|Publication number||US3894697 A|
|Publication date||Jul 15, 1975|
|Filing date||Apr 19, 1974|
|Priority date||Apr 19, 1974|
|Publication number||US 3894697 A, US 3894697A, US-A-3894697, US3894697 A, US3894697A|
|Inventors||Hanson Walter Joseph, Lawson James Gordon|
|Original Assignee||Pitney Bowes Inc|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (6), Referenced by (20), Classifications (9)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
[ July 15, 1975 Primary ExaminerGranville Y. Custer, Jr. Assistant Examiner-Howard N. Goldberg Attorney, Agent, or FirmWilliam D. Soltow, .lr.; Albert W. Scribner; Robert S. Salzman  ABSTRACT A sheet material shredding mechanism comprising a pair of strip forming rollers and a pair of shredding rollers. Sheet material, such as paper documents, is initially fed into the jaws of the shredding mechanism. The sheets of material are then drawn between the strip forming rollers, which comprise intermeshing serrated discs. The serrated discs grab the material and form the material into strips. The shredding rollers, which are located directly adjacent to the strip forming rollers, receive the stripped material, and break the strips into smaller pieces. The shredding rollers comprise a smooth roller which is in shredding en- United States Patent Lawson et al.
gagement with a mating roller having a raised strip which spirals along the length of the roller to form a 241/236 helix. Strips fed to the shredding rollers are progres- 241/236 x sively torn across the width of the document as the 241/236 raised spiral strip portion rotates into engagement with its mating roller.
XXX 76 53A 22 HU 44H 22 4 2 Lightfoot et Goldhammer................t.,... Dodson et Samuels.............................
LN t ole 6.! m w 5 mm e D? 50124 677777 999999 lNNN/H 1 1 1 UO- O S 8766 6 9 790037 22339 333333 5 Claims, 5 Drawing Figures PAPER SHREDDER The invention pertains to shredding devices and more particularly to a shredding mechanism which first causes the material to form into strips and then causes the strips to break into smaller strips.
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION Heretofore. shredding devices have usually first cut or sheared documentary sheet material into a number of narrow strips. Devices of this kind may be seen in the patents issued to:
H. W. Wilson U.S. Pat. No. 1.966.109
Issued: July I0, 1934;
J. Pelleschi et al.
U.S. Pat. No. 1620,46]
Issued: Nov. I6, 197].
With the Pelleschi shredder, the strips are then cut into smaller pieces by a rotating cutter having a plurality of blades. One disadvantage of using a blade cutter for further disintegration of the strips of material is that the blades ofthe cutter have a tendency to become dull with use. When this happens, the strips are not cleanly separated into smaller pieces, and a poorer quality of shreds is produced.
In order to avoid this problem. the present invention uses a novel pair of shredding rollers, which tear the strips into smaller strips. The need for cutter blades is thus avoided.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The shredder mechanism of this invention comprises a pair of rotating strip forming rollers and a pair of rotating shredding rollers. Sheet material is fed into the jaws of the mechanism and is drawn into the strip forming rollers. The strip forming rollers each comprise a set of knurled or serrated discs. The set of discs of each roller intermeshes with the other set of discs of the other roller. As the sheet material is drawn between the strip forming rollers. the intermcshing discs shear the material into strips. These strips are then fed between the rotating shredding rollers which tear these strips into smaller strip pieces. The shredding rollers comprise a smooth roller which is in shredding engagement with a mating roller having a raised strip portion which spirals about the circumferential surface of the roller to form a helix. As the strips are fed between the shredding rollers, they are progressively inched between the raised strip and the smooth mating roller as the rollers turn. This causes the strips to be torn into smaller strips. The strips will be progressively torn in seriation across the width of the documents. as the spiral strip progressively engages the strips as the rollers turn toward each other. This progressive tearing reduces the power requirements needed to drive the roller.
The surface speed of rotation of the shedding rollers is always higher than that of the strip forming rollers. This differential in surface speed is necessary for the tearing of the strips.
It is an object of this invention to provide an improved shredding mechanism; it is another object of the invention to provide a shredding mechanism which is of simple construction. low in cost. and which is reliable in its operation. It is a further object of this invention to provide a shredding mechanism which first causes sheet material to form into narrow strips, and then tears these strips into smaller strip pieces.
These and other objects ofthis invention will become more apparent and will be better understood with reference to the following detailed description taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, in which:
FIG. I is a perspective view of the shredding mechanism of this invention.
FIG. la is a frontal view of the sets of stripping discs of the shredding mechanism of FIG. 1.
FIG. 2 is a top view of the shredding mechanism of FIG. 1, and further including the drive train and gearing components.
FIG. 3 is a side View of the gearing and drive train of FIG. 2 taken along lines 33.
FIG. 4 is a vector diagramatic view of a strip of mate rial being torn by the shredding rollers of FIG. 1.
Generally speaking. the invention is a shredding mechanism for shredding sheet material. The shredding mechanism comprises means for receiving sheet material to form them into strips. The strips are then intro cluccd to a pair of oppositely rotating shredding rollers located adjacently to the strip forming means. The shredding rollers receive the strips thercbetween, and shred the strips into smaller pieces of material. One of the shredding rollers has a raised portion disposed upon its circumferential surface. The raised portion periodically rotates into stripping engagement with the other shredding roller of the pair. This action causes the strips to shred. Means are also provided to rotate the shredding rollers into stripping engagement with each other.
Now referring to FIG. 1, a sheet 9 is shown being fed (arrow I0) between the jaws I1 ofa shredding mechanism generally depicted by arrow [2. The jaws 11 are fixedly mounted, and act as guides for the sheet 9. The jaws I] introduce the sheet 9 between two rotating sets 14 and 15, respectively, of intermeshing discs 16 (see FIG. la). The individual discs 16 each have a serrated circumferential surface 17 for frictionally gripping the sheet 9. The disc sets 14 and 15 are mounted for rotation upon respective shafts l8 and 19. The disc set I4 rotates (arrow 20) in an opposite direction to the rotation (arrow 21 l of disc set 15. This opposite rotation of the disc sets causes the sheet 9 to be drawn (arrow 10) into the mechanism.
The intermeshing of discs 16 causes the sheet 9 to shear and separate into strips 22 as the sheet is fed between the discs. Half of the strips 22 being forced over the lower discs (arrow 23), and the other half of the strips being forced under the upper discs (arrow 24).
Strips 22 are next fed to a pair of shredding rollers 25 and 26, respectively. The shredding rollers 25 and 26 rotate in opposite directions (arrows 27 and 28, respec tively) so as to draw the strips thercbetween (arrow 29).
The upper shredding roller 25 has a smooth circumferential surface 30, while the lower shredding roller 26 has a raised elongated strip section 31. The raised strip is spirally wound about the circumferential surface 32 of roller 26 so as to form a helix. The helix extends across the entire length of roller 26.
As the shredding rollers 25 and 26 rotate, the raised strip portion 31 of roller 26 periodically and continuously comes into stripping engagement with the smooth surface 30 of roller 25. Strips of material 22, which are caught between the raised strip 31 and surface 30 of rollers 25 and 26, respectively, are caused to be torn as shown (arrow 33). This tearing results from the fact that the shredding rollers and 26, are rotating at a higher surface speed than the stripping disc sets 14 and 15.
The tear lines 34 of the shredded strips 35 are angularly formed with respect to the length of the strips 35. The angular tear line 34 is the result of the continuously changing point of engagement between the heli cal strip 31 and surface of roller 25. The changing point of contact causes a lateral tear vector 36 in addition to a vertical tear vector 37 (see FIG. 4). The resultant angular tear vector 38 causes an angular shear line 34 in shredded strip 35.
Strips 22 are progressively shredded (teared) in seriatim across the entire width of sheet 9. This progressive shredding advances across the strips 22 in the direction of arrow 39, which causes the strips 22 to break into smaller strips 35, which progressively spew from between rotating rollers 25 and 26 (arrows 40).
Referring to FIGS. 2 and 3, the drive train 41 and the speed control gearing 42 is shown for the shredding mechanism of HG. l. The rollers 25 and 26, and the disc sets 14 and 15 are powered from a motor 43 (FlG. 2) whose speed is reduced by the reduction gear box 44. Pulley 45 is connected to the reduction gearing via shaft 46. The pulley 45 drives a timing belt 47, which in turn drives pulley 48. Pulley 48 is keyed to shaft 49 which also supports and is affixed to roller 25. Therefore, as pulley 48 is made to turn, the roller 25 is likewise made to turn. At the other end of shaft 49 (opposite pulley 48) a compound gear 50 is affixed. Gear 50 has an outer gear 58 which drives gear 51. Gear 51 is keyed to shaft 52, which supports and is affixed to roller 26. Thus. as roller 25 is made to turn. roller 26 is caused to rotate at the same speed, but in an opposite rotational direction.
An intermediate compound gear 53 is mounted for rotation on shaft 54. Intermediate compound gear 53 has an outer gear 55 which is driven by small gear 57, which forms part of compound gear 50. The inner smaller gear 56 of compound gear 53 in turn drives gear 59, which is keyed to shaft 18 supporting and affixed to disc set 14. Gear 59 is in mesh with gear 60, which is secured to shaft 19. Shaft 19 is keyed to disc set 15.
The speed control gearing 42 is arranged by means of intermediate gear 53 to impart a slower speed to disc sets 14 and 15, than to shredding rollers 25 and 26.
Many modifications of this invention will naturally occur to those skilled in this art. For example. stripping discs 16 may be replaced. if so desired. by cutting wheels. Strip 31 may be replaced by several strips. Strips can have other configurations other than a helical configuration. The shape. size and number of strips 31 may be varied to provide different shredding effects.
All such modifications which would be obvious to the skilled practitioner are deemed to lie within those limits defining this invention. The spirit and scope of the invention is defined by the appended claims.
What is claimed is:
l. A shredding mechanism for shredding sheet material. comprising:
strip forming means for receiving sheet material and causing said sheet material to form into strips of material;
a pair of oppositely rotating shredding rollers located adjacent the strip forming means for receiving therebetween said strips of material from said strip forming means and causing said strips of material to be shredded into smaller pieces of material. one of said shredding rollers of said pair having at least one raised portion disposed upon a circumferential surface thereof. which said raised portion periodically rotates into shredding engagement with the other roller of said pair of shredding rollers so as to shred said strips of material as said rollers oppositely rotate with respect to each other said strip forming means comprising a pair of oppositely rotating strip forming disc sets. and said shredding rollers rotating at a higher surface speed than the strip forming disc sets; and
driving means operatively connected to said shredding rollers for rotating said shredding rollers into shredding engagement with each other.
2. The shredding mechanism of claim 1, wherein said raised portion is an elongate strip disposed upon the circumferential surface of said shredding roller.
3. The shredding mechanism of claim 2, wherein said elongate strip forms a helix upon the circumferential surface of said shredding roller.
4.The shredding mechanism of claim 3, wherein said elongate strip is disposed substantially along an entire length of said shredding roller.
5. The shredding mechanism of claim 1, wherein each said strip forming disc set, comprises stripping discs. the stripping discs of each set intermeshing with the stripping discs of the other set. i= =i
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|U.S. Classification||241/159, 241/236|
|International Classification||B26D11/00, B02C18/00|
|Cooperative Classification||B26D11/00, B02C18/0007, B02C2018/0069|
|European Classification||B26D11/00, B02C18/00B|