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Publication numberUS3890151 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJun 17, 1975
Filing dateAug 7, 1973
Priority dateAug 7, 1972
Also published asDE2339594A1, DE2339594B2, DE2339594C3
Publication numberUS 3890151 A, US 3890151A, US-A-3890151, US3890151 A, US3890151A
InventorsAkiyama Masanori, Suzuki Takeshi, Tanaka Hiroshi
Original AssigneeTokyo Shibaura Electric Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Method for making electroluminescent screens for color cathode-ray tubes of continuous phosphor stripes
US 3890151 A
Abstract
An electroluminescent screen comprising a plurality of continuous phosphor stripes running the length of the screen formed on a panel for a color cathode-ray tube by applying film containing photosensitive material onto the panel. A shadow mask is attached to the panel, and the mask and film are irradiated by light from a light source.
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent 1191 Suzuki et a1.

[ METHOD FOR MAKING ELECTROLUMINESCENT SCREENS FOR COLOR CATIIODE-RAY TUBES OF CONTINUOUS PHOSPHOR STRIPES {75] Inventors: Takeshi Suzuki; Hiroshi Tanaka,

both of Fukaya; Masanori Akiyarna, Honjo, all of Japan [73] Assignee: Tokyo Shibaura Electric Co., Ltd., Kawasaki, Japan 221 Filed: Aug. 7, 1973 21 Appl. No.: 386,317

Primary ExaminerN0rman G. Torchin Assistant Examiner-Edward C. Kimlin Attorney, Agent, or Firm-Schuyler, Birch, Swindler, McKie & Beckett 1 1 June 17,1975

[57] ABSTRACT An electroluminescent screen comprising a plurality of continuous phosphor stripes running the length of the screen formed on a panel for a color cathode-ray tube by applying film containing photosensitive material onto the panel. A shadow mask is attached to the panel, and the mask and film are irradiated by light from a light source,

The shadow mask has on its concave face which faces the light source apertures arranged in substantially parallel rows, the apertures along the length of each of the rows being separated from each other by thin beam-intercepting bridge portions. The area on the shadow mask irradiated by the light is limited to cover only a part of the length of the rows of apertures by a shield plate having an opening for limiting the path of the light.

The shield plate is moved so as to move the irradiated area on the shadow mask along the length of the rows of the apertures. The light source has sufficient length in the lengthwise direction of the rows of apertures to produce on the film the bright image of the apertures, each image being expanded to be connected with the adjacent bright images of the apertures on either side along the length of the rowv The light source is gradually inclined synchronously with the moving of the irradiated area on the shadow mask, to always be kept substantially parallel to the rows of apertures in the irradiated area.

6 Claims, 10 Drawing Figures METHOD FOR MAKING ELECTROLUMINESCENT SCREENS FOR COLOR CATHODE-RAY TUBES OF CONTINUOUS PHOSPI-IOR STRIPES BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION This invention relates to the manufacture of electroluminescent screens for color cathode-ray tubes, in particular to the exposure of panels for the color cathode-ray tubes, for making electroluminescent screens thereon.

DESCRIPTION OF PRIOR ART Conventional color cathode-ray tubes employ an electroluminescent screen consisting of circular phosphors dots surrounded by light-absorbing material, and a shadow mask having a circular aperture corresponding to each triad of the phosphor dots. These conventional color cathode-ray tubes have some difficulties such as complexity in structure and manufacture of the tubes, necessity of many attachments to tubes, and necessity of particular consideration being given to electron beam landing tolerance.

A color cathode-ray tube of a new type, called inline gun type, has been developed to eliminate such difficulties. It employs an electroluminescent screen, a shadow mask and three electron guns of the following configurations. The electroluminescent screen of this new tube consists of vertical stripes of blue, green and red-emitting phosphors arranged in parallel with each other, and stripes of light-absorbing material placed between and adjoining the phosphor stripes. Each of the stripes of phosphor and light-absorbing material runs the vertical length of the screen. The shadow mask of this new tube has long, small-width apertures, for limiting the path of electron beams, arranged in rows corresponding to the phosphor stripes of the screen. The apertures on each of the rows are separated from each other by a bridge portion to maintain the mechanical strength of the mask. The three electron guns of this new tube are placed horizontally adjacent in a so-called in-line" configuration.

This newly developed color cathode'ray tube, however, has some disadvantages. The electroluminescent screen of this new tube is made by a well-known photographic method, using photosensitive resin on the surface of the panel for the tube, the above mentioned shadow mask having long apertures, and a light source for projecting bright images of the apertures of the shadow mask onto the surface of the panel. Though there are bridge portions at which the light beam is intercepted in the row of apertures, the phosphor stripe which is to be formed on the panel surface by the bright image of the apertures must be continuous throughout the vertical length of the screen. By using a long light source elongated parallel to the aperture row, a continuous stripelike bright image corresponding to the whole length of the row is acquired: the dark image of the bridge portion which is projected on the panel by the light beam from an end of the light source is overlapped by a bridge imageof the light beam coming through the aperture made from another end of the light source. In rectangular color cathode-ray tubes, the stripes of bright images of apertures produced on the panel as above are sufficiently straight and uniform in width on and near the vertical and horizontal axes of the panel face. But, in the corner regions of the panel face, the stripes of bright image become considerably zigzagged and ununiform in width. Consequently, phosphor stripes in the corner regions are zigzagged and ununiform in width, resulting in a decrease in quality of picture produced by the screen.

We have found that the zigzag form of the stripe images produced on the corner regions of the panel is due to the angular difference between the face of the shadow mask in the lengthwise direction of the aperture rows and the light source. As a result, we have improved the method of manufacture of electrolumi nescent screens for the tubes, using an improved manufacturing apparatus to obtain cathode-ray tubes of better quality.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION According to this invention, in-line type tri-color cathode-ray tubes of highly improved characteristics can be obtained, the electroluminescent screen having very straight phosphor stripes, electron beam landing tolerance being very small over' the whole area of the screen, adjustment of the tube being simple and easy, and the picture produced by the screen being clear and of high quality both in colors and whiteness.

Accordingly, an object of this invention is to provide an improved method of making electroluminescent screens for color cathode-ray tubes of the in-line type in which there is substantially no zigzag form of phosphor stripes.

Another object of this invention is to provide apparatus for making such electroluminescent screens.

These and other objects are accomplished by providing an electroluminescent screen comprising a plurality of continuous phosphor stripes running the length of the screen formed on a panel for a color cathode-ray tube by applying film containing photosensitive material onto the panel. A shadow mask is attached to the panel and the mask and film are irradiated by light from a light source.

The shadow mask has on its concave face which faces the light source apertures arranged in substantially parallel rows, the apertures along the length of each of the rows being separated from each other by thin-beamintercepting bridge portions. The area on the shadow mask irradiated by the light is limited to cover only a part of the length of the rows of apertures by a shield plate having an opening for limiting the path of the li ht.

The shield plate is moved so as to move the irradiated area on the shadow mask along the length of the rows of the apertures. The light source has sufficient length in the lengthwise direction of the rows of apertures to produce on the film the bright image of the apertures, each image being expanded to be connected with the adjacent bright images of the apertures on either side along the length of the row. The light source is gradually inclined synchronously with the moving of the irradiated area on the shadow mask, to always be kept sub stantially parallel to the rows of apertures in the irradiated area.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS The above objects, features and advantages of this invention will be apparent from the following descrip tion taken in connection with the accompanying drawings wherein:

FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a color cathode-ray tube employing an electroluminescent screen made according to the invention;

FIG. 2 is a fragmentary perspective view of the electroluminescent screen, the shadow mask and the electron guns of the tube of FIG. 1;

FIG. 3 is a schematic elevational view. partially in section, of an exposing apparatus according to the invention, and a panel of a color cathode-ray tube set up thereon;

FIG. 4 is an elevational view of a light source and the attached mechanism of the apparatus of FIG. 3;

FIG. 5 is a schematic elevational view of part of the apparatus of FIG. 3, showing a shadow mask, a long light source, and a graph showing the distribution of the energy of the light;

FIG. 6 is a plan diagram illustrating the irradiated area on the shadow mask according to the invention;

FIG. 7 is a diagram illustrating the curvature of a shadow mask;

FIG. 8 comprises fragmentary views explaining the process of manufacturing the electroluminescent screen according to the invention;

FIG. 9 is a plan view of the electroluminescent screen manufactured according to the invention;

FIG. 10 is a fragmentary view of the electroluminescent screen and the shadow mask according to an embodiment of the invention.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION FIG. I and FIG. 2 show a tri-color cathode ray tube ofinline gun type. A rectangular-shaped glass panel 21 has, on the inner concave surface of its face plate, an electroluminescent screen 22 consisting of alternating light-absorbing stripes 23 and elemental phosphor stripes 24R, 24G, 248, as will he described in particular hereinafter, arranged in parallel to the vertical or Y axis of the face plate. A shadow mask 25 of a shape substantially corresponding to the panel is fixed face to face with the concave surface thereof inside the panel 21. The panel 21 is fixed to a glass funnel 26 to construct an evacuated envelope for the tube. The funnel 26 has, in its neck portion, three electron guns 27 for emitting three electron beams 28 toward the screen 22, aligned side by side in a plane containing the X axis of the panel. A means 29 for converging the electron beams is placed ahead of the guns 27. A means 30 for deflecting the electron beams is attached around a portion of the funnel 26.

The shadow mask 25 has, looking at its concave face from the guns 27, a number of long, smallwidth apertures 31 for limiting the path of electron beams. These apertures 31 are arranged in rows parallel to the vertical or Y axis of the face. The apertures 31 in each of the rows are aligned lengthwise, as if a very long opening of the same width as that of the aperture is divided into many apertures by narrow bridge portions 32 of about l mm in width, for example.

To make an electroluminescent screen, the panel 21 with the shadow mask 25 attached thereon is placed with its inner surface downward on the top of an exposing box 41 in a position determined by stoppers 42, as shown in FIG. 3. On the bottom of the box 41, there is provided a light source assembly 43 for projecting light onto the inner surface of the panel 21 through the shadow mask 25. Between the light source assembly 43 and the panel 21 there is provided a lens 44 for correcting the path of the light beam from the light source assembly 43. A filter 45 for correcting distribution of the light in co-operation with the lens 44 may be provided, if desired.

The light source assembly 43 has, as shown in FIG. 4, a lamp such as a mercury lamp 46 enclosed in a lamp house 47 which has a long, narrow window 48 in its top for the adjustment of the path of light projected from the lamp 46 toward the top of the box 41. The window 48 has a sufficient length parallel to the row of apertures 31 of the shadow mask 25, so that the dark images of the bridge portions 32 appaering on the panel 21 due to the light projected through an end of the window 48 are overlapped by the neighbouring bright images of the apertures 31 made by a light projected through another end of the window, a continuous stripe-like bright image of uniform light intensity being obtained, as shown in FIG. 5.

Lines 49 show the distribution of intensity of light on the panel 21 produced by the light from lamp 48. Thus a straight and continuous stripe-like bright image of a length corresponding to the length of the row of apertures of the shadow mask and of substantially uniform intensity of light is obtained on the panel. The window 48 of the lamp house is preferably of a long slit-shape, but may be of any other shape which can produce such a continuous stripe-like bright image as described above.

The lamp house 47 is rotatably supported on a housing 51 by a pair of supports 52. In the housing 51, there are provided earns 53, 54 rotated by a motor 55. The lamp house 47 is swingingly rotated around a supporting axis 56, in a plane containing the longitudinal axis of the window 48 and substantially perpendicular to the shadow mask, by a spring 57 and connection rod 58 which is driven by the cam 53.

Above the lamp house 47, there is provided a shield plate 59 which has a long and narrow slit-like opening 60, the longitudinal axis of which is perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of the window 48, that is, parallel to the X axis of the shadow mask 25. The shield plate 59 serves to limit the path of the light from the lamp 46 so that an area 61 on the shadow mask 25 irradiated by the light which comes from the window 48 through the opening 60 may have a predetermined limited length in the Y axis direction of the shadow mask 25 so as to cover only a portion of the length of the mask 25, as shown in FIG. 6. The irradiated area 61 of the mask 25 has a sufficient width in the direction of the X axis to cover the horizontal length (i.e., the width) of the mask. The shield plate 59 is preferably placed close to the shadow mask 25. The shield plate 59 is driven back and forth in the lengthwise direction of the window 48, that is, parallel to the Y axis of the shadow mask 25, by a spring 62 and a connection rod 63 which is driven by the cam 54.

The two earns 53, 54 rotate with a definite mutual relation, and the lamp house 47 slantingly rotates in a definite relation with the movement of the shield plate 59. A suitable speed adjusting means may be applied, between the motor 55 and the earns 53, 54, for instance, to vary the rotating speed of the lamp house 47 and the moving speed of the shield plate 59.

With the movement of the shield plate 59, the irradiated area 61 on the shadow mask 25 moves in the Y axis direction, and, at the same time, the lamp house 47 rotates to vary gradually its slant angle so that the window 48 can be always kept substantially parallel to the Y axis direction slant of the shadow mask in the light irradiated area 61.

FIG. 7 shows a quarter of the concave surface, limited by the X and Y axes, of a shadow mask widely used for color cathode-ray tubes. Figures at cross points of equal-interval horizontal lines 64 and vertical lines 65 show slant angles in the Y axis direction of the mask surface with the X-Y plane at the cross points respectively. Shadow masks are formed symmetrically with respect to the X and Y axes. As taught by FIG. 7, the

a slant angle on each horizontal line of the mask is substantially uniform. Accordingly, the lamp house 47 which is inclined at the slant angle at one of the cross points will be substantially parallel to the mask surface all along the horizontal line which contains said cross point.

The exposure of the panel is obtained by moving the shield plate 59 along as the lamp house 47 rotates, the irradiated area 61 on the shadow mask moving over the full length of the mask in its Y axis direction. When the shadow mask is very large, or when the shadow mask has a substantial curvature in the X axis direction, the exposure may be done with good effect by dividing the whole area of the mask 25 into several sections as shown by broken lines parallel to the Y axis in FIG. 6, and irradiating the respective sections in succession.

An electroluminescent screen on the panel is made by the following process using the above described apparatus.

A photosensitive resin film 71 consisting, for example, of polyvinyl alchohol activated with dichromate (hereinafter called PVA) is applied to the inner surface of a panel 21 as shown by FIG. 8(A).

Then, a shadow mask 25 is attached to the panel 21, and this panel-mask assembly is set on the exposing box to expose the panel surface to the light through the shadow mask 25, as shown by FIG. 8 (B). The exposure is done three times: first with the light source located at a first position corresponding to blue-emitting phosphor stripes; secondly, with the light source at a second position corresponding to green-emitting stripes; and thirdly with the light source at a third position corresponding to red-emitting stripes.

Then, the panel 21 is removed from the shadow mask and is treated with developing solution to form PVA stripes 72 as shown by FIG. 8 (C). All of these stripes 72 are continuous, straight and uniform in width throughout the whole predetermined length of the panel in the Y axis direction.

Then, a film of light-absorbing material such as carbon 73 is applied to the surface of the panel 21 as shown by FIG. 8 (D).

Then, after dissolving the PVA stripes 72 underlying the film 73 with a solution such as peroxide water, the light-absorbing material which overlies the PVA stripes 72 is removed together with the PVA stripes by hot water spraying, so that only light-absoring stripes 23 remain on the panel 21 as shown by FIG. 8 (E), All of these stripes 23 are continuous, straight and uniform in width throughout the whole predetermined length of the panel in the Y axis direction.

The light-absorbing stripes having been made as above, then the phosphor stripes are made according to the following steps.

A film of phosphor slurry consisting of dichromateactivated PVA solution and red-emitting phosphor 6 powder 74 is applied to the inner surface of panel 21 as shown by FIG. 8 (F).

Then, after attaching the shadow mask 25 to the panel, the panel 21 is exposed to the light by the use of the described exposing apparatus with the light source so located as to irradiate the gap portions between the light-absorbing stripes 23 at every third interval as shown by FIG. 8 (G) The projected light must cover the full width of each gap.

Then, after removed from the shadow mask, the panel 21 is treated with developing solution to form red-emitting phosphor stripes 24R which fill the gaps between the adjacent light-absorbing stripes 23 as shown by FIG. 8 (H).

This exposure for making phosphor stripes may also be accomplished by using conventional exposing apparatus in place of the above mentioned apparatus, because effective phosphor stripes formed in the gaps are limited in their width by the adjoining light-absorbing stripes 23, even if the phosphor overlaps the lightabsorbing stripes.

Blue-emitting phosphor stripes and green-emitting phosphor stripes are formed in the same manner as above, except that the blue-emitting stripes are made in the gaps adjacent to the gaps having the red-emitting stripes, and the green-emitting stripes are located in the gaps adjacent to the blue-emitting stripe gaps, by locating the light source at the positions corresponding to the blue and green-emitting stripes respectively.

An electroluminescent screen 22 made on the inner surface of the panel in the above described manner consists of the light-absorbing stripes 23 and the red, green and blue-emitting phosphor stripes 24R, 24G, 24B arranged in succession and filling the gaps between the light-absorbing stripes, as shown in FIG. 2. All of these stripes are straight, uniform in width and parallel over the whole area of the screen 22 as shown in FIG. 9. With the method or apparatus of the prior art, the stripes were zigzagged in the corner portions which are far from both X and Y axes.

In the above described embodiment, the lightabsorbing stripes 23 are so made that the width of gap between them (ds) is smaller than the width of the aperture 31 of the shadow mask (dm), as shown in FIG. 10.

With the use of this exposing apparatus, an electroluminescent screen which consists only of phosphor stripes can also be made, the phosphor stripes of which are straight, uniform in width and continuous throughout the vertical length of the screen, by employing the above described steps for making phosphor stripes.

What is claimed is:

I. In a method of making an electro-luminescent screen for a color cathode ray tube comprising a plurality of separate color fields of continuous vertical stripes disposed on the viewing panel of said electroluminescent screen, each of said color fields being defined by exposure of said panel to a light source through a shadow mask, the light projected through said mask onto said panel producing a developable image of each said color fields on said panel, the steps comprising:

a. applying a film containing photosensitive material having a predetermined solvency in response to incident light onto the panel for the cathode-tay tube;

b. attaching to said panel a shadow mask with a concave face having a number of beam-passable aperlocating a light source to irradiate an area of said shadow mask on the opposite side of said shadow mask at a position representing the location of the electron gun in said cathode ray tube used to illuminate each said color field, projecting the light from said source through said mask on said film on said panel in a pattern comprising images defined by said apertures of said shadow mask, controlling the light projected by said light source to limit said lighted area in length in the direction of said rows of apertures, the apertures within said lighted area having a nearly equal angle of inclination with respect to the vertical axis of said screen, said light source having a sufficient effective length to produce on said film an image of each aperture so expanded in the lengthwise direction of the rows of the apertures as to overlap the image of each adjacent aperture in the lengthwise direction of each of the rows thereby obtaining images of the continuous vertical stripes of each said color field along the length of each of said rows on said panel film, and

d. controlling said light source to move said irradiated area on the shadow mask along the length of the rows of the apertures while inclining said light source to keep the longitudinal axis thereof substantially parallel to a line drawn tangent to the apertures in the irradiated area of said shadow mask.

2. A method according to claim I wherein said irradiated area on the shadow mask has a sufficient width to cover all of the rows of apertures.

3. A method according to claim I wherein said irradiated area on the shadow mask is limited to a short width to cover a portion of the rows of apertures, and the irradiation of all the rows of apertures is obtained by repeatedly performing the moving of the irradiated area and the inclining 0f the light source for every portion of the rows on the shadow mask.

4. A method according to claim 1 wherein said irradi- 5. A method as claimed in claim 1 wherein said photosensitive material comprises a photosensitive resin.

6. A method as claimed in claim 5 wherein said photosensitive material comprises a dichromate activated PVA solution.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
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US3667947 *Sep 4, 1970Jun 6, 1972Sylvania Electric ProdColor crt screen exposure method
US3725106 *Oct 30, 1970Apr 3, 1973Matsushita Electronics CorpMethod and apparatus of making color cathode ray tube
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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3993487 *Feb 18, 1975Nov 23, 1976Matsushita Electronics CorporationMethod for manufacture of color television picture tubes using rotating light source
US4020493 *Nov 21, 1975Apr 26, 1977Zenith Radio CorporationPhotographic master for use in screening a color cathode ray tube
US4021239 *May 17, 1976May 3, 1977Sony CorporationTransparent
US4059834 *Mar 10, 1975Nov 22, 1977Matsushita Electronics CorporationLight exposing apparatus for forming a phosphor screen of a cathode ray tube
US4256390 *Mar 20, 1980Mar 17, 1981Gte Products CorporationCathode ray tube screen exposure system
US4475797 *Jul 30, 1982Oct 9, 1984Zenith Electronics CorporationFor use in fabricating a screen of a color cathode ray tube
US4516841 *Aug 19, 1983May 14, 1985Rca CorporationMethod for screening line screen slit mask color picture tubes
US4568162 *Dec 10, 1984Feb 4, 1986Rca CorporationMethod for screening line screen slit mask color picture tubes
US4590137 *Mar 30, 1984May 20, 1986Rca CorporationMethod and apparatus for screening line screen slit mask color picture tubes
US4634247 *Dec 19, 1985Jan 6, 1987Rca CorporationMethod for screening line screen slit mask color picture tubes
US4770962 *Mar 14, 1986Sep 13, 1988North American Philips CorporationMonochrome cathode ray tube for use as a color reference
US5085958 *Aug 29, 1990Feb 4, 1992Samsung Electron Devices Co., Ltd.Manufacturing method of phosphor film of cathode ray tube
US6020679 *Mar 25, 1998Feb 1, 2000Nec CorporationShadow mask type color cathode ray tube and shadow mask
DE3430395A1 *Aug 17, 1984Mar 7, 1985Rca CorpVerfahren zur bildschirmherstellung bei schlitzmasken-farbbildroehren mit linienrasterschirm
DE3643113A1 *Dec 17, 1986Jun 25, 1987Rca CorpVerfahren zur herstellung eines linienrasterschirms einer schlitzmasken-farbbildroehre
Classifications
U.S. Classification430/24, 430/26, 396/546
International ClassificationH01J31/10, H01J9/227, H01J31/20, H01J29/07
Cooperative ClassificationH01J31/206, H01J9/2272, H01J29/07
European ClassificationH01J31/20B2D, H01J9/227B2, H01J29/07