|Publication number||US3889441 A|
|Publication date||Jun 17, 1975|
|Filing date||Apr 22, 1974|
|Priority date||Apr 22, 1974|
|Publication number||US 3889441 A, US 3889441A, US-A-3889441, US3889441 A, US3889441A|
|Inventors||Eugene A Fortine|
|Original Assignee||Simpson Manufacturing Co Inc|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (11), Referenced by (27), Classifications (8), Legal Events (1)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
United States Patent 1191 Fortine I June 17, 1975 [5 MUDSILL TIEDOWN 1 3,422,585 1/1969 Dismukes 52/300 x 1751 Invent 5 M119 San Leandro, 33323332; 111332 1115197.;:31:11:3111111113111131: 25/333?  Assignee: Simpson Manufacturing Co., Inc., FOREIGN PATENTS OR APPLICATIONS S Leandro, I Germany 1  Flledi 1974 Primary Examiner-Ernest R. Purser 2 App], 4 2 09 AssistantExaminer-Leslie A. Braun Attorney, Agent, or Firm-James R. Cypher  U.S. Cl. 52/715; 52/714; 52/751 1511 Int. c15 E04B 1/41  ABSTRACT  Field of Search 52/751, 713, 712, 295, An anchor used in building construction to tie the 52/714, 300, 715, 369, 702, 370 mudsill to a concrete foundation. The device being constructed from an elongated sheet metal strip; cut  References Cited and formed on a progressive die. The tiedown consists UNITED STATES PATENTS of an arrowhead? shaped web, angularly related sides 908 310 12/1908 McDonald 52,714 preventing withdrawal and depending tie members 984 517 2/1911 Rollinger.LIIIIHII 1:152/714 x which are dlmensimed (6119p 01 Overhe the 15781947 3/1926 Alber 52/370 mudsill- The tie members are formed with apertures 1,649,407 11/1927 1521665611 52/370 that nails or other fasteners can be easily inserted 1,741,776 12/1929 lsaacson 52/370 therethrough for securing the tie members to the mud- 1,848,422 3/1932 Isaacson 52/712 X sill. 2,172,796 9/1939 Krasin 52 714 x 3,184,800 5/1965 Nelson 52/714 x 8 Clams, 11 Drawmg Figures SHEET PATENTEDJUN 1 7 ms FIG. 9
MUDSILL TIEDOWN BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION Building codes and good construction practice dictate the use of connectors to tie the wall structure to the foundation in geographical areas subject to earthquakes, hurricanes or high wind loads. One solution to this problem (and still in wide use today) is the setting of threaded bolts in the concrete foundation and inserting the free ends of the upright bolts through holes drilled in the wood mudsill. Threaded nuts bearing against washers hold the mudsill to the foundation.
Prefabrications of sheet metal products have patented alternate solutions (see e.g. US. Pat. Nos. 3,750,360; 3,422,585; 2,920,477; and 1,622,697). In general, these solutions must be attached to the mudsill prior to pouring of the concrete or inserted while the concrete is still very flowable to prevent bending of the long narrow anchor strips.
At least one known US. Pat. No. 2,182,579, has used the arrowhead approach, but it too has failed to provide a device which is sufficiently rigid to penetrate relatively dry mixed concrete pours.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The gist of the present invention is the use of a specially designed mudsill tiedown member, cut and folded from an elongated sheet of metal on a progressive die which can be placed in wet or relatively dry mixed concrete without bending.
Another object is to provide a tiedown which automatically stops at a predetermined embedded distance into the concrete.
A further object is to provide a tiedown which has sufficient rigidity to hold the tie members in a preselected position prior to bending around the mudsill.
Still another object is to provide a mudsill tiedown as described which is lightweight, inexpensive and easy to install.
A still further object is to provide a device which can meet the mudsill nailing requirements of various jurisdictions having different building code specifications.
Another object is to provide a device which can support a reinforcing bar when necessary.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is a front view of a sheet metal blank of the present invention prior to bending.
FIG. 2 is a top edge view of the blank shown in FIG. 1.
FIG. 3 is a front elevation view of the device shown in FIG. 1 after bending as set forth in the description.
FIG. 4 is a side view of the described invention taken along lines 4-4 of FIG. 3.
FIG. 5 is a cross sectional view of the device of FIG. 3 taken generally along line 5-5 of FIG. 3.
FIG. 6 is a perspective view of the device shown in FIGS. 1 through 5.
FIG. 7 is a perspective view of the device of FIG. 6 as used in practice.
FIG. 8 is a front elevation view of the device shown in FIG. 1, but bent in an alternate manner.
FIG. 9 is a side view of the device shown in FIG. 8 taken generally along the line 9'-9 of FIG. 8.
FIG. 10 is a perspective view of the device shown in FIGS. 8 and 9.
FIG. 11 is a perspective view of the device shown in FIGS. 8 through 10.
DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS OF THE INVENTION The mudsill tiedown for anchorage in a concrete foundation 1 of the present invention consists briefly of a web member 2 tapering to a blunt pointed leading edge 3 for embedment in the concrete foundation;
a first embedded side 6 integrally and angularly connected to a first edge 7 of said web and having a width tapering in dimension toward the pointed edge of the web;
a second embedded side 8 integrally and angularly connected to a second edge 9 of the web and having a width tapering in dimension toward the pointed edge of the web;
a first tie member 10 extending from the first side a distance adapted for engaging the side 11 and a substantial portion of the top face 12 of a mudsill l3 and being formed with a plurality of spaced apertures 14 adapted to receiving nails 16 or other fasteners therethrough, the tie member being constructed from a malleable material to permit bending of said tie around the side and top face of the mudsill; and a second tie member 18 extending from the second side a distance adapted for engaging the other side 19 and a substantial portion of the top face of the mudsill and being formed with a plurality of spaced apertures 21 adapted for receiving nails or other fasteners therethrough, said tie member being constructed from a malleable material to permit bending of the tie around the other side and top face of the mudsill.
Preferably each tie member extends across more than one half the width of the mudsill so that the mudsill is in effect encircled by the members.
It should be noted that even the sides 6 and 8 are tapered so that the device may be easily inserted into the wet concrete and without causing air voids in the concrete as it is inserted.
The mudsill tiedown as described may be formed with a depth tab 22 connected to the upper part 23 of the web at a preselected distance from the pointed web edge and bent at a right angle to the web.
As a further feature the mudsill tiedown may be formed so that the depth tab 22 has an edge 24 in close relation to the first side 6 providing support to side 6 to maintain the preselected angular relationship between side 6 and web 2 and assist in the prevention of twisting of the first tie member 10. Thus the tie member will fit flat against the sides and top of the mudsill.
Preferably the tiedown is formed with a second depth tab 26 spaced from the first named depth tab 22 and connected to the upper part 27 of the web 2 at a preselected distance from the pointed web edge 3, bent at a right angle to the web and having an edge 28 in close relation to the second side 8 providing support to the second side.
The upper portion of the web of the mudsill tiedown is formed with a void defined by leading edge 3a and sides 31a and 32a having a shape identical to the shape of the blunt pointed leading edge 3 of the web and a portion of the sides which correspond to edges 31 and 32 permitting progressive die cutting of the tiedown with a minimum of waste material, thereby reducing the weight of the tiedown. Furthermore, the void presents an increased upper web edge 3a, 31a and 32a thus dation for resisting upward forces.
Preferably the mudsill tiedown described has a web member formed with voids 33 permitting additional concrete interlock between the tiedown and the foundation.
Instead of holes, the'web may be formed with bendout tabs which provide additional concrete interlock.
The first and second tie members and 18 are formed with tapering edges 36 and 37 along their outer sides for minimizing'metal waste in forming the tiedown from an elongated rectangular strip of sheet metal by means of a progressive die and for diminishing the total weight of the tiedown.
Referring to FIGS. 3, 4, 5, and 7 the first and second sides 6 and 8 are bent along bend lines 7 and 9 so as to lie on opposite sides of the web member 2 and the first and second sides are bent to approximately the same angle in relation to the web so that the tie members 10 and 18 will fold upon the mudsill at bend lines 38 and 39 and lie in side by side spaced relation to one another as shown in FIG. 7.
The unique-spacing of the tie members makes it possible to amply meet building codes which require a 1 /2 inch center line to center line spacing A and a threefourths inch edge distance B for 10 penny nails and a 1% inch spacing A for 8 penny nails with a similar edge distance B of three-fourths inch.
The mudsill tiedowns of the present invention are cut from a sheet of metal forming a blank as shown in FIG. 1.
There isa minimum of waste metal since the head portion of one device lies within the tail portion of the next device. Thus edge 3 of a first device corresponds with edge 3a of a second device; side 31 lies along line 31a; line 32 along line 32a; line 10a along 10b; and line 18b along line 18a. v The blank is then folded by automatic machines in the shape shown in FIGS. 3, 4, and 5.
At the job site, the workmen may place the tiedown in one of two ways. First, they may bend the tie membersas shown in FIG. 7 and attach them to the mudsill 19 with nails 16. The mudsill may then either be suspended in the foundation forms prior to pouring of the concrete, or the foundation may be poured and then the mudsill, with several tiedowns attached, pressed into the wet concrete. A second way is to pour the concrete, then press the tiedowns into the wet concrete and after the concrete has set up, the mudsill can be placed on the foundation and the tie members of the tiedown bent around the mudsill and attached with nails.
Once the tiedowns are in place and the concrete 'has set, it is impossible to withdraw the tiedown from the concrete'foundation. The slanting sides 6 and 8 give an arrowhead effect or reverse wedge effect to prevent tion. On the other hand, where the device is placed in the concrete before attachment to the mudsill, the workman merely pushes the device down into the con-' crete until the tab rests on the top face of the foundation. I
The web 2 serves to distribute any uplift load to both embedded sides 6 and 8. In this way there is less chance of the device working loose from the concrete and failing. The web also distributes lateral loads that may be imposed as by earthquakes or side wind loads, or rotational or overturning loads. The web uniquely provides a surface for distributing longitudinal loads imposed upon the mudsill to the foundation.
The bending of the sides 8 and 6 at right angles to the web causes the member to become very rigid which in turn permits the device to be inserted into concrete without bending even when the mix is relatively dry. More importantly, the rigidity of the sides holds the tie members 10 and 18 at a preset angle so that the workmen do not have to spend time re-shaping the device before installing it. Providing a device which will maintain its shape is particularly important when several mudsill tiedowns are attached to a single mudsill and then pressed into the wet concrete. If the webs of all the devices are not parallel to one another, or if one or more devices bend while being inserted, installation of the mudsill can be very difficult.
Another form of the invention is shown in FIGS. 8 11. The alternate form is identical in all respects to the previously described mudsill tiedown except that the sides and tabs are bent in the same direction. Instead of repeating the description, like parts have given like numbers with the addition of a prime designation.
FIG. 11 shows the manner in which the device of FIGS. 8 10 encircle the mudsill. Instead of the tie members being in side by side relation, they overlie one sufficient length of tie members 10 and 18 to protrude.
When the device is attached to the mudsill 19, the bottom face of the wood member rests on the top faces of the tabs 22 and 26, thus automatically setting the depth another so that a single nail can be placed through the apertures in both tie members 10 and 18. The placement and operation of the device in FIG. 11 is similar to the previously described device.
l. A mudsill tiedown for anchorage in a concrete foundation comprising:
a. an integral web member having a face presented at right angles to the longitudinal axis of the mud sill tapering to a blunt pointed leading edge for embedment in said concrete foundation and presenting outer first and second diverging edges;
b. a first embedded side for embedment in said concrete foundation and integrally and angularly connected to said first edge of said web extending from adjacent said leading edge along substantially said entire diverging first web edge and having a width tapering in dimension toward said pointed edge of said web;
c. a second embedded side for embedment in said concrete foundation and integrally and angularly connected to said second edge of said web extending from adjacent said leading edge along substantially said entire diverging second web edge and having a width tapering in dimension toward said pointed edge of said web;
d. said first and second sides being in spaced diverging relation to one another: I
e. a first tie member disposed at right angles to said web member and extending from said first side a distance adapted for engaging the side and a substantial portion of the top face of said mudsill in a flat face to face relationship and being formed with a plurality of spaced apertures adapted for receiving nails or other fasteners therethrough, said tie a void spaced from said first and second diverging and having a shape identical to the shape of the blunt pointed leading edge of said web and a pormember being constructed from a malleable mate- 5 tion of said sides permitting progressive die cutting rial to permit bending of said tie around said side of said tiedown with a minimum of waste material,
edges of said mudsill; reducing the weight of said tiedown and said void a second tie member disposed at right angles to said providing an increased upper web edge providing web member and extending from said second side increased interlock with said concrete foundation a distance adapted for engaging the other side and 10 for resisting upward forces.
a substantial portion of the top face of said mudsill 5. A mudsill tiedown as described in claim 4 comprisin a flat face to face relationship and being formed ing:
with a plurality of spaced apertures adapted for rea. Said web member being formed with voids of subceiving nails or other fasteners therethrough, said stantial dimension permitting additional concrete tie member being constructed from a malleable interlock between said tiedown and said foundamaterial to permit bending of said tie around said tion.
other side edges of said mudsill; and 6. A mudsill tiedown as described in claim 5 comprisg. said web member having a width at its upper end ing:
subtantially greater than the widths of said tie a. said first and second tie members being formed members and a length equal to a substantial porwith ends tapering along their outer distal sides to tion of the length of said device which is embedded a blunt end edge for minimizing metal waste in in said foundation for joining said two embedded I forming said tiedown from an elongated rectangusides for a substantial portion of their respective lar strip of sheet metal, for diminishing the total lengths. weight of said tiedown, and for eliminating sharp 2. A mudsill tiedown as described in claim 1 comprisprotruding points.
ing: 7. A mudsill tiedown as described in claim 1 comprisa. a depth tab connected to the upper part of said ing:
web at a preselected distance from said pointed a. said first and second sides being bent so as to lie web edge and bent at a right angle to said web. on the same side of said web member, and said first 3. A mudsill tiedown as described in claim 2 comprisand second sides being bent to approximately the ing: same angle in relation to said web so that said tie a. said depth tab having an edge in close relation to members will fold upon each other in overlying resaid first side providing support to said side to lation permitting a single fastener to register with maintain the preselected angular relationship bean aperture with each of said tie members.
tween said side and said web-and assisting in the 8. A mudsill tiedown as described in claim 1 comprisprevention of twisting of said first tie member; and ing:
b. a second depth tab spaced from said first named a. said first and second sides being bent so as to be depth tab and connected to the upper part of said disposed at the same end of said web member but web at a preselected distance from said pointed lie on opposite sides of the plane of said web memweb edge, bent at a right angle to said web and havber, and said first and second sides being bent to ing an edge in close relation to said second side approximately the same angle in relation to said providing support to said second side. web so that said tie members will fold upon said 4. A mudsill tiedown as described in claim 1 comprismudsill and lie in side by side spaced relation to i one another without overlying one another. a. the upper portion of said web being formed with
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US908310 *||Mar 12, 1908||Dec 29, 1908||Mcdonald Mfg Company Ltd||Wall-tie.|
|US984517 *||Feb 28, 1910||Feb 14, 1911||Rudolph Rollinger||Outside wall.|
|US1578947 *||Apr 24, 1925||Mar 30, 1926||Alber Walter L||Anchor|
|US1649407 *||Feb 16, 1927||Nov 15, 1927||Isaacson William O||Anchor|
|US1741776 *||Oct 28, 1926||Dec 31, 1929||Isaacson William O||Anchor|
|US1848422 *||Jan 11, 1930||Mar 8, 1932||Isaacson William O||Anchor|
|US2172796 *||Jul 2, 1937||Sep 12, 1939||Wilhelm Krasin||Putlog support|
|US3184800 *||Oct 23, 1961||May 25, 1965||Lynn H Ewing||Rafter support|
|US3422585 *||Jul 24, 1967||Jan 21, 1969||Dismukes Wayne K||Foundation form spacer and sill fastener|
|US3750360 *||Dec 17, 1971||Aug 7, 1973||Timber Engin Co||Sill plate anchor device|
|US3782058 *||Jan 17, 1972||Jan 1, 1974||Allen Anchor Corp||Tying devices for tying wooden members to composite brick and masonry walls|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3998026 *||Jun 3, 1976||Dec 21, 1976||Allen Anchor Corporation||Tying device for tying wooden members to masonry and concrete structures|
|US4106257 *||Jun 24, 1977||Aug 15, 1978||Simpson Manufacturing Co., Inc.||Composite truss bearing clip|
|US4192118 *||Dec 13, 1978||Mar 11, 1980||Simpson Manufacturing Co., Inc.||Holdown for attaching wood framing members to concrete foundations|
|US4202149 *||May 12, 1978||May 13, 1980||Betrue Norman A Sr||Construction device|
|US4270330 *||Aug 21, 1979||Jun 2, 1981||Redland Roof Tiles Limited||Ridge batten bracket|
|US4404781 *||Dec 12, 1980||Sep 20, 1983||Simpson Strong-Tie Company, Inc.||Mud-sill anchor|
|US4413456 *||Mar 25, 1982||Nov 8, 1983||Simpson Strong-Tie Company, Inc.||Mud-sill anchor|
|US4570403 *||Oct 27, 1983||Feb 18, 1986||Cardinal Industries, Inc.||Foundations anchor for a modular building|
|US4739598 *||Feb 6, 1987||Apr 26, 1988||Silver Silver Metal Products, Inc.||Mudsill anchor|
|US5640822 *||Oct 2, 1995||Jun 24, 1997||Mastercraft Engineering||Truss anchor|
|US5813182 *||Oct 23, 1996||Sep 29, 1998||Simpson Strong-Tie Company, Inc.||Strap tie connector|
|US6101780 *||Feb 9, 1998||Aug 15, 2000||Kreidt; William||Building construction device and process|
|US6295780 *||Jan 7, 1999||Oct 2, 2001||Thomas Thompson||Sheathing tie down|
|US6510666 *||Nov 10, 2000||Jan 28, 2003||Thomas C. Thompson||Sheathing tie down|
|US6560943||Dec 14, 1999||May 13, 2003||Simpson Strong-Tie Company, Inc.||Lateral truss anchor|
|US7448171 *||Oct 27, 2005||Nov 11, 2008||The Steel Network, Inc.||Joist support structure adapted to be embedded into a foundation wall|
|US7793476 *||Oct 12, 2007||Sep 14, 2010||Sanders Steven H||Non-top supported fence installation bracket|
|US7987636||Dec 31, 2008||Aug 2, 2011||Simpson Strong-Tie Company, Inc.||Truss seat and anchor strap assembly|
|US8074422 *||Aug 25, 2004||Dec 13, 2011||Securus, Inc.||Embedded pipe hanger|
|US8484917 *||Oct 27, 2008||Jul 16, 2013||Simpson Strong-Tie Company, Inc.||Mud-sill anchor|
|US20050055960 *||Aug 25, 2004||Mar 17, 2005||O'neil Virgil E.||Embedded pipe hanger|
|US20090094931 *||Oct 12, 2007||Apr 16, 2009||Sanders Steven H||Non-top supported fence installation bracket|
|US20090165409 *||Oct 27, 2008||Jul 2, 2009||Mcclain Thomas Barth||Mud-sill Anchor|
|US20100162638 *||Dec 31, 2008||Jul 1, 2010||Andrew Paschal Hunt||Structural moisture barrier|
|US20110078967 *||Oct 5, 2009||Apr 7, 2011||Pacylowski Edward||Rim board attachment, and related assemblies and methods|
|US20120049029 *||Apr 22, 2010||Mar 1, 2012||Snecma||Single-piece bracket for aeronautical equipment|
|EP2050883A2||Oct 16, 2008||Apr 22, 2009||Simpson Strong-Tie Company, Inc.||Mud-sill anchor for embedding in concrete foundations|
|U.S. Classification||52/715, 52/370, 52/714|
|International Classification||E04B1/41, E04B1/00|
|Cooperative Classification||E04B2001/2684, E04B1/41|
|Jul 14, 1983||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: SIMPSON STRONG-TIE COMPANY, INC. 1450 DOOLITTLE DR
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNOR:SIMPSON MANUFACTURING CO., INC., A CORP. OF CA;REEL/FRAME:004162/0330
Effective date: 19830707