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Publication numberUS3892917 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJul 1, 1975
Filing dateOct 3, 1972
Priority dateOct 7, 1971
Publication numberUS 3892917 A, US 3892917A, US-A-3892917, US3892917 A, US3892917A
InventorsSotome Hiromi
Original AssigneeNippon Musical Instruments Mfg
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Speaker system for multichannel stereosignal reproduction
US 3892917 A
Abstract
This invention relates to a multichannel stereosignal reproduction system in which a pair of speaker devices each comprising at least two speakers in a speaker box are provided. Left and right signals are applied to the two speakers, respectively, in such manner that the left and right signals are mutually in opposite phase between the speakers in one of the speaker devices and speakers in the other of the speaker devices, and wherein sound wave outputs from these speakers are composed spatially. Further the signal from one of said two speakers which is opposite in phase to the signal from the other of said two speakers may be adjusted in terms of the level of its antiphase component.
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United States Patent Sotome July 1, 1975 SPEAKER SYSTEM FOR MULTICHANNEL STEREOSIGNAL REPRODUCTION [75] Inventor: Hiromi Sotome, Hamamatsu, Japan [73] Assignee: Nippon Gakki Seizo Kabushiki Kaisha, l-lamamatsu, Japan [22] Filed: Oct. 3, 1972 [21] Appl.No.: 294,613

[30] Foreign Application Priority Data Nov. 25, 1971 Japan 46-94652 Oct. 7, 1971 Japan..., 46-92395 Oct. 7, 1971 Japan 46-92396 [52] US. Cl. 179/1GQ; 179/1 GA; 179/81 13 [51] Int. Cl. H04r 5/00 [58] Field of Search 179/1 GO, 1 GP, 1 G; 181/31 B [56] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 3,164,676 l/l965 Brunner 179/1 G 3,477,540 11/1969 Rizo-Patron 181/31 B 3,478,167 11/1969 Sorkin... 179/1 CA 3,588,355 6/1971 Holm r 179/1 GP 3,637,938 l/l972 Kuhlow 179/1 G 3,697,692 10/1972 Hafler 179/1 00 3,737,581 6/1973 Horigome 179/1 G Primary Examiner-Kathleen H. Claffy Assistant Examiner-Thomas DAmico Attorney, Agent, or Firm-Cushman, Darby & Cushman [57] ABSTRACT This invention relates to a multichannel stereosignal reproduction system in which a pair of speaker devices each comprising at least two speakers in a speaker box are provided. Left and right signals are applied to the two speakers, respectively, in such manner that the left and right signals are mutually in opposite phase between the speakers in one of the speaker devices and speakers in the other of the speaker devices, and wherein sound wave outputs from these speakers are composed spatially. Further the signal from one of said two speakers which is opposite in phase to the signal from the other of said two speakers may be adjusted in terms of the level of its antiphase component.

Further, the speakers within each speaker device to be supplied with signals opposite in phase to each other may be placed opposite to each other in a spaced relationship and by providing a sound wave reflector within the space between these opposed speakers, sound wave outputs from the speakers can be composed spatially. In this case the composite output will be radiated uniformly, with directivity being thus eliminated.

6 Claims, 14 Drawing Figures w! 1 m5 8 9 2 7 SHEET 3 9 FIG. I l

25 25A S u.) sum ///m1 fi1// Z M SP1 lino Q '0 UR) K 2l(2IA,2lB)

T4 $2 (-R) (-L) (R) FI'c SPEAKER SYSTEM FOR MULTICHANNEL STEREOSIGNAL REPRODUCTION BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention This invention relates to a reproduction system of multichannel stereosignals.

2. Description to the prior art Systems for attaining the reproduction of multichannel stereo-signal can be divided primarily into three, namely the discrete, matrix and quasi multichannel systerns. The discrete system is the one under which all the processes from recording to reproduction are separated correspondingly to the channels, this system also being called the 444 system. Concerning the matrix system, an SQ system (with logics) and a Scheiber system are available, and of which the latter is taken up presently, which is in principle similar to the speaker matrix. Regarding the quasi multichannel system, two types are available, one being an acoustic reverberation addition type and the other, a magnetic re verberation addition type. That is, the three systems mentioned above are now mainly employed for the transmission system from recording to reproduction.

As for the conventional 4-channel stereo systems, first of all a quasi four-channel system as shown in FIG. I is available. In this system, ordinary two-channel left and right stereosignals L, R are taken out as they are from the front output terminals F F respectively, while differential signals L-R and R-L of the stereosignals L, R are formed by way of the matrix circuit A and are taken out from the rear output terminals R, R These signals are supplied, as shown in FIG. 2, to the left and right front speakers 5,, S as well as the left and right rear speakers S provided at the corners of the listening room 10, whereby the listener M in the abovementioned listening room can hear the quasi fourchannel stereo sound similar to a real four-channel stereo sound,

In addition, a matrix four-channel stereo system as shown in FIG. 3 is also available as a conventional one. In this system, left and right signals F F for front speakers and left and right signals R R for rear speakers are converted by means of an encoder E into binary signals L =(F, +R +BF aR R -=(F,,.+R, +BF, -ozR, These signals, which are then put into a decoder D along with a subcarrier signal SC by way of the signal transmission line F such as a stereorecord or FM stereobroadcasting network, etc., from whose output terminals T T and T T are taken out left and right signals L aR R ++a for front speakers and left and right signals L BR R BL for rear speakers respectively. These signals are supplied to the left and right front speakers 5,, S and left and right rear speakers 5,, S, shown in FIG. 2, whereby the listener M in the listening room can hear a real fourchannel stereo sound of full attendance at the scene.

As, however, in these systems the left and right signals R,, R L- -raR R',+01L L -BB and R BL are composed electrically by means ofthe matrix circuit or the encoder and decoder, they become expensive and complicated, having the disadvantage that these Conventional systems cannot be easily and inexpensively employed.

SUMMARY OF INVENTION By use of the multichannel stereosignal reproduction system according to this invention it is possible to attain the following objects:

I. There is provided a speaker system suitable for re production of four-channel stereo and in particular, one in which at least two, first and second, speakers are provided in a signal rear speaker box and left and right stereosignals are applied in mutually opposite phase to the first and second speakers, respectively and sound waves of these signals are composed spatially to obtain rear sound of four-channel stereo.

2. Further, left and right stereosignals are applied inphase to first and second speakers in the front speaker box and a level adjustment is made of those signal components in the left or right signal. Left and right stereosignals are applied in mutually opposite phase to first and second speakers in the rear speaker box and a level adjustment is made of the antiphase components in the left or right signal. By composing sound waves of these signals, front and rear sound waves of four-channel stereo are obtained.

3. Moreover, a plurality of speakers are placed oppositely in a single speaker box, interposing an acous tic reflector between them, and left and right stereosignals are applied in mutually opposite phase to the respective speakers, thus shortening the spatial mixing distance of the sound waves of these signals and eliminating directly to obtain rear sound of four-channel stereo.

4. In applying the techniques described above, a

novel four-channel stereoproduction system is provided. According to an embodiment of this invention, for the purpose of achieving a fourchannel stereo reproduction simply, there is provided a decoder system in which a plurality of speakers are provided in each stereo rear speaker box and left and right stereo signals are applied in mutually op posite phase to these speakers and at the same time, these antiphase components are adjusted in terms of level. The resultant sound waves are composed spatially, thus obtaining rear sound waves of the four-channel stereo. While the left and right signals are applied in-phase to a plurality of speakers within each from speaker box respectively, level adjustment is made of those signal components in the left or right signal alone, and sound waves of these signals are composed spatially to obtain front sound waves of the fourchannle stereo.

In addition, according to this invention, an opening for sound emission is provided near the center of the stereo rear speaker box and a fanwise sound wave reflector is provided in the middle of the opening, with two speakers being placed oppositely with respect to the sound wave reflector in between them. Left and right signals are applied in mutually opposite phase to these speakers and sound waves of these signals from the abovementioned two speakers are composed spa tially by way of the aforesaid reflector to obtain rear sound waves of the four channel stereo,

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION FIG, I is a drawing explaining the principle of the transmission system in an artificial four-channel systern.

FIG. 2 is a drawing of the formation of reproduction field in a listening room.

FIG. 3 is a drawing of the principle of the transmission system under a matrix four-channel system.

FIG. 4 is a perspective view of an example of the speaker device employed in this invention.

FIG. 5 is a drawing of speaker arrangement in a lis tening room showing an example of application of this invention FIG. 6 is a perspective view showing another embodiment of the speaker device employed according to this invention.

HO 7 is a schematic drawing illustrating the operations of the speakers.

FIG. 8 is a perspective view showing an example of the speaker device employed in this invention.

FIG. 9 is a sectional view of the speaker device shown in FIG. 8.

FIG. 10 is a perspective view showing an example of the sound wave reflector to be employed for the speaker device shown in FIG. 8.

FIG 11 is a view of a speaker arrangement within a listening room showing an example of the application of this invention.

FIG. I2 is a perspective view showing another embodiment of the speaker employed in this invention.

FIG. 13 is a perspective view showing another embodiment of the sound wave reflector to be employed for the speaker device shown in FIG. 12.

FIG. I4 is a view of speaker arrangement in a listening room employing the speaker devices shown in FIG. 4 or 8.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS In FIG. 4 reference numeral 11 (11A or 11B) represents a speaker box which is provided with a first speaker SP and a second speaker SP These first and second speakers are the same or similar in their electroacoustic characteristics.

In the case of a practical application, as shown in FIG. 5 the aforesaid speaker boxes 11A, 11B are placed at the left and right rear positions of the listening room 10, respectively (for convenience of illustration. SP and SP are arranged side by side in the figure). The first speakers SP SP in these boxes 11A. 11B are individually connected in parallel (or in series) with the left and right front speakers 5., S provided at the left and right front positions of the listening room 10. The left and right signals L, R are supplied to their terminals T,. T; respectively.

On the other hand, to the terminals T T connected to the second speakers SP SP within the speaker boxes 11A, 11B are supplied signals R. -L which are opposite in phase to the left and right stereosignals L, R supplied to the speakers SP,, SP.

When used as above. the acoustic effect is as shown in FIG. 7, that is. where the distance between the first speaker SP. and the second speaker SP is 1' on the one part and the distance between each of these speakers and the listening point P is 10 on the other. there is the relation I t. l A (A: Wavelength of sound wave heard). Then the left signal L (or the right signal RI and the antiphase signal R of the right signal (or the antiphase signal l. of the left signal) are not separately audible at the listening point P. but sound waves of the spatially composed differential signal l.R tor R-L) corresponding to the difference between left and right signals I- and R are audible. and accordingly. the listener M in FIG. 5 can hear a four-channel stereo sound having the same effect as under the aforesaid conventional systems.

In the meantime, the rear speaker box applicable according to this invention wont be limited to the one shown in FIG. 4, that is, as shown in FIG. 6, 4 speakers 1, 2, 3 and 4 are provided in a single speaker box 12. The stereo left signal L (or right signal R) and the antiphase signal R of the stereo right signal (or antiphase signal -L of the left signal) can be applied to l, 4 and 2, 3 respectively. in which case, compared with two speakers provided in one box as in FIG. 4, the sense of separation is reduced further, enabling one to enjoy a four-channel stereo reproduction sounding quite natu ral.

In the meantime, in each of the aforesaid embodi ments, the absolute values lL-Rl and lRLl of spatially composed waves are considerably smaller than the acoustic output available when applying the same signals (inphase signals) to two speakers and therefore it isnt necessary to comply with the established conventional theory: When providing 2 speakers having the same or similar characteristics within a single speaker box. the speaker box should be doubled in volume, and an effective volume about 1.0 to l.S times that of an ordinary speaker box will suffice.

Further, in connection with the above-mentioned embodiment it has been described that the antiphase signal R of the right signal (or the antiphase signal L of the left signal) is supplied to the speaker SP but instead of applying the antiphase signal R (or L). the right signal R (or the left signal L) may be supplied as it is by making the connection of the voice coil of the speaker SP reverse to that of the speaker SP A means to shorten the distance L, required for spatial mixing described above will now be explained in the following.

In FIGs 8 and 9 reference numeral 21 (21A or 218) is a vertically long speaker box and an opening 22 for sound emission is provided near the middle part thereof, while a fanwise sound wave reflector 23 as shown in FIG. 10 is provided horizontally in the middle part of the opening 22 and two speakers SP,, SP are piaced opposite to each other in a spaced relationship by way of baffle plates 24A. 248 with the sound wave reflector being in between them, and sound waves from each of these speakers are emitted around by the re flector 23 through the opening 22. As for the speakers SP SP those speakers having the asme or similar electroacoustic characteristics are employed. Further, if one provides the sound-passing holes 25a, 25b in the top and bottom plates 25A. 25B of the speaker box 21, bass tonal components will be reproduced therethrough.

The sound wave reflector 23 is shaped such that it can radiate the sound wave, emitted from the speakers SP and SP uniformly in all of the directions. that is, the reflector 23 is the thickest at the center thereof, becoming gradually thinner toward edges thereof.

In the case of a practical use thereof, as shown in FIG. 11 the aforesaid speaker boxes 21A. 21B are arranged at the left and right rear positions of the listening room 10 and the first speakers SP SP, in each of these boxes are individually connected in parallel (or in series) to the left and right front speakers 5,. S; provided at the left and right front positions of the listening room, to the terminals T T of which are supplied twochannel left and right signals L. R respectively.

On the other hand, the terminals T;,, T, connected to the second speakers SP SP within the speaker boxes 11A, 11B are supplied antiphase signals R and L of the stereo right and left signals, respectively.

As for the acoustic effect in the case of the above mentioned application, sound waves of signals L (or R) from the speaker SP and sound waves of the antipahse signal R (or L) are emitted toward the reflector 23, by which the sound waves emitted are radiated uniformly into the middle part of the listening room and, at the position of the listener M, the left signal L (or the right signal R) and the antiphase signal R of the right signal (or the antiphase signal L of the left signal) are not audible separately, but sound waves of the spatially composed non-directional stereo left-right difference signal L-R (or RL) are audible, for which reason the listener M in FIG. 11 can hear a 4-channel stereo sound having an efficient acoustic effect.

Further, the rear speaker box applicable according to this invention will not be limited to the ones shown in FIG.s 8 and 9 but various other modifications are ap plicable. For instance, as shown in FIG. 12, the cylin drical speaker boxes 8,, B; may be placed oppositely to each other and a sound wave reflector 23A, being of a flat conical foam on both the top and bottom faces as shown in FIG. 13, may be placed horizontally in the opening 22A.

In connection with the above-mentioned embodiment, it has been described that the antiphase signal R of the right signal (or the antiphase signal L of the left signal) is applied to the speaker SP but instead of supplying the antiphase signal R (or L), the right signal R (or the left signal L) may be applied as it is by making the connection of the voice coil of the speaker SP reverse with respect to that of the speaker SP,.

An embodiment in which the speaker system as indicated in FIG.'s 4, 6, 8 and 12 can be used in a listening room will be described by reference to FIG. 14.

At the left and right front corners and the left and right rear corners of the listening room 10, there are provided speaker boxes 11A, 11B and 11C, 11D separately (for convenience of illustration, SP,, and SP are arranged laterally in this figure) and, the first speaker SP, (L) and SP (R) in the speaker boxes 11C and 11D are respectively connected in-phase and in parallel (or in series) with the first speakers SP,(L), SP, (R) provided in the speaker boxes 11A and 1113, to the terminals T T which are supplied Z-channel stereo left and right signals L, R respectively.

On the other hand, stereo right and left signals R, L are applied to the second speakers SP (R), SP (L) in the said speaker boxes IIA, 118 by way ofthe variable resistance R,, R respectively in phase with the said speakers SP (L), SP, (R), while stereo right and left signals R, L are applied to the second speakers SP (R), SP (L) within the rear speaker boxes 11C, 11D respectively via the variable resistance R;,, R, in opposite phase. (In the said figure, connections of the voice coils of the rear second speakers SP (R) and SP (L) are made in reverse to each other.

The acoustic effect when using the rear speakers as above is as shown in FIG. 7 that is, if there is the relation I 1, I r (r: wavelength of sound wave heard) between the distance between the first speaker SP and the second speaker SP on the one part and the distance 1,, from these speakers to the listening point P on the other. the left signal L (or the right signal R) and the antipahse signal R of the right signal (or the antiphase signal L of the left signal) are not audible separately at the listening point P, but sound waves of the spatially composed the difference signal LR (or RL) between the stereo left and right signals L, R are audible and the listener M in FIG. 14 can hear a four channel stereo sound full of the feeling of attendance and having the acoustic effect equivalent to the conventional system illustaration in FIG. 3.

That is, by operation of the variable resistances R and R for input level adjustment of the speakers SP (R) and SP (L), it is possible to obtain from the front speaker boxes 11A, 11B sound waves of the fourchannel stereo front left and right signals of (L+aR) and (R-l-aL), while it is similarly possible from the rear speaker boxes 11C, 11D, through input level control of the speakers SP (R) and SP (L) by way of the variable resistances R3. R to obtain sound waves of the four-channel stereo rear left and right signals of (LfiR) and (RBL). Therefore it is possible to obtain a real-four-channel stereo sound full of the feeling of attendance at the scene even when completely elimi hating the expensive decoder network D comprising complicated electrical circuits under the aforesaid conventional system shown in FIG. 3.

Further, the front and rear speaker boxes IIA through D employed in this invention wont be lim ited to the ones shown in FIG. 4, but it is also possible, as shown in FIG. 6 for instance, to supply to l, 4 and 2, 3 of the four speakers, I, 2, 3 and 4 arranged in one speaker box 12 the stereo left signal L (or the right signal R) and the stereo right signal R or its antipahse signal R (or the left signal L or its antiphase signal L) respectively, in which case, in comparison with the case in which 2 speakers are accommodated in one box as in FIG. 4, the sense of separation is reduced further, enabling one to enjoy a four-channel stereo reproduction sounding quite natural.

In the meantime, in connection with the rear second speakers SP (-R) and SP (L) in the preceding embodiment, the connection of their voice coils was described as being opposite with respect to other speakers to obtain antiphase sound waves, but if left and right signals reversed in phase beforehand by other circuits or devices are applied to the above-mentioned speakers. the connections of the speakers SP SP may be made all in a forward direction.

As described, according to this invention, a plurality of speakers are provided in the stereo rear speaker box, to which speakers are applied stereo left and right signals respectively in opposite phase. A level adjustment is made of these antiphase components and, by spa tially composing the same with sound waves of the left and right signals, four-channel stereo rear sound waves (L[3R) and (RBL) are obtained. Stereo left and right signals are applied in phase to a plurality of speakers within the front speaker box and a level adjustment is made ofthose signal components in the left or right signal alone and sound waves of these signals are composed to obtain 4-channel stereo front sound waves (L i-01R) and R+aL). In comparison with the conventional systems shown in FIG.s I to 3, electric matrix elements, encoder, decoder and any other complicated and expensive networks are not required at all and amplifiers for two channels are fully sufficient for practical application, thus permitting a simple embodiment of this invention at a remarkably low cost.

Further, as this invention utilizes acoustic spatial mixing and sound interference, there is little distortion and inasmuch as the effective volume of the rear speaker box can be made small as described hereinbefore, one can enjoy stereo reproduction with excellent sound quality in a small-sized system and in addition, can set the values of 01 and B, etc. as one desires, with this invention having many advantages as above, providing a really great acoustic effect. Moreover, accord ing to this invention, a plurality of speakers having the identical or similar characteristics are placed oppositely to each other in a single speaker box and a stereo left and right signals are applied in mutually opposite phase to these speakers respectively, with sound waves of these signals from the speakers being composed spatially via a reflector and emitted through the box opening to obtain reproduced sound for a four-channel stereo and thus, in comparison with the conventional systerns, electric matrix elements, decoder encoder and any other complicated and expensive networks are not required at all and amplifiers for two channels are fully sufficient for practical application, thus permitting a simple embodiment of this invention at a remarkably low cost.

Further, as this invention utilizes acoustic spatial mixing and sound interference, it has the advantage that one can enjoy stereo reproduction with excellent sound quality and little distortion, and many other advantages, providing a really great acoustic effect.

I claim:

1. A stereophonic speaker system for converting monophonic input signals to composite stereophonic output sound waves comprising in combination:

at least two front speakers;

means for energizing at least one of said front speakers with a monophonic L signal from a first chan nel;

means for energizing at least another of said speakers with a monophonic R signal from a second channel;

at least two rear speaker devices, each of said speaker devices including at least two speakers, said two speakers in each speaker device facing oppositely and in close proximity to one another, and a sound wave reflector positioned intermediate said speakers;

means for energizing one of said speakers in each of said speaker devices with a monophonic L signal from said first channel; and

means for energizing the other speaker in each of said speaker devices with a monophonic R signal from said second channel. said channel signals being in reverse phase relationship to one another and wherein the sound waves from each speaker are combined spatially to form a composite stereophonic signal.

2. The stereophonic speaker system of claim 1 further comprising means for adjusting the level of one of said channel signals applied to one of the speakers in each of said speaker devices with respect to the level of the signal coupled to the other of said speakers.

3. The stereophonic speaker system of claim 2 wherein said adjusting means is a variable resistor.

4. A stereophonic speaker system for converting monophonic input signals to composite stereophonic output sound waves comprising in combination:

at least a pair of front speaker devices, each of said speaker devices including at least two speakers. said two speakers in each speaker device facing oppositely and in close proximity to one another, and a sound wave reflector positioned intermediate said speakers;

at least two rear speaker devices, each of said speaker devices including at least two speakers, said two speakers in each speaker device facing oppositely and in close proximity to one another, and a sound wave reflector positioned intermediate said speakers;

means for energizing one of said speakers in each of said speaker devices with a monophonic L signal from a first channel, and means for energizing the other speaker in each of said speaker devices with a monophonic R signal from a second channel, said channel signals being in phase between said speakers in the front channel speaker devices and being in reverse phase relationship to one another in said rear speaker devices and wherein the sound waves from each speaker are combined spatially to form a composite stereophonic signal.

5. The stereophonic speaker system of claim 4 further comprising means for adjusting the level of one of said channel signals applied to one of the speakers in each of said speaker devices with respect to the level of the signal coupled to the other of said speakers.

6. The stereophonic speaker system of claim 5 wherein said level adjusting means comprises a resistor. a t

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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4014597 *Aug 27, 1975Mar 29, 1977Amanita Sound, IncorporatedSpeaker enclosures
US4119798 *Sep 3, 1976Oct 10, 1978Victor Company Of Japan, LimitedBinaural multi-channel stereophony
US4139729 *Jun 24, 1977Feb 13, 1979National Research Development CorporationSound reproduction system with matrixing of power amplifier outputs
US4199658 *Sep 7, 1978Apr 22, 1980Victor Company Of Japan, LimitedBinaural sound reproduction system
US4326099 *Feb 20, 1980Apr 20, 1982Thomson-BrandtLow frequency cabinet, in particular for a triphonic audio network
US4352953 *Sep 11, 1978Oct 5, 1982Samuel EmmerMultichannel non-discrete audio reproduction system
US4594729 *Apr 20, 1983Jun 10, 1986Neutrik AktiengesellschaftMethod of and apparatus for the stereophonic reproduction of sound in a motor vehicle
US4612663 *Mar 26, 1984Sep 16, 1986Holbrook Kyle AMultichannel audio reproduction system
US5708719 *Sep 7, 1995Jan 13, 1998Rep Investment Limited Liability CompanyIn-home theater surround sound speaker system
US5930370 *Sep 3, 1996Jul 27, 1999Rep Investment Limited LiabilityIn-home theater surround sound speaker system
US6118876 *Mar 19, 1998Sep 12, 2000Rep Investment Limited Liability CompanySurround sound speaker system for improved spatial effects
US6430293 *Aug 5, 1997Aug 6, 2002Luca Gubert FinsterleRecording and play-back two-channel system for providing a holophonic reproduction of sounds
US20060215859 *Mar 28, 2005Sep 28, 2006Morrow Charles GSonic method and apparatus
EP0015186A1 *Feb 5, 1980Sep 3, 1980SOCIETE D'ELECTRONIQUE INDUSTRIELLE de MOULINS - SELIMOThree-channel acoustic system
Classifications
U.S. Classification381/17
International ClassificationH04R5/02, H04R5/00
Cooperative ClassificationH04R5/00, H04R5/02
European ClassificationH04R5/00, H04R5/02