|Publication number||US3889692 A|
|Publication date||Jun 17, 1975|
|Filing date||Oct 16, 1974|
|Priority date||Oct 16, 1974|
|Publication number||US 3889692 A, US 3889692A, US-A-3889692, US3889692 A, US3889692A|
|Inventors||Redrow Allan Raymond|
|Original Assignee||Redrow Allan Raymond|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (3), Referenced by (11), Classifications (5)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
[ 1 June 17, 1975 ABSTRACT A hair dressing device is shown for producing a simuspective guide means, to leave each 18 C1aims, 4 Drawing Figures United States Patent Redrow HAIR DRESSING METHOD AND DEVICE  Inventor: Allan Raymond Redrow, 4990 Columbus Pike, Apt. 416, Arlington, Va. 22204  Filed: Oct. 16, 1974  Appl. No.: 515,150
Field of Search References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 10/1953 11/1969 Zaupa.....,. 10/1971 Hall HAIR DRESSING METHOD AND DEVICE BACKGROUND OF THIS INVENTION In certain areas of activities such as in food service facilities, in hospital operating rooms and possibly in other areas of activities such as in sports, or in factories where long hair on the head of a person working around machinery might become entangled with the moving parts thereof, it is desirable that the long hair be retained in a cap or other head covering. Where a cap should be used for example, in a kitchen, in sporting activities, or in an unusually warm location such as may be found frequently in factory areas, it is difficult to persuade the person involved to always keep a cap in place on his head.
Further, in some situations for appearance sake, it may be an advantage to have long hair arranged snugly or otherwise in a braided pattern around the head but with the hair uncovered. Especially in windy situations, sports, persons may prefer to have their heads fully exposed but with their long hair confined during strenuous play without having to wear a head covering or tight band to hold their hair in place.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THIS INVENTION The device here disclosed makes use of a plurality of flexible guide means that can be loosely braided together on a fixture or otherwise intertwined in the form of a desired pattern for the hair. Suitable leader means are associated with each guide as by being inserted in the guides, which leaders are each individually adapted to be attached to the free end of a collected strand of the hairs and the leader is then adapted to be pulled longitudinally through the separate guide tube in the group that has been previously been intertwined.
To use this invention, the hair to be manipulated is first combed and separated into a number of strands and the free end of each strand is engaged with one of the leaders to be drawn into and through one of the respective guide means. Each separate hair strand is thus led into the intertwined position of its guide with respect to the other guides and their hair strands. When all of the strands to be intertwined have been led into and through their respective guides their leaders are detached from the strands and the tubes are pulled longitudinally off of the free end of each strand to leave the several hair strands intertwined in the pattern that the guides originally occupied.
The guides are preferably made from flexible plastic tubing and any number of the guides may be provided to be braided or twisted into any one of a number of patterns. The simplest patterns may involve intertwining only two, three or four guides to form a simulated, plaited arrangement around the back of the head. Many other more diverse intertwisted or braided arrangements of the guides can be produced however, to hold the hair firmly but attractively organized during active sports participation or to prevent loose hair from flying around in commercial kitchens or hospitals and the like.
It is the purpose of this invention to provide a method and apparatus for intertwining strands of hair on the head of a person in a manner to hold it in place.
Another object of the invention is to provide a method and means for arranging strands of hair on the head of a person in a pre-selected artistic pattern or design to enhance the appearance of a person.
Another object of the invention is to provide a method and means for braiding hair on the head of a person in a tightly organized pattern to hold the hair confined during certain types of activities.
Another object of the invention is to provide a simple method and apparatus operable by the user for producing a hair arrangement on the users own head, that cannot be manually produced.
These and other objects will appear more fully from the specification below.
IN THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is an illustration showing a simple form of the invention, with the strands of hair about to be pulled into the intertwined guide means;
FIG. 2 is a view with one of the guides partly broken away and with one of the strands pulled completely into its respective guide means;
FIG. 3 is a view of the completed hair-do produced by the device shown in FIG. 1, with the guide means removed; and
FIG. 4 is a more complicated design showing two pairs of guides assembled in a more complicated pattern for leading four strands of hair into an intertwined position.
DETAILED DESCRIPTION In its simplest form as shown in FIG. 1, the device of this invention makes use of a pair of flexible guide elements l0 and 11. These guides are preferably made of a relatively friction-free tubular plastic material and are of such a length that they can be easily manipulated to produce any desired pattern. As shown in FIG. 1, the two tubular guides 10 and 11 are twisted together in a simple matter.
Each guide has an elongated flexible leader 12 and 13 respectively threaded longitudinally through the tube from one end to the other. The leader may be a nylon cord and each leader has a knotted end for easy engagement to provide for pulling the leader through the tube and at its opposide end each leader has an engaging means for a strand of hair such as a hook 14. A suitable spring actuated, compact clamp means or other frictional engaging device can be used in place of hook 14. The leaders are situated in the two guides as shown in FIG. 1 to pull a strand of hair one from each side of the head of the person into the guide arrangement from the opposite ends of the two intertwisted guide means.
To use the device, the hair on the head of the person to be groomed, is combed and divided into two substantially equal strands at the back and along the side of the head of the person to be groomed. The strands are preferably parted slightly as at 20 and 21 near the back of the neckand the opposite ends of the intertwined guides are inserted in these openings. The hair forming one of the strands may then be twisted loosely together to form a generally ropelike integral unit and the hairs at the end 22 of that strand may be bound together with a rubber band to be engaged in hook 14 of leader 13. Similarly, the other strand of hair is twisted loosely together in the same manner and its free end 23 is engaged in the hook 14 or other device at the end of leader 12. The end 22 of the one strand of hair is then fed into the open end of guide 11 and the leader 13 is pulled to draw the strand of hair into and through the guide. The end of the guide into which the strand is pulled, may be manually engaged to hold the guide po sitioned properly as the strand is pulled fully into its engaged position in the guide 11 as shown in FIG. 2. If necessary, engaging means may be attached to the ends of the guide means so that they can be held in position in the parted openings 20 and 21 as the second strand of hair from the other side of the head is pulled into guide 10.
When both strands of hair have been pulled into the intertwined guides, the hooks 14 may be disengaged from ends 22 and 23 of the hair strands. The strands will occupy the intertwisted pattern of their respective guides and 11 and then the tubular guides 10 and 11 may be easily removed by being slid off the free ends of the now intertwined strands of hair. The strands will then be held in the pattern as shown in FIG. 3 by their frictional engagement one with the other, with the ends 22 and 23 of the strands lodged in slits and 21 provided at the bases of the respective stands, which intertwined hair do can be if necessary, held together with bobby pins or other conventional hair holding means.
A more complicated pattern is shown in FIG. 4 wherein a portion of two guides 30 and 31 are twisted together and are supported in a manner to hold them positioned generally at right angles to the longitudinal axis of another pair of intertwined guides 32 and 33. Referring to FIG. 4, it will be noted that at about their midpoints, the guides 30 and 31 are parted and the separated ends of these guides are turned in opposide directions along the axis of guides 32 and 33 to be these guides forming the other pair to produce an integrated pattern. The assembled guides are adapted to be held at the back of the head of the person to be groomed and four strands of hair are provided for manipulation through this intertwined guide arrangement. Two strands are separated at the back of the head on opposite sides of the crown, one strand being delivered through guide 30 by means of a suitable leader and the other through guide 31 by means of its cooperating leader. On the lower portion of the head and at the back of each side thereof, separate strands are provided for delivery one from each side of the head into an opposite end of the assembled guides 32 and 33 respectively. The strands are then pulled by the leader associated with each guide into the intertwisted pattern shown in FIG. 4 whereupon the leaders may be removed and the flexible tubular guides 30, 31, 32 and 33 can each be pulled off of the respective strands, over the free end of the hair strand which was pulled into the guide.
It is apparent many designs can be created with any reasonable number of guides, limited only by the imagination of the designer, it being necessary only to intertwist the flexible guide means and their leaders in a loose enough pattern to allow the strands of hair of that particular design to be pulled into the predetermined arrangement. The design may be as simple or as complicated as desired but the arrangement should preferably be operative to intertwist the strands with a sufficient degree of frictional engagement to hold the strands intertwined for the purpose desired.
The method and means for performing the manipulative steps here described can be used by an individual without requiring any assistance for fixing hair neatly compacted against the head to hold the hair in a sanitary manner for Work in all areas where flying hair would be objectionable. Similarly, in sporting activities,
a rather tightly compacted, firm intertwisted design is preferred, one that may be further neatly held in place with light weight holding devices such as hair pins or the like. For cosmetic purposes, either a few loosely twisted guide means or an intricate design of a number of guides may be provided to inter-position several strands of hair preferably in a self supporting, artistic manner.
While the above describes the preferred form of this invention, it is apparent that many modifications thereof may occur to those skilled in the art, that will fall within the scope of the following claims.
1. A method for arranging long hair on the head of a person into an intertwined pattern comprising separating that portion of the hair to be intertwined into individual strands that are attached to the head at one end with the other end of each strand being free, delivering the separate strands through individual and intertwined guides to intertwine the strands, and removing the guides from the strands to leave the hair strands intertwined.
2. A method as in claim 1 wherein the guides are removed from the strands by sliding the guides over the free ends of the intertwined strands.
3. A method as in claim 1 wherein the guides are flexible tubular members and the tubes are removed by sliding the tubes endwise over the free ends of the strands.
4. A method as in claim 1 wherein the individual guides are elongated and have spaced-apart ends, said guides being disposed to each receive a separate strand into one of the respective spaced-apart ends of separate ones of said intertwined guides, and said strands are delivered through said separate guides.
5. A method as in claim 1 wherein a separate strand in one of said guides moves in a direction opposite to the direction of movement of another of said strands as said strands are delivered through their respective guides.
6. A method as in claim 4 wherein the intertwined guides are arranged in a braided pattern and certain of said separate strands move in opposite directions through adjacent guides relative to the movement of others of said strands in their respective guides.
7. A method as in claim 4 wherein the guides are tubular members and the individual tubes are removed by sliding the tubes endwise over the free ends of the strands.
8. A method as in claim 7 wherein the guides are flexible, tubular members arranged in a braided, intertwisted pattern and separate strands move through adjacent guides.
9. A method as in claim 8 wherein the strands move in opposite directions through adjacent guides.
10. A method as in claim 1 wherein at least one pair of guides are provided and the hair to be intertwined is divided into a number of strands equal to the number of guides.
11. A method as in claim 1 wherein at least three guides are provided and the guides are elongated flexible tubular members that are removed by sliding the members endwise over the free ends of the strands, the hair to be intertwined is divided into a number of strands equal to the number of guides and at least one of said strands moves in an opposite direction through its respective guide relative to the movement of another of said strands through its respective guide.
12. A device for arranging that portion of a long hair do on the head of the user of the device into a predetermined pattern, which portion of the hair has been divided into a plurality of individual strands attached at one end, to the head with the other end of the strand being free, comprising a plurality of individual guide means there being one guide means for each strand to be arranged, a leader means for cooperating with each of said guide means, said leader means being adapted to engage the free ends of each said respective strands to feed an individual strand through one of said guide means, said plurality of guide means being adapted to be intertwined into said predetermined pattern before said strands are fed through said guide means whereby said strands upon being fed through said guides may be fed into said predetermined pattern, said leader means being removable from the free ends of said respective strands after each strand has been fed to an intertwined relation forming a part of said predetermined pattern, and said guide means being adapted to be removed from the intertwined strands of hair.
13. A device as in claim 12 wherein said guide means are elongated tubular means and said leaders are individual elongated hair strand engaging means for extending through the tubular means.
14. A device as in claim 12 wherein said guides and leaders are flexible.
15. A device as in claim 12 wherein said guide means are slippery tubular elements.
16. A device as in claim 12 wherein said guide means includes a plurality of pairs of elongated guide means being intertwined to extend in the same general direction, and at least one pair of said elongated guide means being intertwined with each other and said number of elongated guide means to extend in another direction at an appreciable angle with respect to said general direction.
17. A device as in claim 16 wherein two pairs of elongated guide means are intertwined, one of said pairs being intertwined to extend in one general direction, and a portion of the other of said pairs being intertwined to extend in a direction at right angles to said general direction, and the remaining portion of said other of said pair of guide means being braided together with said one pair to extend in said general direction.
18. A device as in claim 17 wherein the remaining portion of said other of said pair of guide means is divided to extend in opposite directions and is joined to the middle portion of said one pair to extend in said general direction and to be braided together with opposite ends of said one pair.
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|US3476122 *||Nov 29, 1967||Nov 4, 1969||Zaupa Attilio||Hairpiece|
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|US5881736 *||Feb 10, 1997||Mar 16, 1999||Turner; Pamela J.||Apparatus and method for decorating hair|
|WO1993005677A1 *||Sep 14, 1992||Apr 1, 1993||Beneditis Alfredo De||Method and device for use in treating hair|
|WO1995022267A1 *||Feb 15, 1995||Aug 24, 1995||Pavel Petrovich Kirsanov||Method of doing up hair|
|WO1996002161A1 *||Jan 23, 1995||Feb 1, 1996||Wonder Weave Corp||Hair braiding device and method|
|U.S. Classification||132/210, 132/223|