the rotary shaft mb with the rear sides of the speakers face to face. Each speaker SP SP SP or SP is directed so as to radiate most of the sound waves in a direction making a given angle to the shaft ma or mb, for example. at right angles to the shaft ma or mb. as shown. If. however. the speaker SP SP SP or SP is so directed as to radiate most of the sound waves in a direction that is the same as the lengthwise direction of the shaft ma or mb. little or no effect can be attained. According to this embodiment. a more profound and enhanced vibrato or tremolo effect is produced, and the weight balance of the speakers and the shafts ma and mb become improved.

In practice, the rotational speakers shown in FIGS. 7 and I] may be installed within a cabinet I4 having sound discharge slits I3 as shown in FIG. 12, whereby the aesthetic view is enhanced.

Further embodiments of this invention are described below referring to FIGS. 'l316.

In FIG. 13, on a base 10 is rigidly fixed via support II a double shaft motor 12, from which first rotary shafts 12a and 12b are extended on oposite sides of the motor I2 so as to be rotated thereby. Double shaft motors l3 and 14 are fixed to the ends of the first rotary shafts 12a and 12b, respectively. so as to be rotated therewith. Each double shaft motor 13 or I4 has second rotary shafts 13a and 13b (or Ma and 14b) extended from the motor I3 or 14 at the opposite ends thereof and rotatable therewith. Sound radiating members or speakers 15a, 15b. 16a, and I6b are provided. respectively, to the shafts 13a. 13b. 14a and 14b, so that most of the sound waves are emitted in a direction, for example, making right angles to the shaft 13a, 13b, 14a, or 14b.

The rotary shafts 12a, 12b, 13a, 13b and 14a, 14b are respectively rotated in directions as indicated by the arrows in FIG. 13. Thus, the speakers 15a. 15b, 16a. and 16b are rotated about the shafts 13a and 13b or 140 and I411. respectively. while at the same time rotating about the shaft or I2b. Their rotation speeds are set for example at 0.5-20 rps.

For convenience, speakers are shown so as to radially emit sound waves in a direction making right angles to the second shafts but an arrangement is not limited to the above and it is permitted to fix said speakers to radiate sound waves in a direction making optional angles to said second shaft. The speakers ISa. 15b, 16a and 16b may also be arranged to radiate sound waves at different angles to the shafts 13a, 13b from to the shafts I4a. 14b.

An electric current is supplied to the speakers 15a, 15b. 16a and Ifib and to the motors I3 and I4 via slip rings 17a. 17b and brushes 18a, 18b as shown in FIG. I4.

Still another embodiment is shown in FIG. 15 wherein a pair of sound radiating members or speakers SP and SP (SP and SP SP and SP or SP and SP is fixed to each of the second rotary shafts I3a. I151). I441. and 14!) with the back side of the pair of speakers face to face. The speakers SP to SI" are so arranged as to radiate most of the sound waves in a direction perpendicular to the shafts 13a, 13b, 14a, and 14h, respectively.

FIG. 16 shows a cabinet 20 having sound discharge slits 19 on their walls in which the rotational speakers can be housed aethetically.

Other embodiments according to this invention are described referring to FIGS. 1749.

Referring first to FIGS. 17-18, a base frame is provided wherein a motor M is rigidly installed, and a first rotary shaft II is extended upward from the motor M so as to be rotated thereby. A first bevel gear is fixed on to the base frame I0 around the shaft II. A case 18 is fixed to the shaft II and is rotatable therewith. The shaft II and the bevel gear I5 are enclosed within the case I8, from the opposite sides of which are extended horizontally second rotary shafts 13A and 138. The ends of the second rotary shafts 13A and 13B are provided with second bevel gears 14A and MB engageable with the first stationary bevel gear I5. Thus, the rotational movement of the first rotary shaft 11 is transmitted to the second rotary shafts 13A and 138 through the bevel gears 14A, 14B and IS. The second bevel gears 14A and MB are also enclosed within the case 18 defining a gear box 12 therein.

Speakers SP,, SP are provided to the other ends of the second rotary shafts 13A, I3B. Electric current for feeding signals to the speakers SP, and SP is supplied, as shown in FIG. I7, through slip rings 16A and 16B and further through slip rings 17A and 17B provided around the shaft 11, as shown in FIG. 18.

According to this embodiment, the first and second rotary shafts ll, 13A and 13B are rotated by only one motor M.

It is of course possible to replace the bevel gears 14A, 14B and 15 with rubber pulleys of trapezoidal cross section. In such a case, a pulley box 12 is defined by the case 18. In place of the engagement members 14A, 14B, and 15, any members may be employed as long as such engagement members effectively transmit the rotation of the motor to the rotary shafts 13A, 13B.

In the above construction, when the motor rotates, the rotary shaft 1 I rotates and the case, namely, rotary support 18 also rotates.

The rotation of the motor is further communicated to the rotary shafts 13A, 138 through the engagement of the stationary gear 15 and the movable gears 14A and MB. In other words, the second shafts 13A, 13B rotate themselves while simultaneously rotating about the shaft 11. Therefore, the speakers SP SP radiate sound waves in multiple directions whereby vibrato or tremolo effect sound is audible by the listeners at a given stationary position.

A further embodiment is shown in FIG. 19, wherein four speakers SP, to SP are provided. respectively, to the four shafts 13 which are extended from the case 12. Within the case 12 are housed engagement members (not shown), which are driven by the motor M.

As described above, according to this invention, the second rotary shafts having the sound radiating members are provided to the first rotary shaft at a given angle thereto and the first and second shafts are rotated simultaneously so that the sound radiating members radiate sound waves in almost all directions, whereby a vibrato or tremolo effect is effectively obtained.

As apparent, the device according to this invention is most suitable for electronic musical instruments.

What I claim is:

l. A sound effect producing device comprising:

at least one first rotary shaft,

means for rotating said first rotary shaft about its longitudinal axis,

an even number of second rotary shafts positioned symmetrically with respect to said first rotary shaft, said second rotary shafts extending at approximately right angles to the longitudinal axis of said first rotary shaft,

means secured to said first rotary shaft for rotating said second rotary shafts about their longitudinal axes, and

at least one sound radiating member mounted on each of said second rotary shafts and being rotatable therewith, said sound radiating members radiating sound waves in a direction making an approximate right angle to said second rotary shafts.

2. Device according to claim I, wherein said at least one first rotary shaft is a plurality of first rotary shafts positioned symmetrically with respect to one another, each of said first rotary shafts being protrudedly pro vided with said plurality of second rotary shafts, each of said second rotary shafts being provided with said at least one sound radiating member.

3. Device according to claim 1, said means for rotating said at least one first rotary shaft is a motor.

4. Device according to claim 3, said means for rotating said second rotary shafts is a motor.

5. Device according to claim 1, wherein said second rotary shafts are mounted to the first rotary shaft via said means for rotating the second rotary shaft.

6. Device according to claim 1, wherein said first and second rotary shafts are arranged to rotate with their rate of rotation ratio represented by a non-integral number.

7. A sound effect producing device comprising at least one first rotary shaft, means for rotating said first rotary shaft about its longitudinal axis, at least one second rotary shaft rotatable about the longitudinal axis of said first rotary shaft, said second rotary shaft being extended at a given angle with respect to said first rotary shaft, means secured to said first rotary shaft for rotating said second rotary shaft about its longitudinal axis, and at least one sound radiating member mounted on said second rotary shaft and being rotatable therewith, said sound radiating member radiating sound waves in a direction making an approximate right angle to said second rotary shaft.

8. Device according to claim 7, wherein said at least one sound radiating member is a plurality of sound radiating members fixed to said at least one second rotary shaft, said plurality of sound radiating members being arranged to radiate sound waves in different directions.

9. Device according to claim 7 wherein said means for rotating said second rotary shaft includes a first bevel gear mounted stationary around the first rotary shaft, and a second bevel gear fixed to the second rotary shaft, said gears being in mesh with each other, whereby the rotation energy of the first rotary shaft is communicated to the second rotary shaft.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3084585 *Dec 11, 1959Apr 9, 1963Baldwin Piano CoSimulated multiple rate gyrating modulator
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4017685 *Jul 28, 1975Apr 12, 1977Leslie Donald JPlanetary acoustic phase shift mechanism
US4179008 *Apr 24, 1978Dec 18, 1979Letourneau Ted LStructure and arrangement for loudspeaker assemblage
US4554531 *Dec 27, 1982Nov 19, 1985Biersach James EOmnidirectional siren
US5321388 *Mar 16, 1992Jun 14, 1994American Signal CorporationHigh efficiency phase and amplitude matched multiple horn electronic siren
US5630566 *May 30, 1995May 20, 1997Case; LauraFor supporting computer components
US6792117 *Mar 1, 2002Sep 14, 2004Calix Technology Co., Ltd.Orientation adjusting apparatus for speakers
US8340337 *Jun 17, 2010Dec 25, 2012Hong Fu Jin Precision Industry (Shenzhen) Co., Ltd.Loudspeaker module
US20110096946 *Jun 17, 2010Apr 28, 2011Hong Fu Jin Precision Industry(Shenzhen) Co., Ltd.Loudspeaker module
Classifications
U.S. Classification181/143, 984/313
International ClassificationG10H1/047, G10H1/04
Cooperative ClassificationG10H1/047
European ClassificationG10H1/047