|Publication number||US3895204 A|
|Publication date||Jul 15, 1975|
|Filing date||Apr 30, 1973|
|Priority date||May 6, 1972|
|Also published as||DE2322664A1, DE2322664B2, DE2322664C3|
|Publication number||US 3895204 A, US 3895204A, US-A-3895204, US3895204 A, US3895204A|
|Original Assignee||Lucas Electrical Co Ltd|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (8), Referenced by (9), Classifications (5)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
United States Patent 1191 BEST AVAILABLE 00? 11 Lewis July 15, 1975 ELECTRICAL SWITCHES Primary Examiner-Robert K. Schaefer Assistant Examiner-William J. Smith  lnvemor' Kath Lewis Bumley England Attorney, Agent, or FirmHill, Gross, Simpson, Van  Assignee: The Lucas Electrical Company Santen, Steadman, Chiara & Simpson Limited, Birmingham, England  Filed: Apr. 30, 1973  ABSTRACT  Appl' 356,057 A position indicating electrical switch particularly of i the illuminated type including a housing supporting a o e gn Application Priority Data switch operating member. An operating member is May 6, 1972 United Kingdom 21233/72 slidable relative to the housing to effect Switching perations and includes an end wall which is visible to an  US. Cl 200/314; 200/311 operator of the switch r m th xterior of the hous-  Int. Cl. H0lh 9/16 The end Wall includes a plurality of translucent 58 Field of Search 200/167 A, 311, 313, 315, ponions and a plurality of separate light paths are P 200/316; I16/DIG 28, 124 L; 240/2 5; vided to the translucent portions respectively from a 3 50/1 12 286 287; 340/380 side wall of the member which is disposed internally of the housing. A wall of the housing adjacent the side 56] Referen e Ci d wall of the member is provided with a window such UNITED STATES PATENTS that light from an external light source can pass through the window of the housing and is thereafter 1,823,319 9/1931 Dickinson ZOO/167 A 3 144 643 8H9 Andersson ZOO/167 A X caused to pass through one or some of the translucent 3 163'739 12/1964 Hutt 200/167 A 1mms the end Swltch P 3:169:506 2/1965 Morris 200/167 A x her by Way of the light Paths defined in the Operating 3,213,269 10/1965 Melvin et al... l16/DIG. 28 member. The light passing to the translucent portions 3,482,542 12/1969 Mace 200/ 167 A X provides a visual indication of the operating position 3,619,591 11/1971 orski 0/ 167 A X of the switch operating member at any given instant. 3,780,248 12/1973 Martin 200/167 A 3 Claims, 2 Drawing Figures ELECTRICAL SWITCHES This invention relates to position indicating electrical switches, particularly but not exclusively, for use in motor vehicles and, more particularly, relates to position indicating electrical switches of the type which are illuminated.
According to the present invention, there is provided an electrical switch comprising a housing, a switch operating member mounted in the housing to be slidable relative thereto to effect switching operations, said member having an end wall which is viewable externally of the housing and which has a plurality of translucent portions therein means defining separate light paths respectively to the'translucent portions from a side wall of the member disposed internally of the housing and adjacent a wall thereof, window means in the said wall of the housing arranged so that, in use, light from a source externally of the housing passes through the window meansin the housing and is caused to pass through one or some of the translucent portions in the end wall of the switch operating member by the light path defining means so as to provide a visual indication of the instantaneous operating position of the switch operating member.
Preferably, the switch operating member is hollow and the means defining separate light paths comprises one or more opaque partitions dividing the switch operating member into a plurality of compartments and a window associated with each compartment in the said side wall of the switch operating member, the said windows of the compartments being disposed transversely of the direction of movement of the switch operating member.
Preferably also, the window means in the housing comprises a window extending transversely of the direction of movement of the switch operating member so as to be capable of transmitting light to all of the compartments, some of the windows in the compartments being staggered longitudinally with respect to the direction of movement of the switch operating member whereby movement of the switch operating member causes different windows in the switch operating member to be aligned with the window in the housing.
Most advantageously, the switch operating member is divided into three compartments with two of the windows therein being staggered longitudinally and the third being elongated longitudinally, the arrangement being such that the operating member is movable between two positions, in both of which the lastmentioned window in the switch operating member is exposed so that the translucent portion associated therewith is always lit irrespective of the position of the switch operating member.
By the term window as used herein is meant an aperture or an aperture closed by a light transmitting material.
An embodiment of the present invention will now be described, by way of example, with reference to the accompanying drawing, in which:
FIG. 1 is a side elevation of an electric switch according to the present invention, and
FIG. 2 is a part-sectional plan view of the switch of FIG. 1.
Referring to the drawing, the electrical switch .comprises a housing 1 including a clip-on top 1a and a switch operating member 2 disposed in the housing to be slidable relative thereto. The electrical switch is provided with the usual electrical contacts which are selectively engageably by depressing the switch operating member. Such electrical contacts are not shown since .ing part of the carrier 2b divide the switch operating member 2 into three compartments 4,5 and 6. An end wall 7 of the knob case 2a is disposed so as to viewable externally of the body 1 and is a composite wall being formed of an acrylic lens 8, a polyester film 9 and a series of three white lenses 10, the lenses 10 being associated respectively with the compartments 4,5 and 6. In this embodiment, the polyester film 9, in the region of compartment 5, is coloured green and is provided with lettering thereon so as to indicate the purpose of the switch. The polyester film, in the regions of compartments 4 and 6, is coloured red and green, respectively. A side wall 11 of the carrier 2b forms a mask having three apertures 12,13 and 14 therein associated with the compartments 4,5 and 6, respectively, there being cut-outs 20 provided where necessary in the knob case 2a. The apertures 12 and 14 are staggered relative to one another longitudinally with respect to the direction of sliding movement of the switch operating member 2, whilst the aperture 13 is extended so as to have a portion which is in transverse alignment with aperture 12 and a portion which is in transverse alignment with aperture 14.
A wall of the housing 1 which is adjacent to side wall 11 has an aperture 15 therein. The aperture 15 extends transversely with respect to the direction of movement of the switch operating member 2 so as to be capable of transmitting light to the compartments 4, 5 and 6 through the apertures 12, 13 and 14, respectively. Each compartment 4, S and 6 is sprayed white inside to increase light reflection therein and is also provided with an angled surface 16 whereby light from the respective aperture 12, 13 or 14 is reflected towards the end wall 7. A source of light (not shown) is provided externally of the housing 1 and is arranged to supply light through the window 15 in the housing 1.
In use, light from the light source passes through the aperture 15 and, in the position shown in FIGS. 1 and 2, enters compartments 5 and 6 by way of apertures 13 and 14 in the switch operating member, apertures 13 and 14 being aligned with window 15. Thus, light is transmitted to the end wall 7 by reflection internally of compartments 5 and 6 so that light passes through the lettering on polyester film 9 associated with the compartment 5 to indicate the position of the switch and also through the green coloured film 9 associated with compartment 6 for indicating one particular condition of the switch. When the switch operating member 2 is depressed so that it slides further within the housing 1,
the aperture 14 in the switch operating member 2 is moved out of alignment with window 15 whilst the aperture 12 associated with compartment 4 is moved into alignment with window 15, aperture 13 remaining in alignment due to its extended length. In this position, the green coloured film 9 associated with compartment 6 is no longer illuminated whilst the red coloured film 9 associated with compartment 4 becomes illuminated and the lettering indicating the position of the switch stays illuminated. In this latter position of the switch operating member 2, the switch contacts are made.
The apertures 12, 13 and 14 associated with the compartments 4, 5 and 6 together with the partitions 3 and the angled surfaces 16 form means defining separate light paths respectively to the end wall 7 from the side wall 11 of the switch operating member 2.
It will be manifest that the present invention provides a convenient way of indicating the purpose and condition of an electrical switch using a single light source which is mounted externally of the electrical switch and therefore is relatively accessible for replacement purposes.
1. A position indicating electrical switch comprising a housing, a single hollow switch operating member mounted in the housing for slidable movement relative thereto to effect selective switching operations, said operating member having an end wall which is viewable externally of the housing and having a plurality of separate translucent portions therein, one or more opaque partitions dividing the hollow interior of the operating member into a plurality of compartments to form the translucent portions in the end wall of the operating member, apertured mask means formed by a side wall of said operating member relative to said housing and defining separate light paths respectively to said translucent portions, said mask means including an aperture associated with each of said compartments, and disposed transversely of the direction of movement of the switch operating member.
2. A switch as claimed in claim 1, wherein one of said mask means is displaced longitudinally relative to the direction of movement of the switch operating member, whereby movement of the switch operating member relative to the housing causes different apertures in the mask means to be'aligned with said window in the housing.
3. A switch as claimed in claim 1, wherein the switch operating member is movable between two positions, and the hollow interior portion of theoperating member is divided into three compartments each containing a respective translucent portion, two of the apertures of said mask means being staggered longitudinally, and a third aperture in said mask means being elongated longitudinally, whereby in both positions of the operating member said elongated aperture is aligned with said window in the housing so that the associated translucent portion is illuminated regardless of the position of the switch operating member relative to the housing.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US1823319 *||Oct 11, 1927||Sep 15, 1931||Dickinson William Noble||Responsive signal system|
|US3144643 *||Nov 9, 1961||Aug 11, 1964||Gasaccumulator Svenska Ab||Push-button illuminating device|
|US3163739 *||Sep 13, 1961||Dec 29, 1964||Gen Electric||Switch with selectively lighted pushbutton actuators|
|US3169506 *||Dec 16, 1963||Feb 16, 1965||Philco Corp||Operation-indicating means for pushbutton-operated mechanism|
|US3213269 *||Sep 25, 1962||Oct 19, 1965||Gen Electric||Illuminated push-button system|
|US3482542 *||Nov 17, 1967||Dec 9, 1969||Gen Motors Corp||Illuminated position indicating device|
|US3619591 *||Feb 19, 1970||Nov 9, 1971||Gen Dynamics Corp||Illuminated pushbuttons using piped light|
|US3780248 *||Feb 23, 1972||Dec 18, 1973||R Martin||Electrical switches|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US4071726 *||Jan 29, 1976||Jan 31, 1978||Lucas Electrical Company, Limited||Electrical switch having actuator light transmissive region, intermediate lens and light source|
|US4277665 *||Jan 7, 1980||Jul 7, 1981||Alps Electric Co., Ltd.||Illuminated push-button electrical switch|
|US4370532 *||Feb 23, 1981||Jan 25, 1983||Illinois Tool Works Inc.||Lighted electrical pushbutton switch|
|US4395611 *||Sep 24, 1981||Jul 26, 1983||Alps Electric Co., Ltd.||Illuminated push-button switch|
|US4454399 *||Oct 29, 1982||Jun 12, 1984||Kabushiki Kaisha Tokai Rika Denki Seisakusho||Change-over position display device for use in a switch|
|US4459448 *||Nov 4, 1982||Jul 10, 1984||Mcdill Glenn A||Double pull double throw switch|
|US4771725 *||Jan 30, 1987||Sep 20, 1988||Alps Electric Co., Ltd.||Push button indicating device|
|US5146057 *||Nov 4, 1991||Sep 8, 1992||Ford Motor Company||Antireflective switch|
|EP1780738A1 *||Jul 7, 2006||May 2, 2007||Siemens Aktiengesellschaft||Illuminated switch for mobile input devices|
|U.S. Classification||200/314, 200/311|