Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS3892977 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJul 1, 1975
Filing dateJun 7, 1974
Priority dateJan 29, 1973
Publication numberUS 3892977 A, US 3892977A, US-A-3892977, US3892977 A, US3892977A
InventorsBierly Meade Goodman
Original AssigneeAmp Inc
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Switchable high voltage power supply
US 3892977 A
Abstract
A voltage power supply for switching incremental voltages into and out of the circuit. The power supply includes a plurality of serially connected switch elements having series and parallel arms, one of the arms of each switch element being on and the other off, the arms being controlled by a logically controlled switching circuit. Each arm includes a plurality of serially connected semiconductor devices with a resistor across the emitter-collector circuit of each semiconductor device, the semiconductors being controlled by a transformer having plural secondary windings, each of the secondary windings controlling a different semiconductor in one arm.
Images(4)
Previous page
Next page
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent Bierly {45} July 1, 1975 SWITCHABLE HIGH VOLTAGE POWER 3,659.!90 4/1972 Galluppi l. 323/22 T SUPPLY 3,723,855 3/1973 Shuleshko 323/25 X [75] Inventor: Meade Goodman Bierly,

Elizabethtown, Pa Przmary Examiner-Gerald Goldberg Attorney, Agent, or Firm-Gerald K. Kita [73] Assignee: AMP Incorporated, Harrisburg, Pa.

[22] Filed: June 7, 1974 [57] ABSTRACT [21] Appl' 477386 A voltage power supply for switching incremental Related US. Application Data voltages into and out of the circuit. The power supply [63] Continuation f 56 327,273 Jan. 29s |973 includes a plurality of serially connected switch eleb d d, ments having series and parallel arms, one of the arms of each switch element being on and the other off, the [52] US, Cl. 307/77; 307/85; 315/27 TD; arms being controlled by a logically controlled switch- 315/3l TV; 321/27 R; 323/25 ing circuit. Each arm includes a plurality of serially [5 l] Int. Cl. H02j 3/00 connected micon c r devices with a resistor [58] Field of Search 321/27 R; 323/22 T, 25, across the emitter-collector circuit of each semicon- 323/3l, 32; 307/4, 5 44, 49, 69, 70, 71, 75, ductor device, the semiconductors being controlled by 77, 80 85, 87; 315/31 TV 27 TD a transformer having plural secondary windings, each of the secondary windings controlling a different semi- [56] References Cited conductor in one arm.

UNITED STATES PATENTS 6 Claims, 4 Drawing Figures 3,373.338 3/1968 Corey et a]. 321/27 R LOG l C INPUT LOGlC INPUT 0- LOGIC lNPUT x SWITCH SWITCH -mr rn z q 975 75,892,977

SHEET 1 Cl r'---1 1 |---5 1 s LOGIC INPUT b I 43 4| l l I3 LOGIC INPUT ZKV 7 SWITCH I 2KV 9 LOGIC INPUT SWITCH J 1 SWITCI-IABLE HIGH VOLTAGE POWER SUPPLY This is a continuation of Ser. No. 327,273 filed Jan. 29, 1973 now abandoned.

This invention relates to a switchable high voltage power supply and, more specifically, to a power supply for providing high voltage power and capable of switching to different voltage levels and at a rapid rate.

High voltage power supplies capable of switching between voltage levels several thousand volts apart in the area of the ten kilovolt range in a short time period have known application, one such application being in color cathode ray tubes of types known in the art and discussed in U.S. Pat. No. 3,659,l90 of Galluppi and the references discussed therein. The potential use of such cathode ray tubes has been recognized, however, it is necessary to provide a rapidly switchable power supply in the kilovolt range before the commercial use of such cathode ray tubes becomes practical. While the prior art has attempted to provide power supplies as discussed above, it is always desirable to provide such power supplies having faster switching rates.

In accordance with the present invention, there is provided a high voltage power supply capable of switching between several preselected voltages in the kilovolt range at an even faster rate than is presently possible in the prior art with equipment of relatively lower cost. Briefly, the above is accomplished by providing a basic voltage source and a plurality of switchable voltage sources in series therewith, the sources being switchable into and out of the circuit by logic circuity which is not electrically referenced to the sources. Each source includes a pair of legs, one leg being on" when the other is off. In one of the two states, the source adds a voltage in series with the basic source and in the other state, the source places a short circuit between ground and the low voltage side of either the basic source of another switchable source. Each leg is operated by constantly pulsing the elements therein at a rapid enough rate so that the output appears flat.

It is therefore an object of this invention to provide a high voltage power supply which is rapidly switchable between voltage levels.

It is a further object of this invention to provide a relatively inexpensive switchable high voltage power supply.

It is a yet further object of the invention to provide a switchable high voltage power supply where the switching control is not electrically referenced to the switched elements.

It is a still further object of this invention to provide a switchable high voltage power supply wherein switched elements are switched into the circuit by a logic control.

The above objects and still further objects of the invention will immediately become apparent to those skilled in the the an after consideration of the following preferred embodiment thereof, which is provided by way of example and not by way of limitation, wherein:

FIG. 1 is a block diagram of a high voltage power supply in accordance with the present invention; and

FIGS. 2a and 2b comprise a circuit diagram of the contents of one of the switched elements of FIG. I.

Referring now to FIG. I, there is shown a cathode ray tube system using the switchable high voltage power supply of the present invention. The system includes a cathode ray tube 1 having a ground terminal and a high voltage terminal connected to the power supply. The power supply includes a basic high voltage source portion 3 of, for example, 6 kilovolts in series with three switchable voltage sources designated as 5, 7 and 9. Each of the sources 5, 7 and 9 has a logic input 11, I3 and 15 respectively, the signal on which determines whether the associated source will present a high voltage, for example 2 kilovolts, or a short circuit thereacross. This operation will be discussed in detail hereinbelow. In the embodiment of FIG. 1, 6Kv, 8Kv, l0KV or IZKV can be switched across the tube 1, this voltage being rapidly variable from one one of the above noted voltages to any other of the above noted voltages. It is, of course. understood that though three switchable voltage sources are shown, any number can be used. In addition, any voltage desired can be provided by the sources, 3, 5, 7 and 9.

Referring now to FIG. 20, there is shown the con trolled portion of a switchable source of FIG. I. The controlled portion includes a plurality of series connected transistors 17a to l7j forming one leg 41 thereof, each transistor having a resistor 19a to l9j across its emitter-collector circuit and a series circuit composed of resistors 21a to 21 and winding 23a to 23j in the base-emitter circuit of each transistor. A diode 25 is connected across the series circuit composed of the emitter-collector circuits of transistors 17a to 17]. The other leg 43 of the controlled circuit is identical and includes a series circuit composed of transistors 27a to 27j, each transistor having a resistor 29a to 29j across its emitter-collector circuit. A series circuit composed of resistor 31a to 3lj and winding 33a to 33j is connected in the base-emitter circuit of each of transistors 27a to 27j. A diode 35 is connected across the series circuit composed of the emitter-collector circuit of transistors 27a to 27j. The number of transistors in each series circuit is determined by the voltage rating and rise and fall time characteristics of the transistors required for the voltage to be impressed thereacross. The resistors in the emitter-collector circuits are utilized to compensate for transistor leakage characteristics to provide equal voltage division. The resistors 37 and 39 are provided to limit current flow in the event of a short circuit. The diodes 25 and 35 provide protection for the transistors in the reverse direction. Diode 35 also provides a path for current flow in the event the voltage at the junction a is in excess of 2 kilovolts to clamp a at 2 kilovolts.

One of the two legs of the controlled circuit is always conducting and the other is simultaneously off. For this reason, each of legs 41 and 43 acts as a switch with one switch being open and the other closed. When leg 41 is closed, a short circuit is provided across the switch 5, 7 or 9 (FIG. 1) whereas when leg 43 is closed a 2 kilovolt signal is placed across switch 5, 7 or 9 since a voltage source of 2 kilovolts or higher is placed across terminals b and c of FIG. 2a.

The circuit of FIG. 2a is controlled by the control circuit of FIG. 2b. The control circuit is operated by a logic input, shown in FIG. 1 as input ll, 13 and 15. The logic input is either a l or a 0". With a 0" logic input, transistors 51 and 53 will both be off. This will cause transistor 55 to be turned on and turn off transistor 57. Transistor 59 will be turned on by the oscillator input. Since transistor 59 is on and transistor 57 is off, current will flow from the source through primary winding 61 of a pulse transformer, the secondary being coils 23a to 23j. This causes current to flow in leg 41 and not to flow in leg 43 of FIG. 20, thereby providing a short circuit across leg 41. The current through the coil 61 is a series of pulses caused by the output of a constantly running oscillator (not shown) which can be in the 30- l 000 Khz range and is preferably lOOKhz and is connected to the oscillator input. This provides pulses at such a rapid rate that it appears as a direct current, yet the legs 41 and 43 float relative to the control circuit.

lf a l logic input is provided, transistors 51 and 53 will be on, thereby transistor 59 will be off, transistor 55 will be off and transistor 57 will conduct due to the oscillator input. For this reason, current will pass through coil 63 which is the primary winding of a second pulse transformer. the secondary being the coils 33a to 331'. For this reason leg 43 will conduct and leg 41 will be off, thereby providing a 2 kilovolt signal across terminals a and c. The diodes 65 and 67 handle current during collapse of the magnetic field at their respective coils. The diodes could be omitted. The diodes 69 and 71 are used to balance diodes 73 and 75 and to set the saturation level of transistor 59 higher than for transistor 51.

It is appreciated that the circuit of FIGS. and 2b is located in each of switches 5, 7 and 9, the ultimate voltage depending on the logic input to each of switches 5, 7 and 9. it is also noted that the frequency of the oscillator input in FIG. 2b is such as to provide a duty cycle to limit the rise and fall time of the transistors of legs 41 and 43 to provide a substantial direct current.

It can be seen that there has been provided a circuit which is simple and accomplishes the objects set forth hereinabove.

Though the invention has been described with respect to a specific preferred embodiment thereof, many variations and modifications will immediately become apparent to those skilled in the art. It is therefore the intention that the appended claims be interpreted as broadly as possible in view of the prior art to include all such variations and modifications.

What is claimed is:

1. A variable high voltage power supply comprising,

g ft

first and second voltage sources,

a first switch means including at least one semiconductor for connecting the first voltage source to the load when energized,

a second switch means including at least one semiconductor for connecting the first and second sources in series with the load when energized,

a source of oscillation,

a pair of transformer primary windings,

a pair of switches operative when rendered conductive, to apply the oscillations to the respective windings through unidirectional conducting means,

and control means for rendering one of the switches conductive and simultaneously rendering the other of the switches non-conductive,

the semiconductors of the first and second switch means being each provided with a respective secondary winding of the transformer connected between their control electrodes to control the energization.

2. A variable high voltage power supply according to claim 1, wherein the pair of switches each includes semiconductor means.

3. A variable high voltage power supply according to claim 1, wherein the other of said switches is normally energized and the one of the switches is normally deenergized.

4. A variable high voltage power supply according to claim 3, wherein the pair of switches each includes semiconductor means.

5. A variable high voltage power supply according to claim 4 wherein the control means comprise semiconductor devices coupled to the semiconductor means and responsive to an applied pulse for rendering one of the semiconductor means conductive and the other of the semiconductor means non-conductive.

6. A variable high voltage power supply according to claim 1, wherein each of the pair of switches comprises a transistor,

each of the primary windings being in the current path of a respective transistor,

the source of oscillations being connected to the base of each transistor.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3373338 *Feb 2, 1967Mar 12, 1968Gen ElectricPower conversion system with magnetically forced voltage sharing for the switching devices
US3659190 *Oct 6, 1970Apr 25, 1972Venus Scient IncSwitching high-voltage power supply
US3723855 *Aug 16, 1971Mar 27, 1973Sybron CorpSystem having fast plural high voltage switching
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4131938 *Apr 15, 1977Dec 26, 1978Westinghouse Electric Corp.Digital chopper regulator
US4160996 *Sep 26, 1977Jul 10, 1979Compagnie Industrielle Des Telecommunications Cit-AlcatelSwitchable high voltage generator for penetration-type color CRT
US4284928 *Sep 5, 1979Aug 18, 1981Thomson-CsfSwitchable very-high-voltage direct-current power supply for capacitive load
US4724420 *Dec 19, 1985Feb 9, 1988Varian Associates, Inc.Method and apparatus for quasi-analog reconstructions of amplitude and frequency varying analog input signals
US5444610 *Oct 22, 1993Aug 22, 1995Diversified Technologies, Inc.High-power modulator
US5646833 *Mar 16, 1995Jul 8, 1997Diversified Technologies, Inc.Apparatus and method for deriving power for switching a switch from voltage across the switch
US6043636 *Oct 20, 1997Mar 28, 2000Diversified Technologies, Inc.Voltage transient suppression
DE3226336A1 *Jul 14, 1982Feb 3, 1983United Technologies CorpHochspannungsfarbschalter fuer eine penetrationskatodenstrahlroehre
EP0017692A1 *Aug 28, 1979Oct 29, 1980Thomson-CsfSwitchable high-voltage power supply
WO1985001403A1 *Aug 20, 1984Mar 28, 1985American Telephone & TelegraphImprovements in or relating to power switching circuits
Classifications
U.S. Classification307/77, 348/E09.15, 323/271, 315/382.1, 348/380, 307/85
International ClassificationH03K17/64, H02M3/04, H02M3/10, H04N9/27, H04N9/16, H03K17/041, H03K17/60, H03K17/04
Cooperative ClassificationH03K17/64, H03K17/04113, H02M3/10, H04N9/27
European ClassificationH04N9/27, H03K17/041D, H02M3/10, H03K17/64